Plutonium And Cesium Bio-Concentrates 26,000 Times In Ocean Algae, Up To 5,570,000 Bq/Kg in Land Algae

Would algae that are highly contaminated with radioactive substances such as cesium glow in the dark? Interesting question… here is one short video about what our potential future may look like, if Fukushima radiation is concentrated in marine algae to a very high level.. Is this scenario possible?

It is well known that all living things bioconcentrate radiation up the food chain. Let us explore what happens on the first step up the food chain, via algae. 

In Japan, black algae grows along streets, in pools and in towns. After the Fukushima accident, this black algae is concentrating alpha radiation emitting substance (such as plutonium) to a high level. 
Radiation detectors show that this black substance/algae is  emitting high amounts of radiation of gamma, beta and alpha radiation, depending on what kind of detector is used. Of course, pro nuclear officials say the substance is ‘harmless’. Would these high radiation levels and concentrations be enough to make this algae glow in the dark?

Minami Soma City assemblyman Koichi Ooyama discloses the result of the test of the mysterious black dust found in locations in Minami Soma City […]


[…] His measurement on the surface of this black dust was 295 microsieverts/hour. Assemblyman Ooyama apparently sent the sample to Professor Tomoya Yamauchi of Kobe University. Professor Yamauchi did the test, and here’s the result, from Assemblyman Ooyama’s blog:
Cs-134: 485,252 Bq/kg
Cs-137: 604,360 Bq/kg
This substance, whatever it is, is very dangerous. If it is not algae in every case, it could also very well be MOX (plutonium) fuel nano particle dust, according to Stephan, an analytical chemist posting on Enenews, largely because it is light, easily blows around. 

In another news post, a black radioactive dust/algae sample was tested, and measured 309,000 Bq/Kg of cesium when wet and 1,080,000 Bq/Kg when dry.

– Plutonium 238 measured in Minamisoma (Fukushima Diary, April 26, 2012):
0.038 Bq/Kg (2.47Bq/m2) of Plutonium 238 was measured in Minamisoma.
They also measured 0.047 Bq/Kg of Plutonium 239 and 240, and 0.73 Bq/Kg of Plutonium 241.
8.5 Bq/Kg of Strontium 89, and 50 Bq/Kg of Strontium 90 was also measured

Minamisoma Official: Highly contaminated black algae observed everywhere — Due to bioaccumulation July 5, 2012

In the following Japanese language video, the black substance is determined to be blue-green algae, a specific form of cyanobacteria, according to Professor Saburo Suzuki of Tohoku University

“I’m Koichi Oyama, an official of Minamisoma City. I sent you additional information about the black substance we talked about yesterday. They are a bacterium type which likes to absorb the radioactive substance… everywhere on the paved surfaces in the residential area and at residential houses and they drift on the side walks,… and on the road..
Minamisoma City; Total value of cesium 134 and 137
1,320,000 Haramachi District, Ushigoe algae types
1,960,000 Kashimaku District, Jisabara algae types
5,570,000 Odaka District, Kanaya algae types
16,200 Haramachi District, Kunimi soil
793,000 Odata District, Kamimachi algae types
430,000 Odata District, Motomachi algae types
583,000 Odata District, Motomachi algae types
2,970,000 Odata District, Kanaya algae types”
Scientists have been studying heavy metals (which are also radioactive) and how algae accumulate them…Here are a few links that lead to many scholarly research articles about this same subject. 

Heavy metal accumulation by bacteria and other microorganisms

A review of the biochemistry of heavy metal biosorption by brown algae

Accumulation of heavy metals in unicellular algae

Microplate Technique for Determining Accumulation of Metals by Algae

Factors Influencing Metal Accumulation by Algae

This information and reporting from very credible sources (none of them affiliated with the nuclear industry or regulators)  should be sufficient to show a person with any common sense, that algae can and does bio-concentrate various types of radiation to very high levels. So whether all of the samples tested are pure nano dust or pure algae or some combination of the two does not make any difference. At least some of these samples tested are algae, and that algae has been shown to bio-accumulate radiation. 

Now let’s move to the ocean and see if the same bio-centration of radioactive substances happens in algae there. In a UK study, it was “found that the Irish Sea has a micro layer on top of it, perhaps only thousandths of a millimeter in thickness, that can become imbued with fine particulate material and it’s absorbed radiation. These concentrations of plutonium and americium are four to five times their concentrations in ambient seawater. Plutonium concentrates by 26,000 times in floating algal blooms at sea, says the report.

Many scientific articles point at the same thing…. 
Algae do not just accumulate heavy metals. They also accumulate a wide variety of radioactive isotopes, of all kinds.  

The Accumulation and Exchange of Strontium by Marine … – ASLO

Uptake, Accumlation and Loss of Radioactive Cerium-144 … – ASLO

Absorption of Radionuclides from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident ……/journal.pone.0044200

Accumulation of radioactive strontium by marine brown algae … ›

Radioactive accumulation in alga samples from … – SA Mihai – 1999 –
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, Vol. 242 No. 2 (1999) 419-422.Radioactive accumulation in alga samples from Romanian Black Sea coast …

Radioactive Contamination of the Biosphere definition of ……Organisms that accumulate certain radioactive substances in especially high concentrations are called bioindicators of radioactive contamination.

Accumulation of radioactive strontium by brown algae VS Zlobin – 1966
Gig Sanit. 1966 Dec;31(12):86-8. [Accumulation of radioactive strontium by brown algae].

Accumulation of natural radioactive elements by azotobacter…/17313168_Accumulation_of_natural…Publication » [Accumulation of natural radioactive elements by azotobacter by the cells ofalgae and by protozoa]..

Radioactive accumulation in alga samples from Romanian Black … SA Mihai – 1999 

A review of heavy metal adsorption by marine algae

It is also well known that slightly and even highly radioactive substances glow in particular ways.. Can algae that absorb high levels of radiation glow in the dark? Here is one example of how radioactive substances that are only slightly radioactive actually glow in the dark…

Here is another example of a ‘nuclear pulse’ glow in the dark.. In this example, a reactor core creates a blue flash and glows..

So far, we have seen radioactive substances and radioactive materials glowing in the dark. Can this happen with living things as well? What would happen if highly radioactive (and possibly glowing) algae are eaten by larger critters, which are then eaten by people or by fish? 

As we have learned from the above information, radiation accumulates up the food chain, starting with algae both on land and in fresh or ocean water. As algae bio-accumulates radiation, how much will it multiply by the time it gets up to human beings? Each step up the food chain can and does multiply and concentrates radiation by 10 to 26,000 times, as we see from the above examples and tests. 

Plutonium And Cesium Bio-Concentrates 26,000 Times In Ocean Algae, Up To 5,570,000 Bq/Kg in Land Algae; via @AGreenRoad

For more information, click on the following links… 

Nuclear Accidents, Recycling Nuclear Weapons/Fuel

Global Corporations And The 1%; Art And Science Of Deception

Individual Radioactive Elements/Isotopes, USA Radiation Exposure Prevention and Reversal, Music

Low Dose Radiation Dangers/Symptoms For Children And Adults

Uranium Mining and Enrichment – Nuclear Bomb -Nuclear Fuel Manufacturing

Low Level Nuclear Radiation In Food And Water

Effects Of Internal Low Level Nuclear Radiation

Animals and Low Level Radiation Effects

Holistic Living And Green Energy

Global Corporations And The 1%; Art And Science Of Deception

Exploring the Inner and Outer Mysteries of Life

Peace, War, Human Rights, Justice, Prisons