Radiation Damages And Kills Soil Bacteria, Slows Or Stops Normal Soil Building Process

Have you ever thought about the negative effect that low dose radiation from nuclear power plants and nuclear accidents has on bacteria? It is a well known fact that radiation kills or mutates bacteria. Irradiation is used on many food products to kill bacteria, as reported in the video above. So we do not really need to prove that radiation kills bacteria, because industry is using radiation for that purpose. Pro nuclear apologists really argue that radiation has no harmful effects, because the proof is in the actual use of radiation to kill bacteria for many food and other items, as proven by the video above, (a pro food irradiation facility).

This same bacteria killing radiation also has negative effects outside of this ‘controlled’ setting. What happens when this same man made nuclear radiation that is inside of an irradiation facility, a nuclear reactor, a uranium mine or inside of a DU weapon, gets loose and is now out in the world? 
Radiological damage to microbes near the site of the Chernobyl disaster have slowed the decomposition of fallen leaves and other plant matter in the area, according to a study just published in the journal Oecologia. The resulting buildup of dry, loose detritus is a wildfire hazard that poses the threat of spreading radioactivity from the Chernobyl area.

Not many people think about the role that bacteria play in every day life, but they are a crucial part of the ecosystem. According to Wikipedia; “There are typically 40 million bacterial cells in a gram of soil and a million bacterial cells in a millilitre of fresh water. There are approximately 5×1030 bacteria on Earth,[4] forming a biomass which exceeds that of all plants and animals.[5] 
Bacteria are vital in recycling nutrients, with many of the stages in nutrient cycles dependent on these organisms, such as the fixation of nitrogen from the atmosphere and putrefaction. In the biological communities surrounding hydrothermal vents and cold seeps, bacteria provide the nutrients needed to sustain life by converting dissolved compounds such as hydrogen sulphide and methane to energy. 

On 17 March 2013, researchers reported data that suggested bacterial life forms thrive in the Mariana Trench, the deepest spot on the Earth.[6][7]Other researchers reported related studies that microbes thrive inside rocks up to 1900 feet below the sea floor under 8500 feet of ocean off the coast of the northwestern United States.[6][8] According to one of the researchers,”You can find microbes everywhere — they’re extremely adaptable to conditions, and survive wherever they are.”[6]
Most bacteria have not been characterized, and only about half of the phyla of bacteria have species that can be grown in the laboratory.[9] The study of bacteria is known as bacteriology, a branch of microbiology.
There are approximately ten times as many bacterial cells in the human flora as there are human cells in the body, with the largest number of the human flora being in the gut flora, and a large number on the skin.[10]The vast majority of the bacteria in the body are rendered harmless by the protective effects of the immune system, and some are beneficial
However, several species of bacteria are pathogenic and cause infectious diseases, including cholera, syphilisanthrax, leprosy, and bubonic plague. The most common fatal bacterial diseases are respiratory infections, with tuberculosis alone killing about 2 million people a year, mostly in sub-Saharan Africa.[11] In developed countries, antibiotics are used to treat bacterial infections and are also used in farming, making antibiotic resistance and superbugs a growing problem. 
In industry, bacteria are important in sewage treatment and the breakdown of oil spills, the production of cheese and yogurt through fermentation, and the recovery of gold, palladium, copper and other metals in the mining sector,[12] as well as in biotechnology, and the manufacture of antibiotics and other chemicals.[13]
Bacteria, as asexual organisms, inherit identical copies of their parent’s genes (i.e., they are clonal). However, all bacteria can evolve by selection on changes to their genetic material DNA caused by genetic recombination or mutations. Mutations come from errors made during the replication of DNA or from exposure to mutagens. Mutation rates vary widely among different species of bacteria and even among different clones of a single species of bacteria.[105] Genetic changes in bacterial genomes come from either random mutation during replication or “stress-directed mutation”, where genes involved in a particular growth-limiting process have an increased mutation rate.[106] (Stress happens due to radiation)
In soil, microorganisms that reside in the rhizosphere (a zone that includes the root surface and the soil that adheres to the root after gentle shaking) carry out nitrogen fixation, converting nitrogen gas to nitrogenous compounds.[154] This serves to provide an easily absorbable form of nitrogen for many plants, which cannot fix nitrogen themselves. Many other bacteria are found as symbionts in humans and other organisms. 
For example, the presence of over 1,000 bacterial species in the normal human gut flora of the intestines contribute to gut immunity, synthesize vitamins such as folic acid, vitamin K and biotin, convert sugars to lactic acid (see Lactobacillus), as well as fermenting complex undigestible carbohydrates.[155][156][157] 

The presence of this gut flora also inhibits the growth of potentially pathogenic bacteria (usually through competitive exclusion). These beneficial bacteria are sold as probiotic dietary supplements.[158]
Even low doses of radiation from man made radioactive elements can and do cause cancer, genetic diseases, diabetes, ALS, heart disease, leukemia and many more.  Man made radioactive elements are created by a fission process, which results in negative transmutation or decay of elements that ends in lead, which is also a deadly heavy metal, even in just minute quantities. The sun does not do any of this. The sun’s rays do not result in decay or negative transmutation of elements. The sun’s fusion process does not create heavy metals that ends in lead, which then poisons all of life.
The world is so full of beneficial bacteria and other organisms that it is hard to even comprehend how many there are, and how many benefits the world receives from them. It is unimaginable to think about what the world will be like, if radiation kills most or all bacteria, and what our lives would be like without them. Humans and all living things cannot survive without bacteria.
We now know that low dose radiation from man made radioactive elements harms, mutates and kills bacteria and other living things. Radiation around Chernobyl has been documented to harm and/or kill bacteria in the soil that are responsible for decomposing leaves and trees. This has the effect of increasing fire danger and reducing the amount of soil produced naturally in the forests. A forest fire in a radiation contaminated area spreads that radiation to other areas and the smoke is also full of radiation contaminated particles which are very hazardous to breathe in. 
Super deadly bacteria are a result of bacteria being exposed to low dose radiation and then mutating into much more potent and deadly strains. Bacteria are mutated due to the damage to their DNA. This is the same DNA radiation damage that happens to humans, animals and plants everywhere on this planet. This damaged and mutated DNA is passed on to infinite future generations, and with each future generation, more and more damage happens.

Nuclear energy is responsible for more and more deaths and diseases, in part through causing bacteria and viruses to mutate into more deadly forms. Man made nuclear energy should have no place on the planet. 

End
Radiation Damages And Kills Soil Bacteria, Slows Or Stops Normal Soil Building Process; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/radiation-damages-and-kills-soil.html

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Animals, Insects, Birds And Plants; Low Level Radiation Effects
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/p/animals-and-low-level-radiation-effects.html

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Chief Arvol Looking Horse Speaks of White Buffalo Prophecy

Chief Arvol Looking Horse, 19th generation Keeper of the Sacred White Buffalo Calf Pipe. The leader of the Lakota Dakota Nakota Oyate, the great Sioux nation, is a man with a vision. 
A Great Urgency: To All World Religious and Spiritual Leaders
My Relatives,
Time has come to speak to the hearts of our Nations and their Leaders. I ask you this from the bottom of my heart, to come together from the Spirit of your Nations in prayer.
We, from the heart of Turtle Island, have a great message for the World; we are guided to speak from all the White Animals showing their sacred color, which have been signs for us to pray for the sacred life of all things. 
The dangers we are faced with at this time are not of spirit, mistakes that we cannot afford to continue to make.
I asked, as Spiritual Leaders, that we join together, united in prayer with the whole of our Global Communities. My concern is these serious issues will continue to worsen, as a domino effect that our Ancestors have warned us of in their Prophecies.
I know in my heart there are millions of people that feel our united prayers for the sake of our Grandmother Earth are long overdue. I believe we as Spiritual people must gather ourselves and focus our thoughts and prayers to allow the healing of the many wounds that have been inflicted on the Earth.
As we honor the Cycle of Life, let us call for Prayer circles globally to assist in healing Grandmother Earth (our Unc¹I Maka), and that we may also seek to live in harmony, as we make the choice to change the destructive path we are on.
As we pray, we will fully understand that we are all connected. And that what we create can have lasting effects on all life.
So let us unite spiritually, All Nations, All Faiths, One Prayer. Along with this immediate effort, I also ask to please remember World Peace and Prayer Day/ Honoring Sacred Sites day. Whether it is a natural site, a temple, a church, a synagogue or just your own sacred space, let us make a prayer for all life, for good decision making by our Nations, for our children¹s future and well-being, and the generations to come.
Onipikte (that we shall live),
Chief Arvol Looking Horse sees a great danger threatening “Grandmother Earth” and a great hope for restoring her wholeness. So he is calling all nations to prayer of any kind in an effort to return the planet to balance, the people to spirit. I asked him why this path is the right path to take. “A man or a woman without spirit is very dangerous,” Looking Horse explained in a recent phone interview. According to this Sioux chief, the absence of spirit is causing suffering everywhere. 

Methane Gas Levels Rising Catastrophically Fast, Abrupt Climate Change Now Initiating; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/11/methane-gas-levels-rising.html

Super Solar Storm To Hit Earth; ‘Carrington Effect’; 400 Nuke Plants Will Melt Down/Explode; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/03/super-solar-storm-predicted-to-hit-2013.html

“We are in a time of survival,” he said. “But we don’t want to believe it because we have forgotten our spirits. We have forgotten that Grandmother Earth has a spirit.” Disconnected souls are hurting others without even knowing they are hurting others.” Those being hurt include animals, trees and waterways.

Top Global Warming Denialists Funded By Corporations; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/06/top-global-warming-denialists-funded-by.html

The Sioux have an inclusive worldview, but it was not shared by the transplanted Europeans who undertook genocide on Indian land, culminating in the Wounded Knee massacre of 1890. That final brutality broke the “hoop” binding Indians together; however, Sioux prophecy foretold that in a hundred years the people would be reunited. 

Although surviving tribe members and their descendants were stripped of religious freedoms (returned to them only 32 year ago by the U.S. government), the rituals were kept and the prophecy not forgotten. So the Sioux nations set out on horseback to “mend the broken hoop” of their nation in 1986 at a sacred site known to non-Indians as Devils Tower or the Great Horn Butte; their ritual went on for four years and concluded in 1990, 100 years after Wounded Knee. 
During the course of that long ritual, Looking Horse was surprised by a vision that came to him of peace and unity that included not only the Indian nations but all the nations of the world, each gathering with ritual plants around sacred fires on every continent. The Sioux chief felt called to oversee a much broader mending. 
But who was going to listen even to the chief of a people largely ignored in the country where they lived? “It’s everyday life for us that we hold Grandmother Earth sacred, we hold the trees and the plants, everything has a spirit. We need people to be really respectful for each other. The Great Spirit put us here all together. If we’re going to survive, we need to have spirit and compassion. 
We’re asking people to go to their sacred places or sacred spaces to pray.” “Sioux Indian chief calls all nations to action…” by Juliane Poirier. Music gifted by Tony Gerbejacob devaney
Learn more about Arvol Lookinghorse at: http://www.wolakota.org 
Learn more about White Buffalo Day at: http://www.whitebuffalochildren.org

What is the take away? Never give up hope. It is always darkest before the dawn. There is a birth in consciousness happening. At the same time, there is a dying both inside and outside, of old paradigms that no longer work, on all levels. Prayer and taking positive actions is the way through. There are complications to this birth. Despite all of the things going wrong and seeming very dark appearance, this is still hope, based on intuitive visions and prophecies in all religions that promise a bright and hope filled future. So keep praying, keep putting one foot in front of the other, and do what you feel led to do, moment by moment, by your own inner heart based guidance. We are the leaders that we have been waiting for.

End

Chief Arvol Looking Horse Speaks of White Buffalo Prophecy; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/chief-arvol-looking-horse-speaks-of.html

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American Indian Prophecies and Living As Soul on Earth; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/04/american-indian-prophecies-and-way-of.html
Spiritual, Interfaith, Consciousness; How To Create Heaven On Earth
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/p/spiritualinterfaithconsciousness.html

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Fuel Cells Can Produce Zero Carbon Electricity By Burning Stored Hydrogen Gas

A highly efficient 1.4 MW fuel cell power plant supplies 100 percent of base load electricity needed to run a jail and county office buildings, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions in Santa Rosa, California.

The video above explains how a power producing fuel cell works. If the hydrogen that is sent to the fuel cell is created by solar, wind, water or other renewable energy, the fuel cell becomes a zero carbon power/electricity production center. 
DANBURY, Conn., June 5, 2009 — FuelCell Energy, Inc. (NasdaqNM:FCEL), a leading manufacturer of high efficiency, ultra-clean power plants using renewable and other fuels for commercial, industrial, government and utility customers, today announced the sale of a megawatt-class Direct FuelCell® (DFC®) power plant to California’s Sonoma County to supply 100 percent of the baseload electricity needed to operate a county jail and county office buildings in Santa Rosa. 
The DFC1500™ power plant will generate 1.4 megawatts of ultra-clean electricity and its byproduct heat will be recovered and used to replace approximately half the natural gas the County currently purchases to make hot water for space heating, cleaning, and cooking. Overall, the County of Sonoma expects significant energy cost savings during the first year of operation. 
When operating in a Combined Heat and Power (CHP) mode such as this, DFC power plants can achieve up to 80 percent efficiency. This high efficiency will substantially reduce carbon dioxide emissions. By comparison, typical grid electricity is only 33 percent electrically efficient. In addition, since DFC power plants produce electricity without combustion, they produce near-zero nitrous oxides, sulfur oxides and particulate matter, and are one of the most effective means of meeting air quality standards with around-the-clock electric generation. 
The state of California is one of the country’s leading environmental advocates with over 75 different laws and incentive programs to further the use of clean energy and reduce greenhouse gas production. These include AB32 that caps carbon dioxide emissions; the state’s Renewable Portfolio Standard requiring 33 percent clean energy generation by 2020; and its government office building initiative to reduce energy use by 20 percent (1,935 megawatts) by 2015 from a 2003 baseline. Additionally, the California Air Resources Board’s CARB07 strictly regulates distributed generation power plants, specifying limits for nitrous oxides, carbon monoxide and volatile organic compounds. DFC fuel cells meet all of these limits. 
“Installing a DFC fuel cell power plant is not only a wise financial decision,” said Jose Obregon, head of Sonoma County’s General Service Department. “It also demonstrates we’re being responsible stewards of the environment by dramatically lessening the impact of County operations on our community. No distributed power generation alternative we evaluated was able to compete with its high efficiency combined with its environmentally responsible benefits.” 
Sonoma County considered numerous options before deciding that the DFC unit was the best solution for its needs. The fuel cell installation is a major component of the $22 million County of Sonoma Purchases 1.4 MW Ultra-Clean Power Plant 2 Comprehensive Energy Project to make Sonoma County buildings energy efficient, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and meet the reduction targets established in the County’s Climate Protection Action Plan. 
“Our DFC power plants are efficient, quiet, clean and easy to site,” said Bruce Ludemann, Senior Vice President of FuelCell Energy. “And because they operate 24/7 producing ultra-clean baseload power, they’re an ideal solution when keeping the power on is critical and for customers that want to reduce their carbon footprint like jails, government buildings, hospitals, hotels, and wastewater treatment facilities.” Sonoma County’s purchase of the DFC unit through its site contractor AirCon Energy was partially funded with a $3 million grant under California’s Self-Generation Incentive Program administered by Pacific Gas and Electric Company. Aircon Energy has been specializing in the design, engineering and installation of comprehensive energy solutions since 1974 with a focus on local governments in the state of California. The DFC power plant is scheduled to be in operation in spring of 2010. 
About FuelCell Energy 
FuelCell Energy is the world leader in the development and production of stationary fuel cells for commercial, industrial, municipal and utility customers. FuelCell Energy’s ultra-clean and high efficiency DFC® fuel cells are generating power at over 50 locations worldwide. The company’s power plants have generated more than 275 million kWh of power using a variety of fuels including renewable wastewater gas, biogas from beer and food processing, as well as natural gas and other hydrocarbon fuels. FuelCell Energy has partnerships with major power plant developers and power companies around the world. The company also receives funding from the U.S. Department of Energy and other government agencies for the development of leading edge technologies such as fuel cells. For more information please visit our website at http://www.fuelcellenergy.com

SUMMARY

What is the take away? Fuel cells are a potentially HUGE zero carbon power production center of the future, but only if these fuel cells utilize stored hydrogen gas to burn. If the hydrogen that is sent to the fuel cell is created by solar, wind, water or other renewable energy, the fuel cells of the future will be zero carbon power/electricity production centers, and that is a very good thing.
Currently, there are approximately 100 companies that are researching and manufacturing fuel cells, and this article featured one of them. These companies have been researching, developing and installing fuel cells in some cases for 20 years, so the technology is now mature and has the bugs worked out of it. All that is left, is to combine these fuel cells with a hydrogen gas production and storage facility, to create the zero carbon energy of the future.
Renewable energy sources lack the storage, and fuel cells lack the ability to create hydrogen from a zero carbon source, so the two technologies should be combined. Solar cells, wind generators, tides, waves, geothermal and other clean zero carbon energy producing technologies can produce electricity and a part of that electricity can be used to break down water into hydrogen, which can then be stored for times when the renewable energy source is not available, or for peak power use.
Since fuel cells are ‘instant’ power, utilities can use fuel cells plus stored hydrogen gas as their ‘peak’ power back up system. Fuel cells combined with hydrogen gas can also serve to fill in the gaps when zero carbon renewable energy sources are not available. 

