Terrorists Take Over Fallujah, Mosul, Tikrit And Other Iraqi Cities

PBS reports on the situation in Iraq. The Iraq army shelled the city of Fallujah on Saturday in attempts to take back control from the Al-Qaida affiliated group known as the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), which has also overrun the town of Ramadi. Liz Sly of the Washington Post joins Hari Sreenivasan to discuss what is unfolding in Iraq and the larger implications for the Middle East.

After spending close to a Trillion dollars fighting terrorists in Afghanistan and Iraq, and then pulling out because the war on terrorism was won with overwhelming force and killing supposedly all but a few of them, Fallujah, Mosul and now Kirkuk, Samarra? Tikrit? all seem to be rapidly falling into the hands of terrorists that were supposedly all gone and killed. 

fsrn.org
Armed militants have taken over the Iraqi cities of Mosul and Tikrit since Monday, expanding their territorial hold from Fallujah. The violence now sweeping part of Iraq has triggered the largest wave of displacements since the 2007 height of bloodshed there. 
What happened? Is the whole country going to be lost to what the US army said were just a few Al Queda terrorists left? Are terrorists any better than militants? Who are these militants? Why didn’t anyone see this coming? Where is the Iraqi army and police force, supposedly trained and equipped at great cost by US taxpayers so that they can effectively deal with the few remaining so called terrorists?

What are the causes of this collapse of whole cities into chaos? Could it be that the supposed democracy that excluded a whole religion from government is now feeling the consequences of that decision? Maybe this is much bigger than a problem of a few terrorists or ‘militants’? 

Maybe this collapse has roots in and includes issues such as US foreign policy of favoring and supporting one group, while excluding all others and then relying on superior military force, firepower, DU weapons and pallets full of money shoved out of helicopters for bribes, to maintain that artificial reality and seeming peace? Maybe it has something to do with the US installing a dictator in Iraq, after assassinating a democratically elected leader. 

War is a Racket, by Major General Smedley Butler – Warned That Military Industrial Complex Taking Over Levers Of Power; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/04/war-is-racket.html

Maybe it has something to do with the US being a colonial global power, which started an illegal war based on lies sold via a controlled mass media, with the goal of getting back the oil that Saddam (a CIA installed dictator) stole from US oil companies.

1,000 US Foreign Military Bases In Foreign Countries – 2 Trillion Dollars And Rising Cost; via@AGreenRoad

Maybe it has something to do with the US acting as an imperial conquering occupier of many nations, using financial and military reigns of power.

How Corporations Control Governments, Media, Politicians; Confessions Of An Economic Hit Man; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/04/how-corporations-control-governments.html

Maybe it has something to do with the corporations that make up and control most of the US government acting in their own selfish for profit interest, and not in the interest of either the Iraqis or US citizens. Maybe it has something to do with the CIA being directly involved in and supporting the puppet government of Iraq from the very beginning, after Saddam was taken out.

Maybe the news is not as black and white and easy to understand as it seems. Maybe the terrorists and ‘militants’ are not just evil terrorists who deserve to be killed by drone strikes. Maybe the militants are more like freedom fighters, trying to free their country from the occupying force that is the US, and the dictatorial government that is excluding another religion by force and threats. Maybe the fruits of violence and revenge are only growing more violence and revenge, without end. 

End

Terrorists Take Over Fallujah, Mosul, Tikrit And Other Iraqi Cities; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/06/terrorists-take-over-fallujah-mosul.html

☢ Fukushima Documentary 2014 HD ☢ Nuclear Exodus: Pandora’s Promise Was A Lie

Summary: Following the unprecedented triple meltdown at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant after Japan’s 3/11 earthquake and tsunami, a myriad of far reaching questions has arisen…
What’s the current state of the Fukushima nuclear reactors? How much radiation have they already released? What type of health impacts can we expect? Is our seafood supply safe? And what about the other 435 nuclear reactors around the world, 104 in the US alone – 22 of them the same exact design as those that exploded and melted down in Fukushima, are they safe?
Yet these are not easy questions to get answers to. The mainstream media and the internet are full of conflicting viewpoints & information. For example, UN scientists have already claimed that the health impacts of Fukushima will be negligible and statistically insignificant, which is parroted in CNN’s documentary “Pandora’s Promise”. However independent scientists tell a very different story; they project on the order of a million cancers within the next few decades in Japan alone.
So how does such a massive scientific discrepancy occur?
Nuclear Exodus explores the ties that inexorably bind the nuclear power industry to the military industrial complex, and how the lust for nuclear weapons causes governments to push nuclear power on their citizens, while covering up the true health effects of radiation exposure. It delves deep into the legacy & lessons of Chernobyl, nuclear waste management, nuclear terrorism, & solar flares which could potentially trigger hundreds of nuclear meltdowns across the world – threatening life on Earth as we know it.
But can human civilization truly generate the electricity it needs without nuclear power, especially while reducing our energy dependence on fossil fuels? How far have renewable technologies come in 2014 exactly? And if some cataclysmic disaster did threaten the world, would there be anyway to realistically protect life on Earth? Could Mars actually be a feasible back up planet anytime soon?
These questions and more are explored in great depth during Nuclear Exodus: Pandora’s Promise Was A Lie. (This is version 2.2, the most current and up to date version. It’s been tightened up with some important new facts, plus enhanced audio & visuals!)
Like us on Facebook! 
**This documentary is for educational purposes only. Contains scenes which some viewers may find very disturbing. Viewer discretion is advised. SpaceX, SolarCity, and Tesla Motors were not involved with the production of this documentary. This documentary was produced in accordance with fair use copyright law under US legal code Title 17 Chapter 1 §107 for educational, news, & non-profit purposes in order to promote the progress of science & useful arts.**
End
Fukushima Documentary 2014 HD ☢ Nuclear Exodus: Pandora’s Promise Was A Lie; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/06/fukushima-documentary-2014-hd-nuclear.html

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NONE of 12 US Government ‘Fukushima Task Force’ Recommendations Have Been Implemented By NRC, 3 Years After 3/11

It has been three years since the mega multiple nuclear plant meltdown nuclear disaster called Fukushima. Hearings were held and a commission was formed to recommend safety modifications from the lessons learned due to analysis of the Fukushima disaster. The Fukushima Task Force held hearings, took testimony and researched what caused the multiple meltdowns of nuclear reactors, despite promises from the nuclear industry that this ‘could never happen’.
As a result of those hearings, investigations, and research, the Fukushima Task Force tasked 12 things to the NRC to be adopted and implemented by the nuclear industry. The NRC was specifically asked to do it, because they are the regulator that is the body authorized to require the nuclear industry to implement those 12 items.
Three years after the 3/11 disaster, NOT ONE of the 12 recommendations provided by the US Government Fukushima Task Force has been implemented. Instead of strengthening nuclear plant safety standards and providing more safety to communities in order to prevent another Fukushima mega nuclear disaster, the NRC nuclear regulator and the nuclear industry ‘experts’ in their great wisdom and caring for the health and safety of communities, did the exact opposite.

The nuclear industry worked on weakening safety laws and rules around nuclear reactors by demanding that evacuation standards be eliminated or relaxed. They also got the EPA to increase the allowable amount of radiation a person can be exposed to raised by 26,000%, in case of an accident or spill, thus eliminating the need for evacuations completely. So instead of preventing nuclear disasters, the nuclear industry is basically saying that nuclear disasters will continue to happen, and they don’t want to be responsible for evacuating people or ensuring that the food and water protects the health of children or adults after that. 
“And in the time since the March 11, 2011 disaster, the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), led by Chairman Allison M. Macfarlane, was tasked by Congress and the NRC with implementing 12 post-Fukushima “recommendations” for the nuclear-power industry to follow. This included everything from upgrading plants to “prevent or mitigate seismically-induced fires or floods,” “improve spent fuel pools” and “improve reactor inspection and oversight process.”
Of these 12 recommendations, the NRC took no action – none whatsoever – to require U.S. nuclear plant operators to implement a single recommendation from the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee via the “Fukushima Near-Term Task Force. One of them blandly stated he was not worried in the least about nuclear safety issues and had plans to take trips around the world rather than stay at home and address the critical issues that the NRC should be addressing. –

VIa nuclear pollution June 10, 2014  In more recent C-span “Fukushima Task Force” hearings…..

(1) Sen. Boxer of California was stellar reminding everyone that NONE of the 12 ‘Fukushima Task Force’ recommendations have been implemented yet.
She also showed a frightening photo of the recent fire blazing within 1/2 a mile of San Onofre nuclear power plants’ spent fuel pools, which are at double capacity. (3600 spf’s)
(2) Sen. Markey of Massachusetts was also stellar. He said whistleblowers contact him all the time, and 75% of whistleblowers who go through the formal method of whistleblowing end up with poor performance appraisals.
Sen. Markey also sponsored the “Dry Cask Storage Act” to get spent fuel now in water into dry cask storage.
REMINDER: 4 of 5 NRC Commissioners voted AGAINST dry cask storage.
He was also concerned that Chinese nationals were allowed into U.S. nuclear power plants.
(3) These pro-nuclear Senators were vocally supportive of the nuclear industry. Vote them out if they are your senators.
– Sen. Cardin (D) Maryland
– Sen. Vitter (R) California
– Sen. Whitehouse (D) Rhode Island wants to promote advanced nuclear technologies like small modular reactors.
– Sen. Sessions (R) Alabama was particularly pro-nuclear…stating the old lies that there have been “zero deaths” due to nuclear energy and that nuclear energy has a “tremendous safety and environmental record” and is “no carbon”
Sen. Inhofe (R) Oklahoma said dry storage of spent-fuel is not substantially safer and would cost the industry $4 billion dollars to put spent-fuel into dry casks. He criticized Germany’s transition away from nuclear energy.
Sen. Barrasso (R) Wyoming said he believes storing nuclear waste in wet pools is “safe” and Wyoming has a lot of uranium so we “must continue to build new nuclear power plants””
WATCH the hearings in video above, or at;
http://www.c-span.org/video/?319755-1/nuclear-safety

What is the take away? The nuclear industry ignores the public servants sent to Washington to represent the public. The nuclear industry keeps making empty promises and guarantees, but then takes no action to prevent nuclear accidents and melt downs, so they keep on happening and getting worse and worse. Now it is not just one reactor melting down, it is multiple reactors and spent fuel pools as well. 
List Of All 30+ Global Nuclear Reactor Melt Downs; via @AGreenRoad
Because the NRC is staffed by nuclear industry ‘insiders’, they have no interest in actually protecting public and community health or safety, but are more concerned with promoting the nuclear industry by flying around the world on junkets paid for by US taxpayers. 
End
NONE of 12 US Government ‘Fukushima Task Force’ Recommendations Have Been Implemented By NRC, 3 Years After 3/11; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/06/none-of-12-fukushima-task-force.html

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A Green Road is where heart and paradigm shift happens. Featuring sustainable green living news, movies, articles and videos from cutting edge minds and hearts, we ask the question; what will be of benefit to seven future generations without causing harm? A Green Road teaches the Science of Sustainable Health, through articles, videos and books. 
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What is Needed? Top Down Champions Of Sustainability With $; via @AGreenRoad
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Japanese Government Radiation Monitoring Posts Do Not Match Citizen’s Radiation Meter Readings


http://youtu.be/AAEvT_UdhNI

At about 4: minutes in, the narrator goes into holding a citizen radiation meter next to a government radiation meter, and it shows a higher reading than the ‘official’ government meter. Another view is given of radiation readings around the meter, showing double or higher radiation readings in a school play yard, when compared to the radiation monitor set up by the Japanese government. 

