Nuclear Power Plants, Nuclear Waste Storage Facilities, Uranium Mines Vulnerable To Flooding And Tsunamis

By building HUGE dams that block floods and then building large cities and multiple nuclear power plants, uranium mines, reprocessing facilities, and/or nuclear storage facilities on the banks of ‘controlled’ rivers as well as on the extensive and broad floodplains below a dam, an unsustainable and potentially disastrous situation is created, with very real and disastrous consequences for future generations, as well as being an immediate threat to all cities downstream. 
Hanford Nuclear Waste Site And ALL Cities Downstream Threatened By Wanapum Dam Failure

In the picture above it is easy to see how Hanford is built in a flood plain. Normally a river covers it’s flood plain every year with a certain amount of water. The dams above it are protecting this floodplain from regular flooding. Hanford and all other nuclear plants or radiation filled facilities are also in the worst possible place when and if a dam breaks or overtops upstream. Some people would say that cannot happen. 
As dams age, the risks of a catastrophic failure go up each year. As nuclear plants age, the risk of catastrophic failure goes up each year. 

What Is The Statistical Probability Of A Major Nuclear Accident Like Fukushima In The USA, Or In Your Country? via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/09/what-is-statistical-probability-of.html

In Washington, in 2014, the largest dam in the state developed a crack that according to residents was created by the military doing huge bombing runs nearby, which shook the bedrock so much that the dam developed this crack. The crack threatens to bring down the entire dam. Whatever is downstream will be threatened, such as the Hanford toxic radioactive waste site…

NPR: Operators struggle with major crack in dam; Spillway could topple — AP: “Extends all 65 ft across monolith”; About 20 miles from Hanford nuclear site — TV: “Pretty crazy… one of biggest dams in state, going to be a catastrophe if something happens” (VIDEO)March 4, 2014

Certainly the nuclear industry made lots of promises and guarantees about the safety of nuclear power plants, but all of those promises and assurances were nothing but hot air. Fukushima proved that despite all of the ‘experts’ saying it would never happen, it did happen. Multiple nuclear reactors melted down and through. Multiple spent fuel pools melted down and through, with nothing more than a natural, periodic event that Nature dishes out in a cycle that comes along every few hundred years. 
Fukushima Daichi Is An Example Of Flooding Causing Multiple Nuclear Reactor Meltdowns
In the video below, Arnie Gunderson talks about how the lessons of Fukushima disaster have not been learned by the global nuclear industry. 
The Union Of Concerned Scientists reports; “Nuclear power plants are always situated near a body of water—a river, lake, estuary or ocean—because they require a plentiful, reliable source of water for cooling purposes. In the absence of cooling water, a nuclear reactor will overheat, leading to core damage, containment failure, and release of harmful radiation into the environment.
However, water can quickly turn from friend to foe when a flood occurs. Flooding can damage equipment or knock out the plant’s electrical systems, disabling its cooling mechanisms. This is what happened at the Fukushima Dai-ichi plant in Japan as a result of the March, 2011 tsunami, causing severe damage to several of the plant’s reactors.” (Multiple reactors melted down and through, along with several spent fuel pools melting out and catching on fire.)

How Dangerous Is 400-6000 Pounds Of Plutonium Nano Particle Dust Liberated By Fukushima? Via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/08/how-dangerous-is-400-6000-pounds-of.html

Fukushima Released Massive Amounts of Plutonium; Being Found In Japan, The Pacific Ocean And Inside Many US Cities; via @AGreenRoad 

http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/01/fukushima-released-massive-amounts-of.html

Blayais Nuclear Power Plant Close Call, Almost Melted Down
Wikipedia; “The 1999, Blayais Nuclear Power Plant flood was a flood that took place on the evening of December 27, 1999. It was caused when a combination of the tide and high winds from the extratropical storm Martin led to the sea walls of the Blayais Nuclear Power Plant in Francebeing overwhelmed.[1] The event resulted in the loss of the plant’s off-site power supply and knocked out several safety-related systems, resulting in aLevel 2 event on the International Nuclear Event Scale.[2] The incident illustrated the potential for flooding to damage multiple items of equipment throughout a plant, weaknesses in safety measures, systems and procedures, and resulted in fundamental changes to the evaluation of flood risk at nuclear power plants and in the precautions taken.[1][3]
Hurricane Causes Close Call, Multiple Nuclear Plant Meltdowns Possible
Wikipedia; “Dec. 19, 2012 — As Hurricane Sandy approached the East Coast late last October, more than a dozen nuclear power plants from North Carolina stretching up to New England were in its wide-ranging path. On Oct. 29, the night that the eye of the storm made landfall near Atlantic City, New Jersey, five nuclear plants were forced to either reduce power or make emergency shutdowns.”
Fort Calhoun Nuclear Power Plant Came Close To Melting Down
Wikipedia; “The 2011 Missouri River floods surrounded the plant with flood water. The nuclear reactor had been shut down and defueled in April 2011 for scheduled refueling. A fire caused electricity to shut off in the spent fuel pools resulting in 90 minutes without cooling[9] qualifying as a “red event”, signifying a high-level threat to Fort Calhoun operations.[10] As of May 2012, the plant remains closed due to “extensive inspections and repairs needed” and is not expected to reopen until Fall 2012.[2] The flood and resulting fire was called “one of the most serious safety incidents in recent years”.[11]
A flood assessment performed by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission in 2010 indicated that the Fort Calhoun Nuclear Generating Station, “did not have adequate procedures to protect the intake structure and auxiliary building against external flooding events.”[18]The assessment also indicated that the facility was not adequately prepared for a “worst-case” flooding scenario. A number of potential flood water penetration points were discovered that could have impacted the raw feed water supply to the cooling system, the auxiliary water supply and main switchgear (electrical) room. By early 2011, corrective measures had been implemented.[18] In 2009 the NRC did a flood risk assessment which found that the protection measures were only designed to handle floods to 1,009 feet (308 m) above sea level which was below the NRC mandated elevation of 1,014 feet (309 m) for the plant. The risk assessment stated that at 1,010 feet (310 m), flooding would have “led to a 100 percent chance of a fuel damage if the emergency gasoline pumps didn’t work.”[19]
On June 6, 2011 the Omaha Public Power District, as required by Nuclear Regulatory Commission guidelines, declared a Notification of Unusual Event[20][21] (minimal level on a 4 level taxonomy) due to flooding of the Missouri River.[22] The Missouri River is above flood stage and is expected to rise further and remain above flood stage for several weeks to a month. Contractors have been busy installing sandbags and earthen berms to protect the facility from flooding.[22] According to officials, the plant was built to withstand a 500 year flooding event and though by June 14, 2011, much of the facility was surrounded by the swollen Missouri River, Omaha Public Power District officials were confident that enough redundancies were in place to ensure adequate safety.[23]
It was reported on June 17, 2011 that the plant was in “safe cold shutdown” mode for refueling and the anticipation of flooding,[24] and that four weeks worth of additional fuel had been brought in to power backup generators, should they be needed. The Army Corps of Engineers indicated that with average precipitation, the Missouri River would not go above 1,008 feet (307 m) above sea level and OPPD officials stated that the current flood protection efforts would protect the plant to 1,010–1,012 feet (308–308 m) feet above sea level. Officials indicated the spent fuel pool is at 1,038.5 feet (316.5 m) above sea level.[25]
On June 7, 2011, an electrical component in a switch gear room caused a small fire with Halon extinguisher activation which forced a partial evacuation.[26] The fire was no longer burning when the on site fire brigade arrived and according to officials, the public was never in any danger. The fire impacted pumping of coolant water through the spent fuel pool. Cooling was interrupted for 90 minutes while the estimated time for the pool to reach boiling temperature was over 88 hours.[27] In response, the Omaha Public Power District declared an alert[21][28](second level on a 4 level taxonomy). The evacuation was the first at the facility since 1992, when 20,000 US gallons (76,000 l; 17,000 imp gal) (ca. 76 t) of coolant leaked into a containment building from the reactor.[29][30]
On June 23 a helicopter contracted by OPPD to survey transmission lines made an unplanned landing 1.5 miles south of the plant. Reports described it as an unplanned landing although photographs showed it on its side in a field. Nobody was injured.[31]The Federal Aviation Administration had declared a “temporary flight restriction,” in a two nautical mile radius, centered on the Fort Calhoun nuclear facility. This restriction went into effect on June 6, 2011, at 4:31 PM, and remains in effect “until further notice.”[32]Officials noted that the June 6 FAA directive was actually a reminder to a standing order creating no flight zones over all U.S. nuclear power plants which had been in effect after the 2001 9/11 attacks.[33]
On June 26, at 1:30 a.m., a 8 feet (2.4 m) high, 2,000 feet (610 m) long water filled rubber flood berm surrounding portions of the plant, was punctured by a small earth mover (“Bobcat”) and collapsed.[34] The collapse of the flood berm allowed flood waters to surround the auxiliary and containment buildings at the plant, and also forced the temporary transfer of power from the external electricity grid to backup electrical generators.[19][35] It was reported more than 2 feet (0.61 m) of water rushed in around buildings and electrical transformers.[36] Backup generators were then used to ensure the facility maintained electrical power for cooling.[37]
The rupturing of the flood berm also resulted in approximately 100 US gallons (380 l; 83 imp gal) of petroleum being released into the river as many fuel containers were washed out. The fuel/oil containers were staged around the facility to supply fuel for pumps which remove water within the flood containment barriers.[38] The rubber berm was a secondary measure not mandated by the NRC and was put in place by OPPD to provide additional room for work immediately outside the reactor buildings.[19] According the NRC, the water-filled berm “protects several pieces of equipment that have been brought onsite, including an additional emergency diesel generator for supplying AC electrical power, water pumps, firefighting equipment and sandbagging supplies”.[39]
According to OPPD, the plant is designed to withstand waters up to 1,014 feet above mean sea level. The river is not expected to exceed 1,008 feet. NRC officials were at the plant at the time and NRC statements said the plant remains safe. NRC ChairmanGregory Jaczko confirmed the plant’s safety when he visited the plant on June 27.[40][41]
On June 30 one of the pumps used to remove seepage caught fire when a worker was refilling it with gasoline. The worker put the fire out with a fire extinguisher but was burned on his arms and face and he was airlifted via helicopter to Lincoln, Nebraska. OPPD said the fire was in an auxiliary security building area and not in the reactor area and that the plant was never in danger.[42][43]
On July 11 OPPD installed a new 8 foot inflatable berm to replace the one that was punctured and failed on June 26.[44]
Reopening the plant was delayed until December 26, 2013 when it resumed full power.[45][46]
Dams And Nuclear Power Plants Are A Weakness In National Defense
Any nuclear power plant below a dam poses a threat to national security. All that another nation or a terror organization has to do is cause a dam to collapse upstream of a nuclear power plant, and the rest will be guaranteed. An area that may be as large as 25,000 square miles will be made permanently into an exclusion zone due to radiation contamination, much like the Chernobyl disaster caused a vast plume of radiation which then created large exclusion zones and thousands of square miles of radiation contaminated land. Over 1 million people died due to Chernobyl and there have been 65 million health casualties so far, but the total will keep growing practically forever. 
Chernobyl Coverup And Denial Of 1 Million + Casualties; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/03/chernobyl-coverup-and-denial-of-1.html

The Chernobyl Sacrifice; 1 MILLION Liquidators; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/03/chernobyl-sacrifice-1-million.html

The Battle Of Chernobyl Movie; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/03/battle-of-chernobyl-movie.html

Chernobyl Heart Movie; How Children Are Affected; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/04/chernobyl-heart-movie-how-children-are.html

The Chernobyl nuclear disaster caused the financial collapse of the Soviet Union, according to Gorbachev. Any nuclear disaster/meltdown of a reactor and release of massive amounts of radiation will end up costing that nation 1 to 10 TRILLION dollars. 