On a local level, fuel cells the size of a toaster oven can power a home.

Source video: http://youtu.be/shkFDPI6kGE

The above picture and video shows a ‘Bloom Box’ type of fuel cell that according to the CEO, can power a home. Picture your home creating electricity that then splits water into hydrogen. The hydrogen gas is stored until it is needed, and then it is burned inside his fuel cell, which powers everything in your house. There is no need for a utility company anymore. This is another way that utility companies are in a death spiral, unless they join the zero carbon energy revolution. 

What are utility companies doing to move in this zero carbon direction? Sadly, many or most of them are resisting the move to renewable energy sources and creative solutions such as fuel cells combined with stored hydrogen power. Instead they are trying to tax solar to death, kill renewable energy companies by starving them of cash and keeping people reliant on pollution and Earth killing monopolistic, top down population controlling energy sources such as coal, oil, gas, and nuclear. 
Going back to fuel cells, while we are on the way to a global zero carbon energy goal, all landfills and other methane gas production centers such as cow/pig/chicken dung methane gas digesters should also be using fuel cells, because methane gas is 20 times more global warming as a gas than carbon dioxide is, so it makes sense to burn any methane gas and transform that methane gas into electricity and C02, and thereby create less global warming than the methane would if released to the atmosphere. 
The energy monopolies such as nuclear, coal, oil and gas are trying to stop the zero carbon energy revolution by lying about global warming, and climate change on the one hand. 
Top 100 Global Warming Denialist Groups Are ALL Funded By HUGE Corporations; via @AGreenRoad

http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/06/top-global-warming-denialists-funded-by.html

Nuclear Energy As A Direct Cause Of Global Warming; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/12/nuclear-energy-as-direct-cause-of.html

Just a few huge corporations also control the mass media. These monopolies contribute a huge share of ad revenue and thus ‘influence’ what is aired, or the own a share of these media companies directly. In 1983, 50 corporations controlled a majority of American media. Now that number is 6.

Outfoxed: Rupert Murdoch’s War on Journalism; via A Green Road Blog

Bernie Sanders on Why Big Media Shouldn’t Get Bigger; via A Green Road http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/12/bernie-sanders-on-why-big-media.html

In the end, these mass media giants show mainly corporate friendly news and ‘experts’ that confuses the public or attacks legitimate scientific research that proves global warming exists, while promoting green washing ‘clean coal’, ‘green nuclear’ and other bogus and fraudulent industry PR claims which serves to keep these polluting, planet killing corporate monopolies in power and in control. 

CNN Questions Climate Change, Promotes Marc Morano, Who Encourages Sending Nasty Emails To Scientists; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/02/cnn-questions-climate-change-promotes.html
Meanwhile, CO2 levels are rising faster than ever.

Global Carbon Emissions Set To Reach Record 36 Billion Tons In 2013; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/12/global-carbon-emissions-set-to-reach.html

Due to accelerating global warming, methane gas that has been trapped as ice, is now melting, thus accelerating global warming even more.

Methane Gas And Clathrate Trends Plus Atmospheric Measurements; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/11/methane-gas-and-clathrate-trends-plus.html
Methane Gas Levels Rising Catastrophically Fast, Abrupt Climate Change Now Initiating; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/11/methane-gas-levels-rising.html

Then these same few monopolies use their influence inside the major utility companies to keep them ‘hooked’ on dirty polluting fuels that are killing the whole planet, as outlined below. Steven Chu explains how and why utility companies are actually in a death spiral of their own making, just because they are resisting the move to zero carbon energy solutions. 

Steven Chu Solves Utility Companies’ Death Spiral
http://www.forbes.com/sites/jeffmcmahon/2014/03/21/steven-chu-solves-utility-companies-death-spiral/

The answers are all here. The only thing stopping the zero carbon energy future is the large monopolistic, top down old and obsolete planet killing energy companies, such as oil, coal, gas and nuclear. Do what you can to try and save the planet and our clean energy future. Vote only for candidates that take no corporate money. Right now, both of the major parties are totally corrupted by the money from these monopolies. For example, President Obama got huge amounts of money from both the financial industry and the nuclear industry, and they control what he does, as ‘payback’ for their ‘bribes’. The financial industry provides the money to keep these monopolies in power. 
Your vote and your local actions in your home town, and what kind of energy you burn in your home and in your car are the only things left that can save the Earth and our future. Act wisely. Never give up. 

End

Fuel Cells Can Produce Zero Carbon Electricity By Burning Stored Hydrogen Gas; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/fuel-cells-can-produce-zero-carbon.html

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HEPA Filter System Failed At WIPP Facility; What Is The REAL Story About Radiation Release?

The news reporter above assures everyone that no harmful radiation was released from WIPP. The reporter passes on radiation measurements and comparisons from the entity funded by DOE, which is in charge of filter sampling. The only problem with this news report is that it is lacking ANY investigative aspect. No questions are asked. Definitely NO hard questions are asked or answered by anyone. What sounds like a news report is actually more a PR piece that is being read out loud by someone that could just as well be a pro nuclear PR person. For those interested in REAL news reporting and investigating, what follows may be questions asked by a REAL investigative reporter.

According to WIPP: March 19, 2014 – ‘First Step to Replace WIPP HEPA Filters’ – “An aerosol test is planned to verify that the WIPP high efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filters are still operating at their peak performance. The HEPA filters worked as designed on February 14, trapping more than 99.9% of the radioactive particles exhausted from the underground. A minute amount of radioactive contamination was released during the event, due to a design in the ventilation system that allowed a small amount of air to bypass the filtration system. That design feature has been changed so that the bypass no longer exists. Los Alamos National Laboratory will pump aerosolized oil through the filter banks and use highly sensitive equipment to measure the concentration of aerosol particles at the back of the filter banks to determine filter efficiency. Individual HEPA filters at WIPP are tested annually and consistently meet the efficiency standard. Two filter banks service the underground exhaust.”
Now that we have an official statement from both WIPP and the (PR) newscaster, let’s pretend to be an investigative reporter, instead of a parrot repeating exactly whatever is told them, as the above newscaster is doing in the video, shall we?
It wasn’t until about 3 weeks later that they said, ‘Well we sent a worker in to put foam in the dampers of those 3 ducts that vent to the outside because they were almost totally closed, but not totally closed, and so there was leakage coming out of them.’ So again there was some radioactivity coming out beyond what might have passed through the filters themselves.
What does the above statement mean? Are the 3 unfiltered ducts part of the exhaust shaft, the intake shafts, or something else? No matter where they are, we have proof that the filters could not have taken out 99.9% of radiation, because there were ‘leaks’. If a facility has radiation leaks, it cannot filter that out. Now let’s dive deeper.

One question is; where did the plutonium go that came out of WIPP? And how much plutonium came out, in total? Here is one computer model estimate…

http://optimalprediction.com/wp/revised-wipp-map-fuku-event-skin-eruptions/

It is a fact that HEPA filters are easily overwhelmed by heat, soot and smoke, as proven by the official government manual for HEPA filters page detailed below. HEPA filters get overwhelmed quickly and then lose all ability to filter anything, even if they have a prefilter, when exposed to heavy loads of soot and smoke particles, such as the salt truck fire at WIPP, early in Feb. 7th, 2014. Video at; http://www.tout.com/m/7go08x  via Managing editor at the Carlsbad Current-Argus in Carlsbad. The PR piece and news cast above never even mentions the truck fire or the effect it had on the HEPA filters, despite the HEPA filtering system being on during that time, according to the official WIPP report on the salt truck mine fire. This is somewhat strange and alarming, wouldn’t you agree?
We know that WIPP turned on the HEPA filters during this truck fire, because this was disclosed in the official government report documenting safety and maintenance deficiencies at WIPP around that  truck fire. 
We also have evidence that the HEPA filters either were not working or they quit working at some point, because a picture shows heavy black smoke pouring out of the WIPP facility through the INTAKE parts of the facility, where smoke should ONLY be coming out of the EXHAUST. Either way, no matter which one it was, this is really bad news for WIPP. We now have documented proof about TWO different leaks bypassing the HEPA filters at WIPP during a disaster.

The official statement from the WIPP website dated March 19th, 2014, above says that “individual HEPA filters at WIPP are tested annually”. Well, that means these HEPA filters have not been inspected since these two events happened, wouldn’t you agree?  First there was a truck fire that may very have damaged and/or clogged them. Then a radiation/explosion event days later that could have caused damage and or degraded these HEPA filters to the point where they are leaking severely, as indicated in several news reports about ventilation problems… They do not seem to be taking this very seriously, wouldn’t you agree? But never mind all of this, according to WIPP, these magical HEPA filters are still working at 99.9% efficiency, NO MATTER WHAT! Just believe us and trust WIPP with no proof needed. WIPP is saying they are perfect, even after TWO major HEPA filter clogging/destroying events and by their own admission, leaks going by the HEPA filters. So how can their statement about no dangerous radiation release be given any credibility whatsoever? 

Fire and Smoke Effects On HEPA Filters
On May 4, 2000, a prescribed burn at Bandelier National Monument, New Mexico escaped control and ultimately burned nearly 50,000 acres in and around the town of Los Alamos and Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The thick smoke from this fire impacted the confinement ventilation system operations at several LANL facilities. The confinement ventilation systems in some nuclear facilities were shut down or placed on minimum ventilation to prevent further clogging. Some facilities whose confinement ventilation systems were not shut down experienced filter clogging and had to replace filters. The facilities that shut down or went to minimum operation subsequently had re-entry and restart issues they had to address. pg 10-7

The exhaust stream from a HEPA WIPP filter that is actually working should not include smoke or soot for any reason. HEPA filters are supposed to filter out visible smoke and soot particles. As these pages and graph points out, HEPA filters can quit working quickly when exposed to high amounts of soot and smoke, so the key question is, what was the back pressure during and after the truck fire on these HEPA filters and what was the back pressure before the radiation event? What is the back pressure on these filters now?

As the page above and below points out very clearly, soot and smoke overwhelm HEPA filters very quickly. With no backup in place and no redundancy and no 2nd duct system to switch over to in case of failure of the 1st system, there is no way to prevent MASSIVE radiation release to the environment and communities downwind. If this was just harmless smoke and soot, why was the emergency management center ‘evacuated’?

At WIPP, they have plenty of radiation detectors on site, so they would have known that no radiation was present, if this was really a truck fire, correct? And even if it had been a radioactive fire, the emergency operations center should have it’s own separate filtered, radiation proof clean air supply and negative air pressure environment, so this indicates major problems in another area of the WIPP facility. This is another item that indicates massive failure at WIPP, in a totally different direction. Combine the emergency center evacuation, the HEPA filter not working during the truck fire, and the leaking ducts, and it shows just how absolutely not ready this WIPP facility is for a major nuclear disaster. 

TV: “Imminent situation” at U.S. nuclear site — Emergency operations center evacuated due to fire deep underground — “One of most serious incidents” on record 

http://enenews.com/tv-imminent-situation-at-u-s-nuclear-site-emergency-operations-center-evacuated-due-to-fire-deep-underground-one-of-most-serious-incidents-on-record-anonymous-footage-of-thinck/comment-page-1#comment-494713

For those who do not know, an emergency operations center is supposed to have it’s own HEPA and other filtration or fresh air system in case of a radioactive emergency such as this.. Are they saying that this building where all emergency operations are controlled and managed has no radiation proof air supply? And what prompted the evacuation? It would not be just plain old smoke that does that; it would take radiation alarms going off to make an evacuation happen, correct? 

We know that the HEPA filters at WIPP were more than likely clogged by the soot and smoke from the salt truck fire on Feb 7th or damaged/taken out by the explosion/ceiling collapse and/or fire that happened on Feb. 14th. We know that negative pressure in the salt mine was lost after the salt truck fire, because of the video showing smoke pouring out of the intake section of the mine air system above. We know the emergency center was evacuated.  NONE of this is supposed to happen at a Class II nuclear waste facility, EVER. 
The second incident released massive amounts of radiation, which was measured more than a mile away from the initial source at stations that could have been upwind. (Only 2 out of six stations radiation readings were reported, and it is unclear if those 2 reported stations were upwind or downwind). Radiation degrades HEPA filters, according to documentation provided above. 
How is WIPP planning on handling this degradation and ‘overloading’ of WIPP HEPA filters? Who is going to make sure that these overloaded HEPA radioactively contaminated filters are changed out safely without contaminating the entire area and employees as well? Are the WIPP HEPA filters even accessible, because one report says they are too radioactive to even get close to? What are the plans for changing out these highly contaminated filters? Has this facility been planned and designed for this kind of thing?
Regarding radiation releases and the WIPP HEPA system, was this ventilation and filter system designed and ‘engineered’ so that automatic controls would prevent any radiation release? The answer is NO. The document above also details DOE requirements for a HEPA system, and the quick failure of it when exposed to high levels of radiation.  Is the filter building designed with a double or triple negative pressure environment? Does WIPP have this in place? Even if they do, this system failed. The WIPP report about HEPA filters indicates 2 ‘banks’ of filters.. Are they redundant, or not? 
In the above document, we can see that when plutonium is involved, a DOUBLE or TRIPLE redundant system is required. Why? Because plutonium is SO hazardous, SO deadly, that special protections are needed to make sure that nothing leaks out of the facility and exposes the public. Does WIPP have this in place? The answer is NO, not unless they provide proof of this. They say that they have 2 ‘banks’ of filters, but the key question is, are they REDUNDANT? 
Has the WIPP HEPA filtering system been properly designed to handle the radioactive particles that could theoretically come out via ceiling collapse, container leaking, explosions, fires or flooding events? Can the WIPP HEPA filter system also filter out radioactive GASES, VOC’s of all of the stuff that they put down there, such as dioxins, and other super deadly and dangerous things? And are there built in filtering systems to handle what happens if this system is damaged or destroyed by either natural, man made or mine related events? The answer is NO. 
WIPP is free to prove that this information here is all wrong.. Let the WIPP authorities or DOE PROVE that WIPP has built with double or triple redundant ventilation and HEPA filter systems to make sure negative pressure is maintained and that it will keep working AUTOMATICALLY even if the power is cut off or one duct system, and/or one filtering system is destroyed by a radioactive fire or explosion. 
Let DOE prove at the public meetings that WIPP filters can and do filter out radioactive gases, VOC’s and things like dioxins, despite heat, explosions, smoke and soot, over the long term, for 10,000 years, if that is what happens, worst case… The two back to back disasters at this facility has already proven that the WIPP facility cannot handle ANYTHING, not even a small truck fire. So what are the odds that this facility will survive something REALLY bad happening in a couple hundred years?

https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=1381410695437887&set=a.1378980989014191.1073741827.100007069086339&type=1

The above picture is of black smoke and soot from an accidental fire and explosion at a recycler/incinerator facility in 2013, which includes ‘recycling’ and/or burning of radioactive sludge, in Chiba prefecture, Japan.

“Fires in nuclear facilities have been caused by a variety of energy sources, including electrical energy and spontaneous combustion of pyrophoric metals. While fixed fire suppression systems or operator intervention have limited the size and consequences of most of these fires, some did propagate and cause significant damage and material release. There have been numerous occurrences of fire in nuclear facilities since the beginning of the Manhattan Project and many lessons learned from those fires. Some lessons have been learned at great expense. A brief history is discussed here in the hope that the lessons will not be forgotten or ignored by facility designers and operators.
The most significant fires involving the HEPA filters of confinement ventilation systems have occurred at the Rocky Flats Plant. In 1957, pyrophoric ignition of plutonium in a production line ignited combustible cellulose filters in the production box and spread from there via laminated plexiglass window materials and other unknown combustible materials in the ventilation system to involve and destroy combustible HEPA filters in the final filter stage. Delays in fighting this fire were due to radiation safety concerns and delays in using water due to criticality concerns allowed it grow. It was extinguished soon after water was used, but a buildup of combustible vapors and dusts in the ventilation ductwork and the final filter stage ignited and resulted in a small explosion. This severely damaged the HEPA filters in the final filter stage and allowed the second-highest known plutonium release at Rocky Flats to occur. A significant portion of the plutonium released from this fire was deposited offsite.3 As a result of this event, fire-resistant glass fiber HEPA filters were researched, developed, and put into service in the nuclear industry.” pg 10-2
The lesson from this is that radioactive garbage  like plutonium waste can and does catch on fire and burn with nothing but air, and no ignition source is needed. Radioactive elements burn as well as explode, (along with black smoke and soot). There are numerous examples of this type of thing happening all around the world. If WIPP cannot handle radioactive fires and explosions, heat, black smoke and soot, it means that this geological nuclear depository is not able to handle nuclear wastes safely. The failure of WIPP means that these geological depositories are not a solution for radioactive waste. 
Before the Fukushima mega nuclear disaster, the pro nuclear experts all guaranteed us that a multiple nuclear power station failure and meltdown could ‘never’ happen. At WIPP, the pro nuclear experts promised that a radioactive accident could ‘never’ happen, and that HEPA filters would protect the public in case it did. Guess what? The Titanic could ‘never’ be sunk either, but it did. And WIPP failed on both counts..

