100% Renewable Energy As Catalyst For Achieving Peace & Justice | CleanTechnica
While the path to peace and justice relies upon different measures, peace and security can be improved considerably across the world simply by decreasing the over-reliance of countries on oil and gas. Unlike fossil fuels, which are characterized by the uneven geographical distribution of natural reserves, RE is abundant across regions and countries. By reducing the over dependence on fossil fuels reserves and instead decentralizing the energy structure, a transition towards 100% RE can improve the energy autonomy of countries and reduce current conflicts and prevent the emergence of new ones. In order to ensure this for the long-term however, any 100% RE strategy must be underpinned by considerations of justice and be built on the principle of efficiency and recycling regarding the necessary resources used in the RE technology.
Lastly, a transition to 100% RE can also support better institutions and governance structures through what is known as energy democracy. Energy democracy goes beyond national security of energy supply to bringing energy resources and infrastructure under public or community ownership or control. The term is grounded on the basic understanding that “the decisions that shape our lives should be established jointly and without regard to the principle of profit” and it is being practiced by an ever-growing number of decentralized community energy initiatives around the world. These communities often reframe energy access as a social right, rather than a profitable commodity. A growing number of experts and communities believe that de-carbonization of the energy economy is critical not only for mitigating climate change but also for achieving a more just, sustainable, and resilient economy. In addition, some experts note that an equitable, ecologically sound energy system should serve the needs of the world’s peoples, and that an energy transition will be advanced by a shift to public and community control. The distributed nature of RE — which theoretically are public goods accessible to all — helps to facilitate this process.
Importantly, a transition to 100% RE will benefit the achievement of all SDGs, which in turn will contribute to the maintenance of peace. A world that is violent and unpeaceful is at the same time unsustainable and unjust, and vice versa. Strategies for preventing the causes of violent conflict integrate a set of measures, including the preservation and efficient use of natural resources, implementing principles of equity and justice, strengthening cooperation, and changing lifestyles. Accordingly, concepts of peace that rely on avoiding dangerous conflict, on preventive arms control, the reduction of violence, and the abolition of nuclear weapons, and on compliance with human rights and cooperation, will improve the conditions for the co-operative implementation of sustainable development. The inherent linkages need to be further developed in a mutually stimulating way to an integrated concept of sustainable peace.