Gorbachev; Chernobyl Nuclear Accident Was Real Cause Of The Collapse of Soviet Union; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/12/gorbachev-chernobyl-nuclear-accident.html

Fukushima Mega Nuclear Disaster Total Cost 1 – 10 TRILLION Dollars – Will Bankrupt Japan; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/06/fukushima-crisis-total-cost-up-to-10.html

Dr. Paolo Scampa Report; 429 Lethal Fukushima Radiation Doses Chasing Each Person on the Planet; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/10/dr-paolo-scampa-reports-429-lethal.html

The above nuclear disasters, close calls and loss of multiple nuclear power plants and spent fuel pools due to flooding at Fukushima illustrates the extreme danger of combining nuclear power plants in areas where earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, tornadoes and/or tsunamis happen.
In case of a dam failure upstream of where it is site, the Fort Calhoun nuclear power plant certainly and without any doubt would have melted down and through, with no way to stop it. This almost happened anyway, without even any dams failing, as the Corps of Engineers actually blew up levees and flooded towns on purpose upstream of this nuclear power plant to prevent the water from rising any further because they KNEW what it meant if the nuclear power plant went underwater. Pictures related to nuclear power plants flooding available by clicking here.
What is actually not mentioned is that all dams upstream of Fort Calhoun were full right to the brim. They were all at full release of water, which then caused flooding downstream. Any additional rainfall, which could have easily led to the collapse of just one of the numerous dams up stream, could have caused a cascade failure of all dams downstream of any dam that failed, because they were just barely holding on. These dams upstream of Fort Calhoun were all stretched to or beyond their limits in terms of what they could handle. The next climate change generated storm system will in all likelihood be much bigger, and the dams cannot handle that. 
A huge tidal wave flood will result, which will easily take out Fort Calhoun, just like the tsunami took out Fukushima with an ease that made all human preparations and emergency response seem useless and hopeless. Fort Calhoun should be shut down, due to this danger, immediately. But this same scenario also applies to any nuclear plant on the coastline, because they are all vulnerable to tsunamis, just like Fukushima was. They should also be shut down, immediately. 
A huge area comprising up to 25,000 square miles would be made permanently a toxic waste radiation contaminated zone, if any one nuclear plant melts down. Melted corium would burn down into the ground and be an out of control raging nuclear fire, emitting radioactive gases for hundreds of thousands of years, and polluting the groundwater, which then flows into any nearby river or ocean, permanently, just like what is happening now at Fukushima.

Bottom line, nuclear power plants have no business being near rivers that flood (they all do), oceans with tsunamis (they all have them) or in areas with earthquakes (everywhere else). Nuclear plants need to be made illegal all over the planet, if humankind is to have any future at all.

End

Nuclear Power Plants, Nuclear Waste Storage Facilities, Uranium Mines Vulnerable To Flooding And Tsunamis; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/nuclear-power-plants-nuclear-waste.html

Uranium Is Pyrophoric, Burns On Contact With Air, Used In World War II as Tracer Ammunition

In the video above, a sample of uranium is rubbed across a metal file, to produce pyrophoric uranium, which burns on contact with air. But uranium is not the only pyrophoric metal that burns on contact with air. Plutonium is another radioactive metal that can and does burn on contact with air. 

Plutonium – Several Compounds Of This Toxic, Radioactive Heavy Metal Are Pyrophoric And Burn When Exposed To Air; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/plutonium-several-compounds-of-this.html

Do NOT do this, as it is a life threatening experiment involving deadly ‘hot’ particles that can be breathed in. If someone were to do this experiment, use contamination protection by using a radioisotope hood, negative pressure chamber in a nuclear lab and a glove box. Dangerous oxidation! 
In this clip, depleted metallic and radioactive Uranium shows pyrophoricity when stroked over a metal working file. 
Uranium powder and plutonium powder are both pyrophoric. 
Uranium powder was used in WWII in tracer ammunition.
The use of tracer ammunition that used radioactive uranium has expanded greatly and was developed into the use of DU weapons and bullets in modern warfare. For more information about the extensive and widespread use of DU both inside and outside of the US, click on the following links; 
Veterans Compensated For Exposure To And Death By Radiation; How About Everyone Else? via @AGreenRoad
Veterans Compensated For Exposure To Depleted Uranium Radiation/Poison; What About Everyone Else? via @AGreenRoad
Depleted Uranium Effects In The Human Body; via @AGreenRoad
Beyond Treason: The True Story of Depleted Uranium; via @AGreenRoad
Depleted Uranium – Physicians For Social Responsibility; via @AGreenRoad
What is the take away?

First, what happens to uranium and/or plutonium which is in powder (waste) form inside of nuclear waste storage facilities? Could the degradation, smashing or squashing of containers inside of the storage mines result in a pyrophoric nuclear fire that then lights on fire whatever other flammables or explosives are inside of other containers nearby?

It is hard to believe, but rocks and metal can burn. Here is an example of rocks that burned a hole through a pocket after being picked up at a beach.

WIPP Ventilation System ‘Unstable’, Possibly Due To Underground Explosion, Another Explosion Possible AT ANY TIME via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/02/wipp-ventilation-system-damaged.html

Radioactive Plutonium Plume Coming Out of New Mexico’s WIPP – Geological Nuclear Radioactive Waste Isolation Pilot Plant; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/02/radioactive-plutonium-plume-coming-out.html

Numerous, Severe Geological Problems Identified At WIPP Site, DOE Went Ahead Anyway With Illegal High Level Waste; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/numerous-severe-geological-problems.html
Long Term Storage Of Nuclear Fuel, Nuclear Waste Problems/Issues
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/p/recycling-or-long-term-storage-of.html

Second; the history of war is dirty, corrupting, and results in war crimes such as bombing of cities, and genocide of civilians. But wars throughout human history are nothing compared to war today, when things like Agent Orange, depleted uranium or even nuclear weapons are used. These weapons keep on killing and maiming for millions of years. Each war just adds to the toxic, radioactive and chemical burden that must be carried by countless generations.

Peace, War, Human Rights, Justice, Prisons, And Violence Prevention
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/p/human-rightsjusticeprisons.html

Bottom line, war is not sustainable, as proven by historical records. But war today has the distinctive disadvantage of causing the extinction of all human life on Earth, plus killing all living beings. Nuclear weapons, DU weapons and chemical weapons must be gotten rid of, even if humans cannot get beyond war, or humans will cease to exist on planet Earth. 
End
Uranium Is Pyrophoric And Burns On Contact With Air; Used In World War II as Tracer Ammunition
Nuclear Bombs, Nuclear Weapons, Nuclear War

Numerous, Severe Geological Problems Identified At WIPP Site

After eleven other states rejected the WIPP project, in 1978 the old Atomic Energy Commission (precursor to the Department of Energy) made a deal with a failing potash company to buy land and locate WIPP in New Mexico.

No geological investigation was held before WIPP was sited. Unfortunately, WIPP is located in one of the world’s largest karstlands as evidenced by Carlsbad Caverns, ‘bottomless lakes’, appearing and disappearing rivers such as the Rio Negro, near Loving, sinkholes and many other regional geologic features. Here, streams of water run underground instead of above ground, dissolving the soft rock and old salt deposits as they flow, making the WIPP site an unsuitable location for permanent disposal of radioactive wastes. Independent earth scientists believe that WIPP will contaminate the nearby Pecos River, used for irrigation and drinking water in the arid lands of west Texas and Mexico, down gradient from the repository.

As late as 2009, the DOE said WIPP was not a good place to store high level nuclear waste. What changed since then? Nothing, other than they do not have any solutions for high level nuclear garbage. There are actually ten reasons why WIPP was a bad idea to store nuclear wastes, and just ONE of these reasons should have been enough to keep any radioactive waste out of it. But the ‘experts’ went ahead anyway, just like the nuclear industry went ahead and used the Ge Mark I reactor design despite knowing it was so defective that nuclear engineers quit rather than continue working on it.

Many geological issues at WIPP were identified in the New Mexico Geological Society Guidebook, 44th Field Conference, Carlsbad Region, New Mexico and West Texas, 1993 331, titled; WIPP-RELATED GEOLOGICAL ISSUES
An extensive list of reasons why WIPP should never have been approved and a detailed listing of actual water leaks inside the WIPP facility are documented in this hearing transcript.

According to the IEER,  in High-Level Dollars, Low-Level Sense: Chapter 3, Overview and Critique of the Current Approach to Radioactive Waste Management, there were severe problems with the WIPP site, such as:
WATER LEAKAGE

DOE’s failure to grasp the fundamentals of WIPP site hydrology stems not from a lack of evidence, but from an unwillingness to face the truth:
1. the WIPP site is in karst 
2. the Dewey Lake Redbeds and the Rustler Formation are recharged by rainwater, and
3. groundwater flow at WIPP is three-dimensional
The problem with karst as a waste disposal environment is that some radionuclides may travel unretarded, at the speed of water. The larger the aperture, or diameter, of the solution conduits, the less contact the radionuclides will have with the surrounding rock, and the less the amount of radionuclide retardation. The ability of the Rustler Formation to retard significantly the migration of radionuclides depends upon the absence of karst conditions, of channelized flow, at the WIPP site.
Recent pumping tests at hydrologic test wells in Culebra dolomite at the WIPP site (Beauheim, 1986; Beauheim, 1989) have resulted in unexpectedly short response times between certain test wells. For example, when water was pumped from test well DOE-2, there was a drop in water level within two hours at test well WIPP-13, which is 4835 feet from DOE-2. Test well H-6, which is 10,150 feet from DOE-2, responded within one day.
The DOE first encountered water seepage into WIPP excavations in 1983. In 1986, a member of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) panel on WIPP warned that in a few hundred years sufficient brine might seep into the repository rooms to saturate them. The water leakage issue became public in the fall of 1987 when a group of New Mexico scientists (called the Scientists Review Panel) concluded that the salt formation at WIPP contains much more water than the DOE had anticipated. They warned that over a period of time the brine could corrode the waste drums, forming a “radioactive waste slurry” consisting of a mixture of brine and nuclear waste which might eventually reach the surfaceThere is currently a concentrated leakage occurring into the WIPP Construction and Salt Handling Shaft. from the top of Dewey Lake redbeds at 20 to 70 ft. in depth, thence into the repository, believed to arise from runoff at the parking lot. In European potash mining experience, such incipient karstic shaft. leakage has been found to be irreparable. The first drop of water signals the eventual flooding of the mine.
http://www.clarku.edu/mtafund/prodlib/card/Unsafe_Radwaste_Disposal_at_WIPP.pdf

UNSAFE RADWASTE DISPOSAL AT WIPP, Dr. David Snow PhD, Engineering Science University of California Berkeley; concludes WIPP is not safe for rad waste.  “The salt was formerly believed to be so impermeable that the rooms would remain dry, but the appearance of small brine seeps soon after opening the first research rooms showed that DOE must contend with a wet waste environment.”