This Fukushima low dose radiation caused public health disaster is just starting, because the Japanese government is not only downplaying the radiation levels in supposedly ‘decontaminated’ areas, but it is also raising the amount of radiation allowed for civilians by large orders of magnitude, much like the EPA did in the US in 2014; by 26,000%.  

It looks like a huge profit wave is in the works for the cancer, chemotherapy, and medical radiation industries in Japan and elsewhere. Better get in now, and buy stock in the dis-ease nuclear and chemo industry, which is a partner for the nuclear industry. 

Both make profits off of sickness, cancer and dis-ease. But hurry, while there are still healthy people left in Japan. Pretty soon, it will look like Belarus, where there are many homes filled up with radiation caused deformed and sick kids that parents have given up because they are too hard to take care of. Radiation does not care what a person thinks or believes, anymore than gravity cares if a person believes in a flat Earth and that the sun revolves around a stationary planet. 


End

Japanese Government Radiation Monitoring Posts Do Not Match Citizen’s Radiation Meter Readings; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/06/japanese-government-radiation.html

More articles at; 

Radiation In Food/Water, Geiger Counters, Dosimeters, Radiation Readings

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Effects Of Internal Low Level Nuclear Radiation
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Radioactive Cesium Being Detected In Wine; Where Does It Come From?

The following NPR piece is about counterfeit wine, and how cesium levels in wine are used to expose ‘fake’ old wines.  This article further proves that nuclear industry provided radiation has been added to our foods and wines in increasing amounts over time. Only a few people are aware of this, because these poisonous heavy metals and radioactive elements are invisible, odorless, tasteless and no human sense can detect them, even in lethal doses. However, this does not stop these poisons, as they bio concentrate back up to humans from the environment. 
Via tpak June 4, 2014 “I started looking in Scientific American magazine,” said Elroy, “and I found an article that Philippe Hubert, a French physicist, had written about using low-level gamma ray detection for cesium 137 to date wine. Cesium 137 did not exist on this planet until we exploded the first atomic bomb.”
As physicist Philippe Hubert explains: “The cesium radioactivity we find in the wines reflects exactly the history of the Atomic Age. It is radioactive isotope, which is not natural. It’s a fission product. First you had the development of the nuclear bomb: Hiroshima, Nagasaki. Then in the ’50s and ’60s, the Cold War between the U.S. and Soviets, and the nuclear atmospheric tests. Then in 1986 — the Chernobyl accident, which released a lot of cesium activity into the atmosphere. And then Fukushima Daiichi in Japan — we are following that.
This (man made) radioactivity is everywhere on Earth — in our food, clothing, the cells of our body. “It is in the atmosphere,” says Hubert. “And then with rain this radioactivity falls on the grapes. When you make the wine, this comes into the wine and stays into the wine.
Just to be clear, this article is not claiming that any specific wines are not ‘safe’ to drink. Nor is it claiming that wines are all highly radioactive. The point being made by the NPR piece is that as the number of nuclear accidents increase, the amount of radiation released from all of these accidents, spills and just normal operations of nuclear reactors all increases the total global background radiation, despite the nuclear industry claims of ‘dilution’ as the solution. This increasing radiation can be documented and is evidence, as is being done with wines and ocean water for example.

This constantly increasing radiation and ‘hot spots’ in numerous locations around the world does have negative effects and negative consequences. 

Background Radiation Has Increased 600 Percent – 1 mSv In 1950 To over 6 mSv In 2014; Where Is This Coming From?
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/background-radiation-has-increased-600.html

What the pro nuclear apologists really do not like to talk about is the concentration of these diluted radioactive elements up the food chain back to humans, including in our wines, milk, foods and animals used for food. All plants and animals bio concentrate radiation back up the food chain. Whatever humanity does to the web of life, comes back to humanity concentrated and multiplied. 
Bioaccumulation Of Radiation In Fresh Water And Salt Water Fish After Chernobyl And Fukushima; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/04/bioaccumulation-of-radiation-in-fresh.html

Plutonium And Cesium Bio-Accumulates Up To 26,000 Times In Ocean Algae, Up To 5,570,000 Bq/Kg in Land Algae; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/04/plutonium-and-cesium-bio-concentrates.html

The take away is that the nuclear industry is contaminating our whole planet and all life on it with life destroying but invisible man made radioactive elements. No one can escape from this radioactive but invisible pollution, as it travels around the world. 
End
Radioactive Cesium Being Detected In Wine; Where Does It Come From?
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/06/radioactive-cesium-being-detected-in.html

For more articles about radiation in food and drinks;

Low Level Nuclear Radiation In Food And Water

Teaching the Science Of Sustainable Health And Success. What works for 7 future generations without causing harm?

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Uranium Mining and Enrichment – Nuclear Bomb -Nuclear Fuel Manufacturing
Low Level Nuclear Radiation In Food And Water
Effects Of Internal Low Level Nuclear Radiation
Animals and Low Level Radiation Effects
Nuclear Reactor Recertification
Long Term Storage Of Nuclear Fuel, Nuclear Waste 
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…………………………………………………………………………………
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“Never give up, never.” Every person is important.
………………………………………………………………………………
A Green Road is where heart and paradigm shift happens. Featuring sustainable green living news, movies, articles and videos from cutting edge minds and hearts, we ask the question; what will be of benefit to seven future generations without causing harm? A Green Road teaches the Science of Sustainable Health, through articles, videos and books. 
Share the article/video titles and links by copying and pasting them into email, Facebook and Twitter. Thanks for doing your part. Keep shining your light and sharing this information with friends, co-workers, politicians, doctors, professors, and other leaders! 
What is Needed? Top Down Champions Of Sustainability With $; via @AGreenRoad
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How Plutonium Evaporates From A Melting Down Nuclear Reactor

Plutonium as well as other man made radioactive elements come out of a melting down nuclear reactor in one of many ways. One way is via an explosion, such as happened at the Chernobyl reactor, and at Fukushima Daichi building #3, and possibly others which were covered up. 
A second way that plutonium can move out of a reactor or spent fuel pool is via evaporation, due to melting and/or burning nuclear fuel. 
Via LiberationFront December 14, 2011  In case there was any need to clarify the possibility that plutonium can be evaporated (volatilized) this study from the US Atomic Energy Commission confirms that 99% of Pu is volatilized at 1680 deg C.
As for the precipitation back into a solid form? thats a good question and one that needs to be worked out. As far as I know deposition of volatilized radionuclides occurs in two ways:
Dry deposition: the gaseous isotopes run into something solid (like a bush, mountain, or the side of a SFP for example) and stick there.
Wet deposition: rain takes the radionuclides out of the atmosphere and deposits them onto the ground.
What is admitted by TEPCO, is that three nuclear reactors melted down, and the vapors, gases and invisible emissions came out in an uncontrolled manner from those three reactors, at Fukushima.

End

How Plutonium Evaporates From A Melting Down Nuclear Reactor; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/06/how-plutonium-evaporates-from-melting.html

For more articles, click on;

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Global Corporations And The 1%; Art And Science Of Deception
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Low Dose Radiation Dangers/Symptoms For Children And Adults
Uranium Mining and Enrichment – Nuclear Bomb -Nuclear Fuel Manufacturing
Low Level Nuclear Radiation In Food And Water
Effects Of Internal Low Level Nuclear Radiation
Animals and Low Level Radiation Effects
Nuclear Reactor Recertification
Long Term Storage Of Nuclear Fuel, Nuclear Waste 
“Do not go where the freeway may lead – Go instead where there is no path and leave A Green Road for others to follow.”
…………………………………………………………………………………
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Movie Review Of Zero Hour: Disaster at Chernobyl – Discovery Channel (2004) Movie

“The explosion at Chernobyl was ten times worse than that at Hiroshima and was due to a combination of human error and imperfect technology. Using a real-time split-screen format reminiscent of the hit series, 24, this programme examines the 60 critical minutes leading up to the explosion at the power station on 26th April 1986.
Each minute unfolds narrating the events from the perspectives of key characters involved including Chernobyl’s deputy chief engineer and his staff in the control room as well as innocent bystanders, the wife of one of Chernobyl’s workers and two fishermen working in Chernobyl’s warm waste waters. With an extraordinary combination of drama and state of the art CGI graphics, Disaster at Chernobyl climaxes with the reconstructon of the final seconds leading to the disaster, the explosion itself and its terrifying aftermath.
Narrated by: David Morrissey 
Producer: Tom Lasica 
Director: Renny Bartlett 
Executive Producers: Dan Korn & Andre Barro 
Producer: Simon Berthon 
Executive Producers for Discovery Networks Europa: 
Bettina Hatami and Susie Worster 
2004 Discovery Communications, LLC.”
Source; description under video

Movie Review;

AGRP comment; The movie description above is at least in part a minimization. How can a single nuclear bomb with only 10 pounds of nuclear material which blows up in the air, be compared to 50 TONS of highly radioactive fuel being blown into the air and spreading around the globe from Chernobyl, according to this movie? That 50 tons does not include the 500 tons of radioactive graphite that also was ejected and burned. 

There are 2,000 pounds in a ton, so 50 tons equals 100,000 pounds, which equals 10,000 nuclear bombs at 10 pounds of uranium each. Only 2,400 nuclear bombs have been tested in open air since the beginning of the atomic age. 
And that figure of Chernobyl being equal to 10,000 nuclear bombs still does not include the burned and radioactive 500 tons of burned radioactive graphite and other materials dumped on the reactor. Saying Chernobyl was only 10 times worse than Hiroshima or Nagasaki, makes it seem like Chernobyl could be compared to just 10 nuclear bombs going off, which is a patently ridiculous comparison and minimization that is neither logical, nor scientific, nor common sense. 

40 – 60 MILLION Deaths Due To Global Open Air Nuclear Weapons Testing 1945 to 2003; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/04/40-60-million-deaths-due-to-global-open.html

In reality, Chernobyl had severe and far reaching effects, because of the sheer quantities of radioactive man made elements released, which dwarfed any number of nuclear bombs by comparison. Even 2,000 nuclear bombs times 10 pounds each does not compare to the sheer volume of poisonous heavy metal, radioactive materials released, which equals AT LEAST 10,000 to 50,000 nuclear bombs at 10 pounds of radioactive material each.Yes, they were invisible, so no one can see the effects, or smell the danger, but that amount of radioactive poison went up in the air and traveled around the world. 