We already know that HEPA filters quickly get overwhelmed from black smoke and soot. So whether it happens from a salt truck fire or something else, this will not change during a radioactive smoke filled fire. The HEPA filters and negative pressure safety system TOTALLY failed at WIPP at least once, and possibly twice. Because they covered up the nuclear disaster for six days, we don’t know yet what happened during the WIPP nuclear disaster, which can now be called WIPPGATE, but the odds are that the same thing happened there that happened during the truck fire; the HEPA filters and ventilation system failed and radiation poured out of the intake shafts, more than likely MUCH longer than the ‘official’ 30 seconds that they claimed. 
Can you see any fire fighters going down into this WIPP facility to ‘put out’ a radioactive fire or deal with a radioactive explosion, with flammable gases present? No, it is not possible. What is the plan for putting out radioactive fires, leaks, bursting/rusting barrels or deal with explosions underground? There is no plan for this, and no realistic way to do this. The proof of this no entry possible after a disaster, is that no one has been down inside WIPP since the radiation disaster happened. 
Another critically important piece of information around WIPP HEPA filters, because they are the ONLY line of defense, and there is no backup, is to make sure that they are tested regularly, as required by DOE regulations. If they are not tested regularly, there is no way that they are going to meet the 99.9% efficiency rating, due to much higher leakage and HEPA filter failure rates that go all the way up to 5% if no testing is done on a regular basis. The HEPA filters themselves need to be tested and approved by the US Army Edgewood Arsenal in Maryland. Was this done with WIPP HEPA filters? And was the HEPA filter facility tested regularly, as outlined below, AFTER being installed, on a REGULAR BASIS? When was the last test, and when is the next one? Who did the testing?

Why is this article focusing so much on HEPA filters? Plutonium is SO dangerous, and HEPA filters are the only thing standing between everyone downwind and things that are so toxic, so dangerous, that this plutonium can kill millions of people if those HEPA filters fail and huge plumes of whatever is down there come out of this Hell hole. .. How dangerous is WIPP?
According to note at the bottom of the this study/report;

Plutonium is 115,000 times more dangerous and toxic than the average nuclear man made radioactive element in terms of it’s effect.

To learn more about the dangers of plutonium, click on the following links; 

How Dangerous Is 400-6000 Pounds Of Plutonium Nano Particle Dust Liberated By Fukushima? Via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/08/how-dangerous-is-400-6000-pounds-of.html

Plutonium Is The Most Toxic, Radioactive, Man Made Element, With No Natural Biological Role In The Human Body; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/01/plutonium-is-toxic-radioactive-man-made.html
Is There ‘Natural’ Plutonium And Are There ‘Natural’ Fission Reactions? via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/01/is-there-natural-plutonium-and-are.html

Another thing that residents living downwind might want to know about WIPP, is that it contains illegal nuclear waste products. We are not talking about just deadly plutonium and legal transuranic waste at this facility. WIPP also has boat loads of illegal waste such as cesium and strontium.  Learn more about the details here; 
WIPP And Illegal High Level Waste Documentation Plus Evidence; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/wipp-and-illegal-high-level-waste.html

Print out and take the above and following questions to the upcoming community meetings that WIPP officials are promising to hold on a ‘weekly’ basis, complete with dinners. 

1st QUESTION: 

What happened after that negative pressure was lost, the filter was clogged, and before the nuclear accident, where they needed those HEPA filters to be working again? Was the ventilation system damaged in any way or were parts not working?

2nd QUESTION: 

WHY did they cover up the radiation release for SIX DAYS and not allow anyone on site? What was done to the ventilation system, the HEPA filters or inside the mine during those six days?

3rd Question;

How long was it before the HEPA filters worked to counter the radiation release, and did the HEPA filters get bypassed during the radiation release and if so when and why? What EXACT time period did radiation escape from the mine before being run through the HEPA filters?

4th Question; 

Did the HEPA filters clog and fail completely when needed for the radiation release and if not, why not? If yes, how long did radiation go by the HEPA filters?

5th Question:

What kind of HEPA filters were they using, specifically, type, brand, make, model, ratings, design construction, etc? Not all HEPA filter types can resist smoke, heat, explosive forces or radiation. If the radiation event came with a fire or overpressure due to ceiling collapse or explosion, HEPA filters are not designed for that either, and FAIL.

6th Question;

How long had the filters been in place and working before the truck fire? What was the pressure reading on the face of the filters? Where are the records of this? Where are the change out records for the HEPA filters and can you provide them and the person who changed them out the last time for an interview, on the record?

7th Question;

If the filters clogged and were changed out after the truck fire and before the radiation release on the 14th, who performed that service and can we interview them? Reports indicate that the filters were ‘too radioactive to get close to’. Is that true? What was the radiation reading on the filters themselves? What is the plan for replacing the filters specifically? Who, when, how, procedures, etc? What is the radiation reading on filters taken out?

8th Question;

How did the HEPA filter system work during the radiation event, when it did NOT work during the salt truck fire? How did the ventilation system get fixed after the truck fire, and before the radiation release disaster?

According to PISSIN’ ON THE ROSES;

“We read through DOE’s report on the 2/5/14 fire at the WIPP facility with an eye on spotting ventilation system configurations which could result in the build up of explosive gases produced by the radioactive waste. Key information pointing to the root cause of a explosive gas build up is found on page 35 of DOE’s report on the 2/5/14 fire; notice the information we quoted and bolded in their statement below. We suspect that the regulator action mentioned is at the root cause of the February 14th explosion and radioactive release at the WIPP facility.
707 bulkhead door that divides the construction split from the disposal split requires manual operation and cannot be remotely shut, which is necessary for shifting to filtration mode. During the initial entries after the event, underground services shut the 707 bulkhead door and regulator the afternoon of February 14, 2014. This allowed the ventilation system to be placed in filtration mode. After the radiological event the evening of February 14, 2014, it would not have been possible to place the ventilation in filtration mode if 707 bulkhead door had remained open.
9th And Further Questions;
What is the purpose of the ‘regulator’, how does it work?
What is the purpose of the 707 bulkhead door in regards to standard or filtered air?
Can 707 bulkhead door be operated and closed or opened remotely in case of a radiation accident underground?
What is the purpose and function of the broken ventilation fan(s) identified in this same report?
Can these things be moved or adjusted AFTER and DURING a sudden and catastrophic, SEVERE radiation accident or fire in the mine with radiation levels above 10 Sieverts in the mine?
What effect did cutting the air curtain dividers have as crew were evacuated during the salt truck fire?
Can flammable or explosive gas build up if these things are closed (and/or cut) in the section of the mine that is closed off?
What amount of fire or explosion can the HEPA system handle before being overwhelmed and losing negative pressure?
Are there flammable gas detectors and radiation detectors in the mine?
If yes, what were the readings for BOTH on Feb 14th 2014, before and after the explosion?
What was leaking after Feb. 14th, and what was ‘fixed’ with foam after that date?
What is the rate of leakage from the duct system?
Is the HEPA filter system a single, double or triple pass system?
Is there a redundant HEPA filter system, and if not, why not?
Is there a redundant duct system leading to the 2nd HEPA filters, and if not, why not?
Are the HEPA filters now in place resistant to heat, fire, explosion and/or radiation?
Were the HEPA filters damaged by the fire or by the explosion?
Can you take us on a tour of the HEPA filter building and allow a video of this tour?
Can we go into the filter building with a radiation detector and measure radiation at the filters?
What is the usual filtering system required at a Class II lab or process facility working with high level plutonium radiation products?
Why did DOE ignore or fire the many scientists who warned DOE of many severe geological risks, including flammable gas buildup?
Why is the DOE pushing so hard for Class III nuclear wastes, when the original permit and design of WIPP was only for low level wastes?
What other wastes are going into WIPP besides radioactive ones?
Has dioxin gone into WIPP?
Why is there no public radiation protection other than a failure prone HEPA system at WIPP?
Why do nuclear plants have 3 layers of protection from nuclear fire, fallout and explosion and WIPP has basically NONE?
What is the plan to deal with the flammable gases coming out of the 10,000 plus barrels?
What is the plan to deal with the pyrophoric elements in the nuclear waste barrels?
Does the emergency center have it’s own filtered, radiation proof air supply? If yes, what kind, type, redundancy, layers, etc?
Does the emergency center at WIPP have a negative air pressure system, with emergency power supply as back in case the primary one fails? If yes, what type and how long can it last?
Why was the emergency center evacuated during a simple truck fire? Who decided that? When, and based on what information coming in?
Assuming a black, sooty nuclear fire and explosion at WIPP, how long will the HEPA filters work?
Assuming a hot raging nuclear fire underground at WIPP, can negative pressure be maintained, if so, for how long? Are the HEPA filters rated for high temperatures? Explosion?
What is the long term plan for inspecting the mine after it is full and how will that work in detail, for what period of time? (a reasonable period of time is not acceptable as an answer)
How often will the HEPA filters be changed, now that they are filtering highly dangerous plutonium?

More evidence that a flammable gas explosion or pyrophoric fire happened in an RH waste container;
http://pissinontheroses.blogspot.com/2014/02/the-document-trail-points-to-radiation.html

WIPP Ventilation System ‘Unstable’, Possibly Due To Underground Explosion, Another Explosion Possible AT ANY TIME via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/02/wipp-ventilation-system-damaged.html

More questions arise around HEPA filters, because the public must now consider that there is NO REAL PROTECTION against major and catastrophic amounts of plutonium, cesium, americium, radioactive gases, and/or toxic chemicals being released from WIPP.  HEPA filters do not filter out radioactive gases or toxic chemicals or chemical gases. Even small radioactive particles can go right through a HEPA filter like the filter is not even there. What kind of HEPA filters are being used at WIPP? Can they filter out these below MPPS size nano radioactive particles?
“Another variable to application is efficiency. Selecting a more efficient filter for an application may be necessary to prevent particle bypass through a standard HEPA [utero The higher-efficiency filters are called Very Large-Scale Integrated (VLSI) filters. There are materials in use that have a greater amount of small particles below the MPPS for HEPA filters. These materials may pass through the HEPA filter unimpeded and migrate into the ductwork. Redundant filters can sometimes be used for these applications; however, this assumes that the area between the filters can be cleaned. pg 7-17 
The WIPP facility allows and accepts not just radioactive waste, but also the worst of the worst chemicals and toxins, such as dioxin. Let’s assume for a second that they really did measure ONLY plutonium coming out, despite most barrels being filled with a dozen man made elements and/or mixed waste, including solvents, chemicals, etc. What else came out of WIPP starting in Feb. 2014?

via VanneV March 18, 2014“…About 4% of the TRU waste received at WIPP is far too toxic and the containers must be remote-handled by robots and automated machinery….”“…Some of the substances (hazchems), which include more than 200 types of dioxins, are so lethal that even a small leak into the water supply could kill or permanently harm millions of people, before they are detected.… The United States is dotted with an estimated 100,000 HAZMAT storage sites containing one or more of deadly substances including radioactive, biohazardous, toxic, explosive, flammable, asphyxiating, corrosive, oxidizing, pathogenic, or allergenic materials, as well as herbicides, fungicides and fertilizers that don’t fall into those categories….”
Finally, what is REALLY going on down inside WIPP? According to radiation results released, it seems that there was a second spike of radiation later in the month. This second plutonium spike makes this place look even more totally out of control and insane than it already is. How long can the HEPA filters take this radioactive abuse and punishment before they are overwhelmed completely, (assuming that they are currently working at all)? 
A 2nd Plutonium Spike Has Occurred At WIPP
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2zr_CFX3sxc

WIPP officials admit new release of Plutonium and Americium — More expected in future — Nearly double levels seen after February leak — 61 DPM on March 11 vs. 36 DPM in February
http://enenews.com/wipp-officials-admit-new-radioactive-release-nearly-double-levels-seen-after-february-leak-61-dpm-on-march-11-vs-36-dpm-in-february/

via CiscoMarch 20, 2014 “Plutonium is Forever”, just ask the sick and dying in Denver.http://rmpjc.org/plutonium-is-forever-2/
Plutonium up to 1,579 pCi/kg detected near Denver at Rocky Flats — Contamination levels remain as high as 40 years ago, BEFORE the site was ‘cleaned up’.
The above Denver scenario is the prediction for what will happen to communities downwind of WIPP. The pro nuclear apologists will give lots of assurances, promises and maybe even ‘decontaminate’ something, but in the end, nothing changes and the radiation contamination stays forever, while the genetic, disease and cancer rates keep increasing, generation after generation. (Denver has some of the highest lung disease, nervous system disease and cancer rates in the US.)

And in Germany, where this same nuclear waste in a salt mine idea was tried, they decided it was a BAD IDEA, with no radiation leaks. Their salt mine is having problems like water pouring into it and wall collapses like the picture below shows. And what is all of that black staining on the salt that is  piled on the barrels? That wouldn’t be nuclear waste leaking out of the barrels, would it?

Bottom line, the hard questions have not been answered yet, and may never be answered, because the regulator, safety inspector and financial contracter who hands out all of the money  are all one and the same; DOE. DOE decided this place was ‘safe’ and going to work for 250,000 years, despite NUMEROUS severe geological problems…

Numerous, Severe Geological Problems Identified At WIPP Site; via @AGreenRoad

The odds of WIPP failing in a huge catastrophic nuclear nightmare manner are 100%, long term. With all of the above severe geological risks, there is no way this place is going to get through even 100 years without something much worse happening. The Feb 2014 radioactive disaster may be the beginning of such a never ending nuclear nightmare, with no end, ever, and just getting worse and worse over time.

Meanwhile the local and mainstream press seems for the most part, content to parrot the PR handouts from WIPP, without doing ANY investigative reporting and without asking any of the hard questions.

So if you are a local citizen living and working in the area, it is up to YOU, as a citizen journalist and activist to print out and ask some or all of these questions, or send them to officials, and to demand answers. Of course, you can also ask your local press to do their job and ask these questions too, but don’t hold your breath, because the odds are, that they never will. 

There is a huge story that is NOT being covered at WIPP. The huge WIPP nuclear disaster and cover up is the open, admitted failure of the WIPP facilitiy HEPA filter system, as described and with photographic evidence around the salt truck fire. The HEPA filter system did fail. The failure of the HEPA system DID happen around a simple truck fire. What happens after a major and severe radiation release and fire from one or more high level waste containers? What happens when no one can go down there to manually ‘adjust’, close, open or fix whatever part of the ventilation system that is broken?

What happens if and when things break, fail or are set up wrong, as they were before the salt truck fire? The HEPA filter system is the ONLY thing protecting the public from the horrors being stored underground. One gram (like a dime) of stuff coming out of WIPP can permanently make 2 square miles of land uninhabitable. There are 10,000 more more 55 gallon drums filled with up 1,000 pounds each of highly radioactive/chemical/heavy metal garbage inside WIPP. This wimpy already failed HEPA system is not going to prevent a major radiation disaster, guaranteed.. It has already failed once, and it will fail again, guaranteed. There is no system designed by humans that can safely hold back a nuclear fire, and/or explosion or major failure at WIPP, and the salt mine truck plus the covered up WIPP radiation disaster proves this.

We all know that a major radiation disaster/failure of the only radiation protective system happened at WIPP. The only thing left to discover is how really BAD this disaster was. WIPP and the DOE are keeping really quiet about that, despite having radiation monitors down in the mine and despite having reason(s) to evacuate their emergency management center after a simple truck fire. 
What were or are the live radiation readings on those underground radiation monitors?

Why aren’t their live radiation readings on the intake and exhaust vent stacks of the WIPP facility that can be read and accessed by the public via the Internet, in REAL TIME, with a battery and solar power backup power supply in case an accident happens and the power fails?

It must be REALLY BAD, for DOE to refuse to release the radiation information about what is going on inside the mine and on the HEPA filters. Another part of this huge nuclear disaster that has been covered up completely so far, is the total failure of the transparent reporting and accountability of the operator and inspector for six days after the accident. What happened during those six days?

WIPP Radioactive Plutonium/Americium Plume Release Covered Up For Six Days, Researchers Denied Access; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/wipp-radioactive-plutoniumamericium.html

Real investigative reporting now seems to be solely in the domain of citizens, bloggers and independent aggregators who receive no corporate funding, such as AGRP, ENENews and Pissin In The Roses as well as other citizens/groups making a difference out there. One thing we can count on for sure is that the same denial, minimization, and cover up of this nuclear disaster is happening, just like all of the rest of them. The whole nuclear industry is just one huge failure, one right after another. 

End

HEPA Filter System Failed At WIPP Facility; What Is The REAL Story About Radiation Release? via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/hepa-filter-system-failed-at-wipp.html

More articles and videos;

WIPP Youtube video playlist
http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLA73XWRXkXIQ4X1VeWaIikOg2OXHyHu2-

2014 – Radioactive Plutonium Plume Coming Out of New Mexico’s WIPP – Geological Nuclear Radioactive Waste Isolation Pilot Plant; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/02/radioactive-plutonium-plume-coming-out.html

Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Permits And Regulatory Compliance Approvals; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/waste-isolation-pilot-plant-wipp.html

WIPP Is Not A Place For 250,000 Years Of Anything, Much Less Honor; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/wipp-is-not-place-for-250000-years-of.html

Long Term Storage Of Nuclear Fuel, Nuclear Waste Problems/Issues
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/p/recycling-or-long-term-storage-of.html

Oranur and Orgone Nuclear Radiation Neutralizing Experiment

(From video above) Dr. Reich MD discovered a very fundamental energy source, which he called the ‘orgone’. Orgone energy is synonymous with ‘life energy‘. Dr. Reich MD, discovered that orgone energy could be collected, concentrated, and used for various purposes. Dr. Reich used it and analyzed it for research purposes.