At Canadian mines, the fractures sometimes breach the top of salt into an aquifer, causing inflows that flood the mine (Tofani, R., 1983, Van Sambeek, 1993). After shaft leakage, such roof breaching is the next most common cause of flooding of salt and potash mines, all of which ultimately flood because they lie below the water table. Already there is leakage occurring from the Dewey Lake Redbeds into one of the WIPP shafts, and thence into the repository. In European potash mining experience, such leakage has been irreparable. (link) (WIPP is an old converted potash mine.)
http://optimalprediction.com/wp/plutonium-release-from-the-wipp-radioactive-waste-facility/

In Germany, they tried this salt mine nuclear waste storage thing and here is what happened; “the salt mine…is now widely viewed as a wrong decision. The penetration of about 12,000 liters of water daily threatens to contaminate the groundwater. The planned rescue of the barrels from the tunnels, which are in danger of collapsing, is risky, time-consuming and may even be no longer possible. But if an attempt is made, it could cost anywhere between 4 and 6 billion euros, according to SPD expert, Ute Vogt.”
http://www.dw.de/what-to-do-with-nuclear-waste/a-16755844

The DOE’s documentation of the construction of the ventilation/waste handling shaft does not note washouts in the Forty-Niner, Culebra, or unnamed lower member. If these washouts had been found, they would have been noted in the log, if the log were accurate… Dr. Phillips has, however, seen other reports that he knows were inaccurate. Washouts were encountered in the ventilation/waste handling shaft before it was enlarged. WIPP-14 exhibited a 71-foot section of mud and fragments of gypsum and anhydrite beneath the Culebra. Dr. Phillips testified that this finding indicates a former flow channel. The DOE says the surface depression at WIPP-14 was a blowout. Dr. Phillips disagrees.
WALL CRACKING AND CEILING COLLAPSE

Cracks have appeared in the ceilings and floors of several large waste storage rooms, and in three areas, the ceiling has also collapsed. The cracking and collapse are the result of a rate of room closure two to three times faster than was anticipated. When the first storage rooms were excavated in 1983, the DOE expected it would take 25 years for the creeping salt walls to completely close in on each other, locking the barrels of waste into a mass of solid salt rock. However, at the rate the rooms are closing, it may take them only 13 years or less before complete closure. This rapid rate of closure resulted in the initial cracking, which, although known about by the DOE since 1987, was not publicly revealed until the cracks were also discovered by the New Mexico state Environmental Evaluation Group in May 1989 — a month after the DOE closed the rooms to workers because of fears that sections of the ceiling might fail and collapse.50

On June 19, 1990, a 100-ton section of the ceiling of a test room did collapse, just 18 days after a technician was in the room for an inspection.51 A 1,400-ton rockfall occurred in the same area in February 1991, despite the fact that the DOE had installed bolts in the ceiling to improve its stability. As of June 1991, two additional rockfalls have also been reported.”
http://ieer.org/pubs/highlv3f.html

The 13-ft. high by 33-ft. wide rooms will be short-lived. Large open fractures appear in the ceilings of all rooms within months of mining. Several roof-falls and floor heaves have already occurred, so an extensive array of roof bolts has been installed to delay the failure of the remaining experimental rooms long enough to fill them with drums. These, and all future rooms will suffer collapse of major roof slabs bounded above by weak clay-bed partings. Such falls will crush the drums, and liberated waste will penetrate the fractures. 
http://www.clarku.edu/mtafund/prodlib/card/Unsafe_Radwaste_Disposal_at_WIPP.pdf

GAS AND WATER LEAKS
At WIPP, brine will accumulate downdip, corrode the steel drums, and dissolve radionuclides. Generated gas will collect updip…..Inclined fractures will interconnect the rooms and panels with fractured anhydrite beds farther above the repository, each of which will contribute to increasing inflows of brine. Experience at potash mines in similar salt sequences (notably at K-2 Mine in Saskatchewan) indicates that such roof behavior is typical. At the Canadian mines, the fractures sometimes breach the top of salt into an aquifer, causing inflows that flood the mine (Tofani, R., 1983, Van Sambeek, 1993). After shaft leakage, such roof breaching is the next most common cause of flooding of salt and potash mines, all of which ultimately flood because they lie below the water table. Already there is leakage occurring from the Dewey Lake Redbeds into one of the WIPP shafts, and thence into the repository.

http://cardnm.org/nonkarstfrm_a.html

“Brine reacts with the drums and waste and generates gas. At first, the engineers thought that the gas might be of some advantage because the pressure that built up in the sealed chambers would help prevent brine from reaching the drums. But they also recognized that the pressure in the repository could build up to a point where it became “lithostatic” and rose as high as or higher than the pressure imposed by the weight of the overlying rock. An over-pressured repository was unthinkable when strategies were being developed for nuclear waste disposal. One of the firmest criteria was that a repository should never be allowed to reach lithostatic pressure. Such a condition would permit venting and provide pathways for moving water to get to and from the waste.”
HUMAN INTRUSION, OIL AND GAS WELLS AROUND WIPP
Because human intrusion is a potential cause of repository breaching, any radioactive waste disposal site should be free of valuable natural resources that could stimulate future explorations. The WIPP repository is overlain by potash beds and is surrounded by oil and gas wells (Figures 2 and 4). Inadvertent interceptions of the waste rooms by future drill holes are very credible. Direct flows of contaminated brine along boreholes open to the surface have been minimized in PA by assumptions of borehole plugging by future operators. The results are unrealistic for an open borehole that intercepts a saturated repository at near- lithostatic pressures, or along fractures initiated by subsidence or oil-field water- flooding (Bredehoeft, 1997).
http://cardnm.org/nonkarstfrm_a.html

According to the above study authored by Yates, the WIPP site sits right on top of proven oil and gas reserves. What are the odds that in the future, some oil or gas well drill is going to puncture and/or go through WIPP, even if by accident? Withdrawing oil and/or gas from below WIPP also creates problems, called subsidence. Voids created by the sucking out of lakes of oil or gas create pressures underground that can collapse WIPP walls, ceilings and/or allow brine lakes beneath WIPP to enter WIPP. Oil and gas wells pump salt water down the well at high pressure. This salt water can and will enter WIPP if the well is located within approximately 2 miles. 

Subsidence concerns at WIPP nuclear dump — Over 100 operating oil and gas wells within mile of site, a ‘very active’ area — Gas And Oil Reserves ‘directly underneath’ buried waste — Fracking to take place nearby? (VIDEO)
http://enenews.com/concerns-about-subsidence-at-wipp-site-over-100-operating-oil-and-gas-wells-within-a-mile-of-site-boundary-proven-reserves-directly-underneath-where-waste-is-video

The Hartman Nightmare Scenario
“In 1991 an oil operator in southeastern New Mexico, named Hartman, drilled a hole into the Salado salt beds to about the same depth as the WIPP repository. So much water flooded into his well that he could drill no farther. Hartman abandoned the hole, lost a lot of money, and sued Texaco for damages. Texaco, it seems, had injected water into wells located about two miles from Hartman’s failed borehole. The Texaco waterflood, injected under high pressure, had fractured beds of anhydrite and the water flowed laterally for a great distance.
By some chance, a highly respected and internationally known hydrologist learned of Hartman’s lawsuit. This same hydrologist had been a member of NAS WIPP panel and knew a great deal about geologic and hydrologic conditions at WIPP. He recognized that if something like the Hartman episode happened it WIPP, water could flood the repository and change some of the best-case assumptions about the performance of WIPP. If no oil and gas wells were near the WIPP site there would be no chance of flooding. But producing oil wells, some within two miles, surround WIPP. About half of the fluid that is pumped from a producing well is brine that must be put back in underground. Some wells near WIPP were already injecting brine (see map above).
The curious hydrologist ran modeling experiments and in 1997 he prepared a 47-page report for the Attorney General of New Mexico. The Hartman scenario is aggravated by the overpressure condition at WIPP which allows the pumped brine to flood the repository. The hydrologist’s calculations show that enough contaminated brine escapes from the site to release 50 EPA units of radioactive contaminant. Escape of a single EPA unit violates WIPP certification criteria. How does DOE and EPA plan to deal with the Hartman scenario? Their short-term solution is to limit water injection near the site boundary. What is their long-term, 10,000-year or 240,000-year solution? They have none.”
BRINE LAKES BELOW WIPP 

The WIPP site was moved once because pressurized brine was discovered below the first site. “In a 1981 drilling, pressurized brine was again discovered. The site was set to be abandoned when the EEG(governments Environment Evaluation Group) stepped in and suggested a series of tests on the brine and the surrounding area. These tests were conducted and the results showed that the brine deposit was relatively small and was isolated from other deposits. Drilling (creating WIPP) in the area was deemed safe due to these results. This saved the project valuable money and time by preventing a drastic relocation.” Bottom line, if it was not safe the first time around with a brine lake underneath the site, it is not safe the 2nd time around either, but they went ahead ANYWAY.. Dam the torpedoes, full speed ahead, captain! (This brine lake actually is only 500 feet under WIPP and covers 60% of the total WIPP area)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Waste_Isolation_Pilot_Plant

GEOLOGICAL FAILURE OF WIPP GUARANTEED

“Several studies published by geologists before WIPP was planned show that 200 hundred feet of salt has already been dissolved from the Rustler Formation above the WIPP repository. A front of dissolution is moving from west to east and over the WIPP site and most of the salt missing at WIPP was dissolved during the last glacial cycle that ended 10,000 years ago.

Studies of ice-age climate tell us that the next wet climate cycle may return within the next few thousand years and no later than about 50,000 years. When the period of EPA protection is compared to the quarter-million years needed for plutonium (see above) one can see that more active dissolution will return once again and the Rustler Aquifer will collapse and develop more fractures. The evidence at the WIPP site does not support the conclusion that the last 10,000 years of dry, stabile conditions assure an even longer period of stability.

A huge boring machine drilled out the main shaft at the center of WIPP and the freshly cut walls were exposed for inspection and photography. Several photos taken before the shaft was sealed reveal dissolution. In one photo of soluble rock in the Rustler Formation the walls of a hairline fracture have been dissolved away, leaving a gaping crack large enough to insert one’s fingers.


A fracture this large must have carried a lot of water, and from its fresh appearance and lack of cement and fracture filling, not too long ago. The photo, taken by a geologist working for the New Mexico EEG http://www.rt66.com/~eeg/home.htm, belies the claim that dissolution at the WIPP site never happened and if it did it is geologically old and now dead.”


