Royalties go to Gilead, but a portion go the the NIAID, Tony Fauci’s agency and US Army, which assisted with its development. I originally omitted the fact (appreciate the reminder) that Ralph Baric, UNC professor and the US’ premier coronavirus scientist, is not only a creator of ACE-2 humanized mice and chimeric SARS coronaviruses. He is also an inventor of Remdesivir and worked with the Moderna COVID vaccine beginning in December 2019 through NIAID, even before anyone knew there would be a pandemic.
Nearly everyone who is hospitalized in the US with COVID receives Remdesivir, because
a) hospitals get a financial bonus from the government for using it, and
b) it is the top treatment recommended by the NIH Guidelines.