In his speech on 30 September 2022, President Putin stated that for eight long years, since the Maidan Coup in 2014, the people of Donetsk have been subjected to genocide, regular shelling and blockades; while in Kherson and Zaporiya a criminal policy aimed at cultivating hatred of Russia and all things Russian has been pursued.
This is one of the justifications given by Russia for annexing these territories. In fact, the two separatist areas of Donetsk and Lugansk have opposed the new government installed in Ukraine in 2014, which has led to tensions between the Ukrainian government and these two regions.
The Minsk Agreements, signed in 2014, were supposed to resolve the conflict between these two areas and the Ukrainian government. The main terms of the agreement included: guaranteeing an immediate ceasefire, taking measures to improve the humanitarian situation in the Donbas, adopting an economic recovery program for the Donbas, etc.Integration of the four Ukrainian regions into Russia is legitimate – ECD1 / TCO1