SCIENTISTS FIRED

“Many earth scientists worked directly for DOE or Sandia National Labs as employees or contractors on the WIPP site investigation. Eventually, as each of these scientists spoke up about the site’s instability, they were let go, transferred to inappropriate positions, or fired, while their reports were disregarded and at times concealed. Afterwards, they were sometimes harassed or unable to get government-related work. Upon their courage and the courage of others like them is based our best hope for maintaining the tattered and beleaguered fabric of life which we, along with countless others, work so diligently to pass on to the following generations.”
http://www.cardnm.org/

“A number of scientists who disagreed with the DOE’s “party line” about the geology of the WIPP site were taken off the project or lost their jobs altogether when they raised question about the suitability of the site.”
http://www.nuclearactive.org/wipp/hearings/phillips.html

In other words, just like the rest of the nuclear industry, anyone who raises safety questions or concerns is demoted, moved, or fired. There is no ‘real’ safety culture in the nuclear industry because unlike the airline industry, the auto industry or any other industry, there is no repercussion for lack of safety or for failures. In any other industry, when a company has a large accident that kills hundreds of people, odds are that company will fail. But this is NOT the case with the nuclear industry. The can kill millions of people (secretly via invisible radioactive releases) but then experience no consequences. The nuclear industry is paid to fail and paid to have accidents. The costs of accidents, failures, meltdowns, and more are all transferred to the public, while the no bid, non competitive contracts are given to those companies that have failed, numerous times. 
NUCLEAR EXPLOSION 

Theory on Threat of Blast at Nuclear Waste Site Gains Support – By WILLIAM J. BROAD – A team of scientists from the Department of Energy yesterday strongly backed the recently proposed idea that atomic wastes buried deep underground might erupt in a nuclear explosion.

http://www.nytimes.com/1995/03/23/us/theory-on-threat-of-blast-at-nuclear-waste-site-gains-support.html

INADEQUATE FINANCIAL RESOURCES

FINANCIAL ASSURANCE 

“Owners and operators of hazardous waste disposal facilities are required to fulfill the RCRA financial assurance requirements. [FINANCIAL ASSURANCE is of two kinds: 1. Westinghouse will have money to do closure and cleanup any problems they may have created. 2. Liability insurance to prove that if anyone is harmed by the contractor’s actions, that there is money to pay for them. Financial assurance can be provided in several different ways as described in RCRA.] State and federal governments are exempt. No state may impose requirements less strict than those applied by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). New Mexico must be consistent with the federal RCRA requirements and have adequate enforcement to ensure compliance. EPA has stated that the state regulations must include financial assurance. New Mexico’s financial assurance requirements are identical with and equivalent to the EPA’s requirements.

The RCRA regulatory scheme provides for environmental protection from hazardous waste from “cradle to grave,” including final cleanup of disposal sites. Under RCRA, those who benefit from disposal operations shall be responsible for the cleanup costs when the site is closed. Disposal site operators must work in a way that minimizes the possibility of the spread of contamination, always anticipating the closure of the facility. Disposal site operators must have enough money to complete final cleanup. The NMED is concerned that if an operator has a history of environmental noncompliance, the operator might disregard appropriate management of their wastes, driving up cleanup costs at the end of the project. The DOE requested a waiver of the financial assurance requirements in its Application.

Mr. Zappe introduced a letter into the record which disclosed Westinghouse’s environmental noncompliance record. This letter shows that Westinghouse is responsible for numerous facilities and details 307 discrete environmental violations and 55 Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) violations. More than 100 of the violations resulted in fines. The NMED finds no reason to believe that Westinghouse’s operations at WIPP will be any different.

The DOE has already claimed inadequate funding as a defense for not cleaning up contamination as a result of its operations at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) in New Mexico. Inadequate funding has been used at other federal facilities as a defense for not meeting obligations to comply with environmental laws. This reasoning has been used by the DOE at its Hanford, Washington facility for why the DOE did not clean up the tanks leaking radioactive and hazardous materials into the groundwater. [This contamination could move to the Columbia River in a short amount of time.] No other state has permitted a facility for mixed transuranic waste disposal. The EPA has not permitted any other mixed waste disposal site in any state.”
http://www.nuclearactive.org/wipp/hearings/zappe.html

We now know that there is a water table above the mine and a brine lake that is highly pressurized below it. The mine has already had multiple water leaks and multiple ceiling and/or wall collapses. Scientists were fired or moved away as they spoke the truth about how bad WIPP is, especially around nuclear wastes.

What could go wrong after high level radioactive waste is put into this facility, especially with the DOE and other companies involved trying to get out of the financial obligation part? Maybe we are seeing the beginning of what is going to happen in the longer term. The experts believe that salt mines or domes are forever storage places, but actual practice indicates many problems with their theory, so that in actual real life, really bad things happen, fairly quickly.

Here is just another disastrous thing that could happen at any time, for many reasons, with the WIPP facility. Drilling and fracking for oil and gas is going on all around the WIPP site, sometimes very close.

There are over 100 drilling rigs located within ONE MILE of the WIPP facility. There are oil and gas reserves below the WIPP facility, as well as a brine lake under 60-80% of it. 

What are the odds that no one will ‘accidentally’ drill into this complex or fracture rock nearby, leading to a massive failure of this site either through above ground water coming in, or the brine lake shooting up from below? Fracking means drilling down vertically, and then drilling horizontally. Then the fracking operation pumps ‘cracking rock’ fluids down the well hole in order to crack apart rocks so more gas and oil can be released. Where these cracks go is not fully under the control of the drillers. Someone drilling horizontally underneath WIPP where gas and oil reserves are located is just a matter of when it happens not if. The number of things that can and will go wrong just increases exponentially. Subsidence is also a risk even if the drill rigs do not puncture the WIPP facility directly.

What is the take away?

Combine drilling for oil, fracking for gas wells within a mile of the facility, a highly pressurized brine lake below WIPP, a weak fractured ceiling that keeps collapsing, plus numerous leaks appearing in the facility before the facility was even officially opened, just to name a few of the many very serious geological problems identified  at WIPP. 
What would you expect to happen at WIPP, once it is filled up with low and high level nuclear waste material? WIPP can and most likely will get much, much worse in the future than the present situation, in which they do not know what happened, but a radioactive release of some kind happened, and that is only 13 years in to the period that they said this WIPP site would be guaranteed to have no problems for 10,000 years. The Germans tried it, and now realize it was a HUGE mistake. Now DOE has run into the same problems but is still bulldozing ahead anyway, despite numerous warnings, leaks, ceiling collapses, etc. 
Arnie Gundersen, a nuclear expert, says the technology behind WIPP is untested — hence the word “pilot” in the facility’s title. “As a society, we believe that if you stick things in the earth, they are safe,” he said. “But with radioactivity, it’s not dead. It can come back to haunt you if there is a leak afterwards. This is alive.” 
https://www.commondreams.org/headline/2014/02/17-3

Dr. Snow comes to the conclusion that; “the preponderance of evidence supports the contention that PA modeling seriously underestimates releases of radioactivity to the accessible environment. This is reason enough for invalidating the certification granted by the EPA. Given its departures from rationality, the reader should be incredulous that the DOE application was approved. The EPA was well aware that the basis for objections, then and now, has always been that there are karst conditions in the Rustler.
The TRU waste has to be removed from the generator sites, even if an adequate permanent repository has not been established. TRU waste disposal underground remains premature, leaving monitored retrievable storage as the only option. A safe temporary facility could be situated near the surface of an old, stable landform, above the water table. For instance, at WIPP, it could probably be established on the Santa Rosa formation, but not on the Dewey Lake/Rustler karstland. It is evident that disposal in salt at WIPP is not the answer, where travel times in the overlying aquifer will be orders of magnitude shorter than PA predicted. The EPA has erred in certifying the repository, and recertification (in 2003) should be defeated. Meanwhile, TRU waste disposal at WIPP should stop, and the waste already in place in the first panel should be retrieved before roof collapse makes it prohibitively costly and dangerous to do so.”
What if nothing happens and all of the predictions above turn out to be wrong? Now it is time to close the facility, remove the certifications and make sure no one enters it or drills into it. This is what is recommended; “This panel member therefore recommends that the markers and the structures associated with them be conceived along truly gargantuan lines. To put their size into perspective, a simple berm, say 35-m wide and 15-m high, surrounding the proposed land-withdrawal boundary, would involve excavation, transport, and placement of around 12 million cubic meters of earth. What is proposed, of course, is on a much greater scale than that. By contrast, in the construction of the Panama Canal, 72.6 million cubic meters were excavated, and the Great Pyramid occupies 2.4 million cubic meters. In short, to ensure the probability of success, the WIPP marker undertaking will have to be one of the greatest public works ventures in history.”

What are the odds that anything like this gigantic berm surrounding WIPP will happen? Zero. We don’t even know who built the pyramids, what they are for, or how they did it, and that was only 2,000 years ago. There is no chance that will stay ‘safe’ for 10,000 years, and that is the point made by the study above about keeping WIPP secure and safe for 10,000 years. 
WIPP has already experienced a radiation disaster, and it is not even filled up yet. What are the odds that it will last safely for 100 years, much less 10,000 years? Zero..in the opinion of AGRP.

For local updates, radiation readings, activism and actions you can take around WIPP, click on;
http://www.sric.org/nuclear/

End

Numerous, Severe Geological Problems Identified At WIPP Site; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/numerous-severe-geological-problems.html

More articles;

WIPP Ventilation System ‘Unstable’, Possibly Due To Underground Explosion, Another Explosion Possible AT ANY TIME via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/02/wipp-ventilation-system-damaged.html

Radioactive Plutonium Plume Coming Out of New Mexico’s WIPP – Geological Nuclear Radioactive Waste Isolation Pilot Plant; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/02/radioactive-plutonium-plume-coming-out.html

Radioactive Plutonium Plume Coming Out of New Mexico’s WIPP – Geological Nuclear Radioactive Waste Isolation Pilot Plant; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/02/radioactive-plutonium-plume-coming-out.html

Long Term Storage Of Nuclear Fuel, Nuclear Waste Problems/Issues
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/p/recycling-or-long-term-storage-of.html

Plutonium – Several Compounds Of This Toxic, Radioactive Heavy Metal Are Pyrophoric And Burn When Exposed To Air

Plutonium is a transuranic radioactive chemical element with the symbol Pu and atomic number 94. It is an actinide metal of silvery-gray appearance that tarnishes when exposed to air, and forms a dull coating when oxidized. The element normally exhibits six allotropes and four oxidation states. It reacts with carbon, halogens, nitrogen, silicon and hydrogen
When exposed to moist air, it forms oxides and hydrides that expand the sample up to 70% in volume, which in turn flake off as a powder that can spontaneously ignite. It is radioactive and can accumulate in the bones. These properties make the handling of plutonium dangerous…..
At 135 °C plutonium will ignite in air and will explode if placed in carbon tetrachloride.[32] (Note; mixed wastes including plutonium plus toxic chemicals like this one were accepted at WIPP. High level wastes at WIPP are both hot temperature wise and emit radiation in the Billions of bequerels per Kg.)
Plutonium is a reactive metal. In moist air or moist argon, the metal oxidizes rapidly, producing a mixture of oxides and hydrides.[5] If the metal is exposed long enough to a limited amount of water vapor, a powdery surface coating of PuO2 is formed.[5] Also formed is plutonium hydride but an excess of water vapor forms only PuO2.[31]
With this coating, the metal is pyrophoric, meaning it can ignite spontaneously, so plutonium metal is usually handled in an inert, dry atmosphere of nitrogen or argon. Oxygen retards the effects of moisture and acts as a passivating agent.[5]
Plutonium: several compounds are pyrophoric, and it causes some of the most serious fires occurring in United States Department of Energy facilities.[8]

Plutonium‘s pyrophoricity can cause it to look like a glowing ember under certain conditions. A pyrophoric substance (from Greek πυροφόρος, pyrophoros, “fire-bearing”) is a substance that ignites spontaneously in air at or below 54.55 °C (130.19 °F)”.[1] Examples are iron sulfide and many reactive metals including uranium, when powdered or thinly sliced. Pyrophoric materials are often water-reactive as well and will ignite when they contact water or humid air. 