From Infinity Room, Plutonium Bombs, 25,000 Warheads, Nuclear Armageddon, To Millions Of Years Of Radiation Contamination; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/12/from-infinity-room-plutonium-bombs.html

The control room dynamics of what actually happened between individuals on that fateful night seem to be accurate. But after this point, the pro nuclear propaganda starts in again, by claiming that there were only a few casualties and no ongoing deaths after the first acute radiation deaths.
44: min; They say that 32 control room workers died from radiation, as did all of the firefighters and two nearby fishermen who were watching the fire from close range. They mention that workers reported smelling and tasting metal in the air, which is a common report for those getting high doses of radiation from a nuclear accident. But pro nuclear apologists say that it is impossible to taste or smell radioactive elements. 

AGRP: The evidence presented by millions of victims of low dose radiation poisoning says otherwise. If you hear of a radiation accident and then taste or smell metal, get under cover, run away and get some air filters going as soon as possible, put on a radiation mask if possible, and do not believe anyone who says there is no radiation and you are just making things up in your head. Take protective anti radiation actions, and evacuate from that area, going upwind as fast and as far away as you can, no matter what the authorities are saying to do. 
The narrator mentions that Pripyat was a 100% Chernobyl plant worker and their families town. Pripyat started to be evacuated starting about 24 hours after the initial two explosions. 
40: It took a week to completely evacuate the 135,000 plus people who lived there, which means that many people were exposed to very high levels of radiation for up to a week, which they acknowledge in the movie by pointing at the radiation burns in the film, which show up as bright flashes of light. They don’t admit what the VERY HIGH radiation levels were, but they had to be very high for this to happen.   Then the narrator talks about the establishment of a 30 mile exclusion zone, which meant many more people were also evacuated later on down the road, but this is totally glossed over and not talked about. 
AGRP; Bus drivers coming in were also exposed to this high radiation amount, as were the 600,000 people pressed into service to go right up to the reactor and help clean up the disaster site, so that the other 3 reactors could keep on working. Of course, no mention is made of the workers who were in the other 3 reactors at the site, nor what happens to them, as they are forced to keep coming to work in a highly radiation contaminated zone, even during this disaster and then afterwards, from where ever they were evacuated to. The 600,000 decontamination workers were sacrificed to keep the other 3 nuclear reactors working. Other sources have said the total number was actually closer to 1 million workers.

Chernobyl Coverup And Denial Of 1 Million Casualties; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/03/chernobyl-coverup-and-denial-of-1.html

3 Million Children Require Treatment Because Of Chernobyl, Many Will Die Prematurely – 7 Million Total Victims – U.N. Secretary General Kofi Annan; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/04/3-million-children-require-treatment.html

The radioactive plume that came out of the out of control explosion and nuclear fire afterwards went all around the world and touched all countries at least to some extent. So what the net impact of 10,000 nuclear bombs worth of radioactive material going around the world? 

The radioactive cloud of 1000 man made invisible poisons that come out of a nuclear reactor in the movie stop at just a few countries and avoid others, which is not what happens in reality.

This map from Times Books is a closer too real life example of how Chernobyl radiation went around the world, but still does not show it completely accurately. 
41: Chernobyl was the beginning of the end for the Soviet Union. In other words, the only reason that the Chernobyl nuclear reactor exploded and melted down, was because of the Communist system political and systemic faults, and the explosion plus melt out had NOTHING to do with nuclear industry anything. 
AGRP: What they do not discuss in detail is the financial losses generated by a nuclear accident like this bankrupt ANY country that it happens in, if it is dealt with properly. In Japan, they are trying to do it on the cheap, with a minimum of workers and not dealing with the melted out coriums, so the situation there is getting worse and worse. Meanwhile Japan and the nuclear industry keep claiming it was no big deal and it is in cold shutdown. 
The fault was not inherent in the Soviet Communist system as they claim in the movie, (after all, Communist China seems to be doing very well) but in the overwhelming costs and consequences imposed on a country as a result of a nuclear disaster such as Chernobyl. 
Any country, no matter what type of system or ism or religion it has, will fail financially eventually, just like the Soviet Union did, and just like the individual countries are that are the worst affected by the radiation, even up to today, such as Belarus. 

Gorbachev; Chernobyl Nuclear Accident Was Real Cause Of The Collapse of Soviet Union; via A Green Road
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/12/gorbachev-chernobyl-nuclear-accident.html

42: One worker who lived to tell his tale reports that his skin turned black and peeled off like paper when sheets were lifted off of him. He had numerous skin transplants, and his health was permanently affected in a number of negative ways. He cannot touch chemicals or do heavy labor (chronic exhaustion is a common effect of radiation poisoning). His blood will not coagulate and his skin will not heal if broken or damaged. He has numerous other problems which he chose not to identify. 

The sleeping chief nuclear engineer and loyal Communist political leader featured in the film, who set up that ‘safety test’, was sentenced to ten years of hard labor in a Siberian prison camp, but due to insanity, was released early. They say he goes in and out of sanity today. 
AGRP: Wouldn’t this mental illness and the health problems suffered by other individuals who did not die immediately be directly attributed to the nuclear accident? How about the people forced to leave their property and not getting compensated, and then suffering as a result of becoming a ‘radiation refugee? None of these millions of these and millions of other radiation victims are counted as a radiation victim or as a casualty, because mental, social, financial and emotional problems brought about directly as a result of a nuclear accident do not count for anything in the pro nuclear industry ‘official’ record keeping book of consequences. In other words, human suffering caused by radiation or a nuclear accident is not worth anything, and will not be counted. That is part of the ‘rules’ created by the pro nuclear industry ‘experts’. 
44: The supervising nuclear engineer on duty that night who absorbed approximately 500 Rems (a theoretical fatal dose of radiation) says that it was not his fault either. The supervisors blames the Atomic energy nuclear authorities higher up. They had set him up with false information and assurances of safety, by claiming something like this accident could never happen or that the odds were millions to one, because this ‘new’ reactor design was SO SAFE. (#4 was the newest and BEST nuclear reactor design at that time.) He says that the nuclear reactor should never have been started. He said that not having the ‘correct documentation’ available when and where it was needed made the explosions inevitable.  
AGRP: Of course, before every nuclear accident, the nuclear ‘experts’ always say that no accident can ever happen and issue statements of safety and personal guarantees, without exception. The pro nuclear industry experts and the supervisors/workers inside the plants always minimize or avoid talking about the engineering and design flaws or weaknesses in reactors, sites, or risks associated with nuclear technology in general, because their paycheck depends on this ‘support’ of the nuclear industry in general. 

Catch 22 – Nuclear High Technology Plus Safety Assurances Offer Only False Promises, Empty Guarantees And Deceptions; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/nuclear-high-technology-plus-safety.html

There is no amount of documentation that is ever enough, because even if and when everyone does everything ‘right’ as the above individuals swore to their deathbeds, they did do that, everything can and will still go horribly wrong with nuclear power plants. Because there is no perfect safety plan, no perfect documentation, no perfect safety system, no perfect engineering or design, nuclear accidents will continue to happen. Individuals working inside of Fukushima, TMI, Chernobyl and many other nuclear plants which then melted down despite them doing their best, proves this. 

List Of All 30+ Global Nuclear Reactor Melt Downs; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/04/list-of-all-27-global-nuclear-reactor.html

Radiation Safety Standards for Food And Testing Children For Internal Radiation: Chernobyl vs Fukushima; via A Green Road
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/04/radiation-safety-standards-for-food.html

42: the narrator claims that the ‘scientific consensus’ number of cancers will be only 10,000 in Russia alone TOTAL, and only 25,000 cancers in all other countries total, over a 70 period. “As yet, the only proven rise in disease is in thyroid cancer of children (with no number given or attached to this). 
AGRP: There are so many problems with this assertion and claim it is hard to know where to start. First, the term, ‘scientific consensus’ is defined so narrowly in this movie as to be meaningless. What is the definition of science, and what is the definition of consensus? 
Science in in a general sense is an open process, repeatable by anyone, and provable anywhere and anytime both inside the industry and outside of it, correct? TRUE science is based on sound research, with a provable hypothesis that is then supported by evidence and facts, no matter who is doing the research. That is not what is being pointed at when they make the claims above. 
Consensus in it’s most general definition means that everyone both inside and outside the nuclear industry agrees on what is being written down or spoken. That is not what is being claimed in the above statement. 
Neither of these things is true with the assertions or claims being made in terms of the number of cancers, diseases, and/or deaths, unless one very narrowly defines science and consensus as being limited to only pro nuclear industry ‘experts, who are staffing the same agencies such as IAEA (a nuclear industry marketing organization), UNSCEAR, WHO (held captive by IAEA), and peer reviewed journals who will only approve and publish those studies that agree with the very narrow and arbitrary, but not truly scientific views held by these organizations.

There is actually no consensus around the number of deaths and cancers caused, because there very two very divergent views on this subject of how many diseases and deaths are caused by low dose radiation, as detailed in the following links, by numerous ‘experts’ not approved to be published in the US peer reviewed journals, and who are not part of the small ‘insider’ pro nuclear industry group. There are numerous examples of deception, lies, denials, cover ups, and manipulations of research and numbers of all kinds within the nuclear industry and associated organizations. 

ICRP [International Commission on Radiological Protection] Caught Manipulating And ‘Faking’ Scientific Data; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/05/icrp-international-commission-on.html

IAEA, ICRP And UNSCEAR Are All Staffed By The Same Pro Nuclear Industry Apologists; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/04/iaea-icrp-and-unscear-are-all-staffed.html

44: The death toll from Chernobyl according to the narrator was 2 fishermen, 30 nuclear plant workers and firefighters,  (and no other deaths, from any cause, ever). 
AGRP: In other words, what is left unsaid but inferred, is that ONLY the thyroid cancers mentioned above that are the DIRECT and immediate result of the Chernobyl accident will NOT result in ANY deaths, beyond the 30 or so counted as the direct result of acute radiation sickness, with a fairly quick death as a result.

No child died of or will die of thyroid cancer, so no more deaths can be counted beyond those initial few deaths. The pro nuclear industry belief system (which is not supported by global science or medical research) is that no other types of cancers, DNA damage or deaths are caused by nuclear reactor meltdowns, such as from low dose radiation for example.  