He discovered that orgone energy could be measured in a person as a ‘charge’, much like the voltage in a battery could be measured. He discovered that orgone energy could be increased in a person (just like in a battery) by sitting in a device that was designed to accumulate orgone energy, and that the effect of this also increased the strength of the immune system, and had positive health rebuilding effects. The orgone energy can be seen as a blue color; which also can be seen around the Earth, by looking up in the sky in certain ‘healthy’ places, and around people in the form of an aura. 

Despite his ground breaking and life affirming breakthroughs and discoveries, and maybe because of them, Dr. Reich MD was censored and then thrown in prison along with another medical doctor, where he died. By order of the court, all six TONS of this writings, research manuals and books were destroyed, and at his own cost, which is one of the worst examples of censorship in US history. Just like the discoveries of Nicolas Tesla, their inventions and discoveries were a threat to the monopoly powers that were present then and even up to today. So to learn about, research, and use this energy, you will have to follow the path less traveled, but that is what A Green Road Project (AGRP) is all about, and that is why you are here, correct? 
The following article goes into detail about the relationship between orgone energy and man made nuclear/atomic radiation, which emits and concentrates DOR energy. DOR is ‘death energy‘, which is the opposite of orgone ‘life energy‘ (OR). The nuclear industry has discovered and concentrated this DOR death energy and has built an entire 5 TRILLION dollar industry around it. Now you may start to understand why Dr. Reich and others like him are hounded, attacked and charged falsely with crimes. This happens just about anytime a scientist, alternative health modality practicioner or researcher who provides a cheaper or free alternative to the monopoly involved, which may be energy, or the medical and pharmaceutical industry, just to name a few examples.

What is DOR death energy specifically? “If life energy is irritated by certain physical factors, it falls into a rigid state, in which it shows destructive, hostile reactions. This form of energy Dr. Reich called DOR, Deadly ORgone. He noted basically two manifestations of DOR: a “natural DOR”, of which the origin is not clear that is initially responsible for the emergence of drought and the spread of deserts, and an “artificial DOR“, which is caused by a strong atmospheric irritation of orgone energy by technical factors such as nuclear radiation electricity, electromagnetism, etc.” http://www.orgon.de/E-dor.htm

“Let’s look at an experiment which had as its goal the relationship between the living energy of life and the nuclear technology of death. To possibly utilize the effects of Orgone Energy upon the human organism as an antidote to nuclear radiation sickness was ostensibly the goal of the Oranur Experiment. (Oranur = Orgone Anti-Nuclear).

Friday, January 5, 1951: Wilhelm Reich M.D. puts one milligram of pure radium inside a 20 layer Orgone Energy Accumulator. For five hours the radium remains inside the life energy charging device. During the next seven days the process is repeated for one hour per day; the one milligram of pure radium is placed inside the 20 layer Orgone Accumulator. On Friday, January 12, the radium was removed from the Orgone charging device after only one half hour and the experiment was stopped.

It was on the last day of the experiment that the most dramatic effect occurred. The observers were outside the student’s laboratory where the metal lined Orgone Room housing the powerful 20 layer Orgone Energy Accumulator was located. While one experimental milligram of pure radium served as a control and was kept far away in an unused building on Reich’s 280 acre farm; the other milligram of pure radium was placed inside the life energy charging device. We must remember that there was a war going on, the Korean War, and Reich and his associates were conducting this research partly in response to the threat of a nuclear conflict demanding some sort of antidote to radiation sickness. Therefore the experiment had as its goal the discovery of a possible anti-nuclear property of the newly discovered Life Energy.

The “normal” background count of “radioactivity” at Reich’s laboratory in Western Maine where a dozen people lived and worked was 30 – 50 counts per minute measured on the big 4096 Tracerlab Autoscaler. The background of radioactivity within an Orgone Accumulator measured with a portable SU-5 Tracerlab Survey Meter, type 6C5, was 40 – 70 cpm. In other words, with no nuclear material present, the concentration of Life Energy within a charging device caused the Geiger Counter to give a higher reading; about 40 % higher.

Once the Oranur Experiment had started; once the concentrated Life Energy had been exposed to the radioactive nuclear material – the background count at Reich’s laboratory climbed to approx. 80 cpm and would not immediately subside even when the nuclear material was removed from the Orgone Accumulator.

The radioactivity of a one milligram unit of radium had been calibrated at 16,000 cpm (8.3 Roentgens per hour). This was done in New York City, away from the highly charged atmosphere of Reich’s setup near Rangeley, Maine. The two units of Radium arrived on Jan. 5, 1951 and immediately they were measured unshielded at one centimeter distance and gave a reading of 254,760 cpm in the highly charged atmosphere near the various Orgone Accumulators. One milligram unit was secured as a control and not exposed further to the charging effect of the Orgone devices. The other milligram was placed inside the 20 layer Orgone Accumulator in the metal lined Orgone Room in the student’s laboratory. While the radium was within the charging device, accurate measurement was not possible because the instrument, the SU-5 Survey Meter would either race right off the scale or go completely dead. Away from the active experiment, the instrument resumed normal operation.

https://i1.wp.com/www.curebum.com/images/orgone-box.jpg

The fateful Friday, January 12 – again the milligram of pure radium is placed inside the Life Energy device and again the observers feel the amplified radiation effects: severe nausea, loss of equilibrium, pressure in the forehead, sensations of fainting, severe headache, hot and cold flashes, severe belching: all these symptoms were observed and experienced by the one dozen or so physicians and technicians present during the 5 month course of the experiment. 


Additionally each observer was affected by a recurrence of any old or dormant injury or disease condition varying according to each individual’s weakest spot. It was as if the effect of the reaction of the concentrated Life Energy to the nuclear irritant was to attack each living organism in its weakest area (a converse relationship to the observed pattern of the effect of a “normal” Orgone Accumulator which seemed to strengthen or benefit the weak areas within the Organism; of course for our purposes there is no healing, beneficial or medical implication here).


The last time that the radium was placed inside the 20 layer Accumulator was to prove so dramatic that for fear of possible consequences, the experiment was stopped. The observers (Wilhelm Reich, Dr. Simon Tropp & others) were standing outside in the cold afternoon of January 12. They could see through the large picture windows the atmosphere inside the student’s lab become clouded within minutes after they had placed the unshielded milligram of radium inside the Life Energy charger. The clouded atmosphere was starting to move visibly and was shining blue and purple 1 The men became quite ill from nausea, loss of balance, cramps in the stomach – all this from one milligram of radium over 300 feet distant. Never before had symptoms of radiation sickness been so strong or had they been felt at such a great distance from the physical setup of the experiment.


The experiment was stopped in that the radioactive material was no longer placed inside the Life Energy charging device. The effects from the experiment continued and they intensified. It was quite unbearable to be near any Orgone Accumulator on the premises. It was as if the Oranur effect had spread and affected all of the Life Energy charging devices located at Reich’s extensive laboratory comprising two large and several smaller buildings. All of the Orgone devices exhibited exorbitantly high Geiger counter readings and produced symptoms of radiation sickness in nearby observers. A large batch of 30 experimental mice died from exposure to this Orgone Anti-Nuclear effect even though the mice were never physically close to arty nuclear material. Thorough autopsies on the mice revealed a leukemia-like blood picture.


The reaction seemed to be self-sustaining and was spreading. In response to the severity of the Oranur effect, all of the Orgone Accumulators were physically dismantled and their component parts were separated. The metal lined Orgone Room was dismantled. This measure of turning off the Orgone Accumulators (there is no switch to an Orgone device); this dismantling of the Orgone devices seemed to reduce the background counts of radioactivity from their levels of 80 cpm and above. It was noticed that reassembling even one Orgone charging device would immediately cause the background radiation measurements to approximately double. The experimental radium was secured within its 1/2” lead shield and placed inside a 4” steel and concrete safe located in a small wooden building some distance from the main laboratory.


What had been learned from this experiment? Basically, the presence of a strong concentration of Orgone Energy seems to amplify and magnify the radiation from a nuclear source. The New York Times reported on February 3, 1951 of an Atomic Energy Commission announcement of an increase in background radiation comprising an area of 600 miles in radius with its approximate center located Northern New England. It is likely that Reich’s Oranur Experiment with one milligram of radium had affected an area of 1,130,900 square miles.

On April 15, Reich decided to check on the experimental one milligram of radium which was still housed in its 1/2” lead shield inside the 4” thick steel and concrete safe. At a distance of 40 centimeters from the safe wall the reading was a fantastic 20,000 cpm on the SU-5 Survey meter. Reich was fearful of the radium and the continuing Oranur effect. He placed a group of mice in a cage quite near the safe housing the radium and waited for several days. The experimental mice remained in perfect health even though the radiation counts were abnormally high. It was as if the Oranur effect had changed and was no longer harmful even though the Geiger counter gave high readings.

Now Reich made a daring move that was to yield a rich harvest of new knowledge: He opens the safe and takes a measurement of the interior space inside the safe – the reading is over 100,000 cpm. He removed the milligram of radium from the steel and concrete safe and rushed it to the main laboratory. Here he measured it with the big and sensitive 4096 Tracerlab Autoscaler with a countertube of a mica window thickness of 2.3 mg/cm2 as opposed to the SU-5 Survey Meter with its countertube of a mica window thickness of 30 mg/cm2 wall thickness. (This means the 4096 Autoscaler was approx ten times more sensitive than the SU-5 Survey Meter) At a distance of one centimeter with no shielding the milligram of radium gave a reading of only 30,000 cpm! To explain this puzzling observation it was slowly realized that the 4” steel and concrete safe acted as an Orgone Accumulator itself due to its layering of steel and the organic material of concrete.


The nuclear radioactivity was confined within its lead shielding but the Orgone Energy was not confined, since the Life Energy passes through all materials – only at different speeds. Thus there was not a strong Oranur reaction when the nuclear material was within lead shielding inside the safe. The Oranur reaction was controlled as it were. The Orgone Energy could affect the nuclear source since the Orgone passed through lead; the radium could not irritate the concentrated Orgone field because the radiation was stopped by lead. 


Perhaps a way had been found to denature the harmful effects of the nuclear material. By placing the nuclear source first in lead shielding; and then placing the lead container within an Orgone Accumulator – in this way the Orgone Energy can get at the nuclear material but the radioactive material cannot affect the Orgone. After this process had been carried out for a period of time (months), a diminuation effect was noted in the reaction of the Orgone treated nuclear material on exposure to a strong Life Energy field.


https://i1.wp.com/www.tb-cms.org/data/artwork/180/2586_artwork_detail.jpg

In the next article we will discuss Reich’s invention of the cloudbuster to combat an unexpected side effect of the Oranur Experiment; and we will examine use of this denatured milligram of radium (ORUR) to amplify the effect of the cloudbuster.

A more complete history of the Oranur Experiment is found in Selected Writings by Wilhelm Reich, published by Farrar, Straus & Giroux ISBN 0-374-50197-1. Briefly: the Oranur Experiment illustrated the nature of radiation sickness as being a reaction of the Life Energy against the nuclear irritant. 

Shielding is not possible against the Oranur effect because Orgone Energy penetrates all matter. Once the Oranur effect begins, it spreads in a chain reaction fashion to infect areas not originally exposed to the nuclear material. The Oranur effect produces symptoms of radiation sickness generally and within individuals reactivates any latent disease or weakness found in each particular organism. 

There are possibilities of antidotal uses of the Oranur effect as a preventive measure to “inoculate” the organism against radiation sickness such as might be expected in nuclear war. Of course we realize that these medical implications are being discussed for experimental purposes only in the light of historical curiosity in our examination of Reich’s most famous experiment. In no way is it suggested that anyone try to replicate this dangerous experiment!


Thus with the living planet Earth, the atomic explosions inaugurated by Oppenheimer and his ilk in 1945 have initiated an Oranur effect extending far out into space. From Reich’s pioneering efforts, we know that the Oranur effect does not follow the inverse square law of radiation propagation. The concentrated Life Energy reaction against one milligram of radium was reported to extend for 600 miles. A small 1945 atomic blast of 20 Kilotons released 500,000 Roentgens of gamma radiation in .01 seconds. 


In the same time, a milligram of radium releases .000023055 Roentgens of gamma. The distance for the Oranur effect from the milligram of radium was 600 miles. A proportional distance from the 500,000 Roentgens (Oranur effect, not inverse square wave propagation) is two light years. From this rough calculation, we can expect other inhabitants of our larger environment who are more attuned to Life Energy functions – we can expect others to take notice from a long ways away of our malicious nuclear technology.

Reprinted from Journal of Borderland Research – Vol XLII, No 6, November-December 1986

 

IN THIS ARTICLE, THE AUTHOR IMPLIES NO HEALING OR BENEFICAL EFFECT OR PROPERTIES FROM ORGONE ENERGY, ORGONE ENERGY ACCUMULATORS OR DEVICES. FOR HISTORICAL AND INFORMATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY IS THE STORY OF THE ORANUR EXPERIMENT BEING TOLD.


On 27th January 1951 an atomic bomb was detonated over America. [1]A week later on 3rd February 1951 an article by Robert K. Plant appeared in the New York Times reporting detection of ‘a slight increase in the amount of radioactivity in the atmosphere’ in the Eastern United States and Canada.

Conventional wisdom connected this with atomic bomb detonations two thousand miles away at the Atomic Energy Commission’s testing grounds in the Nevada Desert near Las Vegas. Correlation is not causation, but at the time there was no other explanation.

This is no longer the case because we now know that while the US Military was busy smashing atoms in the Nevada Desert, on the other side of the country the Black Death of 1348 [2] was being replicated and an atmospheric chain reaction created that threatened millions of citizens on America’s eastern seaboard. [3]

At Orgonon, four miles outside Rangeley in the state of Maine and two hours’ drive from the Canadian border, Wilhelm Reich was testing his hypothesis that nuclear energy (NR) was ‘energy after matter’ and that orgone energy (OR) [4] was ‘energy before matter’. If correct then orgone energy would act as an antidote to nuclear energy and heal or prevent the destruction of living systems by nuclear radiation.

Reich had made his proposal for The Orgonomic Anti-Nuclear Radiation Project (ORANUR) to the Trustees of the Orgone Institute on September 6, 1950. On December 3, 1950 a meeting was held in the research laboratory at Orgonon to deal with the task of ‘concentrating the work of the staff upon the anti-nuclear radiation effects of orgone energy’. The Oranur Experiment began in earnest on December 15, 1950. [5]

A radioactive phosphorous isotope (P-32) was used for preliminary investigations. Reich reported that ‘a major first result in the direction of the expected ‘OR-versus-NR effect’ came in on December 28, 1950. On January 5, 1951 experiments were started with two milligrams of radium.

‘Orgone energy and nuclear energy,’ Reich wrote, ‘are contradictory functions of nature and are thus antagonistic to one another.’ How right he was. Deadly orgone savagely attacks nuclear energy. Like the T-cells of the body’s immune system, orgonotic systems respond to the presence of NO by manufacturing massive amounts of DO. Its task is to annihilate the NO and destroy this threat to the survival of its host organism.

To cut a long story short, the Oranur Experiment ‘ran amok’ and the institute’s workers had to be evacuated to escape the ‘raging fury’ of the uncontrollable Oranur effects. [6]

On Friday 12th January 1951 Reich shut down the Orgone Institute after trying desperately to flush out the accumulated deposits of deadly orgone (DO)…with limited success. It had been an extremely close call. Despite the most stringent precautions, theOrgone Institute’s Protocols had been overwhelmed by the unanticipated power of this newly discovered form of cosmic energy. [7]”


What is the take way? We have explored and explained the discovery of orgone energy, which is LIFE energy, and is abbreviated OR energy. Then we showed and illustrated how nuclear energy and man made radioactive elements and everything associated with it is DEATH energy or DOR energy. Everything in the physical universe has it’s opposite, and so does the life force energy. Humanity should not be pursuing DEATH (DOR) energy as the result is just more death. What humanity should be concentrating on is how to harness LIFE energy, known as ORGONE energy. 

“Orgone energy and nuclear energy,’ Reich wrote, ‘are contradictory functions of nature and are thus antagonistic to one another.”

But to follow the path of more life rather than more death, people will have to say no to nuclear energy at every turn, in every way, as it is a monopoly that has control of the levers of power in many fields; medicine, pharmaceuticals, energy, politics, science and more. AGRP explores and explains in great detail how and why nuclear energy causes harm and death in even small doses, via the links below. 


End 


Oranur and Orgone Nuclear Radiation Neutralizing Experiment; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/oranur-and-orgone-radiation.html

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WIPP And Illegal High Level Waste Documentation Plus Evidence

Latest developments report from VB Price talks with local New Mexico citizen activist and nuclear expert Don Hancock about the recent radiation leak at the WIPP site in southern New Mexico. Southwest Research and Information Center SRIC (505) 262-1862 – http://www.sric.org
Is WIPP allowed by law to legally dispose of high level nuclear waste? No. Does WIPP currently contain high level wastes? The short answer is yes. Whether it is illegal remains to be determined by you via the court of public opinion, and a future court of justice, if some organization or legal firm decides to take this on. How a low level, temporary, experimental salt mine ended up having high level waste inside of it, despite not really having any permits to do it, is the REALLY interesting part. So let’s dive in, shall we?
In this article we will explore how in the original agreement and permits, Congress plus other agencies involved, all made it very clear that no high level waste was to be allowed at WIPP. This healthy and sane limitation and safety ‘rule’ mostly stuck all the way up to 2005.  But somehow, through sleight of hand and changing how things are labeled and classified, high level waste is now inside WIPP. Most of those negative changes happened since the DOE made the infamous ‘monster mod’ in 2005. What changed? 
In part, what used to be called high level waste has now been ‘reclassified’ and/or renamed. High Level Waste at WIPP is now called RH Remote Handled Waste or low level Contact Waste, CH. By law, HLW, known as High Level Waste, is theoretically still not allowed at WIPP, but RH and CH waste  is allowed. Let’s dive in and see how these magic name changes happened and how HLW High Level Waste ended up at WIPP, and is now being called either CH waste or RH waste.
To explain how this all happened, we will start at Hanford, because that is one of the places where the WIPP RH and CH waste came from. Hanford, as you probably already know, contains a large number of very large underground tanks that are now leaking. What is left in them is high level waste sludge, because the DOE hired contractors to pump out all of the liquids.  For those who do not know about the radioactive nightmare that Hanford is all about, here are a few links to get up to speed..