Allotropes of plutonium occurs in a variety of allotropes of plutonium, even at ambient pressure. These allotropes differ widely in crystal structure and density; the α and δ allotropes differ in density by more than 25% at constant pressure.
Plutonium normally has six allotropes and forms a seventh (zeta, ζ) under high temperature and a limited pressure range.[1] These allotropes have very similar energy levels but significantly varying densities and crystal structures. This makes plutonium very sensitive to changes in temperature, pressure, or chemistry, and allows for dramatic volume changes following phase transitions.[2] Unlike most materials, plutonium increases in density when it melts, by 2.5%, but the liquid metal exhibits a linear decrease in density with temperature.[3] Densities of the different allotropes vary from 16.00 g/cm3 to 19.86 g/cm3.

Gundersen: Pyrophoric fire if fuel rods in Unit 4 pool are not cooled — Potential contamination of entire northern hemisphere (VIDEO) The fuel is still hot enough where it can begin to burn… cesium and plutonium and all that…It would volatilize as the fuel burns, it creates a pyrophoric fire which is a fire that water cannot put out.  Likely resulting in an evacuation of Tokyo at the least, and potentially contamination of the entire northern hemisphere. 
What happened to all of the spent fuel pools as the water boiled out of them? Reports of multiple fires did come out after 3/11, but TEPCO will not admit to any of these. No one has done an official survey of what is left in either the reactors, the spent fuel pools, nor has anyone found out where the melted coriums went from the three reactors TEPCO admitted to having melted down and through. 
What happened at the WIPP facility, which recently released plutonium, americium and other radioactive gases in unknown amounts?

It is hard to believe, but rocks and metal can burn. Here is an example of rocks that burned a hole through a pocket after being picked up at a beach.

Radioactive Plutonium Plume Coming Out of New Mexico’s WIPP – Geological Nuclear Radioactive Waste Isolation Pilot Plant; via @AGreenRoad 
What caused the release of plutonium from both Fukushima and now WIPP? Could the release have had something to do with plutonium being pyrophoric and igniting, and/or exploding due to being combined with chemicals in some form or fashion? 

End
Plutonium – Several Compounds Of This Toxic, Radioactive Heavy Metal Are Pyrophoric And Burn When Exposed To Air; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/plutonium-several-compounds-of-this.html
More articles at;

Numerous, Severe Geological Problems Identified At WIPP Site, DOE Went Ahead Anyway With Illegal High Level Waste; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/numerous-severe-geological-problems.html

WIPP Ventilation System ‘Unstable’, Possibly Due To Underground Explosion, Another Explosion Possible AT ANY TIME via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/02/wipp-ventilation-system-damaged.html

Radioactive Plutonium Plume Coming Out of New Mexico’s WIPP – Geological Nuclear Radioactive Waste Isolation Pilot Plant; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/02/radioactive-plutonium-plume-coming-out.html

Long Term Storage Of Nuclear Fuel, Nuclear Waste Problems/Issues
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/p/recycling-or-long-term-storage-of.html

WIPP Ventilation System ‘Unstable’, Possibly Due To Underground Explosion, Another Explosion Possible AT ANY TIME

“The DOE is giving us one tenth of a percent of the information they really know,” he said. “In fact there is an awful lot more that should be known before we can assess the risk. The DOE has a long history of playing keep-away with the facts and promoting nuclear power.” 
According to a news report by the WIPP operations team, the ventilation system has problems. Although it has not been made public, at least one blogger believes it is because the plutonium release is not due to a ceiling collapse, but due to a gas explosion, which ruptured one or more radioactive waste container(s). Even if this recent disaster is NOT due to a flammable gas explosion, that possibility is still a risk for WIPP, as detailed below.
Methane, radioactive hydrogen, tritium gas (and up to 200 other types of radioactive gases) are ‘leaking’ out of these low and high level radioactive waste containers. At least two of these gases are explosive, possibly more. The ventilation system seems to have been damaged in the first explosion or other event. Another larger explosion is also possible and that would knock out all HEPA filters, thus allowing full blown radioactive particles and gases without filtering into the air. A large explosion at this facility would mean exposing millions of people downwind to plutonium, americium and many more transuranic elements plus radioactive gases. 
http://pissinontheroses.blogspot.com/2014/02/high-risk-of-new-large-plutonium.html

According to this same source; “DOE WIPP’s latest “REASSURING” FALSEHOOD is that; “The release material was predominantly americium-241, material which is consistent with the waste disposed of at the WIPP. This is a radionuclideused in consumer smoke detectors and a contaminant in nuclear weapons manufacturing.”  

http://pissinontheroses.blogspot.com/2014/02/doe-caught-bending-truth-again-falsely.html

In reality, here is what REALLY happened; 

Airborne Cesium 137 Was Detected At WIPP Facility: Sign of SIGNIFICANT UNDERGROUND DAMAGE

New (and better documented) data has been released by CEMRC showing that Cesium 137 was initially detected during the explosion at WIPP. This detection is a bad sign for two reasons:

(1) It shows that the explosion and its after affects were strong enough to affect the highly radioactive “Remote Handled” TRansUranic waste (RH-TRU).

(2) It is indicative of severe underground destruction, as RH-TRU wastes are stored in sealed boreholes drilled into the walls of the Panel rooms.

http://pissinontheroses.blogspot.com/2014/03/alert-airborne-cesium-137-was-detected.html

The above page is one of the containers, showing that spontaneous combustion has happened. Did you know that uranium, plutonium and cesium are all pyrophoric in certain ways and formulations? As you can see, almost all of the containers down inside WIPP contain uranium, plutonium and cesium.

Uranium Is Pyrophoric And Burns On Contact With Air; Used In World War II as Tracer Ammunition
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/uranium-is-pyrophoric-burns-on-contact.html

Cesium is Pyrophoric, It Burns In Air and Explodes Underwater; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/radioactive-cesium-is-pyrophoric-it.html

Plutonium – Several Compounds Of This Toxic, Radioactive Heavy Metal Are Pyrophoric And Burn When Exposed To Air; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/plutonium-several-compounds-of-this.html

Mixed waste contains both radioactive and hazardous constituents, and WIPP first received mixed waste on September 9, 2000. Mixed waste is joint-regulated by the EPA and the New Mexico Environment Department. Does it sound like a good idea to be putting all of these together in a mine where no one can get to them if the catch on fire, combined with high level nuclear waste that is so radioactive that humans can’t even get near them without being killed?
The containers may also contain a limited amount of liquids. The energy released from radioactive materials will dissociate water into hydrogen and oxygen (radiolysis). This could then create a potentially explosive environment inside the container. The containers must be vented, as well, to prevent this from happening.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Waste_Isolation_Pilot_Plant

As you can see from the above container that is inside WIPP, sludges, resins and liquids are present in this and possibly other high level RH and CH low level nuclear waste waste container(s). You can also see that americium is just a tiny portion of what is in these containers. They contain strontium and cesium as well, which is not transuranic waste. Isn’t cesium and strontium totally illegal in a facility like WIPP, which is supposed to be only for transuranic wastes?

The above container has what they call ‘absorbed’ oils, water, acids and bases and is called a CH, or low level waste container. Liquids on the inside and wet salt on the outside will accelerate the rusting out of these plain metal barrels. When the contents are released, they will mix with the other contents in other barrels and the liquids could possibly mix and/or get squeezed out. What happens when you mix volatile chemicals, pyrophoric metal shavings, pressure, water, and/or heat?

What you now know is that both high level nuclear waste, liquids and volatile organic compounds went into WIPP, despite it being licensed and approved ONLY for low level radioactive transuranic wastes.. All of these things plus high level nuclear wastes emit gases that are explosive, including hydrogen, methane and more. Without venting, these gases build up to explosive levels, and they also build up pressure if sealed away as WIPP is planning to do in the future.

There is no ‘evidence’ of anything yet, because no one can go down into this facility, due to the high radiation levels. Didn’t DOE mention in the first community meeting that they had cameras and detectors inside the #7 active storage room? Why can’t the public review the tapes and audio? One would think that they know what happened. If they know, they are not saying anything, but that too, is par for the nuclear industry cover up and deny course.

So you have to listen ‘between the lines’ as the WIPP people try to say what they think may be going on. Their previous or maybe even current theory is that a ceiling collapsed and damaged some containers. But this new news release does not make sense with a ceiling collapse. It does make a lot of sense if there was an explosion of a container. Who knows what is going on down there, but it may pay to be safe, rather than be surprised and not be ready for the worst.

The WIPP site manager cancelled all radiation collection efforts by CEMRC and will not allow anyone from outside of WIPP onto the site. That is not a good sign. Hiding, secrecy and cover ups are what major nuclear disasters are made up of. 
Russell Hardy, director of the CEMRC at New Mexico State University: “It’s my understanding that at some point in the near future we will be allowed to collect our filters, and at that point we’ll be able to do our analysis […] Our mission is to report whatever we find”
LA Times reports that WIPP representative admitted that the radiation might have come from a radiological process forcing material out of a container, which means either a fire, leak or explosion.
Let’s focus back on the possibility of a gas explosion at this facility, shall we? How is it possible? Actually, a flammable gas leak  and explosion from this facility is guaranteed at some point in the future, even if it has not happened yet. How and why might it happen?
Via CodeShutdown March 2, 2014 …”All the double-shell tanks contain waste that continuously generates some flammable gas,” the board said in a letter received by Wyden on Monday. “This gas will eventually reach flammable conditions if adequate ventilation is not provided.” http://rt.com/usa/hanford-nuclear-waste-tanks-288/ 
The stored high level waste containers inside WIPP are hotter than what is left inside of these containers at Hanford, as pointed to above. At least at Hanford, these high level waste storage tanks are right near the surface and are all VENTED to the air, to release hydrogen and other flammable, explosive gases. The risk of a hydrogen explosion is high at Hanford. 
At WIPP, the ventilation is currently provided by huge exhaust fans. What happens if and when they shut those fans at WIPP off, whether due to damage, storm, or a alleged ‘truck fire’? WIPP admitted shutting down the ventilation and sealing the facility to ‘starve the fire’ and put it out.

The shutdown of the vent system may very well have resulted in explosive gases being ignited, by something like a truck fire, for example. Is a hydrogen explosion what happened after the truck fire? Something bad happened underground, when no one was around. DOE said that they shut down the vent fans in order to starve the truck fire of oxygen, thus putting it out. It is very possible that the shut off of the vent fans created the build up of flammable gases underground, which came out of  all of those thousands of liquid high level and low level waste and chemical containers. 