No other deaths are counted by the pro nuclear industry folks, no matter what the original cause. In other words, if you don’t die quickly as a direct result of a nuclear accident and from measurable ACUTE HUGE DOSES of radiation on the order of 500 Rems or more, your death will not count, even if you get some other cancer besides thyroid cancer somewhere down the road due to the nuclear accident and from lower doses of radiation, and then die as a result of that cancer, DNA damage, or some other disease caused by low dose radiation. 
IPPNW – Global Health Effects And Number Of Deaths Caused By Chernobyl Nuclear Planet Meltdown – 69 Million Victims; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/07/ippnw-health-effects-of-chernobyl-25.html
The pro nuclear industry arbitrary and very narrow definition is not supported by science and medical research, as shown by the linked to article above. But to understand how and why the IPPNW came up with this number, you have to understand how low dose radiation, hot particles and incubation times for cancer works. Learn about this from the links below.  

End

Movie Review; Zero Hour: Disaster at Chernobyl – Discovery Channel (2004) via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/06/zero-hour-disaster-at-chernobyl.html

Teaching the Science Of Sustainable Health And Success. What works for 7 future generations without causing harm?

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A Green Road Project Magazine 

– Click in search box in upper right corner and type search term to find any article
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Spiritual, Interfaith, Consciousness; How To Create Heaven On Earth
Holistic Living And Green Energy 
Exploring the Inner and Outer Mysteries of Life
Peace, War, Human Rights, Justice, Prisons 
Drugs, Medicine and GMO’s 
Global Corporations And The 1%; Art And Science Of Deception
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Global Corporations And The 1%; Art And Science Of Deception
Individual Radioactive Elements/Isotopes, USA Radiation Exposure Prevention and Reversal, Music
Low Dose Radiation Dangers/Symptoms For Children And Adults
Uranium Mining and Enrichment – Nuclear Bomb -Nuclear Fuel Manufacturing
Low Level Nuclear Radiation In Food And Water
Effects Of Internal Low Level Nuclear Radiation
Animals and Low Level Radiation Effects
Nuclear Reactor Recertification
Long Term Storage Of Nuclear Fuel, Nuclear Waste 
“Do not go where the freeway may lead – Go instead where there is no path and leave A Green Road for others to follow.”
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A Green Road is where heart and paradigm shift happens. Featuring sustainable green living news, movies, articles and videos from cutting edge minds and hearts, we ask the question; what will be of benefit to seven future generations without causing harm? A Green Road teaches the Science of Sustainable Health, through articles, videos and books. 
Share the article/video titles and links by copying and pasting them into email, Facebook and Twitter. Thanks for doing your part. Keep shining your light and sharing this information with friends, co-workers, politicians, doctors, professors, and other leaders! 
What is Needed? Top Down Champions Of Sustainability With $; via @AGreenRoad
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The Three Deadly P’s Of Nuclear Power

The three P’s are the curse of nuclear power, and they offer enough reasons to ban all nuclear power plants and weapons, without any nuclear disaster being involved. In the video above, Dana offers some brief highlights of the Fukushima mega nuclear disaster that can be added to the three deadly P’s…

1 – POLLUTION AND GLOBAL WARMING

Pollution is the first deadly and radioactive P caused by the nuclear industry, despite their claim of being green and safe. 
Mining creates massive uranium dust pollution and uses massive quantities of fossil fuel. The dust is radioactive and the waste piles are too, but they are often used in building materials, making the buildings dangerous to be in. 
Uranium Mining Legacy; Toxic Waste For 1,000,000 Years
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/03/uranium-mining-legacy-toxic-waste-for.html
Creating nuclear fuel from the ore also creates massive pollution and uses massive amounts of fossil fuel, while releasing massive quantities of global warming gases from the refrigerant used during this phase.

Nuclear Industry And CFC Global Warming Gases; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.de/2014/05/nuclear-industry-and-cfc-global-warming.html

Nuclear Energy As A Direct Cause Of Global Warming; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/12/nuclear-energy-as-direct-cause-of.html

Transporting the nuclear fuel is also creating pollution and costs even more in terms of fossil fuel use, because all of the ships, trains, trucks and more all need to be constructed using fossil fuels as well. 
The disposal of the waste creates more nuclear radiation pollution problems, and the nuclear garbage is going to be around for billions of years, while only generating electricity for a few years. This doesn’t make sense, does it?
93 Long life Radiation Contaminants 
Who is going to pay for guarding or clean up this nuclear garbage for billions of years? We already know that the nuclear industry is going to make taxpayers pay for all of their garbage. Do you feel like handing your kids and a million future generations of their kids the bill for radioactive garbage? 

2 – PRICE

Price is a second P factor that is not really calculated properly. The Ukraine spends 5-7 percent of their total budget on the messes created by Chernobyl and this is accident is now generations down the road. Neither the Ukrainians (they are broke) nor the nuclear industry paid for the new cover over the Chernobyl melted down reactor. Trying to pay for the cover would have bankrupt the country, again. The cover will only last 100 years, and then it will have to be built all over again. Who will pay for it every 100 years for tens of thousands of years into the future?

Nuclear Power; EXPENSIVE, Dirty, Dangerous And Toxic; via @AGreenRoad
The problems caused by the radiation pollution are getting WORSE, not better. The nuclear industry cannot even afford the sarcophogus on ONE melted down reactor, which has to be replaced every 100 or so years. The cost of 1.2 Billion for the present one was paid for by the entire EU collection of nations. What is going to happen with future melted down reactors, because they are sure to happen.

The nuclear industry certainly is NOT paying their fair share for any of the consequences of this accident, nor any other nuclear accident. They ARE being paid to FAIL. They are paid more to fail massively. The nuclear industry takes the profits, but ‘give’ the risks, the health consequences, the deaths, and the highly toxic heavy metal and radioactive garbage to the public, which means you and I. Then they also get paid to ‘clean’ the areas that they contaminated. No one goes to jail. No one is punished for causing all of this harm, and for killing 1 million people, just at Chernobyl. No matter what, the nuclear industry wins and citizen taxpayers lose, lose, lose.  
The Fukushima nuclear plant meltdowns should cause the bankruptcy of Japan. The only way they can avoid this consequence is to pretend the mega disaster never happened and sell the country to tourists, plus send people back into the contaminated zones, while covering up the harm caused in all directions The cost of cleanup, medical costs and loss of land, housing, manufacturing, infrastructure and more will all be a burden on the Japanese people, not the nuclear industry or the specific nuclear power utility company that is concerned only with short term profits, and selling more nuclear reactors. 

3 – PROLIFERATION

The third P is the problem with proliferation. Nuclear weapons come from nuclear power plants. The problems created include hydrogen bombs, depleted uranium weapons, shells and bombs, as well as potential dirty bombs that are very easy to make.
Depleted Uranium Effects In The Human Body, via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/03/depleted-uranium-effects-in-human-body.html
12 reasons why all nuclear power plants must be shut down; via @AGreenRoad
The lack of a focus on safety and community preparation for a nuclear accident or disaster only makes the proliferation problem much worse. The nuclear industry promotes inadequate evacuation plans (if there are any) that only go out a few miles, instead of the 50 to 100 miles that are needed. The nuclear industry keeps pushing for less and less planning, allowing more radiation in food and water, plus less and less transparency, emergency planning or reporting requirements, and they are getting them. 
Fukushima, TMI and Chernobyl are just a few of the covered up accidents that have happened. 
Total Fukushima Radiation Released Into Ocean, Air, Groundwater, Storage Tanks; via @AGreenRoad
Tokyo; is it safe to live in or visit? via @AGreenRoad
Aging Reactors, Lies, Deceptions, Profits And Earthquakes; via @AGreenRoad 
The Art of Deception: The Cult of Nuclearists, Uranium Weapons and Fraudulent Science, via @AGreenRoad

COVERED UP NUCLEAR ACCIDENTS

TMI Coverup; via @AGreenRoad
Los Angeles Nuclear Plant Meltdown; Completely Covered Up; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/03/los-angeles-nuclear-plant-meltdown.html
What really happened at Fukushima? via @AGreenRoad
Is Fukushima really in cold shutdown? via @AGreenRoad
On 3/11; 14 Nuclear Reactors In Japan Were Affected; Coverup? via @AGreenRoad
Windscale: Biggest Covered Up UK Nuclear Disaster? via A Green Road Blog
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/03/windscale-biggest-covered-up-uk-nuclear.html
Ozyorsk – Kyshtym – Mayak Nuclear Waste Reprocessing Center Disaster And Coverup; via A Green Road Blog 
La Hague; France’s Nuclear Waste Nightmare; via A Green Road Blog
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/03/la-hague-nuclear-waste-nightmare.html
Hanford; Lethal And Leaking; A Race To Armageddon?

DEMAND AN END TO NUCLEAR POWER

The general population needs to rise up and demand an end to nuclear power, nuclear weapons, and all of the associated industries, such as the making of DU weapons and munitions, from nuclear waste material. This can start on the local grass roots community level, with local communities banning nuclear anything inside their jurisdiction via an ordinance, and statements supporting the banning of nuclear energy, weapons and technology. As the bottoms up community movement grows, it will eventually affect the national politics.

The cesium radiation levels around Chernobyl are NOT going down as predicted. The unknowns are much greater than the knowns. This is a huge radiation experiment on rats, called humans, and they did not give their permission for this unauthorized experiment. 
Governments all around the world are arbitrarily raising radiation levels to amounts that are formerly only for nuclear workers exposed to high radiation levels. This is a cruel experiment that will affect many future generations.
Low dose radiation dangers, lessons from Chernobyl
Radiation dangers in food and water
Low dose radiation causing changes in children
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/03/radiation-causing-unusual-changes-whats.html

End

The Three Deadly P’s Of Nuclear Power; via @AGreenRoad

For more articles;

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Spiritual, Interfaith, Consciousness; How To Create Heaven On Earth
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/p/spiritualinterfaithconsciousness.html
Or http://tinyurl.com/agrspirit

Global Corporations And The 1%; Art And Science Of Deception
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Individual Radioactive Elements/Isotopes, USA Radiation Exposure Prevention and Reversal, Music
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/p/individual-radioactive-elementsisotopes.html

Uranium Mining and Enrichment – Nuclear Bomb -Nuclear Fuel Manufacturing
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/p/uranium-mining-and-enrichment.html

Low Level Nuclear Radiation In Food And Water, Geiger Counters
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/p/low-level-nuclear-radiation-in-food-and.html

Long Term Storage Of Nuclear Fuel, Nuclear Waste
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/p/recycling-or-long-term-storage-of.html
What is Needed? Top Down Champions Of Sustainability With $; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/06/what-is-needed-top-down-champions-of.html

“Do not go where the freeway may lead – Go instead where there is no path and leave A Green Road for others to follow.”