Hanford; Lethal And Leaking; A Race To Armageddon? via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/03/hanford-lethal-and-leaking-race-to.html

Hanford – Multiple Secret Green Runs Released 685K Curies Radioactive Iodine On Washington And Oregon
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/08/hanford-and-multiple-secret-green-runs.html

Hanford – Leaking Radioactive Gas Into Air and Toxic Fluids Into Columbia River; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/02/hanford-leaking-radioactive-fluids-into.html

Regarding whether all of those tanks at Hanford (and many other locations around the US) have been managed as HLW, numerous DOE documents document this very basic fact. For example, Linking Legacies: Connecting the Cold War Nuclear Weapons Production Processes To Their Environmental Consequences, DOE/EM-0319, January 1997, referring to Hanford HLW, states: At Hanford, high-level waste alkaline liquid, salt cake, and sludge are stored in 149 single-shell underground tanks and 28 double-shell underground tanks. Some transuranic waste and low-level waste is also stored in the tanks but all tank waste is classified at Hanford and managed as high-level waste. at 35, emphasis added, see also at 33. 
Now for the rest of the story… Somehow, high level waste sludge seems to have ended up at WIPP but it is now labeled as CH waste and/or as RH waste. Below is an example of the ‘low level’ CH waste garbage, but it does not seem to be low level at all, since it contains sludges, resins and liquids in some form or another, plus non transuranic waste, which is supposed to not be allowed inside WIPP. So why is it there?
Low level waste used to be considered waste that did not have a lot of radiation in it, such as clothing, gloves, wipes, etc. Low level waste at WIPP is called contact handled waste or CH. Does the above container sound like low level waste?

If this is CH waste, what does an RH remote handled waste containers have in it by comparison? RH waste must be be handled by robots, not people, due to the 10 sieverts or more radiation coming through the lead radiation shielding containers.

The barrel above contains what they the DOE calls CH waste, or ‘low level’ nuclear waste;

Resins, and electrochemical milling sludges are solidified with liquid waste, and that waste contains; 

Americium 241
Curium 244
Most curium is produced by bombarding uranium or plutonium with neutrons in nuclear reactors – one ton of spent nuclear fuel contains about 20 grams of curium. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Curium
Cesium 137 or Caesium-137 (NOT TRU – TRANSURANIC WASTE – THIS IS ILLEGAL)

55Cs, Cs-137), cesium-137, or radiocaesium, is a radioactive isotope of caesium which is formed as one of the more common fission products by the nuclear fission of uranium-235 and other fissionable isotopes in nuclear reactors and nuclear weapons. It is among the most problematic of the short-to-medium-lifetime fission products because it easily moves and spreads in nature due to the high water solubility of caesium’s most common chemical compounds, which are salts. (Cesium is NOT transuranic waste.) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cesium_137
(THIS IS ILLEGAL)
Neptunium
Plutonium
Strontium  (NOT TRU – TRANSURANIC WASTE – THIS IS ILLEGAL)
Thorium (NOT TRU – TRANSURANIC WASTE – ILLEGAL)
Uranium (NOT TRU – TRANSURANIC WASTE – ILLEGAL)
Here is another barrel of CH waste, showing illegal non transuranic Cesium and Strontium as part of what is in the mix, together with oils, solvents and what sounds like a witches brew of whatever someone threw in there. (THIS IS ILLEGAL)
Does this sound like low level waste to you? Not really, huh?
WHAT IS Transuranic Waste (TRU) (CH) AND (RH) Remote Handled Waste?
According to PattieB on ENENews; Transuranic waste (TRU) is, as stated by U.S. regulations and independent of state or origin, waste which has been contaminated with alpha emitting transuranic radionuclides possessing half-lives greater than 20 years and in concentrations greater than 100 nCi /g (3.7 MBq /kg).[1]
Elements having atomic numbers greater than that of uranium are called transuranic. Elements within TRU are typically man-made and are known to contain americium-241 and several isotopes of plutonium .[2] Because of the elements’ longer half-lives , TRU is disposed of more cautiously than low level waste and intermediate level waste. In the U.S. it is a byproduct of weapons production, nuclear research and power production, and consists of protective gear, tools, residue, debris and other items contaminated with small amounts of radioactive elements (mainly plutonium).
Under current U.S. law, TRU is further categorized into “contact-handled” (CH) and “remote-handled” (RH) on the basis of the radiation field measured on the waste container’s surface. CH TRU has a surface dose rate not greater than 2 mSv per hour (200 mrem /h), whereas RH TRU has rates of 2 mSv/h or higher. CH TRU has neither the high radioactivity of high level waste, nor its high heat generation. In contrast, RH TRU can be highly radioactive, with surface dose rates up to 10 Sv/h (1000 rem/h). 
As you can see from the table above, the transuranic radioactive elements above  uranium are;
NP, PU, AM, CM, BK, CF, ES, FM, MD, NO, LR
Transuranic waste does NOT include Thorium (Th), Cesium (Ce), or Strontium (St), so why is it in all of these barrels of both CH and RH waste? Remember, this means in case of a leak, fire, explosion, or crushing/rusting out of these plain metal barrels, all of this really bad stuff comes out, not just americium. And if things go bad, they make the bad situation even worse with more things mixed in, rather than fewer. The next logical question is, if most of these barrels contain things just like this, what REALLY came out of WIPP? It was not just Americium, and authorities recently released reports showing Cesium was also measured, so what is the total of ALL of the radioactive elements coming out, not just one or two?
The fact is, WIPP is all about breaking the ‘rules’, because the nuclear industry does it with everything. 
According to PattieB; “WIPP contains atomic bomb-program products plus nuclear reactor garbage all combined together. There are 212 different man made radioactive elements that could be mixed together in various ways inside WIPP. As far as gases produced by WIPP nuclear garbage, it is a smorgasbord of elements and gases.. There is no way to figure out which low level radioactive barrel or high level waste container is producing which decay series of elements or radioactive gases. It is more about what they think may work, put it in a barrel or container and then hope for the best. WIPP generates and releases “all 212 types of gasses like Fukushima was or still is venting at present.”

WIPP is not supposed to allow anything that produces flammable gases inside of it. 
Via lam335; “POTR blog has suggested that gases might have been given off by the materials that were contaminated with the Plutonium (Pu). If I understand correctly, the so-called “low-level” waste at WIPP was other materials (gloves, clothing, tools, etc.) that were contaminated with Pu. The constant bombardment of those materials by the alpha radiation causes them to break down chemically, and when they do so, they give off such gases as hydrogen, methane, and some VOCs. They seem to believe that it was some of those gases that exploded, rather than any given off directly by the Pu itself…”
PattieB February 28, 2014 PU generates heat, and gasses result, also fire.. so every damned thing.. paints, plastics, clothing and textiles, wire coatings, and if gets hot enough, metals.. certainly also have sodium vapor, add iodine, and it just goes on and on,.. many carry the radioactive contents when burned or heated to gas / smoke state.!Who knows what is sitting in there…? The paint will likely be a lead-based type.. so add that.. possible asbestos.. zinc from ceiling bolts if hit raw plutonium or did they use hot-dipped galvanized bolts in the ceiling..? It gets crazy,,,,,
Plutonium – Several Compounds Of This Toxic, Radioactive Heavy Metal Are Pyrophoric And Burn When Exposed To Air; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/plutonium-several-compounds-of-this.html

In another post by a twitter user, “the levels of plutonium at the WIPP facility is much higher than admitted to by WIPP, which likely means that there was an underground explosion or fire. Maybe something caught on fire. Maybe a fission event happened…..The DOE has claimed that there is NO surface contamination at WIPP, so why is the DOE stopping the collection of surface swipes at the WIPP site?  If there is a surface contamination of millions of disintegrations per square centimeter, it means that plutonium is present at 1 gram per square meter on the ground, and it had to come out of the exhaust vent at WIPP. This also means that the HEPA filters either did not work, were not turned on, or the ‘truck fire’ incident was actually a plutonium emission/explosion/fire..
Do we have any other evidence of ‘illegal’ waste going into WIPP?

via Brenda Edwards McCracken ·

AN OUNCE OF PREVENTION IS WORTH A POUND OF CURE!
Perhaps WIPP and the community would be cleaner today if the DOE made a diligent effort to address the TSR violation reported by their Chief Nuclear Engineer in 2008 (Busche Complaint Section 2.26 page 12): “In June 2008, the WIPP received a drum containing transuranic waste that read 270 millirem neutrons per hour on contact, which exceeded the waste acceptance criteria for that facility under the RCRA permit. After performing an unreviewed safety question determination, Busche determined that the drum was safe to leave in place. However, the drum was still a violation of the Technical Safety Requirement (“TSR”). Upon convening a meeting of the Plant Review Committee, the committee, including Busche, notified the Department of Energy of the violation. Approximately three months later, Busche was called into a meeting with the senior DOE manager, Dave Moody, and senior URS manager, Farok Sharif, and was asked to rescind the report of the TSR violation. When she refused, Busche was removed from her position and reassigned to the Hanford site of URS.” Americans have invested billions in contracts to clean up DOE nuclear facilities in several states. Citizens have a right to know the truth. Pat condescending answers will destroy America’s nuclear future. Source; comment to article at;
What have we learned so far?

1. WIPP contains illegal radioactive elements that are not TRU waste, such as strontium, cesium, and more. This is FACT, because we are using the documentation that comes directly from WIPP and DOE, not some outside source.
2. Illegal flammable gases are being produced inside WIPP. Every container down inside WIPP has a vent on it, documented and verified by WIPP itself. Each vent on every one of those tens or hundreds of thousands of barrels underground releases flammable gases. These same vents are SUPPOSED to retain the radioactive gases, but do they really? Who is checking that? Where are these gases going, except above ground? So the ungodly number of barrels of CH and RH waste that used to be called high level waste are producing flammable gases underground. These flammable and potentially radioactive gases as well are vented out via the high velocity ventilation system at WIPP. There is no way that decaying nuclear elements in WIPP do not produce a whole host of radioactive and flammable gases. Guaranteed; WIPP is producing flammable and radioactive gases; it is only a question of how many, and how much per day. The more barrels that go down there, the bigger the flammable gas production becomes, and the bigger the explosion when it finally goes boom, due to the pyrophoric metals going down there too. 
Two categories of waste, CH and RH, are approved for disposal at the WIPP. Contact-handled waste containers have surface radiation levels of less than 200 millirem/hr (mrem/hr) and are handled directly by human operators. Remote-handled waste containers have surface radiation levels of 200 mrem/hr and up to 1,000 rem/hr. All waste received for placement in the WIPP facility must conform to the WIPP waste acceptance criteria (WAC)[2]. The WAC prohibits both pyrophoric and compressed gas containers in the waste and limits the amount of liquids. All waste containers disposed of at WIPP are also required [16] to be made of metal with installed vents. ….The shielded container proposed for future RH waste shipments to WIPP is comparable in size, having approximately the same exterior dimensions, to a 55-gallon TRU waste drum. The shielded container however, is designed to carry one 30-gallon vented payload drum, and the cylindrical sidewall of the shielded container has nominal 1-inch-thick lead shielding sandwiched within a double-walled steel shell, as shown in Figure 4-1 and Figure 4-2. The external shell wall is 11 gauge steel and the internal shell wall is 7 gauge steel. The lid and the bottom of the container are made of carbon steel and are approximately 3 inches thick. The container has been tested to DOT Type 7A specifications [7], which will ensure that the container is robust. Type 7A containers must be subjected to test which simulate hypothetical accident conditions for heavy rain (water spray), impacts (drop, puncture), and compression (stacking). These containers are not tested for hypothetical fire conditions.
But what happens when the WIPP ventilation is turned off or reduced severely, such as with a power failure or after a fire, such as the salt truck mine fire? What happened after the truck fire? What happens when the ventilation is turned off? Potentially, could radioactive plutonium waste filled barrel contents burn even without a spark to ignite them?
Plutonium – Several Compounds Of This Toxic, Radioactive Heavy Metal Are Pyrophoric And Burn When Exposed To Air; via @AGreenRoad
3. WIPP containers with high level nuclear waste are able to leak, be crushed and/or explode, based on the documented evidence of a radiation plume coming out of WIPP as of Feb. 2014. This was NEVER supposed to happen for 250,000 years. According to the expert in the video above, three geological nuclear waste storage facilities globally, have all failed so far. We are a month in and there are still no radiation readings from underground. There is still no news of what happened to either a CH or RH container or containers.
Now that we know the definition of CH and RH waste, let’s take a look inside one of the containers of RH waste, to see what is there…
To see for yourself, the inventory of what is at WIPP, and that most of it has cesium and other illegal stuff in it, go to;
Pipe overpack container for trasuranic waste storage and shipment
Above you can see a sample set of barrels full of RH really high radiation, illegal and lethal stuff that they said has had a spontaneous combustion’ episode before it went into WIPP.  We have also found out that the plutonium that is ‘legal’ inside WIPP is also pyrophoric, meaning it can burn spontaneously when exposed to air. They said the above barrel’s contents ‘will be’ treated further to make it ‘legal’ for WIPP, but nothing in this document states that it was ever done. Maybe they did it right, maybe they didn’t. Maybe it will spontaneously catch on fire again, and maybe not. Who knows, now that this and other containers like this are all buried and sealed away, with no way to check and make sure, in case the paper work or certification is missing on it.. 
It is also interesting to note that this container has Cesium and Strontium in it, which are not legally allowed in WIPP, because it is supposed to only be for transuranic wastes, above uranium in the periodic chart. So here we have two examples of illegal waste inside WIPP.. Guess what? This situation with illegal barrel contents is ‘normal’. These same illegal and non permitted radioactive elements can be found in many if not most of the containers going into WIPP. If this law/rule is being violated with such impunity and no one is complaining, why even bother with checking what is going in, since it is all illegal to start with? 
Arnie Gundersen, a nuclear expert, says the technology behind WIPP is untested — hence the word “pilot” in the facility’s title. “As a society, we believe that if you stick things in the earth, they are safe,” he said. “But with radioactivity, it’s not dead. It can come back to haunt you if there is a leak afterwards. This is alive.” 
Many of the protections, rules, limits, safeguards that were initially in place have been dismantled, especially since 2005. As we can see from the above material, plenty of illegal waste went into WIPP, and odds are that what came out via a radiation plume in Feb. 2014 is made up of far more than just the americium and plutonium that is now being admitted to, since most of the containers in WIPP look just like the ones above. This puts into doubt the ‘official’ radiation readings and identification of what is being found as radioactive material in the filters and outside the WIPP facility, wouldn’t you agree?

Numerous, Severe Geological Problems Identified At WIPP Site, DOE Went Ahead Anyway With Illegal High Level Waste; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/numerous-severe-geological-problems.html

After the six days of denying ANY radiation leak and exposing workers on site and off site in local communities to radiation carried via those workers, (watch video above) the first ‘official’ report admitting there was a radiation leak coming out of WIPP said that ONLY Americium came out, just like in every household smoke detector.. Then the next (official) WIPP report said plutonium was released, but that plutonium was all natural, not really above ‘normal’ background radiation, dental xrays and bananas, all of which are false equivalencies. This type of lying, deception and cover up is normal after ever nuclear disaster, believe it or not. Find out more if this is new to you.. 

WIPP Radioactive Plutonium/Americium Plume Release Covered Up For Six Days, Researchers Denied Access; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/wipp-radioactive-plutoniumamericium.html

30 Ways The Nuclear Industry Deceives Everyone; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/03/primer-in-art-of-deception-cult-of.html

A Primer In The Art Of Deception; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/03/primer-in-art-of-deception-cult-of.html

Human Radiation Experiments Performed Without Consent Or Knowledge; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/09/human-radiation-experiments-performed.html

Over 30 times more radiation got by WIPP filters than gov’t claims? Radiation also released from ‘unfiltered’ vents — Foam used to plug openings is degrading — Filters too radioactive for lab techs to check — No ‘immediate’ danger to public — Rumors of dump getting shut down
4. We now have documented evidence that WIPP and DOE officials lied about the amount of radiation coming out, the radiation levels, and types of radiation released. WIPP officials failed to warn not only the employees on site, and but also the public for many days. They covered up the nuclear disaster for many days, which is also ‘normal’ for any nuclear accident, even the large ones like Fukushima, Santa Susana and Chernobyl. Further evidence documents that they minimized the effect of radiation and tried to pass off the huge plutonium release as not having any effect. 