Eventually, the DOE plan is to shut off those vent fans permanently and then try to seal up the whole facility with salt. But without air circulation and ventilation WIPP WILL FILL UP WITH EXPLOSIVE GASES, guaranteed. An analysis and report by scientists provides warning about this scenario. It is not a question of if this scenario will happen, it is just a question of WHEN, and it may have already happened. 
“Gases produced by waste corrosion will pressurize the repository. Venting will occur by hydrofracturing weak clay partings above the repository, opening a path for escape of contaminated liquids. The sealed, undisturbed repository will fail by sudden, runaway hydrofracture. At any interruption of a clay bed or at an unsealed borehole, a hydrofracture will jump to a higher stratum where lithostatic pressure is lower. [LITHOSTATIC PRESSURE of any given area is the weight of the column of rock overlying that area in the earth’s crust.] A single hydrofracture following a succession of clay beds will breach to the Rustler aquifer. After the gases have vented, contaminated liquids will follow along the prepared pathway.
http://www.nuclearactive.org/wipp/hearings/phillips.html
Another scenario is that WIPP fills up with brine, from a brine lake located only 200 feet away from WIPP. That same report lays out the scenario of what would happen WHEN WIPP fills up with a leak from above or below ground…
…about 63 million gallons would be necessary to completely fill the WIPP repository. The WIPP-12 brine reservoir is estimated to underlie as much as 60% of the WIPP waste panels. The ERDA-9 borehole [one of the hydrologic connections between the WIPP repository and the land surface] penetrated 53 feet into the Castile formation. Two hundred feet of vertically fractured anhydrite separates the WIPP-12 highly pressurized brine reservoir from ERDA-9 and the WIPP repository.”
http://www.nuclearactive.org/wipp/hearings/phillips.html

Some fractures extending up from the repository will not anneal, but because of movement and flow, will remain open for gas and brine leakage during the years of pressurization by closure and gas generation.
http://www.clarku.edu/mtafund/prodlib/card/Unsafe_Radwaste_Disposal_at_WIPP.pdf


Two different disaster scenarios were warned about by the hearings and reports provided by geologists, but DOE chose not to listen. DOE also chose to illegally put high level wastes inside WIPP, despite warnings and permits that allowed only low level waste. The only question left to answer is; when will the WIPP facility fail in a massive way, and which of the above disaster scenarios will happen first? It seems to be practically guaranteed that one or the other will happen, given enough time. There are many other geological problems down inside WIPP, as revealed in the following article;

Numerous, Severe Geological Problems Identified At WIPP Site, DOE Went Ahead Anyway With Illegal High Level Waste; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/numerous-severe-geological-problems.html

There are fairly good odds that this gas explosion disaster has already happened, possibly in a minor way, but also maybe in a major way from which there is no recovery or repair possible.
What is the take away?
The storage facility could easily fill up with brine salt water at any given time, because a highly pressurized brine lake is only 200 feet away, and is underneath most of the WIPP facility. Two leaks are coming into WIPP from above already. The salt water from above and/or below then corrodes the containers and releases both flammable gases and radiation into the water, which then travels to the Pecos river, or it goes above ground due to gas pressures, or it creates one or more explosions due to screaming hot high level nuclear waste interacting directly with salty water.
Even if no water enters the facility, it will eventually fill up with highly pressurized radioactive gas, which will either find a way to the surface, or will travel horizontally until it finds a way out via a nearby water well, fracked gas well, or oil well, all of which are within one mile of WIPP. It is not if this will happen, it is just a matter of when.
A third nightmare scenario is that the plutonium ignites underground, due to exposure to air, as finely ground plutonium ignites all by itself and burns with no ignition source. What is inside all of these waste containers? finely ground plutonium… Plutonium could also combine to trigger a nuclear reaction…
Plutonium – Several Compounds Of This Toxic, Radioactive Heavy Metal Are Pyrophoric And Burn When Exposed To Air; via @AGreenRoad
The worst case scenario is an underground nuclear explosion, which then liberates much more of the nuclear waste stored down there. How is this possible?

At Hanford; “Some of the high-level waste has turned out to be more complex than anticipated, with plutonium particles up to 10 times larger than expected. That has heightened concerns among several scientists, including Tamosaitis and the staff of the nuclear facilities safety board, that the systems designed to churn that waste need further testing to address the threat of hydrogen buildup or a nuclear reaction.

Bottom line, there is a lot going on at WIPP that has not been disclosed or talked about. Severe and numerous hazards exist at WIPP that have not been addressed, which threaten not only nearby communities, but the whole world. There are or will be 24 million curies of nuclear waste put into this WIPP facility according to the document below. This means that if something goes wrong, it will be a global nuclear disaster on the scale of Fukushima or Chernobyl.. In the document below, it itemizes HLW, which stands for high level waste. Is this what is down inside WIPP?

Bottom line, WIPP was supposed to be small, low level waste, PILOT facility, to experiment with on a small scale. Wouldn’t you agree from the evidence presented in this article that WIPP looks like it ended up being a full scale, high level waste facility, with concentrated, HUGE amounts of very deadly, volatile, gas emitting stuff, ready to catch on fire, or blow up any second, with even something small going wrong?

End

WIPP Ventilation System ‘Unstable’, Possibly Due To Underground Explosion, Another Explosion Possible AT ANY TIME via @AGreenRoad

http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/02/wipp-ventilation-system-damaged.html

For more info;

Radioactive Plutonium Plume Coming Out of New Mexico’s WIPP – Geological Nuclear Radioactive Waste Isolation Pilot Plant; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/02/radioactive-plutonium-plume-coming-out.html

Numerous, Severe Geological Problems Identified At WIPP Site, DOE Went Ahead Anyway With Illegal High Level Waste; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/numerous-severe-geological-problems.html

Radioactive Plutonium Plume Coming Out of New Mexico’s WIPP – Geological Nuclear Radioactive Waste Isolation Pilot Plant; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/02/radioactive-plutonium-plume-coming-out.html

Long Term Storage Of Nuclear Fuel, Nuclear Waste Problems/Issues
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/p/recycling-or-long-term-storage-of.html

Nuclear Explosion Induced Lightning, Captured By High Speed Cameras



 This video is focused on the lightning effect created by nuclear bomb explosions. A large variety and types of ionization/lightning effects are displayed. The pictures below are still shots taken from the video above, which comes from a film produced during the 1950s by the firm EG&G under contracts for the US Atomic Energy Commission. Any white spots on the video or in the pictures are due to the extremely high radiation pulse during the explosion.

The sum total of all of these open air nuclear tests is a huge amount of fallout. Even underground nuclear tests resulted in radiation plumes escaping to above ground. 
The fallout from all of these nuclear weapons tests covers almost all of the United States, as shown below..But most of the radiation from all of these nuclear tests stayed high up in the upper atmosphere, where it still circulates today. 



End

Nuclear Explosion Induced Lightning, Captured By High Speed Cameras; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/02/nuclear-explosion-induced-lightning-via.html

More articles at;

Nuclear Bombs, Nuclear Weapons, Nuclear War
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/p/nuclear-bombs-and-nuclear-weapons.html

(1,000 + Creative Commons Videos)


A GREEN ROAD PROJECT INDEX 

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NEXT GENERATION BOMBS 


Anti matter, Antiprotons, Antielectrons, Positrons, Antineutrons and Antiproton Radiation Dangers; via @AGreenroad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/11/anti-matter-antiprotons-antielectrons.html

Problems With Nuclear Bombs, Satellites And Weapons In Space; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/03/nuclear-bombs-satellites-and-weapons-in.html

J-PARC Hadron Accelerator Released 100 Billion Becquerels Radiation Through Vent Fans via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/05/j-parc-hadron-accelerator-released-100.html

Sam Cohen – Inventor Of the Neutron Bomb; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/07/sam-cohen-inventor-of-neutron-bomb.html

Nuclear Bombs, Nuclear Weapons, Nuclear War


2400 Global Nuclear Atmospheric Bomb Tests 1945-1998 – Equivalent to Global Nuclear War; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/04/nuclear-atmospheric-bomb-testing-1945.html

Accelerating Antarctic Ice Sheet Melt, Antarctic Glaciers Receding

For five years, a scientific expedition tried reaching Pine Island Glacier ice shelf in a remote, wind-ridden corner of Antarctica. The obstacles to get to the ice shelf were extreme, but the science goal was simple: to measure how fast the sea was melting the 37-mile long ice tongue from underneath by drilling through the ice shelf. The international team, led by NASA’s emeritus glaciologist Robert Bindschadler and funded by the National Science Foundation and NASA, had to abort their mission in 2007….Those measurements taken on and below the Pine Island Glacier ice shelf have yielded their first scientific results, determining the rate at which warm sea water is eating away the ice from underneath the floating portion of the glacier.
In a paper published in the journal Science on Sept. 13, the team describes how at one of their study sites, halfway down the ice shelf, the melt rate was as high as 2.36 inches (6 centimeters) per day.
From Thinkprogress; “An international team of researchers found that Antarctica’s Pine Island Glacier, the single largest Antarctic contributor to sea-level rise, could add as much as one centimeter to ocean levels within the next 20 years. The glacier “has started a phase of self-sustained retreat and will irreversibly continue its decline,” Gael Durand, a glaciologist with France’s Grenoble Alps University, told Australian Broadcasting Corporation.
“At the Pine Island Glacier we have seen that not only is more ice flowing from the glacier into the ocean, but it’s also flowing faster across the grounding line — the boundary between the grounded ice and the floating ice,” Dr. G. Hilmar Gudmundsson, a researcher on the project, told Planet Earth Magazine. The glaciologists found that that glacier’s grounding line, which has already receded up to 10 kilometers this century, is “probably engaged in an unstable 40-kilometer retreat.”

According to the latest research, Antarctic ice melt has caused global sea level to rise by about 0.02 centimeters a year for the last 20 years. Last year’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report stated that there was “high confidence that ice shelves around the Antarctic peninsula continue a long-term trend of retreat and partial collapse that began decades ago.”
CSMonitor reports that; “Antarctic glacier melt is a major cause of rising sea levels. With the help of a robotic underwater vehicle, scientists have now determined why one big glacier is disappearing. The rate at which the ice shelf is melting has increased significantly, because more warm water is circulating in the cavity beneath it…The inner cavity didn’t exist at all before, so this is the most likely explanation for why a subtle change in temperature can have a huge effect.”
Science.time.com reports; “We already know that Arctic ice is melting faster than expected, and that sea level rise will likely bust the IPCC predictions. Now, thanks to a new paper published yesterday in Nature Geoscience, we have a better idea of why. Researchers from the British Antarctic Survey (BAS) and Columbia University’s Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory examined the Pine Island Glacier in West Antarctica—one of the frozen continent’s largest glaciers—and found that it was melting more than 50% faster than it had been just 15 years ago, when an earlier group of scientists visited it. The glacier is now losing 80 cu. km of ice a year, up from 50 cu. km in 1994.”
Read more: A New Study Shows Why an Antarctic Glacier Is Melting, and Underscores the Uncertainty in Climate Models | TIME.com 
In the TravelChannel TV show below, Zay Harding goes on a tour of the Antarctic, and talks with a scientist who had gone down there for ten years. The scientist tells Zay that when he first got there, the station where they were at was right next to a glacier, which ended right there at the research station. One section of the glacier broke off about once a week ten years ago, and that was a big deal, so they all went outside to see it. Since then, the glacier has retreated about 1/2 mile, and the calving has accelerated to 7 times a DAY, rather than once a week. Now the calving happens to often, they do not even watch it anymore, nor go outside for this very frequent happening.
In another section of the show, biologists show how one species of Antarctic penguin has had their population reduced from 15,000 to 3,000, due to the climate warming in the Antarctic so much that their eggs drown in sitting rain water, rather than sitting on top of ice. 
The Pliocene sedimentary sequence in the drillcore consisted of sixteen distinct layers, alternating between diatom-rich silty clay and diatom-poor clay layers with silt laminations. Diatom-rich sediments point to multiple extended periods of increased biological productivity related to less sea ice and warmer spring and summer sea surface temperatures. This sequence is in good agreement with data from marine and land-based records from the Antarctic Peninsula margin, the Ross Sea and other areas.Reconstructions indicate that during the Pliocene there were prolonged (~200,000 years) warm intervals, when spring and summer sea surface temperatures were between 2 and 6 oC above modern levels, with a general background theme of warmer-than-present temperatures.