All Nuclear Reactors Release Massive Quantities Of Invisible And Undetectable Tritium Radiation

ALL REACTORS RELEASE MASSIVE QUANTITIES OF RADIATION 

According to Arjun Makhijani, all normally operating nuclear reactors release radioactive tritium and other invisible radioactive elements into the air. This radioactive tritium gas rises up into the air, and floats downwind. This tritium then comes back down with the rain, as do all of the other radioactive gases and particles released on a regular basis both from normally operating reactors and from each and every nuclear accident or nuclear bomb.. 
From Rense: “Dr. Helen Caldicott MD has said; “Contrary to the current propaganda line, nuclear power is not green and it is certainly not clean. Nuclear reactors consistently release millions of curies of radioactive isotopes into the air and water each year. These unregulated sanctioned releases occur because the industry considers certain radioactive elements to be biologically inconsequential. This is not so. 
These unregulated releases include the noble gases krypton, xenon and argon, which are fat-soluble and if inhaled by persons living near a nuclear reactor, are absorbed through the lungs, migrating to the fatty tissues of the body, including the abdominal fat pad and upper thighs, near the reproductive organs. These radioactive elements, which emit high-energy gamma radiation, can mutate the genes in the eggs and sperm inducing genetic disease. Tritium, a radioactive isotope of hydrogen, is another biologically significant gas, routinely emitted from nuclear reactors. Tritium combines with oxygen creating “tritiated” water.

RAIN AND SNOW CAN BE RADIOACTIVELY ‘HOT’

Bottom line, the rain downwind of any nuclear reactor, nuclear accident or nuclear bomb can be ‘hot’, so it is advisable to stay out of the rain, especially so in areas downwind of them, even as far as several thousand miles away. Even natural radon can make rain radioactively hot (and hazardous) for at least one day, and up to several days. 
The problem with tritium that makes it even worse, is that normal Geiger counters cannot detect ANY radioactive tritium in water, even if it is present at very high and lethal levels. This means that even if you do have a Geiger counter, and the rain registers normal background radiation, it might still be ‘hot’ with radioactive tritium, and you will never know it. For more details on this, click on this link;

Radioactive Tritium; Nuclear Power Industry Is Covering Up And Misleading Public About Dangers
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/06/radioactive-tritium-nuclear-power.html

The above map and overlaid rain/snow pattern shows how radiation levels spike with rain or snow, more than likely from radon washout, combined with tritium from nuclear plants of course. The RadCon map is done by the EPA and the radiation symbols are their radiation monitors. Bottom line, it pays to stay out of the rain. 
The worst times to be downwind of a nuclear reactor is when they change out the fuel and open up the reactor core, thereby releasing a massive amount of tritium and other radiation, all at once in one huge ‘burp’. But how does the public know when this is, because the operator of the nuclear plant does not inform anyone about anything. They release a massive amount of radiation when a reactor change out happens, but no one knows, because all of this radiation is invisible and in the case of tritium, it is also undetectable. 
Part I of 6
Arjun Makhijani, President of the Institute for Energy and Environmental Research, at the Community Symposium on Decommissioning San Onofre, Oct. 19, 2013 (26:45 into video): “You might also be interested to know that all nuclear power plants, that are of the variety of light water reactors, release tritium to the atmosphere, so you can expect radioactive rainfall around nuclear power plants. We have asked the NRC to require monitoring of rainfall….but they have refused to require it.”
At Three Mile Island, a massive amount of radioactive tritium was released and also stored in the water within the building as the fuel rods melted down. They ‘evaporated’ this radioactive tritium into the air after the 1979 accident. The ‘experts’ claimed that this is harmless because the tritium was ‘diluted’. This same thing is now being proposed for Fukushima, plus dumping it into the ocean. 
End
All Nuclear Reactors Release Massive Quantities Of Invisible And Undetectable Tritium Radiation
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/06/all-reactors-release-massive-quantities.html

More articles at;

2014 – Fukushima Rapidly Getting Worse And Worse; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/12/radioactive-rain-falling-downwind-of.html

75% US Nuclear Plants Leaking Toxic Tritium Radiation Into Drinking Water Supply; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/04/75-us-nuclear-plants-leaking-toxic.html

Tritium Levels Soaring At Fukushima – 2 to 3 Times More Lethal Than Cesium – Indicates Active Fission; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/09/tritium-levels-soaring-at-fukushima-2.html

Tritium Buildup Dangers Plus How To Stop The 3 Out Of Control Coriums Under Fukushima; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/07/how-to-stop-3-out-of-control-coriums.html

Every Nuclear Reactor And Recycling/Production Facility Emits Beta/Gamma Particles, Noble Gases, Iodine 131, And/Or Tritium; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/07/every-nuclear-reactor-and.html

Dr. John Gofman M.D, Ph.D -There Is No Safe Dose Of Radiation, Tritium Is Hazardous To Health; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/12/dr-john-gofman-md-phd-there-is-no-safe.html

Nuclear Plants, Tritium And Radioactive Water Contamination; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/04/nuclear-plants-and-radioactive-water.html

Radioactive Tritium; Nuclear Power Industry Is Covering Up And Misleading Public About Dangers
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/06/radioactive-tritium-nuclear-power.html

Website and email

A Green Road Project Magazine 
– Click in search box in upper right corner and type search term to find any article
– Click on pages in upper left corner to see index of all subjects

Spiritual, Interfaith, Consciousness; How To Create Heaven On Earth
Holistic Living And Green Energy 
Exploring the Inner and Outer Mysteries of Life
Peace, War, Human Rights, Justice, Prisons 
Drugs, Medicine and GMO’s 
Global Corporations And The 1%; Art And Science Of Deception
Nuclear Accidents, Recycling Nuclear Weapons/Fuel
Global Corporations And The 1%; Art And Science Of Deception
Individual Radioactive Elements/Isotopes, USA Radiation Exposure Prevention and Reversal, Music
Low Dose Radiation Dangers/Symptoms For Children And Adults
Uranium Mining and Enrichment – Nuclear Bomb -Nuclear Fuel Manufacturing
Low Level Nuclear Radiation In Food And Water
Effects Of Internal Low Level Nuclear Radiation
Animals and Low Level Radiation Effects
Nuclear Reactor Recertification
Long Term Storage Of Nuclear Fuel, Nuclear Waste 
“Do not go where the freeway may lead – Go instead where there is no path and leave A Green Road for others to follow.”
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A Gift Economy; What Is It? How Does It Work? What Is The Commons?

Currently, most of the civilized world relies on and encourages hoarding of many resources as well as monetary wealth, destroying the environment for short term profits, and not sharing that gain with anyone else. This system is known as ‘free market Capitalism’, and it is based on private ownership of everything, including commons resources such as air, water, land, homes, roads, bridges, and more. Commons are being transferred to private for profit entities more and more.  
In the current Capitalistic system, there is a reliance on left brain, logical, mathematics based constant never ending growth, maximizing profit, while fighting/dominating Nature and natural ecological cycles, rather than working in harmony with them. Capitalism also has a focus on completely extracting a resource, whether that is living or mineral to the point of extinction, without any care or focus on externalities, pollution, health effects, community effects, or effects on future generations. 

2014 – List of 45+ Negative Global Tipping Points; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/04/2014-list-of-45-global-tipping-points.html

Top 100 Global Warming Denialist Groups Are ALL Funded By HUGE Corporations; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/06/top-global-warming-denialists-funded-by.html

The proof of the failure of free market Capitalism with no constraints is one financial scandal after another, one huge financial failure after another, one bailout of the 1% after another, one Depression after another, one huge Ponzi scheme after another and the exporting of jobs to slave labor countries. 14 Trillion Dollars of public taxpayer money has been used to ‘bail out’ the wealthy 1% who caused the collapse. Huge man made disasters keep happening and growing in size as well as severity; such as oil spills, BP spraying millions of gallons of poison over the Gulf, radioactive accidents, spills, chemical releases, and much more. 

The foundation of civilization is being destroyed because this short term for profit system is a total and complete failure, while generating more and more inequality of income, plus the destruction of the ecological system called Earth as well as all life on it. See link above that leads to negative tipping points articles for more specific proof. 

What Is A Gift Economy?

According to Wikipedia; “A gift economy, gift culture or gift exchange is a mode of exchange where valuables are not sold, but rather given without an explicit agreement for immediate or future rewards.[1] In contrast to a barter economy or a market economy, social norms and custom govern gift exchange, rather than an explicit exchange of goods or services for money or some other commodity.[2]

AGRP would add that the historical gift economies also relied for the most part on working in harmony with Nature, while thinking about effects of actions on seven future generations, with a goal of not causing any harm.

American Indians Have Inhabited The US Continent For 40,000 Years In A Sustainable Fashion, Why Can’t Our Modern ‘Civilization’ Do That?; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/01/american-indians-have-inhabited-us.html