For more details about how this facility went from an small scale, low level waste experiment to a full blown, permanent, high level waste thing where anything that can go in will go in, see;

Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Permits And Regulatory Compliance Approvals; via @AGreenRoad
Catch 22 – Nuclear High Technology Plus Safety Assurance Offers Only A False Promise And An Empty Guarantee; via @AGreenRoad
Bottom line, the whole nuclear/military industrial complex is built on secrecy, lies and deception, starting with the development of the atomic bomb, the use of it in nuclear power plants, the production and use of plutonium (MOX fuel) and then the disposal of the radioactive garbage that stays dangerous for 250,000 years, which is so long, that is practically forever, when it comes to human history.
As we can see from the four points made in this article and video, there is NO common sense, realistic or safe plan on keeping any of super deadly witches brew of death producing radioactive elements safely away from humans, as evidenced by a radiation disaster that has already happened, before this facility is even finished. This is the equivalent of a house under construction, burning down because of pyrophoric plutonium stored inside of it. Another salt mine just like this in Germany failed just due to severe geological problems, and radioactive water coming out of the mine itself.. See the pictures here..

The whole WIPP facility is now radiation contaminated. WIPP is now a SUPERFUND cleanup site. There is no safe way to let anyone back down in there to work. There is a continuous release of radiation from a leaky HEPA filter system that may not have even been working since it was clogged with soot from the truck fire a week earlier. For a full report on the salt mine truck fire, see the 90 plus page DOE report here;

http://www.energy.gov/sites/prod/files/2014/03/f11/Final%20WIPP%20Underground%20Fire%20Report%2003.13.2014.pdf

There is also documented evidence that the HEPA filter and ventilation system failed at WIPP. Here are the details on that…

HEPA Filter System Failed At WIPP Facility; What Is The REAL Story About Radiation Release? via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/hepa-filter-system-failed-at-wipp.html

Bottom line, without this radiation leak, without the numerous lies, without the exposure of communities downwind to potentially a HUGE cloud of radiation and gases, there are numerous severe geological problems at WIPP which doom this facility if not short term, then definitely long term.
There are illegal radioactive elements documented above that are going into WIPP and HIGH LEVEL WASTE is already in there, just because someone switched labels, names and categorization of nuclear waste coming from places like Hanford. Some of this nuclear garbage going into WIPP can catch on fire spontaneously and may have done so in this nuclear disaster that just happened in Feb. 2014. Bottom line, the WIPP facility is a complete and total failure, on multiple counts, and no more nuclear waste should be allowed to go into it. PERIOD.  Just like the German nuclear storage facility, WIPP failed and the plan now should be figuring out how to get that nuclear waste out of there and back above ground where it can be monitored safely.

Unbelievably, on Feb 14th, DOE applied to reduce safety regulations even more than they already have, and put even more dangerous stuff down there. Note that the date of the radiation accident is the SAME DAY. What kind of gall and hubris does this take? 

via Nick March 15, 2014 “February 14 , 2014 – The New Mexico Environment Department is beginning a 60 day public comment period for a DRAFT Class 3 Permit Modification. Persons interested in learning about this PMR and what changes the Department is making may contact Trais Kliphuis at trais.kliphuis@state.nm.us or 505-476-6051. (Currently WIPP is a Class 2 facility)
“The following documents are available for downloading:
Interested Person Letter and Public Notice – English
Interested Person Letter and Public Notice – Spanish
Fact Sheet
DRAFT Permit (Zipped File)
The Permit Modification Request
Index to the Administrative Record
Administrative Record (Very Large Zipped File)”
Note that on 2/14/14, the facility experienced a radiation release that was covered up for six days, and no one recorded the total release. It is unknown if the HEPA filters and ventilation system worked for those six days and if they did not ‘leak’ after that date. And the evidence provided via link is that this supposedly ‘perfect’ HEPA filter system has numerous leaks.  

http://www.nbcnews.com/id/42402150/ns/world_news-asia_pacific/t/diaper-absorbent-used-try-plug-nuke-leak/

DOE has the gall to ask for permission to store even MORE DEADLY nuclear waste and toxic chemicals, despite covering up this accident for six days, lying about radiation release, deceiving the public and having a track record of failure at other facilities. On the SAME DAY OF THE WORST  NUCLEAR FAILURE globally in a salt mine, they demand permission to FAIL in an even WORSE way. Hopefully the public will weigh in this.  Contact names, addresses and websites plus phone numbers of agencies involved are in the link below.

Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Permits And Regulatory Compliance Contacts; via @AGreenRoad

Let your local, regional, state, and federal politicians and all of the agencies involved know that you want WIPP closed down. Stand up to this unmitigated, unbridled sense of hubris and arrogance. Join forces with the local citizen based groups and support them in their fight against this nuclear, out of control monster. If not you, who? If not now, when?

For more local information and how to make a difference around WIPP: 

Southwest Research and Information Center (505) 262-1862  –  http://www.sric.org

Citizens for Alternatives to Radioactive Dumping  http://www.cardnm.org

Concerned Citizen for Nuclear Safety (505) 986-1973 – http://www.nuclearactive.org

Nuclear Watch New Mexico  (505) 989-7342 –  http://www.nukewatch.org
End

WIPP And Illegal High Level Waste Documentation Plus Evidence; via @AGreenRoad

2014 – Radioactive Plutonium Plume Coming Out of New Mexico’s WIPP – Geological Nuclear Radioactive Waste Isolation Pilot Plant; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/02/radioactive-plutonium-plume-coming-out.html

WIPP Radioactive Plutonium/Americium Plume Release Covered Up For Six Days, Researchers Denied Access; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/wipp-radioactive-plutoniumamericium.html

WIPP Ventilation System ‘Unstable’, Possibly Due To Underground Explosion, Another Explosion Possible AT ANY TIME via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/02/wipp-ventilation-system-damaged.html

WIPP Is Not A Place For 250,000 Years Of Anything, Much Less Honor; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/wipp-is-not-place-for-250000-years-of.html

Long Term Nuclear Waste Storage Fatal Flaw By Dr. Busby; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/06/long-term-nuclear-waste-storage-fatal.html

The Fallacy Of High Level Nuclear Waste Geological Storage; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/04/fallacy-of-high-level-nuclear-waste.html

Into Eternity; A Movie About Nuclear Waste Permanent Repository Issues; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/05/into-eternity-movie-about-nuclear-waste.html

No Solutions For Nuclear Disasters Or Nuclear Waste; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/04/no-solutions-for-nuclear-disasters.html

Dry Cask Long Term High Level Nuclear Waste Storage Problems And Issues; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/03/dry-cask-long-term-high-level-nuclear.html

Long Term Storage Of Nuclear Fuel, Nuclear Waste Problems/Issues

Can Geiger Counters Detect Plutonium?

Geiger counters can detect plutonium. This is, apparently, a common misconception. Please watch the video above and you will see why and how a radiation detector can at least in theory, detect plutonium. So let’s dive into the details of how, why and when…
Old fashioned and obsolete civil defense radiation detectors are a good example of radiation detectors that CANNOT detect alpha radiation and thus will likely miss a pure plutonium radiation sample, especially a small one, like a hot particle. The older civil defense Geiger Counters are surrounded by metal containers and alpha particles cannot penetrate the metal to hit the detector that is inside the box. Another issue with them is that they may have lost calibration, so they are not accurate any more. 
A cheap Geiger Counter is generally ‘tuned’ to detect Cesium, which emits beta radiation. You have to check with the manufacturer and ask specifically if a detector will pick up alpha radiation. Also ask what the detector is ‘tuned’ to detect, especially if you are trying to detect small amounts of plutonium. Plutonium is only going to be out there, in very small, minute nano particle amounts. 
As Antiproton points out, a ‘hot ‘particle’ of plutonium is invisible. Then your detector would have to right on top of it, and then you would have to a longer timed test to even detect anything from it, because the radiation given off by that hot plutonium particle that is made up of millions of plutonium atoms in a dust mote is so miniscule, it is hard to detect, especially when compared with cesium or strontium for example. But that does not mean that hot particles are safe, particularly if they get inside of you.

For even more details, click on;

Live in San Francisco? You, Your Dog And Your Kids Inhaled Billions Of Radioactive Plutonium Atoms; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/01/live-in-san-francisco-you-your-dog-and.html

Cheap radiation detectors commonly sold out there for $100 to $200, have tubes that look like a short pencil inside of them and they are pretty insensitive for low level radiation, such as plutonium, which generally is a minute part of the total radiation ejected out of a nuclear accident. You cannot use this cheap type of detector for anything other than warning you about a fairly high dose of radiation or plume coming over. It is not useful for detecting low doses of radiation found in food, etc.

It is much easier to pick up the much more intense radiation given off by cesium and uranium, which give off high levels of beta and gamma radiation, than the alpha radiation given off by minute amounts of plutonium. Most radiation detectors are ‘calibrated’ for cesium, but will detect alpha, beta and gamma radiation, unless the detector is behind metal, or enclosed somehow. Alpha radiation is blocked by a piece of paper. 

More expensive pancake style detectors can much more easily pick up alpha radiation given off by plutonium because they have a much larger surface area on the detector head. The detector head or tube in a more expensive and much more sensitive radiation detector is a round disc shaped object which you can see in your detector.

The ads for radiation detectors often do not disclose what type of detector tube they are using. Ask the manufacturer or retailer what TYPE of detector tube or head is in the Geiger Counter you are thinking of purchasing; (is it a tube or a round disc?). The much more sensitive and useful disc or pancake types of detectors generally cost around $400 up to $1,000, depending on brand, features, and whether they are in kit form, include software, GPS, etc. In AGRP’s opinion, it is not worth buying the cheaper detectors, unless you want a 2nd cheaper ‘backup detector’ for whatever reason. Invest in a high quality, reputable US manufactured, pancake style Geiger Counter.. 

Generally speaking, radiation arrives with a bunch of radioactive elements all put together, like a crowd of people. Each person in a crowd represents a radioactive element. The Geiger Counter is going to ‘see’ the crowd, not plutonium within it, which is only 1 person in a crowd of let’s say 100,000 people. A Geiger Counter is designed to warn you about the radioactive crowd coming, not the 1 person that is called plutonium. 
Any radiation detector sensitive or not, is going to find everything else first, cesium, uranium, strontium, etc.. plutonium will be so minute a part of the radiation plume, it is impossible to pick it out and say that plutonium is there or not there, with a standard Geiger Counter. Beta and gamma rays travel so much further and have so much more energy at longer distances that they are easier to detect.

Beta and gamma radiation will register and hit the detector to the point where it cannot even ‘see’ plutonium, even though it is there, especially if you are more than 2 inches away from a surface. Alpha rays only travel about 2 inches and then you cannot even detect them anymore, as AntiProton points out. 

Because plutonium all by itself is so hard to detect with a just a standard Geiger counter, a plutonium detector has to be very sensitive, (pancake style). But even a pancake detector that can and will detect alpha radiation emitting plutonium, will not tell you if it is plutonium or not. A Geiger counter registers clicks or hits of radiation from gamma, beta and alpha radiation on the tube, but it does not isolate each click and tell you what it is coming from. It warns you that danger is there, but cannot tell you what kind of danger is there. 
To find and identify plutonium specifically all by itself on top of a contaminated surface sample or some object that has radiation contamination, you have to have a radiation detector that can be tuned to, or pick out just the right ‘frequency’ or type of radiation.


The above home made alpha radiation detector is designed to detect ONLY alpha radiation. Another model of this same kind of alpha radiation detection device is talked about here;
http://nukeprofessional.blogspot.com/2014/01/spark-detector-for-alpha-particles.html

A more expensive version would be a detector that has to include software to show the plutonium as a ‘spike’ in a graph.. Here is an example of another type of plutonium detection device. You will notice this device is nothing like a standard Geiger counter, which only registers clicks per minute, or a gross radiation reading.

Antiproton compares several different brands of detectors on one sample of an alpha radiation sample… A basic scintillation counter is just like a Geiger counter in that it only measures that radiation is present. A scintillator connected to a device called a multi-channel spectrum analyzer. This software can tell you what energies the photons hitting the scintillator have, and you can determine the nuclide from that.
What is the take away? 
You have been introduced to the different ways and tools that are required to detect plutonium.
End

Can Geiger Counters Detect Plutonium? via @AGreenRoad

http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/can-geiger-counters-detect-plutonium.html

More articles like this;

Geiger Counter, Principles, Readout, Limitations And Types; via @AGreenRoad 
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/01/geiger-counter-principles-readout.html

Can Geiger Counters Detect Plutonium? via @AGreenRoad

http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/can-geiger-counters-detect-plutonium.html

Radiation And Geiger Counter Readings Simplified; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/01/radiation-and-geiger-counter-readings.html

Geiger–Müller Tube – How A Geiger Counter Works Explored And Explained; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/09/geigermuller-tube-how-geiger-counter.html

List And Links To Citizen Radiation Monitoring Networks; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/08/list-and-links-to-citizen-radiation.html


Under $100 Gamma Radiation Detector – Attaches To Smartphone – Pushes Data To Web; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/09/under-100-gamma-radiation-detector.html


Dosimeters Only Measure 1/7th Of True Radiation Levels On Average; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/11/dosimeters-only-measure-17th-of-true.html


Converting Radiation Readings From Or To; CPM, nSv/hr uSv/hr mSv/hr milliRad/hr
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/01/converting-radiation-readings-from-or.html

What Is A Gamma-Ray Spectrometer? via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/12/what-is-gamma-ray-spectrometer.html

What Is A Scintillation Counter And How Does It Work? via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/12/what-is-scintillation-counter-and-how.html


Japan Fukushima Citizen Radiation Tracking And Map Project; via @AGreenRoad
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Test Everything! Radioactive Potassium Found In Hotel; via @AGreenRoad
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30,000 Donated Geiger Counters Sitting In Japan Warehouse, Unused; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/04/30k-donated-geiger-counters-sitting-in.html

WIPP Is Not A Place For 250,000 Years Of Anything, Much Less Honor

This Place is Not a Place of Honor from Tom Jenkins on Vimeo.

This video explores the long term plans for WIPP, and the markers that are contemplated but not yet built, after it is full of a massive amount of nuclear garbage that must be guarded and kept safe for 250,000 years. WIPP is supposed to last for 10,000 years, but the barrels going in are designed to last for maybe five years, if that. 
A Feb. 2014 radiation leak showed that the containers cannot even handle the ‘creep’ of salt walls and ceilings without being collapsed and releasing deadly substances that not only prevent further human entry to the facility, but also endanger everyone downwind. The facility is supposed to be designed to allow people to pull the nuclear waste back out in case something bad happens. Obviously, this is not going as planned. Imagine if a high level waste container with sludge or liquid and/or gas inside is collapsed or if salt/brine water corrodes it and releases what is inside. No human can ever go back down there, and a cascade of failing containers will only make things worse and worse, even with HEPA filters.. This filter system is very likely to be overwhelmed.

The official planning documents foresee that containers will not even last 300 years. If something goes wrong, as it already has, how does anyone get a high level waste and bring it out of WIPP, without any containers?

Bottom line, there is NO plan for removing anything, once it goes down into WIPP. This is an experiment designed to FAIL, and to release horrendous amounts of radiation, guaranteed, within 300 years. 

The WIPP radiation release scenario can and will get much worse, because too many warnings were ignored, too many safety conscious people were fired, demoted or moved and their concerns buried in order to force WIPP to happen, no matter what. The containers are DESIGNED to fail, as outlined in the above planning document, within a maximum of 300 years, releasing 22 MILLION curies of radiation, and then it goes where it will. 
Nothing in human history has been remembered for even 2,000 years. Humans cannot remember anything about massive amounts of huge monoliths, statues, caves, pyramids, stone circles, mounds and blocks all over the planet, even if they have writing on them that lasted up to today. These ancient 2,000 year old structures are all a huge mystery to us, modern, civilized humans. What are the odds that anyone will remember what WIPP is even 2,000 years from now, much less 200,000 years from now? 
All of the previous massive structures we have found so far anyway are built as places of honor, worship and sacrifice to some greater good. But what our generation is leaving for posterity and a legacy is a dishonorable stain and blot about our civilization.  We are leaving our children death, dishonor, and an unsolvable problem, with no solution and no possible access to solve it either, once things go bad, as they have already, less than 15 years into it. What kind of legacy is that? 
Rather than leave a legacy of something inspirational, noble, enduring and good for 70,000 future generations, we are leaving our children with a huge, overwhelming genocidal problem to deal with and hiding it in a place that will be almost impossible to access in the future. WIPP is a disgrace, a dishonor, and a slap in the face for our children and their children, for an eternal infinite future that we cannot even imagine. WIPP is symbolic of science gone insane. Technology combined with man made radioactive elements are generating more and more dis-ease, suffering and death, not the opposite. WIPP is the evidence of this insanity, which extends into an infinite future.
No other civilization, no other generation has done what we have allowed to happen in our name. No archeology from the beginning to now has uncovered a toxic cesspool that kills anyone that discovers it and then keeps on killing anyone downwind, in the whole of human history. But now, in this supposedly most advanced, smartest, best, and most powerful civilization we have accomplished the lowest of the low, the darkest moment in all of human and earthly history.
We have managed to figure out how to not only dishonor, but also kill countless of our own future generations in the blink of an eye, by leaving something that if uncovered by accident, will kill not only the person doing that, but also become a potential life extinction event. And WIPP can accomplish an ELE event that without anyone even uncovering it with the 22 million curies of radiation inside of it, when filled, just through geological processes that bring this deadly waste to the surface.

Just one of the MANY geological problems in the link below, can doom future generations to an ecocidal event with no possible end or solution. That dark genocidal event may even be starting now, with the leak that started in Feb. 2014..