Volcano under Antarctic ice may erupt, accelerate melting
http://www.nbcnews.com/science/science-news/volcano-under-antarctic-ice-may-erupt-accelerate-melting-f2D11603371

A European satellite show melting of an antarctic ice sheet is accelerating, losing more than 35 cubic miles of ice annually, scientists say. The loss observed by the European Space Agency’s CryoSat is considerably more than when the area was last surveyed, they said. The total is dominated by ice losses from three glaciers flowing into the Amundsen Sea, a release from the Paris headquarters of the ESA said Thursday.

Read more: http://www.upi.com/Science_News/2013/12/13/Satellite-confirms-accelerating-melting-of-antarctic-ice-sheets/UPI-96411386979787/#ixzz2uHKJ5z6o

What is the take away from all of these studies and other research? Global warming is affecting even an area that is farthest away from all human activities, in the Southern Hemisphere. The melting of the Arctic ice caps and retreating glaciers are well established and easy to see in the Arctic, but now the same process has been documented as happening in the Antarctic region too. 

End

Accelerating Antarctic Ice Sheet Melt, Antarctic Glaciers Receding; via @AGreenRoad

Radioactive Plutonium Plume Coming Out of New Mexico’s WIPP – Geological Nuclear Radioactive Waste Isolation Pilot Plant

Have you heard about the uncontrolled airborne release of radioactive plutonium and other toxic radioactive elements from a geological nuclear waste storage facility in New Mexico in 2014? According to SRIC; the radiation leak came from the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP).

To start with, a basic video about WIPP is offered below, to explain how the facility works and give an inside view of the facility.

According to WIPP, the radiation leak was ‘identified’ by WIPP at 11:30 pm on Friday, February 14, 2014. After the leak was discovered via an automatic radiation alarm system, it triggered a filtration system, so that air coming out of WIPP would be filtered before being released. Radiation was detected outside and 3,000 feet NW of the ventilation shaft.
http://www.sric.org/nuclear/docs/WIPP_Leak_02212014.pdf

The radiation ‘leak’ and whatever caused it was covered up for days… The important and critical piece of this is that unfiltered radiation came out of the facility, and then blew down wind. No one was warned. No one was notified. Everyone who was downwind was exposed, in a radioactivity experiment, with unwilling participants. But this is no surprise, because that is how it works with all nuclear accidents; and this is nothing new or different. In addition, no independent monitors or researchers were allowed on site, which makes it even worse. It would be like a traffic accident or an airline crash, but no NTSB officers or highway patrol cops are allowed to get to the accident site.

WIPP Radioactive Plutonium/Americium Plume Release Covered Up For Six Days, Researchers Denied Access; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/wipp-radioactive-plutoniumamericium.html

TOTAL RADIATION RELEASE

How much radioactive plutonium and americium is still coming out? What amount and length of time did a ‘puff’ of unfiltered radiation get above ground and leave the site before the HEPA filters kicked in? How long will radioactive plume continue? How will this 96,000x above background radiation level affect ‘downwinders’? How effective are these HEPA filters? Do they really filter out 99.97% of the radiation, or is that just a computer model? Is there also radioactive gas being released, or just particles of plutonium and americium? One estimate and warnings to downwinders is coming from the following blogger;
“DEADLY WARNING: Initial Plutonium Cloud Size ~110 MILLION Bq, On Going Releases @ ~6,667 Bq PER MINUTE”
Another estimate and figures of radiation being released are provided here;
One blogger calculated the amount of plutonium released, has a link to the ‘official’ amount of plutonium released, a conversion calculator and the potential death count, from just what has happened so far, and using the official numbers. WIPP released 461 grams of Plutonium, about a pound, aerosolized into the air. Calculations for potential casualties are here also.
http://nukeprofessional.blogspot.com/2014/02/wipp-plutonium-aerosolization-is-more.html

New tests show plutonium reached millions of times normal levels at WIPP site — Concern air filters at plant may not have worked — Gov’t accused of lying about radiation leak (VIDEO)
http://enenews.com/new-tests-show-plutonium-millions-of-times-above-normal-levels-at-wipp-site-concern-air-filters-at-plant-may-not-have-worked-govt-accussed-of-lying-about-radiation-leak-video

Official ongoing measurements of radiation in air filters at WIPP site, by CEMRC

http://www.cemrc.org/2014/02/19/cemrc-detects-trace-amounts-radioactive-particles-air-sampling-station-near-wipp-facility/

DOE INITIALLY DENIED ANY PLUTONIUM WAS RELEASED 
Fukushimatruths; “The DOE desperately wants the word PLUTONIUM left out of the public’s ears. DOE would prefer to have the public think the release was AMERICIUM. Hell can’t nothin be bad that for somethin’ named after America, especially when everybody keeps a little bit of the stuff in the smoke detector in their home. Its the updated version of the lie that inhaling Plutonium is like eating a Banana.

http://youtu.be/UirxeDRnQuo
“But don’t take our word for it. DOE funds an radioactive monitoring organization which goes by the acronym CEMRC. Now CEMRC is no prize pig, we see obvious deception in their reports too. Things like making the release look smaller by averaging it out over the whole 7 days their measurement device was running, instead of just using the smaller 30 second period in which they claim the radioactive release occurred. Not only do we think that it is purposefully deceptive; we think improperly mixing units of measure speaks lowly of their Engineering Program.”

Source; http://climateviewer.com/2014/02/20/above-ground-plutonium-detected-new-mexico/

Where did that initial covered up plume of plutonium radiation go? The above graphic shows some details, and the live weather map below shows current winds across the US. http://earth.nullschool.net/#current/wind/isobaric/500hPa/orthographic=-85.42,33.24,387

https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=1425339767711646&set=a.1378980989014191.1073741827.100007069086339&type=1&theater

The graphic picture above is a computer model of what the radioactive plume may look like, 3 days after the Feb. 14th leak, assuming just a one time, short 1 hour ‘puff’ of radiation from WIPP.

TOWN HALL MEETING

Video of Town Hall meeting at Carlsbad, Monday evening, Feb 24th, 2014

http://new.livestream.com/accounts/85948/events/1702454

From the video above; DOE rep lives locally, says  numerous samples have been taken, soil, air, etc, amounts so low, they have to be sent to the lab to analyze. The recovery plan is being put together, and they brought in people from all over the nation. DOE will put out data, when they do get them, also will have an 800 number and website. DOE ‘owns’ the facility. (In other words, minor incident, nothing to worry about, little or no radiation released)
From video above; 2nd speaker; Lives locally. On Wed. Feb 5th, we got a fire in underground alarm. We evacuated both shifts, 86 people, and 6 people were treated for smoke inhalation. Shut down ventilation system, and starved the fire until it was out. Approved plan for reentry. Established plan. Sent two teams in and used fire truck to douse truck on same day. Started a ventilation fan in normal mode. Accident investigators walked around whole mine and ensured it was all stable, last entry day for them was on Feb 14th. (why did it take 7 days to shut down site and investigate a simple truck fire? The radiation leak was identified at 11:30 pm on Friday, February 14, 2014.) Doing surveys and samples around the site. Environmental samples taken with small paper air filters, collected several hundred samples, smears for radiation, water, air, ground and plant samples; will take 3 weeks to get results. Numbers are low so it takes awhile to get results. Working hard to make sure employees are protected and involved. Distance between waste and fire is 3,000 feet. We believe it is two separate and distinct events. 
From video above; 3rd speaker. Lives locally. …. talked about testing the paper filters by digesting it with acids, separating it into two parts, and doing gamma radiation 48 hour survey on one, and then doing isotopic analysis on the other sample, then boil it down to a dry state, and do an alpha count on it for extended period. SEMERC does environmental testing for WIPP site, does air samples with round paper filters, before and after the HEPA filters, drinking water and sediment samples, and desert soil samples. Air is our main focus at this point. Should we leave Carlsbad? I am going to WIPP site, standing right below exhaust site where air is coming out, and I send people out to collect air filters every 8 hours. We believe what happened underground, is still underground and is not getting out. We went out on Sunday and pulled an ambient air sample to the SW, and another SE, we pulled both air filters. We took hand held radiation detection units with us. Detector showed 500 counts per minutes on the filter.

Detector has 20% efficiency. So you multiply by five and it gives you 2,500 disintegration’s per minute. So now we get it in Bq/sec, so we divide this 2500 by 60 and get 42 Bq/second. This gross count includes uranium, radon, plutonium from atomic weapons test and a lot of other stuff we are all breathing, which makes up the natural background that we have to subtract from what is going on now. What was left after subtracting that is .64 disintegration’s per second of americium, which is safe, and nothing to worry about, because the HEPA filters are working. The second sample we tested showed .007 disintegration’s per second for a two day period.

The onsite air sample filter is right to the exhaust station B, and it resulted in readings about twice as high as the field air sample filters. It ran from the 11th to the 18th, we pulled it and it registered twice what the field air filters did. Also, there are some scare stories about the free whole body radiation measurement service saying this must be twice as bad as Fukushima, since in Japan, they only offer a 50% discount, but this has been offered since the 90’s, and is nothing new. It takes about an hour to get the scan, you lay down in a chamber, we turn the lights off and put music on and after it is done, we give you the results and show you what may be in your body. This service has always been free, and will continue to be free.

Q and A; Is the radiation from room 7? All other rooms are sealed, so odds are that radiation is not coming from any other room, other than #7, which is where we have a live radiation detector, and the radiation levels are dropping there. We have not gone back in due to safety rules, and there are three sets of rules we have to follow, so we are creating a plan to go into the mine following safety protocols.

Why did any radiation come out? Answer; first of all, there is nothing leaking in the underground. We have a nuclear facility. We have a documented safety analysis for any nuclear facility, and we have mitigated actions that are in place. If a container is ruptured, how do we protect the employees and the public, the environment outside? For example, as soon as an alarm goes off, the air goes through a HEPA filter, at 99.7% efficiency, instead of straight out into the air. Because the air from the facility goes through the filter, there is a little bit that still goes through. We do not take liquid waste. Something happened in the underground, but we do not know what it is. People certify the waste where it comes from, and then it comes here. People left the facility at 5 PM and then something happened.