2014 – Positive Or Neutral Global Tipping Points; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.de/2014/05/2014-positive-or-neutral-global-tipping.html
The nature of gift economies forms the subject of a foundational debate in anthropology. Anthropological research into gift economies began with Bronislaw Malinowski‘s description of the Kula ring[3] in the Trobriand Islands during World War One.[4] The Kula trade appeared to be gift-like since Trobrianders would travel great distances over dangerous seas to give what were considered valuable objects without any guarantee of a return. 
Malinowski’s debate with the French anthropologist Marcel Mauss quickly established the complexity of “gift exchange” and introduced a series of technical terms such as reciprocityinalienable possessions, and prestation to distinguish between the different forms of exchange.[5][6]
According to anthropologists Maurice Bloch and Jonathan Parry, it is the unsettled relationship between market and non-market exchange that attracts the most attention. Gift economies are said, by some,[7] to build communities, and that the market serves as an acid on those relationships.[8]
Gift exchange is distinguished from other forms of exchange by a number of principles, such as the form of property rights governing the articles exchanged; whether gifting forms a distinct “sphere of exchange” that can be characterized as an “economic system”; and the character of the social relationship that the gift exchange establishes. Gift ideology in highly commercialized societies differs from the “prestations” typical of non-market societies. Gift economies must also be differentiated from several closely related phenomena, such as common property regimes and the exchange of non-commodified labour.
Principles of gift exchange
According to anthropologist Jonathan Parry, discussion on the nature of gifts, and of a separate sphere of gift exchange that would constitute an economic system, has been plagued by the ethnocentric use of modern, western, market society-based conception of the gift applied as if it is a cross-cultural, pan-historical universal. However, he claims that anthropologists, through analysis of a variety of cultural and historical forms of exchange, have established that no universal practice exists.[9] 
His classic summation of the gift exchange debate highlighted that ideologies of the “pure gift” “are most likely to arise in highly differentiated societies with an advanced division of labour and a significant commercial sector” and need to be distinguished from non-market “prestations.”[10] According to Weiner, to speak of a “gift economy” in a non-market society is to ignore the distinctive features of their exchange relationships, as the early classic debate between Bronislaw Malinowski and Marcel Mauss demonstrated.[5][6] 
Gift exchange is frequently “embedded” in political, kin, or religious institutions, and therefore does not constitute an “economic” system per se.[11]
Property and alienability
Gift-giving is a form of transfer of property rights over particular objects. The nature of those property rights varies from society to society, from culture to culture, and are not universal. The nature of gift-giving is thus altered by the type of property regime in place.[12]
Property is not a thing, but a relationship amongst people about things.[13] According to Hann, property is a social relationship that governs the conduct of people with respect to the use and disposition of things. Anthropologists analyze these relationships in terms of a variety of actors’ (individual or corporate) “bundle of rights” over objects.[12] An example is the current debates around intellectual property rights.[14][15][16][17][18] 
Hann and Strangelove both give the example of a purchased book (an object that he owns), over which the author retains a “copyright”. Although the book is a commodity, bought and sold, it has not been completely “alienated” from its creator who maintains a hold over it; the owner of the book is limited in what he can do with the book by the rights of the creator.[19][20] 
Weiner has argued that the ability to give while retaining a right to the gift/commodity is a critical feature of the gifting cultures described by Malinowski and Mauss, and explains, for example, why some gifts such as Kula valuables return to their original owners after an incredible journey around the Trobriand islands. The gifts given in Kula exchange still remain, in some respects, the property of the giver.[6]
In the example used above, “copyright” is one of those bundled rights that regulate the use and disposition of a book. Gift-giving in many societies is complicated because “private property” owned by an individual may be quite limited in scope (see ‘The Commons‘ below).[12] 
Productive resources, such as land, may be held by members of a corporate group (such as a lineage), but only some members of that group may have “use rights“. When many people hold rights over the same objects gifting has very different implications than the gifting of private property; only some of the rights in that object may be transferred, leaving that object still tied to its corporate owners. Anthropologist Annette Weiner refers to these types of objects as “inalienable possessions” and to the process as “keeping while giving.”[6]
Gift vs Prestation
A Kula bracelet from the Trobriand Islands.
Malinowski’s study of the Kula ring[21] became the subject of debate with the French anthropologist, Marcel Mauss, author of “The Gift” (“Essai sur le don,” 1925).[5]In Parry’s view, Malinowski placed the emphasis on the exchange of goods between individuals, and their non-altruistic motives for giving the gift: they expected a return of equal or greater value (colloquially referred to as “Indian giving”). Malinowski states that reciprocity is an implicit part of gifting; there is no such thing as the “free gift” given without expectation.[22]
Mauss, in contrast, emphasized that the gifts were not between individuals, but between representatives of larger collectivities. These gifts were, he argued, a “total prestation.” A prestation is a service provided out of a sense of obligation, like “community service”.[23] They were not simple, alienable commodities to be bought and sold, but, like the “Crown jewels“, embodied the reputation, history and sense of identity of a “corporate kin group,” such as a line of kings. Given the stakes, Mauss asked “why anyone would give them away?” His answer was an enigmatic concept, “the spirit of the gift.” 
Parry believes that a good part of the confusion (and resulting debate) was due to a bad translation. Mauss appeared to be arguing that a return gift is given to keep the very relationship between givers alive; a failure to return a gift ends the relationship and the promise of any future gifts.
Both Malinowski and Mauss agreed that in non-market societies, where there was no clear institutionalized economic exchange system, gift/prestation exchange served economic, kinship, religious and political functions that could not be clearly distinguished from each other, and which mutually influenced the nature of the practice.[22]
Inalienable possessions
Watercolor by James G. Swandepicting the Klallam people of chief Chetzemoka at Port Townsend, with one of Chetzemoka’s wives distributing potlatch.
Mauss’ concept of “total prestations” was further developed by Annette Weiner, who revisited Malinowski’s fieldsite in the Trobriand Islands. Her critique was twofold: first, Trobriand Island society is matrilineal, and women hold a great deal of economic and political power. Their exchanges were ignored by Malinowski. Secondly, she developed Mauss’ argument about reciprocity and the “spirit of the gift” in terms of “inalienable possessions: the paradox of keeping while giving.”[6] 
Weiner contrasts “moveable goods” which can be exchanged with “immoveable goods” that serve to draw the gifts back (in the Trobriand case, male Kula gifts with women’s landed property). She argues that the specific goods given, like Crown Jewels, are so identified with particular groups, that even when given, they are not truly alienated. 
Not all societies, however, have these kinds of goods, which depend upon the existence of particular kinds of kinship groups. French anthropologist Maurice Godelier[24] pushed the analysis further in “The Enigma of the Gift” (1999). Albert Schrauwers has argued that the kinds of societies used as examples by Weiner and Godelier (including the Kula ring in the Trobriands, the Potlatch of the Indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast, and the Toraja of South SulawesiIndonesia) are all characterized by ranked aristocratic kin groups that fit with Claude Lévi-Strauss‘ model of “House Societies” (where “House” refers to both noble lineage and their landed estate). Total prestations are given, he argues, to preserve landed estates identified with particular kin groups and maintain their place in a ranked society.[25]
Reciprocity and the “spirit of the gift”
According to Chris Gregory reciprocity is a dyadic exchange relationship that we characterize, imprecisely, as gift-giving. Gregory believes that one gives gifts to friends and potential enemies in order to establish a relationship, by placing them in debt. 
He also claimed that in order for such a relationship to persist, there must be a time lag between the gift and counter-gift; one or the other partner must always be in debt, or there is no relationship. Marshall Sahlins has stated that birthday gifts are an example of this.[26] Sahlins notes that birthday presents are separated in time so that one partner feels the obligation to make a return gift; and to forget the return gift may be enough to end the relationship. 
Gregory has stated that without a relationship of debt, there is no reciprocity, and that this is what distinguishes a gift economy from a “true gift” given with no expectation of return (something Sahlins calls ‘generalized reciprocity’, see below).[27]
Marshall Sahlins, an American cultural anthropologist, identified three main types of reciprocity in his book Stone Age Economics (1972). Gift or generalized reciprocity is the exchange of goods and services without keeping track of their exact value, but often with the expectation that their value will balance out over time. Balanced or Symmetrical reciprocity occurs when someone gives to someone else, expecting a fair and tangible return at a specified amount, time, and place. Market or Negative reciprocity is the exchange of goods and services where each party intends to profit from the exchange, often at the expense of the other. Gift economies, or generalized reciprocity, occurred within closely knit kin groups, and the more distant the exchange partner, the more balanced or negative the exchange became.[26]
Charity, debt, and the ‘poison of the gift’
Jonathan Parry has argued that ideologies of the “pure gift” “are most likely to arise only in highly differentiated societies with an advanced division of labour and a significant commercial sector” and need to be distinguished from the non-market “prestations” discussed above.[10] 
Parry also underscored, using the example of charitable giving of alms in India (Dāna), that the “pure gift” of alms given with no expectation of return could be “poisonous.” That is, the gift of alms embodying the sins of the giver, when given to ritually pure priests, saddled these priests with impurities that they could not cleanse themselves of. 
“Pure gifts” given without a return, can place recipients in debt, and hence in dependent status: the poison of the gift.[28] David Graeber points out that no reciprocity is expected between unequals: if you make a gift of a dollar to a beggar, he will not give it back the next time you meet. More than likely, he will ask for more, to the detriment of his status.[29] 
Many who are forced by circumstances to accept charity feel stigmatized. In the Moka exchange system of Papua New Guinea, where gift givers become political Big men, those who are in their debt and unable to repay with “interest” are referred to as “Rubbish men.”
In La part Maudite Georges Bataille, the French writer, uses Mauss’s argument in order to construct a theory of economy: the structure of gift is the presupposition for all possible economy. Bataille is particularly interested in the potlatch as described by Mauss, and claims that its agonistic character obliges the receiver of the gift to confirm their own subjection. Gift-giving thus embodies the Hegelian dipole of master and slave within the act.
Spheres of exchange and ‘economic systems’
The relationship of new market exchange systems to indigenous non-market exchange remained a perplexing question for anthropologists. Paul Bohannan argued that the Tiv of Nigeria had three spheres of exchange, and that only certain kinds of goods could be exchanged in each sphere; each sphere had its own different form of special purpose money. 
However, the market and universal money allowed goods to be traded between spheres and thus served as an acid on established social relationships.[30] Jonathan Parry and Maurice Bloch, argued in “Money and the Morality of Exchange” (1989), that the “transactional order” through which long-term social reproduction of the family takes place has to be preserved as separate from short-term market relations.[31] It is the long-term social reproduction of the family that is sacralized by religious rituals such baptisms, weddings and funerals, and characterized by gifting.
In such situations where gift-giving and market exchange were intersecting for the first time, some anthropologists contrasted them as polar opposites. This opposition was classically expressed by Chris Gregory in his book “Gifts and Commodities” (1982). Gregory argued that Commodity exchange is an exchange of alienable objects between people who are in a state of reciprocal independence that establishes a quantitative relationship between the objects exchanged… Gift exchange is an exchange of inalienableobjects between people who are in a state of reciprocal dependence that establishes a qualitative relationship between the transactors (emphasis added).[32]
Gregory opposes gift and commodity exchange according to five criteria:
Commodity exchange
Gift exchange
immediate exchange 
delayed exchange
alienable goods 
inalienable goods
actors independent 
actors dependent
quantitative relationship 
qualitative relationship
between objects between people
Other anthropologists, however, refused to see these different “exchange spheres” as such polar opposites. Marilyn Strathern, writing on a similar area in Papua New Guinea, dismissed the utility of the opposition in “The Gender of the Gift” (1988).[33]
Wedding rings: commodity or pure gift?
Rather than emphasize how particular kinds of objects are either gifts or commodities to be traded in restricted spheres of exchange, Arjun Appadurai and others began to look at how objects flowed between these spheres of exchange (i.e. how objects can be converted into gifts and then back into commodities). 
They refocussed attention away from the character of the human relationships formed through exchange, and placed it on “the social life of things” instead. They examined the strategies by which an object could be “singularized” (made unique, special, one-of-a-kind) and so withdrawn from the market. A marriage ceremony that transforms a purchased ring into an irreplaceable family heirloom is one example; the heirloom, in turn, makes a perfect gift. 
Singularization is the reverse of the seemingly irresistible process of commodification. They thus show how all economies are a constant flow of material objects that enter and leave specific exchange spheres. A similar approach is taken by Nicholas Thomas, who examines the same range of cultures and the anthropologists who write on them, and redirects attention to the “entangled objects” and their roles as both gifts and commodities.[34]
Case studies: Prestations
Marcel Mauss was careful to distinguish “gift economies” (reciprocity) in market-based societies from the “total prestations” given in non-market societies. A prestation is a service provided out of a sense of obligation, like “community service.”[23] These “prestations” bring together domains that we would differentiate as political, religious, legal, moral and economic, such that the exchange can be seen to be embedded in non-economic social institutions. These prestations are frequently competitive, as in the PotlatchKula exchange, and Moka exchange.[35]
Moka exchange in Papua New Guinea: competitive exchange
Mount Hagen, Papua New Guinea.
The Moka is a highly ritualized system of exchange in the Mount Hagen area, Papua New Guinea, that has become emblematic of the anthropological concepts of “gift economy” and of “Big man” political system. Moka are reciprocal gifts of pigs through which social status is achieved. Moka refers specifically to the increment in the size of the gift.[36] 
Social status in the ‘Big man’ political system is the result of giving larger gifts than one has received. These gifts are of a limited range of goods, primarily pigs and scarce pearl shells from the coast. To return the same amount as one has received in a moka is simply the repayment of a debt, strict reciprocity. Moka is the extra. To some, this represents interest on an investment. However, one is not bound to provide moka, only to repay the debt. 
One adds moka to the gift to increase one’s prestige, and to place the receiver in debt. It is this constant renewal of the debt relationship which keeps the relationship alive; a debt fully paid off ends further interaction. Giving more than one receives establishes a reputation as a Big man, whereas the simple repayment of debt, or failure to fully repay, pushes one’s reputation towards the other end of the scale, Rubbish man.[37] 
Gift exchange thus has a political effect; granting prestige or status to one, and a sense of debt in the other. A political system can be built out of these kinds of status relationships. Sahlins characterizes the difference between status and rank by highlighting that Big man is not a role; it is a status that is shared by many. The Big man is “not a prince OF men,” but a “prince among men.” The Big man system is based upon the ability to persuade, rather than command. It is laboriously built up, yet is highly unstable and will inevitably collapse.[38]
Toraja funerals: the politics of meat distribution
Three tongkonan noble houses in a Torajan village.
Ritual slaughter of gift cattle at a funeral.
The Toraja are an ethnic group indigenous to a mountainous region of South SulawesiIndonesia.[39]Torajans are renowned for their elaborate funeral rites, burial sites carved into rocky cliffs, and massive peaked-roof traditional houses known as tongkonan which are owned by noble families. Membership in a Tongkonan is inherited by all descendants of its founders. Any individual Toraja may thus be a member of numerous Tongkonan, as long as they contribute to its ritual events. Membership in a Tongkonan carries benefits, such as the right to rent some of its rice fields.[40]
Toraja funeral rites are important social events, usually attended by hundreds of people and lasting for several days. The funerals are like Big men competitions where all the descendants of a Tongkonan will compete through gifts of sacrificial cattle. Participants will have invested cattle with others over the years, and will now draw on those extended networks to make the largest gift. The winner of the competition becomes the new owner of the Tongkonan and its rice lands. They display all the cattle horns from their winning sacrifice on a pole in front of the Tongkonan.[40]
The Toraja funeral differs from the Big Man system in that the winner of the “gift” exchange gains control of the Tongkonan’s property. It creates a clear social hierarchy between the noble owners of the Tongkonan and its land, and the commoners who are forced to rent their fields from him. Since the owners of the Tongkonan gain rent, they are better able to compete in the funeral gift exchanges, and their social rank is more stable than the Big man system.[40]
Case studies: Charity and alms giving
Anthropologist David Graeber has argued that the great world religious traditions on charity and gift giving emerged almost simultaneously during the “Axial age” (the period between 800 BC to 600 AD), which was the same period in which coinage was invented and market economies established on a continental basis. 
These religious traditions on charity emerge, he argues, as a reaction against the nexus formed by coinage, slavery, military violence and the market (a “military-coinage” complex). The new world religions, including HinduismJudaismBuddhism,ConfucianismChristianity, and Islam all sought to preserve “human economies” where money served to cement social relationships rather than purchase things (including people).[41]
Charity and alms-giving are religiously sanctioned voluntary gifts given without expectation of return. Case studies demonstrate, however, that such gift-giving is not necessarily altruistic.[42]
Merit making in Buddhist Thailand[edit]
Young Burmese monk
Theravada Buddhism in Thailand emphasizes the importance of giving alms (merit making) without any intention of return (a pure gift), which is best accomplished according to doctrine, through gifts to monks and temples. The emphasis is on the selfless gifting which “earns merit” (and a future better life) for the giver rather than on the relief of the poor or the recipient on whom the gift is bestowed. Bowie’s research among poorer Thai farmers shows, however, that this ideal form of gifting is limited to the rich who have the resources to endow temples, or sponsor the ordination of a monk.[43] Monks come from these same families, hence the doctrine of pure gifting to monks has a class element to it. Poorer farmers place much less emphasis on merit making through gifts to monks and temples. They equally validate gifting to beggars. Poverty and famine is widespread amongst these poorer groups, and by validating gift-giving to beggars, they are in fact demanding that the rich see to their needs in hard times. Bowie sees this as an example of a moral economy (see below) in which the poor use gossip and reputation as a means of resisting elite exploitation and pressuring them to ease their “this world” suffering.[44]
Charity: Dana in India[edit]
Dāna is a form of religious charity given in Hindu India. The gift is said to embody the sins of the giver (the ‘poison of the gift’), who it frees of evil by transmitting it to the recipient. The merit of the gift is dependent on finding a worthy recipient such as a Brahman priest. Priests are supposed to be able to digest the sin through ritual action and transmit the gift with increment to someone of greater worth. It is imperative that this be a true gift, with no reciprocity, or the evil will return. The gift is not intended to create any relationship between donor and recipient, and there should never be a return gift. Dana thus transgresses the so-called universal ‘norm of reciprocity’.[10]
The Children of Peace in Canada[edit]
Sharon Temple.
The Children of Peace (1812–1889) were a utopian Quaker sect. Today, they are primarily remembered for the Sharon Temple, a national historic site and an architectural symbol of their vision of a society based on the values of peace, equality and social justice. They built this ornate temple to raise money for the poor, and built the province of Ontario’s first shelter for the homeless. They took a lead role in the organization of the province’s first co-operative, the Farmers’ Storehouse, and opened the province’s first credit union. The group soon found that the charity they tried to distribute from their Temple fund endangered the poor. Accepting charity was a sign of indebtedness, and thedebtor could be jailed without trial at the time; this was the ‘poison of the gift.’ They thus transformed their charity fund into a credit union that loaned small sums like today’s micro-credit institutions. This is an example of singularization, as money was transformed into charity in the Temple ceremony, then shifted to an alternate exchange sphere as a loan. Interest on the loan was then singularized, and transformed back into charity.[45]
Case studies: Gifting as a non-commodified sphere of exchange in market societies[edit]
Non-commodified spheres of exchange exist in relation to the market economy. They are created through the processes of singularization as specific objects are de-commodified for a variety of reasons and enter an alternate exchange sphere. As in the case of organ donation, this may be the result of an ideological opposition to the “traffic in humans.” In other cases, it is in opposition to the market and to its perceived greed. It may, however, be used by corporations as a means of creating a sense of endebtedness and loyalty in customers. It is very interesting that modern marketing techniques often aim at infusing commodity exchange with features of gift exchange, thus blurring the presumably sharp distinction between gifts and commodities.[46]
Organ transplant networks, sperm and blood banks[edit]
Blood donation poster, WW II.
Main article: Organ gifting
Market economies tend to reduce everything – “including human beings, their labor, and their reproductive capacity” to the status of commodities. The rapid transfer of organ transplant technology to the third world has created a trade in organs, with sick bodies travelling to the global south for transplants, and healthy organs from the global south being transported to the richer global north, “creating a kind of ‘Kula ring’ of bodies and body parts.”[47] However, all commodities can also be singularized, or de-commodified, and transformed into gifts. In North America, it is illegal to sell organs, and citizens are enjoined to give the “gift of life” and donate their organs in an organ gift economy.[48] However, this gift economy is a “medical realm rife with potent forms of mystified commodification.”[49] This multi-million dollar medical industry requires clients to pay steep fees for the gifted organ, which creates clear class divisions between those who donate (frequently in the global south) and will never benefit from gifted organs, and those who can pay the fees and thereby receive the gifted organ.[48]
Unlike body organs, blood and semen have been successfully and legally commodified in the United States. Blood and semen can thus be commodified, but once consumed are “the gift of life.” Although both can be either donated or sold; are perceived as the ‘gift of life’; yet are stored in ‘banks’; and can be collected only under strict government regulated procedures, recipients very clearly prefer altruistically donated semen and blood. Ironically, the blood and semen samples with the highest market value are those that have been altruistically donated. The recipients view semen as storing the potential characteristics of their unborn child in its DNA, and value altruism over greed.[50] Similarly, gifted blood is the archetype of a pure gift relationship because the donor is only motivated by a desire to help others.[51]
Copyleft vs copyright: the gift of ‘free’ speech[edit]
Main article: Copyleft
Engineers, scientists and software developers have created open-source software projects such as the Linux kernel and the GNU operating system. They are prototypical examples for the gift economy’s prominence in the technology sector and its active role in instating the use ofpermissive free software and copyleft licenses, which allow free reuse of software and knowledge. Other examples include: file-sharingthe commonsopen access.
Points: Loyalty programs[edit]
Main article: Loyalty program
Many retail organizations have “gift” programs meant to encourage customer loyalty to their establishments. Bird-David and Darr refer to these as hybrid “mass-gifts” which are neither gift nor commodity. They are called mass-gifts because they are given away in large numbers “free with purchase” in a mass-consumption environment. They give as an example two bars of soap in which one is given free with purchase: which is the commodity and which the gift? The mass-gift both affirms the distinct difference between gift and commodity while confusing it at the same time. As with gifting, mass-gifts are used to create a social relationship. Some customers embrace the relationship and gift whereas others reject the gift relationship and interpret the “gift” as a 50% off sale.[52]
Free shops
Inside Utrecht Giveaway shop. 
The banner reads “The earth has enough for everyone’s need, but not for everyone’s greed.”
Give-away shops“, “freeshops” or “free stores” are stores where all goods are free. They are similar to charity shops, with mostly second-hand items—only everything is available at no cost. Whether it is a book, a piece of furniture, a garment or a household item, it is all freely given away, although some operate a one-in, one-out–type policy (swap shops). 
The free store is a form of constructive direct action that provides a shopping alternative to a monetary framework, allowing people to exchange goods and services outside of a money-based economy. The anarchist 1960s countercultural groupThe Diggers[53] opened free stores which simply gave away their stock, provided free food, distributed free drugs, gave away money, organized free music concerts, and performed works of political art.[54]
The Diggers took their name from the original English Diggers led by Gerrard Winstanley[55] and sought to create a mini-society free of money and capitalism.[56] Although free stores have not been uncommon in the United States since the 1960s, the freegan movement has inspired the establishment of more free stores. 
Today the idea is kept alive by the new generations of social centres, anarchists and environmentalists who view the idea as an intriguing way to raise awareness about consumer culture and to promote the reuse of commodities.
Burning Man
Black Rock City, the temporary settlement created in the Nevada Desert for Burning Man, 2010.
Burning Man is a week-long annual art and community event held in the Black Rock Desert in northern Nevada, in the United States. The event is described as an experiment in community, radical self-expression, and radical self-reliance. 
The event outlaws commerce (except for ice, coffee, and tickets to the event itself)[57]and encourages gifting.[58] Gifting is one of the 10 guiding principles,[59] as participants to Burning Man (both the desert festival and the year-round global community) are encouraged to rely on a gift economy. 
The practice of gifting at Burning Man is also documented by the 2002 documentary film “Gifting It: A Burning Embrace of Gift Economy”,[60] as well as by Making Contact’s radio show “How We Survive: The Currency of Giving [encore]”.[58]
The Conquest of Bread by Peter Kropotkin, influential work which presents the economic vision of anarcho-communism.
Many anarchists, particularly anarcho-primitivists and anarcho-communists, believe that variations on a gift economy may be the key to breaking the cycle of poverty. Therefore they often desire to refashion all of society into a gift economy. 
Anarcho-communists advocate a gift economy as an ideal, with neither money, nor markets, nor central planning. This view traces back at least to Peter Kropotkin, who saw in the hunter-gatherer tribes he had visited the paradigm of “mutual aid“.[61] 
In place of a market, anarcho-communists, such as those who inhabited some Spanish villages in the 1930s, support a currency-less gift economy where goods and services are produced by workers and distributed in community stores where everyone (including the workers who produced them) is essentially entitled to consume whatever they want or need as payment for their production of goods and services.[62]
As an intellectual abstraction, mutual aid was developed and advanced by mutualism or labor insurance systems and thus trade unions, and has been also used in cooperatives and other civil society movements. Typically, mutual-aid groups will be free to join and participate in, and all activities will be voluntary
They are often structured as non-hierarchicalnon-bureaucratic non-profit organizations, with members controlling all resources and no external financial or professional support. They are member-led and member-organized. They are egalitarian in nature, and designed to support participatory democracyequality of member status and power, and shared leadership and cooperative decision-making. Members’ external societal status is considered irrelevant inside the group: status in the group is conferred by participation.[63]
Moral economy
English historian E.P. Thompson wrote of the moral economy of the poor in the context of widespread English food riots in the English countryside in the late eighteenth century. According to Thompson these riots were generally peaceable acts that demonstrated a common political culture rooted in feudal rights to “set the price” of essential goods in the market. 
These peasants held that a traditional “fair price” was more important to the community than a “free” market price and they punished large farmers who sold their surpluses at higher prices outside the village while there were still those in need within the village. 
A moral economy is thus an attempt to preserve an alternate exchange sphere from market penetration.[64][65] The notion of a peasants with a non-capitalist cultural mentalité using the market for their own ends has been linked to subsistence agriculture and the need for subsistence insurance in hard times. James C. Scott points out, however, that those who provide this subsistence insurance to the poor in bad years are wealthy patrons who exact a political cost for their aid; this aid is given to recruit followers. The concept of moral economy has been used to explain why peasants in a number of colonial contexts, such as the Vietnam War, have rebelled.[66]
The commons
Main articles: Commons 
Some may confuse common property regimes with gift exchange systems. “Commons” refers to the cultural and natural resources accessible to all members of a society, including natural materials such as air, water, and a habitable earth. 
These resources are held in common, not owned privately.[67] The resources held in common can include everything from natural resourcesand common land to software.[68] The commons contains public property and private property, over which people have certain traditional rights. When commonly held property is transformed into private property this process alternatively is termed “enclosure” or more commonly, “privatization.” A person who has a right in, or over, common land jointly with another or others is called a commoner.[69]
There are a number of important aspects that can be used to describe true commons. The first is that the commons cannot be commodified – if they are, they cease to be commons. The second aspect is that unlike private property, the commons are inclusive rather than exclusive — their nature is to share ownership as widely, rather than as narrowly, as possible. The third aspect is that the assets in commons are meant to be preserved regardless of their return of capital
Just as we receive them as a shared right, so we have a duty to pass them on to future generations in at least the same condition as we received them. If we can add to their value, so much the better, but at a minimum we must not degrade them, and we certainly have no right to destroy them.[70]
The new intellectual commons: Free content
Main article: Free content
Free content, or free information, is any kind of functional work, artwork, or other creative content that meets the definition of a free cultural work.[71] A free cultural work is one which has no significant legal restriction on people’s freedom:
to use the content and benefit from using it,
to study the content and apply what is learned,
to make and distribute copies of the content,
to change and improve the content and distribute these derivative works.[72][73]
Although different definitions are used, free content is legally similar if not identical to open content. An analogy is the use of the rival terms free software and open source which describe ideological differences rather than legal ones.[74]
Free content encompasses all works in the public domain and also those copyrighted works whose licenses honor and uphold the freedoms mentioned above. Because copyright law in most countries by default grants copyright holders monopolistic control over their creations, copyright content must be explicitly declared free, usually by the referencing or inclusion of licensing statements from within the work.
Though a work which is in the public domain because its copyright has expired is considered free, it can become non-free again if the copyright law changes.[75]
Information is particularly suited to gift economies, as information is a nonrival good and can be gifted at practically no cost (zero marginal cost).[76][77] In fact, there is often an advantage to using the same software or data formats as others, so even from a selfish perspective, it can be advantageous to give away one’s information.
Filesharing
Markus Giesler in his ethnography Consumer Gift System, described music downloading as a system of social solidarity based on gift transactions.[78] As Internet access spread, file sharing became extremely popular among users who could contribute and receive files on line. This form of gift economy was a model for online services such as Napster, which focused on music sharing and was later sued for copyright infringement. Nonetheless, online file sharing persists in various forms such as Bit Torrent and Direct download link
A number of communications and intellectual property experts such as Henry Jenkins and Lawrence Lessig have described file-sharing as a form of gift exchange which provides numerous benefits to artists and consumers alike. They have argued that file sharing fosters community among distributors and allows for a more equitable distribution of media.
Free and open-source software
In his essay “Homesteading the Noosphere“, noted computer programmer Eric S. Raymond said that free and open-source software developers have created “a ‘gift culture’ in which participants compete for prestige by giving time, energy, and creativity away”.[79] 
Prestige gained as a result of contributions to source code fosters a social network for the developer; the open-source community will recognize the developer’s accomplishments and intelligence. Consequently, the developer may find more opportunities to work with other developers. However, prestige is not the only motivator for the giving of lines of code. 
An anthropological study of the Fedora community, as part of a master’s study at the University of North Texas in 2010-11, found that common reasons given by contributors were “learning for the joy of learning and collaborating with interesting and smart people”. Motivation for personal gain, such as career benefits, was more rarely reported. 
Many of those surveyed said things like, “Mainly I contribute just to make it work for me”, and “programmers develop software to ‘scratch an itch'”.[80] The International Institute of Infonomics at the University of Maastricht, in the Netherlands, reported in 2002 that in addition to the above, large corporations, and they specifically mentioned IBM, also spend large annual sums employing developers specifically for them to contribute to open source projects. The firms’ and the employees’ motivations in such cases are less clear.[81]
Members of the Linux community often speak of their community as a gift economy.[82] The IT research firm IDC valued the Linux kernel at $18 billion USD in 2007 and projected its value at $40 billion USD in 2010.[83] The Debian distribution of the GNU/Linux operating system offers over 37,000 free open-source software packages via their AMD64 repositories alone.[84]