Numerous, Severe Geological Problems Identified At WIPP Site; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/numerous-severe-geological-problems.html

According to Roger Anderson; “the renowned hydrologist who developed the Hartman scenario has stated the case nicely and some of my own thoughts in the next paragraph were inspired by his report to the New Mexico Attorney General http://www.ago.state.nm.us/contact.html.
The original goal of nuclear waste disposal was to free society from the responsibility and expense of constantly watching and monitoring nuclear waste. It was the task of geologists and hydrologists to find places in the earth where hazardous wastes could be isolated from the biosphere until no threat existed. As scientists we failed in our task, not from lack of effort and intelligence, but from pressures to find a quick solution. 
One by one, the original criteria that had been established for safe disposal were set aside in favor of what appeared to be progress. The conflict at the WIPP site between disposal and natural resources, and with petroleum in particular, was hidden and the deception ultimately led to the threat of human intrusion and defeat of the goal of unmonitored disposal. Loss of other established criteria, such as overpressure in the repository and a long travel time in the aquifer, have compounded the problem.
In the long run, continuous administrative control is going to be an incredibly expensive solution. The prospects for maintaining successful control over a period of 10,000 years, or 240,000 years, are exceedingly remote. DOE still clings to the claim that WIPP can be cut loose, free of control, and hopes that concrete pillars on the surface will offer protection. The legacy of WIPP, however, is a need to guard nuclear waste for as long as society has memory.
At WIPP, once the project was funded, and once a staff of scientists and engineers was in place, a form of psychic inbreeding took over. Re-evaluating the project in the light of new evidence was never an option and the science selected data and chose assumptions that furthered the mission. When some members of the team came to believe that other facts and assumptions, harmful to the mission, were more plausible, and when they persisted in this view, they were no longer considered team members and left the project.
Credible scenarios of human intrusion and dismissal of important criteria for safe disposal demonstrate that peer review was inadequate. Once the project had momentum, political rather than scientific motives took over and the end result was a failure to reach the goal of unmonitored disposal. Nuclear waste is now going underground and WIPP has committed our descendants to eternal expense, vigilance, and the real possibility of exposure.”

The only SANE thing left is to empty out WIPP of all RH and high level waste, (which was not allowed in the original permit), shut down all things nuclear, and dismantle these toys, never to touch them again.

Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Permits And Regulatory Compliance Approvals; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/waste-isolation-pilot-plant-wipp.html

WIPP Radioactive Plutonium/Americium Plume Release Covered Up For Six Days, Researchers Denied Access; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/wipp-radioactive-plutoniumamericium.html
Leave this insane nuclear waste in accessible places where it is isolated from humans, but also accessible in case things go bad, which they will. WIPP is the opposite of that place. As Germany has already learned with their nuclear waste storage depository in a salt mine, ‘it was a BAD idea’.

For more local information and how to make a difference around WIPP:

Southwest Research and Information Center. (505) 262-1862. http://www.sric.org

Citizens for Alternatives to Radioactive Dumping. (505) 266-2663. http://www.cardnm.org

Concerned Citizen for Nuclear Safety. (505) 986-1973. http://www.nuclearactive.org

Nuclear Watch New Mexico. (505) 989-7342. http://www.nukewatch.org

End
WIPP Is Not A Place For 250,000 Years Of Anything, Much Less Honor; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/wipp-is-not-place-for-250000-years-of.html

More articles at;

Long Term Storage Of Nuclear Fuel, Nuclear Waste Problems/Issues
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/p/recycling-or-long-term-storage-of.html

Food Radiation Testing Machine Choices And How To Set Up A Community Or Store Based Testing Center

There are many food testing scintillator spectrometer choices. In this article we will focus on a range of machines that cost anywhere from $1,900 to $18,000.  In the view of AGRP, the ideal food radiation testing machine would display at the very least, cesium radiation in Bq/kg on the computer screen, not require mashing of the food, and test a food item quickly, spending no more than 10 minutes per sample to test it. Each machine will test differently, take different times, may require mashing of food, etc. Be sure to ask lots of questions. 
Each of the following machines does it differently. Some graph out all radiation on a screen, breaking it down by individual isotope. Some measure only cesium. Most if not all of these machines do not detect alpha radiation.

It pays to ask lots of questions and also talk with satisfied customers before committing to buy. The good thing is that there are lots of choices out there. Be sure to ask about warranties, test the customer service, and ask about calibration, how often it is needed, who does it, what it costs, etc. 

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Beeresearch unit $1,900 
Comes with scintillator and software. Need to supply a computer and build a lead shielded testing chamber; $300+
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Berthold Australia LB 200 – Rapid food monitoring $11,000
Becquerel contamination amount on a screen, and also comes with a lead shielded testing chamber.”
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The Gammasonics AustralRAD Becquerel Monitor $18,000 
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Another European rood radiation test machine choice is available at Seibersdorf Laboratories; 
Dr. Thales Schröttner
T: + 43 (0) 50550-2571
F: + 43 (0) 50550-2544
Seibersdorf Labor GmbH
Forschungszentrum
2444 Seibersdorf
Austria
T: +43(0)50550-2500
F: +43(0)50550-2502
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Radiation Alert® GammaPAL 
The GammaPAL is a complete measuring system for analyzing radiation contamination in milk, meat, fish, grain, fruit, and vegetables, as well as in air swipes, soil samples, and other materials. 
GammaPAL / Portable Radiation Analysis Laboratory
The GammaPAL is your all-in-one sampling kit for radiation safety, the ideal instrument for detecting contamination in food, soil, and water. A portable laboratory containing all the items you need for sampling in the field or from a stationary base of operations. The GammaPAL is a complete measuring system for analyzing radiation contamination in milk, meat, fish, grain, fruit, and vegetables, as well as in air swipes, soil samples, and other materials.
Includes: Inspector survey meter with wipe test plate and swipes for preliminary testing, a rugged Nomad Pocket PC with bar code scanner for easily labeling samples, tools for sample collection, and screw top marinelli beakers for sample storage.
Our GM based detectors are ideal for a number of applications, ranging from surface contamination and sampling to personal and environmental monitoring. For detecting contamination in food, soil, and water and to accurately quantify and qualify the results, you need a scintillation detector. Many scintillation devices with this capacity cost upwards of tens of thousands of dollars. The GammaPAL can provide these capabilities for much less.
Sample Time vs. LLD for Background Counts
Radioactive material in the sample is detected with a 2×2 sodium iodide scintillation probe using a Marinelli geometry for soil, water, and bulk samples or a 2-inch filter geometry for wipes and air samples.The 500ml beaker is placed in a 1-inch thick lead shield. Depending on the sampling time and the isotope, the detection limit is approximately 2.5-100 Bq/l and can easily identify concentrations of Iodine 131, Cesium 134, and Cesium 137.
Kit Includes: URSA-II Multi Channel Analyzer w/ GammaPAL Software | One 2X2 Nal Detector w/ C-C cable | TDS Nomad 900LE w/ Bar Code Scanner and Serial Boot | Carries 10 Empty Screw Top Marinelli Beakers | Lead Marinelli Shield Case | 1 Marinelli with K40 reference standard | 5000g Tempered Digital Scale | Sieve for Sample Collection | Small Hand Shovel | iM3075 StormCase w Wheels | Inspector Survey Meter w/ Wipe Test Plate | Swipes |
Detector
2 X 2 Nal Detector w/ 3ft. C-C cable
Typical FWHM
7.5% – 9%.
Display
TDS Nomad 900LE w/ Bar Code Scanner and Serial Boot
Spectrum Analyzer
URSA-II Multi Channel Analyzer w/ GammaPAL Software
Total Kit Size
33.30” x 24.40” x 19.30 inches (84.5 x 62 x 49 cm)
Total Weight
110lbs (49.895kg)
Power Requirements:
URSA-II – External 12VDC power supply, six “AA” NiMH rechargeable batteries (included) with recharging internally, or six standard alkaline “AA” batteries. External 12VDC power jack allows instrument to plug into vehicle. “Fast Charge” of NiMH batteries can also be selected. The URSA-II is fully portable with four hours of battery life and PPC Compatibility
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What is involved in setting up a DIY, or community food testing lab.
free DIY Food testing lab Guide
Lots of radioactive food contamination reports are spread across multiple web sites. “The Food Lab” and “Radiation Food Lab” are free community service, to help concerned people keep track of all international radioactive food contamination reports.
“The Food Lab”
or
“Radiation Food Lab”
End

Food Radiation Testing Machine Choices And How To Set Up A Community Or Store Based Testing Center; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/food-radiation-testing-machine-choices.html

Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Permits And Regulatory Compliance Approvals

Some people believe that WIPP is operating without any permits or permissions. In part that is true. WIPP was originally built without a permit. 

“The New Mexico Environment Dept. (NMED) believes external regulation of non-mixed waste is a critical issue. There is an inherent conflict of interest between the DOE’s mission and its self-regulation of safety. This conflict is aggravated by a long legacy of secrecy which is at the root of many of the safety problems and contamination at the DOE facilities around the country….The NMED has always intended to guarantee that no prohibited waste is disposed of at WIPP. The NMED has the discretion to enforce this matter as they see fit. In fact, new permittees are usually prohibited from even constructing a facility without a permit. The NMED determines if the facility design can protect human health and environment, before the facility is constructed. This requirement is part of the RCRA regulations. Yet, WIPP was constructed without a permit.

http://www.nuclearactive.org/wipp/hearings/zappe.html

Today, WIPP is regulated, approved and operating under the Presidential Environmental Justice Order 23898, and with permits from both the EPA on a federal level, and on a state level through the New Mexico Environment Dept. The federal Dept Of Mines is involved when it comes to miner safety and health. Details about these permits and approvals are provided below. It is important to note that there has been a HUGE mission creep at WIPP.

According to the New Mexico Environmental Evaluation Group, the WIPP facility via the DOE is to contain 25 million curies of radiation, including RH and high level nuclear waste materials ‘for experimental purposes,‘ when completed. http://www.wmsym.org/archives/1983/V1/17.pdf

Original WIPP Permit

According to the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Environmental Management, Accident Investigation Report: “DOE was authorized by Public Law 96-164, Department of Energy National Nuclear Security and Military Applications of Nuclear Energy Authorization Act of 1980, to provide a research and development facility for demonstrating the safe, permanent disposal of TRU wastes from national defense activities and programs of the United States exempted from regulations by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. 
The WIPP Land Withdrawal Act, Public Law 102-579 (as amended by Public Law 104-201), authorized the disposal of 6.2 million cubic feet of defense TRU waste at the WIPP facility. The WIPP facility operates in several regulatory regimes. DOE has authority over the general operation of the facility, including radiological operations prior to closure
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), through its regulations at 40 CFR Parts 191 and 194, certifies the long-term radiological performance of the repository over a 10,000-year compliance period after closure of the facility
The State of New Mexico, through EPA delegation of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), has issued a Hazardous Waste Facility. 

The State of New Mexico, through EPA delegation of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), has issued a Hazardous Waste Facility Permit for the disposal of the hazardous waste component of the TRU waste. 

Additionally, the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) is required to perform four inspections per year of WIPP. pg 2
The draft Permit prohibits any RH waste at WIPP whether mixed or not. [Remote Handled (RH) waste is so ‘hot’ that it must be remotely handled.] So little is known about RH waste that it would be almost impossible to characterize it and determine what hazardous constituents are in the waste. DOE/WID want NMED to change the Permit to allow RH waste at WIPP, but they included almost no information about RH-TRU characterization or management in their Permit application.

DOE is required by the Land Withdrawal Act and its Amendments to have an annual inspection of the WIPP mine by the US Bureau of Mines (USBM). Since the USBM was abolished four years ago, DOE has pursued no outside inspection of WIPP….

http://www.nuclearactive.org/wipp/hearings/permitissues.html

WIPP was supposed to be a low risk, SMALL, low level nuclear waste pilot project that would be studied for a number of years, to work all of the bugs out. WIPP was ORIGINALLY designed so that nuclear waste could be retrieved if problems developed or were discovered in the annual inspection. Now the annual inspections are not happening. There is no outside inspection agency. The DOE is a promoter of nuclear power and is now also it’s own ‘regulator and inspector’, plus it seems to be the sole funder of all associated entities. 
As they are filled up, the ‘rooms’ are being sealed up, so no inspections are even possible any more. Why is DOE doing this? The WIPP site had and still has numerous geological problems, which were identified BEFORE it opened. Those problems are still there and growing more evident with each passing year. The WIPP site should stay open and accessible for the annual inspections and all barrels should stay accessible, so they can be retrieved later, if something happens that requires this.

Numerous, Severe Geological Problems Identified At WIPP Site; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/numerous-severe-geological-problems.html

MAYBE, if WIPP could have pulled off a low level nuclear waste storage facility without a hitch or anything going wrong in 30 – 150 years, documented by annual inspections of all barrels of waste and no radioactive releases, then it would possibly be time to construct a NEW full scale nuclear waste storage facility and maybe experiment with storing some high level nuclear waste on a small scale with everything designed around that goal. WIPP is not that place, and it was NOT designed for this purpose. 
Since the original permit was provided for WIPP, as detailed above, which did NOT allow any high level wastes all the way up to 2005, DOE has changed everything, and all of it in a negative, risk increasing manner. From a small, low level nuclear waste experimental facility that had a third party inspector, WIPP has mutated this into an anything and everything is ok to go in full scale high level waste ‘permanent’ facility, with no way to pull anything out in case things go bad. (See documentation below all of the organizational items below)

The annual mine inspections went out the window and filled up rooms are now backfilled and sealed up with cement and salt. No wonder WIPP went haywire with a nuclear leak happening before it was even done. You can see how much has changed with the DOE description of WIPP below… Compare the above original permit to what is going on now.

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WIPP REGULATED BY PRESIDENTIAL ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE ORDER 23898 
The DOE and the EPA are federal agencies and receive federal funds. As such, these federal agencies are required to follow the President’s Environmental Justice Executive Order No. 23898, dated February 11, 1994. [The Executive Order requires each federal agency to “make achieving environmental justice part of its mission by identifying and addressing, as appropriate, disproportionately high and adverse human health or environmental effects of its programs, policies, and activities on minority populations and low-income populations in the United States.”]

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DOE

Federal Dept Of Energy (DOE) WIPP Project Is Approved By Congress
“In 1979, Congress authorized the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). The WIPP facility, located 26 miles southeast of Carlsbad, N.M., was constructed during the 1980s. Congress limited WIPP to the disposal of defense-generated TRU wastes. In 1998, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) certified WIPP for safe, long-term disposal of TRU wastes.
Generally, TRU waste consists of clothing, tools, rags, residues, debris, soil and other items contaminated with radioactive elements, mostly plutonium. These man-made elements have atomic numbers greater than uranium, thus trans-uranic, or beyond uranium on the Periodic table of Elements. There are two categories of TRU waste. Contact-handled (CH) TRU waste can be safely handled by workers under controlled conditions without any shielding other than the containers itself. CH TRU waste will make-up approximately 96 percent of the total volume of waste to be disposed at WIPP. The remaining four percent will be remote-handled (RH) TRU waste, which emits more penetrating radiation than CH TRU waste and must be handled and transported in lead-shielded casks.
Primary regulators at WIPP are the EPA and the New Mexico Environment Department. A number of other agencies, committees and panels monitor WIPP’s progress and contribute to project success. Mine Safety and Health Administration – MSHA  (it is supposed to inspect the facility 4 times per year, but has not done this.)
The DOE Carlsbad Field Office, which leads the nations TRU waste disposal effort, has coordinated TRU waste cleanup at a number of generator sites around the country. Since 1999, WIPP has set the standard for safe, permanent disposal of long-lived radioactive defense wastes.
RECOVERY ACT
Recovery Act Projects at Carlsbad focus the supplemental appropriations for job preservation and creation to accelerate the disposition of defense-generated TRU waste across the nation. Specifically the project entitled “TRU Waste Accelerated Disposition” involves the accelerated TRU waste characterization, certification and transportation for disposition of defense-generated TRU waste from the targeted generator and interim storage sites above and beyond the currently-approved baseline project using Recovery Act funds.”
To submit a FOlA request to DOE;  you may also search on the FOIA Portal that consists of documents previously released under the FOIA. If the information is not available here, submit a Freedom of Information Act request electronically.
You may also mail in your FOIA request to the following address:
FOIA Requester Service Center
1000 Independence Avenue, SW
Mail Stop MA-90
Washington, DC 20585
Or by facsimile at (202) 586-0575. If you have any questions, please give us a call at (202) 586-5955.
Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) EPA Compliance Certification
The WIPP is a DOE facility proposed for the disposal of transuranic mixed waste (combined hazardous and radioactive waste) in a geological repository (a salt bed 2,150 feet below the land surface). The facility is located 26 miles east of Carlsbad, New Mexico (P.O. Box 3090; Carlsbad, New Mexico 88221), in Eddy County.

http://energy.gov/management/office-management/operational-management/freedom-information-act

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EPA

“WIPP is regulated under:
A Compliance Certification Approval (40 CFR Parts 191 and 194) for radioactive waste from the EPA’s Office of Radiation and Indoor Air;

The 1992 WIPP Land Withdrawal Act of 1992 (LWA) (8) directed the EPA to develop final disposal regulations and related compliance criteria for the WIPP site. In December 1993, the EPA promulgated the final disposal regulations, also referred to as 40 CFR 191 (1). In February 1996, prior to the enactment of the WIPP Land Withdrawal Act of 1996 (LWAA) (9), the EPA promulgated “Criteria for Certification and Re-Certification of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant’s Compliance With the 40 CFR Part 191 Disposal Regulations; Final Rule”, also referred to as 40 CFR 194 (2). Subpart 40 CFR 194.46 defines the following “Removal of waste” requirement for WIPP:  “Any compliance application shall include documentation which demonstrates that removal of waste from the disposal system is feasible for a reasonable period of time after disposal…..
A Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Permit (40 CFR Parts 264 and 270) for hazardous wastes from the New Mexico Environment Department (NMED).

