13. What are the risks of dying from measles today in the U.S.?
The risk of dying from measles has not changed since 1963. It is still 1 in 10,000 cases (or 1 in 1,000 reported cases) in the U.S.
14. What would happen today if everyone in the U.S. got measles?
For every 8,000 cases of measles, 7,999 cases or 99.99% would fully recover. This is known because in the 1960s, when everyone got measles, 1 in 10,000 cases would die from measles and 1 in 40,000 cases would suffer permanent injury or develop SSPE, a total of 1 in 8,000 cases (1 in 10,000 plus 1 in 40,000).
15. Back in the early 1960s, there were hundreds of deaths and permanent injuries from measles. Is PIC proposing that everyone in the U.S. get measles?
No. The goal is to reduce deaths and disabilities, from any cause, as much as possible. The public should be made aware that vaccination is not the only way to prevent death from measles. For example, it has been scientifically confirmed that low levels of vitamin A are associated with measles mortality. Indeed, populations with prevalent vitamin A deficiency are 30–60 times more likely to die from measles. Parents and physicians should consider all the facts that pertain to the children in their care when weighing their options.
16. Some possible side effects of the MMR vaccine are included in the Vaccine Risk Statement (VRS). Are there other possible side effects?
Yes. The MMR package insert contains a longer list of possible side effects.
17. How is it known that the MMR vaccine causes febrile seizures in 1 in 640 children?
This finding is derived from results of the most statistically powered safety study ever to measure the association between MMR vaccination and febrile seizures. More than half a million children were evaluated, both vaccinated and unvaccinated, from a Danish population that is relied upon globally to examine vaccine safety. Published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, the results showed that seizures from the MMR vaccine occur in about 1 in 640 children up to two weeks following MMR vaccination.