Collaborative works
Collaborative works are works created by an open community. For example, Wikipedia – a free online encyclopedia – features millions of articles developed collaboratively, and almost none of its many authors and editors receive any direct material reward.[85][86]
Characteristics
Many societies have strong prohibitions against turning gifts into trade or capital goods. Anthropologist Wendy James writes that among the Uduk people of northeast Africa there is a strong custom that any gift that crosses subclan boundaries must be consumed rather than invested.[87]:4 
For example, an animal given as a gift must be eaten, not bred. However, as in the example of the Trobriand armbands and necklaces, this “perishing” may not consist of consumption as such, but of the gift moving on. In other societies, it is a matter of giving some other gift, either directly in return or to another party. To keep the gift and not give another in exchange is reprehensible. “In folk tales,” Hyde remarks, “the person who tries to hold onto a gift usually dies.[87]:5
Daniel Everett, a linguist who studied a small tribe of hunter-gatherers in Brazil,[88] reported that, while they are aware of food preservation using drying, salting, and so forth, they reserve the use of these techniques for items for barter outside of the tribe. Within the group, when someone has a successful hunt they immediately share the abundance by inviting others to enjoy a feast. Asked about this practice, one hunter laughed and replied, “I store meat in the belly of my brother.[89][90]
Carol Stack’s All Our Kin describes both the positive and negative sides of a network of obligation and gratitude effectively constituting a gift economy. Her narrative of The Flats, a poor Chicago neighborhood, tells in passing the story of two sisters who each came into a small inheritance. 
One sister hoarded the inheritance and prospered materially for some time, but was alienated from the community. Her marriage ultimately broke up, and she integrated herself back into the community largely by giving gifts. The other sister fulfilled the community’s expectations, but within six weeks had nothing material to show for the inheritance but a coat and a pair of shoes.[87]:75–76
See also
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gift_economy