Radiation Compliance Certification Application, Federal Contact:
Mr. Nick Stone (Coordinator, EPA Environmental Engineer) 
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency 
1445 Ross Avenue (6PD-O) 
Dallas, Texas 75202-2733 
Telephone Number: (214) 665-7226 
FAX (214) 665-7263 
Hazardous Waste (RCRA) Permit Application, State Contact:
Mr. John Kieling, Bureau Chief
Hazardous Waste Bureau 
New Mexico Environment Department 
P.O. Box 26110 
Santa Fe, NM 87502 
Telephone Number: (505) 476-6035 
FAX (505)-476-6030 
E-Mail Address: john.kieling@state.nm.us  “

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MINING SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION

The authority of the Mining Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) governs actions at WIPP through the federal Dept. Of Labor. “Protecting Miners’ Safety and Health Since 1978
http://www.msha.gov/

MSHA’s National Hazard Reporting Page

ONE CALL DOES IT ALL!

To report a hazardous condition at a mine to MSHA, call: 1-800-746-1553
or use the on-line filing option (For more information, see below).

You do not need to identify yourself!

To report an imminent danger hazardous condition call: 1-800-746-1553
(a condition that could cause a serious accident, injury, illness or fatality)
http://www.msha.gov/codeaphone/codeaphonenew.htm#.Ux8o9vldWHQ

FOIA Request
http://www.msha.gov/readroom/readroom.htm#.UyOMnfldWHQ


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State of New Mexico Environment Department

Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Permits 2010-2014
http://www.nmenv.state.nm.us/wipp/pdfpermit.html

Permit Table of Contents – Feb 2014
Part 1 – General Permit Conditions – Feb 2014
Part 2 – General Facility Conditions – March 13, 2013
Part 3 – Container Storage – Feb 2014
Part 4 – Geologic Repository Disposal – Feb 2014
Part 5 – Groundwater Detection Monitoring – May 8, 2012
Part 6 – Closure Requirements – Nov 30, 2010
Part 7 – Post-closure Care Plan – Nov 30, 2010
Part 8 – Corrective Action for SWMUs and AOCs – Nov 30, 2010
A – General Facility Description and Process Information – Oct 1, 2012
A1 – Container Storage – Oct 2013
A2 – Geologic Repository – Oct 2013
A3 – Drawing Number 51-W-214-W, “Underground Facilities Typical Disposal Panel” -Nov 30, 2010
A4 – Traffic Patterns – Oct 2013
B – Hazardous Waste Permit Application Part A – Feb 2014
C – Waste Analysis Plan – Oct 2013
C1 – Waste Characterization Sampling Methods – March 13 , 2013
C2 – (Reserved) – March 13 , 2013
C3 – Quality Assurance Objectives and Data Validation Techniques for Waste Characterization Sampling and Analytical Methods – Feb 2014
C4 – TRU Mixed Waste Characterization Using Acceptable Knowledge – March 13, 2013
C5 – Quality Assurance Project Plan Requirements – March 13 , 2013
C6 – Audit and Surveillance Program – Feb 2014
C7 – TRU Waste Confirmation – March 13, 2013
D – RCRA Contingency Plan – Oct 2013
E – Inspection Schedule, Process and Forms – Feb 2014
F – Personnel Training – Dec 21, 2012
F1 – RCRA Hazardous Waste Management Job Titles and Descriptions – Nov 30, 2010
F2 – Training Course and Qualification Card Outlines – Oct 2013
G – Closure Plan – Feb 2014
G1 – Detailed Design Report for an Operation Phase Panel Closure System – Apr 15, 2011
G1-G – Technical Specifications, Panel Closure System – Oct 1, 2012

G1-H – Design Drawings – Nov 30, 2010
G2-E – Design Drawings – Nov 30, 2010
H – Post-Closure Plan – Nov 30, 2010
M – Figures (Reserved) – Nov 30, 2010
“October 29, 2004 – NMED issued a Final Determination on a Class 2 modification request to the WIPP Permit submitted by the Permittees on July 2, 2004. The subject of the modification proposed to prohibit TRU mixed waste from tanks that had ever been managed as high-level waste unless specifically approved through a separate Class 3 PMR. After considering all public comment, NMED approved the modification with changes, such as expanding the prohibition to include a specific list of tanks at Hanford, Savannah River, and INEEL that are covered under the exclusion. NMED will issue responses to comments at a later date..
Final Determination letter sent to Permittees
The Permit was modified as a result of this administrative action. Go to the Download Page for the current version of the Permit.
September 17, 2004 – NMED today published notice of a public comment period of its intent to approve a Class 3 modification to the WIPP Hazardous Waste Facility Permit. The draft Permit issued today proposes to allow the construction and use of additional underground HWDUs, or panels, for TRU mixed waste. The following documents are available for public review:

Public Notice – discusses public review of the draft Permit, public comment, procedure of issuance of final permit decision, arrangements for persons with disabilities, and additional information

Fact Sheet – discusses background, administrative history, Permittees’ modification request and prior public comment, proposed action, availability of additional information, public comment and request for hearing, and final decision

The affected attachments to the permit ( Module IV, Attachments A, I, M2, N, and O) included in the draft Permit are available for download in two formats (figures are not included):
New Panels draft Permit in WordPerfect 8 (165 KB zipped) – includes embedded comments
August 31, 2004 – NMED today issued a compliance order to the Permittees for violations of state hazardous waste management regulations carrying a total civil penalty of nearly $2.4 million. These violations concern shipments of radioactive waste from the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) to WIPP between March and July of this year. Further information is available in the following documents:
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Carlsbad Environmental Monitoring And Research Center (CEMRC)
The Carlsbad Environmental Monitoring and Research Center is a division of the College of Engineering at New Mexico State University
“CEMRC has partnered with Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Sandia National Laboratory (SNL), and Nuclear waste Partnership, LLC (NWP) to create a unique facility with programs that include: environmental monitoring of almost any radiological and inorganic constituent; actinide chemistry and repository science particularly concerning the environmental behavior of Pu, Am, U and Np; dirty bomb mitigation research and training particularly for 137Cs and 60Co, head space gas and volatile organic compound (VOC) analyses; in vivo and in vitro bioassay, whole body dosimetry, military small arms range clean-up, evaluation and design of innovative treatment technologies, and soil, water, air and waste characterization.
The Department of Energy Carlsbad Field Office (DOE CBFO) currently operates the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) near Carlsbad, New Mexico, as a repository site for transuranic (TRU) waste generated as part of the nuclear defense research and production activities of the federal government. The CEMRC facility and staff provide support to WIPP, LANL, SNL and WTS primarily through site and environmental monitoring, in vivo bioassay, and scientific and laboratory support.” Source: http://www.cemrc.org
Sampling results; 

http://www.cemrc.org/2014/03/05/cemrc-radiological-results-air-sampling-wipp-site-following-february-14th-2014-radiation-detection-event-2
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2005 seems to be the date when the WIPP ‘monster’ was unleashed, via the DOE. They pushed for getting rid of safety, health rules and modified the permit to allow just about anything into WIPP, without inspections and including high level waste, which was labeled as remote handled or RH waste. Almost all of what DOE wanted was granted.  
According to SRIC; “On November 23, 2005, those three forces began the latest phase of the on-going struggle, as the New Mexico Environment Department (NMED) issued a draft permit to change many aspects of the WIPP operating permit based on the Department of Energy (DOE) permit modification request. Critics dubbed the DOE request the “monster mod” because of its size — more than 1,100 pages, its scope — re-writing major parts of most of the permit, and its substance — substantially loosening the health and safety requirements while dramatically increasing the lethality of the waste coming to WIPP.
The “monster mod” combines three DOE modification requests to the WIPP operating permit that were opposed by many people and rejected by NMED. In a sharp reversal of its previous rulings, the draft permit included most of the major items of the “monster mod,” including virtual elimination of chemical and physical analysis of waste containers before they can be shipped to WIPP, allowing highly radioactive remote-handled (RH) waste, and more than quadrupling the amount of waste allowed to be in the surface storage areas…..Because DOE had virtually no characterization information for more highly radioactive wastes and did not want to carry out visual examination, commentors opposed and NMED prohibited any RH waste in the 1999 permit.
ISSUES AROUND WIPP PERMITS

Ceiling And Wall Collapses

“DOE plans to emplace waste in steel drums in direct contact with salt, the most corrosive host rock imaginable. Upon closure, WIPP will be a wet repository due to the steady inflow of brine. The tunnels themselves are subject to salt creep. The floors heave, the roofs collapse, the walls cave in. Already a 1,500 ton slab of rock salt has fallen from the ceiling in one of the WIPP experimental rooms. These rooms have since been barricaded, with no access for inspections. The roofs in Panel 1, the area proposed for waste emplacement, have already experienced failure, and are presently supported by 13 ft. roof bolts, wire mesh, expanded metal, channel steel, and point-anchored threaded rebar.

There is a 220 ft. long open fracture, up to 3 inches wide, in Room 7. There is a 180 foot-long network of open fractures, up to 3 inches wide, in the ceiling of Room 7. No one can say for certain that a roof fall will not occur in Panel 1 during the time of waste emplacement. Because of worker safety concerns, the NMED should prohibit the use of Panel 1 for waste disposal in the final Permit.”
http://www.nuclearactive.org/wipp/hearings/phillips.html

Bottom line, there is no plan on keeping this waste inside containers and away from brine water flows, or ceiling collapses. The plan is to let them all rust, collapse and/or dissolve, and then let Nature take the radioactive water and gases anywhere and everywhere.

Annual Inspections

WIPP is supposed to have annual inspections. How is this ‘inspection’ going to happen if all of the panels are sealed up? How are the containers going to be inspected if they are cemented in, and/or covered with salt? Who is going to do the inspections, because the original inspection agency has been abolished completely? Does anyone trust DOE to perform this ‘inspection’ for the rest of time?

Since there is no way to inspect anything that is all sealed up, DOE has no intention of inspecting anything. WIPP is currently a hide it underground, seal it up and run away kind of storage facility.

Site Accessibility After ‘Closure’ Issues

The EPA requires that the site remain accessible for a ‘reasonable amount of time’, but leaves it totally up to the DOE to decide what this period is.. The DOE can say a couples of hours is enough time, and just seal it all up and walk away after they have filled it all up with highly volatile, high level nuclear waste, the way things are written up right now. They could care less if water leaks in and bad things happen, as they have already demonstrated with violations detailed above and with the truck fire, as well as the radiation release..

In Germany, the same thing happened in their nuclear waste storage facility as it is happening at WIPP right now. The Germany salt mine nuclear waste storage facility developed huge water ‘leaks’, so the Germans decided to pull the waste back out. But they found out it was much harder to do than they originally planned and they found out a lot of stuff went in that was not supposed to… Bottom line, they decided it was a BAD IDEA to try and store nuclear waste in a salt mine.
Now the Germans are spending money to pull the nuclear waste back out, while trying to keep the water pumped out that is leaking in.. WIPP also has several water leaks already, and according to miners, that spells doom for any mine, and there is no way to stop it from getting progressively worse and worse, until the whole mine floods.
High Level Nuclear Waste Transport Permit Issues
WhipRoutine March 8, 2014 “I live along one of the WIPP routes in NM. Well, all the routes pretty much come through here. We’ve been seeing the trucks come through for over a decade now. This article has finally prompted me to come online and tell what I’ve witnessed over the years. I’m a little scared. DHS agents come to your homes now around here to interrogate people…
One day after the first shipments started moving down the highways, I was driving through Santa Fe County where I-25 and US 285 meet. One of the WIPP trucks that had the 3 stainless steel special shipping containers was parked just under the overpass of I-25. One of the containers had Black Smoke coming out of the top of the container. Blacker than diesel. My thought was ‘what if that’s plutonium waste’.
Later that year I was at a community weed and debris burn at the local volunteer fire station. I asked one of the regulars what happened? Was it radioactive? Are we contaminated now in all these communities here. He shrugged his shoulders and said yes there was an incident and he couldn’t talk about it….One other time about 6 years ago, I saw one on Interstate 25 with smoke coming out of one of those kegs and I just went as fast as I could to get ahead of it and get upwind.“….
NO Access Of Monitors Or Researchers To Site Allowed

The plutonium, americium and other radioactive element nuclear accident at WIPP was covered up and denied for six days. This should not be allowed.

WIPP Radioactive Plutonium/Americium Plume Release Covered Up For Six Days, Researchers Denied Access; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/wipp-radioactive-plutoniumamericium.html

AGRP recommends the following around WIPP:

1. Stop putting more high level RH or low level nuclear waste into WIPP. This is a PILOT PROJECT. It is an experiment, not a fully functioning high level nuclear waste depository. It was originally designed to a ONE room depository with only low level waste. Ideally, everything should be pulled back out, due to the EXTREME geological risks at WIPP, as documented by numerous scientists and geologists, all of where fired or moved. 
2. Develop a LONG TERM 1,000 year plan for realistic monitoring, safety, emergency response and inspections via an independent and neutral third party; NOT DOE.
3. Install LIVE very sensitive radiation monitors both inside the mine and outside in a ring around WIPP, where the community can see the radiation readings from the Internet; and capable of reading alpha, beta, and gamma radiation, because all types of man made radiation (including cesium, strontium, uranium) are going into WIPP, not just plutonium and americium. The Military should be forced by law to install, maintain and repair these meters and have battery backups in case of power failures, when most accidents happen.
4. Review all geological warnings already identified (see link below), and assess whether all wastes need to be pulled out, RH wastes need to be pulled out, or modifications need to be made, due to numerous ceiling collapses and other geological problems at WIPP site. 
Numerous, Severe Geological Problems Identified At WIPP Site; via @AGreenRoad
5. Assess and redo the emergency response plan, especially around the venting, filtering and sealing of the shafts in case something goes wrong; specifically radioactive explosions, leaks or fires underground, including back up systems in case the primary HEPA filters fail for ANY reason; power loss, explosion, fire, etc. ALL shafts should be covered and 100% hermetically sealable in case of accident, without any power source. 
6. Do not allow any further expansion. One ‘room’ is enough for a pilot project. Seven football field sized rooms is way too much for an ‘experiment.’ If things go bad, it will be too large to handle. 
7. Tighten high level RH waste transportation rules, laws and who is responsible, who responds, who measures radiation, how it is required to be reported, in case of high level waste transport container leakage, fire, accident, etc. Mandatory and transparent data reporting to EPA on all incidents, visible to public at all times, no FOIA request necessary. Fines and automatic whistleblower rewards for reporting, disclosure of hidden incidents, and for non compliance.
8. Require that the US military fund this disposal site out of their annual budget, and that any disposal of nuclear weapons waste is NOT paid for by taxpayers through DOE. Transfer responsibility for site to the Pentagon.
9. Require the US military to pay and/or provide the labor to put up a LARGE STEEP 50 foot tall berm around the site along with markers at the top of the fenced berm, with warning monuments. They would also be in charge of having onsite guards, patrolling the top of this berm to make sure no one trespasses and/or drills.
10. Make the US military responsible for making sure no one drills into the site, paid for out of their annual budget. The military would have to monitor anyone drilling within 3 miles and visit those rigs to make sure they are complying with horizontal drilling regulations; not allowed into or under WIPP, due to subsidence and other issues.
11. Make the US military responsible for patrolling WIPP underground for the next 1,000 years to ensure safety, paid for out of their annual budget. Minimum patrols; once daily..
12. If the transfer to the military and out of the hands of DOE is not accomplished, make sure that the cost of WIPP and other military facilities cleanup and storage like Hanford and Savannah is included in the military budget and costs. 

13. All events involving fires, leaks, radiation release should be reported immediately, and researchers, as well as radiation monitors allowed on site, immediately. Laws and local ordinances should be passed along with fines, jail terms and revocation of permit to operate in case of non compliance. 
WIPP Radioactive Plutonium/Americium Plume Release Covered Up For Six Days, Researchers Denied Access; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/wipp-radioactive-plutoniumamericium.html
Bottom line, WIPP is like a wild, out of control elephant that is on the rampage. The original permit was for a small experimental facility, to test the feasibility of storing LOW LEVEL waste such as rags, wipes and towels in an undergound salt mine that gets water in it and is subject to all kinds of things going wrong. Since 2005, WIPP has mutated into an out of control monster with high level wastes that were reportedly smoking/burning before they even get into the facility, and we have containers leaking radiation just a few years into the ‘experiment’.

Obviously, this WIPP experiment is NOT WORKING with numerous leaks, ceiling collapses, container leakage/explosion, and ventilation issues.  If it is isn’t working just a few years into the experiment, what is going to happen when the S(#*# really hits the fan, down the road?

For more local information and how to make a difference around WIPP: 

Southwest Research and Information Center (505) 262-1862  –  http://www.sric.org

Citizens for Alternatives to Radioactive Dumping  http://www.cardnm.org

Concerned Citizen for Nuclear Safety (505) 986-1973 – http://www.nuclearactive.org

Nuclear Watch New Mexico  (505) 989-7342 –  http://www.nukewatch.org

End

Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Permits And Regulatory Compliance Approvals; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/waste-isolation-pilot-plant-wipp.html

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