Some people are recognizing the problem with the free market system and making changes, such as the following example by Jon Bon Jovi.

Who loves Bon Jovi?

Nicolas Tesla is another person who deserves mention in the gift economy, because he cared nothing about profits. He was only focused on helping people around the world. We would have free energy today, except for the greed based system that keeps people paying through the nose for everything, including energy, while just a few people at the top benefit from this. 

In honor of Nikola Tesla's birthday today, I figured I'd share one of my favorite websites dedicated to him. Make sure you have a read through this if you haven't already. The world would be VASTLY different than it is today if his work hadn't been stonewalled, buried or stolen by greedy bankers and corporate leeches. If they hadn't destroyed the Free Energy tower he built in 1917 citing 'national security concerns', our GRANDPARENTS would have been the last people in existence that paid an energy bill or for things like gasoline. Can you imagine that? Not only would he have ended our dependence on fossil fuels, but he would have given us technology like wireless electricity, worldwide wifi, anti-gravity and even teleportation. (If you think I'm just kidding or exaggerating, then RESEARCH because I'm not)  As JP Morgan once said ''If everyone can draw on the power, then where do we put the meter?'' All they cared about was corporate profits back then, just like they still do today.   Nikola Tesla- Why he was the greatest geek that ever lived: http://theoatmeal.com/comics/tesla  The Mind Unleashed www.TheMindUnleashed.org

via The Mind Unleashed
The song Imagine is another example of how a historic reliance on a cashless village structure where everyone contributed what they had to give in return for having their needs met in a sustainable fashion that did not destroy the environment and all life on the planet.

What are some examples of a gifting economy around you? Where is the gifting economy in your life? Are you giving to seven future generations, or taking something away from them? Isn’t the Earth and all life on it worth saving?
http://www.iflscience.com/space/eyes-earth-iss-hd-earth-viewing-experiment

End

A Gift Economy; What Is It? How Does It Work? What Is The Commons? via @AGreen Road Project
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/06/a-gift-economy-what-is-it-how-does-it.html

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