Was there anything in transit to the WIPP facility when the truck fire happened? The answer is no.

What about the radiation test; where is that? Answer; you can come in and count the radiation that is in your lungs as well as your whole body and it will tell you what the activity is. (also gives location, see link below).

How can you get an answer in one hour with the whole body radiation counter, and why does it take 3 weeks for the other testing? Answer; the whole body counter only measures gamma radiation and nothing else, and that can be done quickly, in one hour. The other counters we use measure alpha, beta and gamma and that takes longer to measure and analyze.

Incomplete rough transcript… link below to more transcript of questions and answers
http://nukeprofessional.blogspot.com/2014/02/pro-nukers-are-proud-of-high-level.html

WIPP DOWNWIND RADIATION DETECTIONS

Monday, Feb 24th, 2014  Radioactive contamination now reported in city over 20 miles from leaking U.S. nuclear site #WIPP — 10th largest population in state of New Mexico (MAP)
http://enenews.com/radioactive-contamination-reported-city-20-miles-leaking-new-mexico-nuclear-site-10th-largest-population-state

MAJOR NUCLEAR DISASTER COVER UP IN PROGRESS?

There was also a fire at this same facility about a week earlier that released thick black clouds of smoke out of the ventilation shaft. The cause of this fire was claimed to be nothing more than ‘a vehicle’. This video was not released by WIPP, but rather by a private, anonymous source. Why hide this picture and videos of the smoke and the fire department putting the fire out if there is nothing to worry about, especially a simple, small, inconsequential truck fire? Isn’t that what the news media is there for? 

http://youtu.be/KKp8A0oL1KU?t=25s

Best video:
https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?v=607407129347427

Does anyone else think that it is a bit suspicious that just a few days after a ‘truck fire’ we have a disclosure of a ‘small’ radiation plume or ‘puff’ coming out of this same nuclear waste facility? The fact that a radiation release was hidden for SIX days is confirmed.

It could be that these two things (truck fire and radiation release) are actually one and the same thing. At the town meeting, DOE said the truck fire and the radiation release (not a ‘leak) according to DOE, are two separate incidents. What do you think, knowing that they covered up the radiation release for at least SIX days?
http://www.koat.com/news/new-mexico/salt-truck-catches-fire-at-wipp-in-carlsbad/24309852

When did the radiation release actually start? Maybe, just maybe, this was a truck carrying a container of radioactive high level waste, which then broke open, exploded or melted due to the heat of the truck fire..The authorities are saying they don’t know the cause and one potential cause is a ceiling collapse onto a pile a nuclear waste barrels. Since it is highly radioactive underground, no one can go down to check things out. They have ‘live’ cameras down there, so they should know what happened. Why is it that no one ever knows what happened at any nuclear accident, and the truth of it only dribbles out months or years later? Could it be that they are covering this up too, and they KNOW what happened?

Who knows why this happened, because it does not seem that the DOE is in the habit of transparently disclosing negative things, just like the rest of the nuclear industry. Minimizing, delaying bad news, denying everything and saying nothing dangerous is happening are all part of the ‘spin’ that happens after every nuclear accident. So protect yourself and don’t wait for ‘official’ warnings of radiation dangers or plumes coming over. Like all nuclear accidents, sometimes the truth of what really happened does not come out for 20-40 years. 

Art And Science Of Deception; Global Corporations And The 1%
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/p/corporations-art-and-science-of.html

The authorities did not disclose this radiation for SIX days, according to the article above, but finally did admit the release of plutonium and americium from the facility in unknown (but small) and ‘safe’ amounts. Other news reports indicate that a monitor 1/2 mile away detected the radioactive plume. According to the community meeting information, all of the air radiation monitors measuring radiation were upwind of the release, so any readings will be artificially low and not reflect the amount of radiation that is being released downwind.

WIPP SPIN, MINIMIZATION AND DENIALS

False Advertising And Fraud

WIPP was originally designed, approved  and permitted to be just a waste isolation PILOT plant where DOE could store ONLY low level transuranic nuclear waste.. LOW LEVEL nuclear waste was what the original permit allowed, nothing more. This was supposed to be a small ‘test’ facility, for small amounts of transuranic waste, such as rags, clothing, wipes, etc. Here they can test run safety processes, procedures, techniques, and develop on a small scale what is needed to safely store high level more dangerous and volatile stuff in another facility, built with a permit for that more dangerous stuff and a full scale operation, with the bugs worked out of it. 
The problem is that the DOE stayed with the ‘pilot project’ in the WIPP name. Meanwhile, the DOE just ramped up operations and increased the lethality and toxicity of what they were stuffing into it, illegally.  This facility is no longer a ‘pilot’ project, but the false advertising, and putting stuff down there illegally and getting permits after the fact makes it all ok, right? 
What is not to love about this false science? this fake advertising? Where killing giving babies leukemia passes for great advances in mankind’s ability to engage in collective suicide?

Plume Covered Up For Many Days

WIPP Radioactive Plutonium/Americium Plume Release Covered Up For Six Days, Researchers Denied Access; via @AGreenRoad

Ventilation System Damaged, Possible Explosions

Up to now, the WIPP news accounts have downplayed this disaster. But, slowly, the truth may be coming out. According to a recent news report by the WIPP operations team, the ventilation system has problems. Although it has not been made public, at least one blogger believes it is because the plutonium release is not due to a ceiling collapse, but due to a gas explosion, which ruptured a radioactive waste container, (possibly one of the high level waste containers)?. Methane, radioactive hydrogen and tritium gas are coming out ALL of these containers, and the first two gases are explosive. If we go with this theory, because the ventilation system was damaged in the first explosion, another larger explosion is also possible and that would knock out all HEPA filters, thus allowing full blown radioactive particles and gases without filtering into the air, and exposing millions of people downwind to plutonium, americium and many more transuranic elements plus radioactive gases. 

Upwind monitors

At the community meeting, the speaker talks about monitors to the SE and SW, but the plume went NE, so these two monitors would not have caught the plume, according to wind maps during this time published above. The onsite monitor may also not have caught it, depending on whether it was upwind or downwind. So the ‘low radiation readings’ as they talked about at the community meeting may actually be ‘real’, but not indicative of what was released, due to being upwind. Are there no radiation monitors to the NE of the facility?
Plutonium too heavy
Of course, the PR person for WIPP claimed at first that plutonium is too ‘heavy’ to go very far, but that is exactly what they said after Fukushima released between 600 to 6000 pounds of plutonium and that plutonium was confirmed to have gone all around the world. 

How Dangerous Is 400-6000 Pounds Of Plutonium Nano Particle Dust Liberated By Fukushima? Via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/08/how-dangerous-is-400-6000-pounds-of.html

Fukushima Released Massive Amounts of Plutonium; It Was Found In Japan, The Pacific Ocean And Inside Many US Cities; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/01/fukushima-released-massive-amounts-of.html
Plutonium-238 From Fukushima Traveled Around The World – ‘Misleading’ Experts Said It Would Stay Close By, Or Did Not Happen; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/12/plutonium-238-from-fukushima-traveled.html

So how dangerous is a hot particle of plutonium? Arnie Gunderson provides us a short lesson in the difference between exterior and interior radiation via the following video.

Plutonium is ‘natural’

The pro nuclear PR person for WIPP also claimed that plutonium is ‘natural’ because plutonium has been released via the atomic age from atomic bomb tests and a plutonium satellite crash, just like any pro nuclear PR person will say after any other nuclear accident.

Using the word ‘natural’ with plutonium makes it sound like plutonium is just ordinary household dust, and that it is harmless. Bottom line, there is no ‘natural’ plutonium, and this “plutonium is natural” claim is a bald faced lie, designed to deceive people, and to minimize this event. 

Is There ‘Natural’ Plutonium And Are There ‘Natural’ Fission Reactions? via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/01/is-there-natural-plutonium-and-are.html

Live in San Francisco? You, Your Dog And Your Kids Inhaled Billions Of Radioactive Plutonium Atoms; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/01/live-in-san-francisco-you-your-dog-and.html

Plutonium Is The Most Toxic, Radioactive, Man Made Element, With No Natural Biological Role In The Human Body; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/01/plutonium-is-toxic-radioactive-man-made.html

Comparing plutonium to bananas

Video above: New Mexico’s Nuclear Waste Pilot Site Releasing Massive Amounts of Banana’s According to Dr. John Nail, at Oklahoma City University. News channel 4 posted a story called : Could a leak at New Mexico’s nuclear waste site reach the Sooner State?  They interview Dr. John Nail, at Oklahoma City University chemist. Surely the Oklahoma City University site must have one nuclear professor there that knows what they are talking about. 
Why did Ed Doney from KFOR news-channel 4 seek out a chemistry professor named Dr. John Nail, at Oklahoma City University, and why did Dr. Nail demonize and hammer on bananas with a fabricated statement that most people will get more radiation exposure from eating bananas than they ever will from this New Mexico nuclear dump site leak and plume of man made plutonium radiation?
If KFOR news-channel 4 Ed ass Doney bothered to fact check he would know that bananas are not a byproduct of nuclear enrichment. Bananas are not a man made radioactive element —so bananas are a really stupid way to explain radiation exposure, radiation leaks and even nuclear plant melt downs, but that is what they try to do, every time. 
If you eat a banana with 12 bq a second decay of potassium 40 in it you off gas or get rid of the exact same amount of potassium 40. Potassium in a banana does not build up in the body, cause cancer or heart attacks as man made radioactive elements like cesium, plutonium, tritium, uranium, and strontium do. If you eat 40,000 Bq of potassium in a banana, nothing happens to you. But if  you eat or breathe 40,000 Bq of cesium, plutonium, strontium, you will get sick and die. Trying to compare internal radiation exposure from hot particles of plutonium to eating bananas is like trying to compare the moon with cheese you eat. They have almost NOTHING to do with each other. 
Meanwhile, the fire is claimed to be from a salt truck, and the radioactive leak that happened several days later, is claimed by them to be completely separate from the truck fire. The only problem is that two different news agencies confirmed that the DOE covered up the radiation release for at least six days and maybe even more. After all, if you can cover up something and lie about it for six days, why not make up a truck fire story to cover up what REALLY happened? What are they covering up in those many days, or more?
WHERE WIPP NUCLEAR HIGH AND LOW LEVEL WASTE COMES FROM

So why did this radiation ‘accident’ happen, when this facility is not supposed to have anything more than low level radioactive waste in it, consisting of rags, wipes and solid radiation contaminated nuclear garbage? DOE said in the community meeting that there is nothing in the facility other than ‘low level’ solid waste, and that six of the seven ‘rooms’ were sealed, so the odds are that the radiation came from ‘room’ #7, which was actively being filled with nuclear and other toxic waste garbage.

The link below leads to a map showing where all of the nuclear waste came from; it is a list of the worst of the worst radioactive facilities across the US. Their incentive is to get rid of not only their low level stuff, but also the worst of the worst of what they have, because it is their biggest, and most expensive, and most dangerous headache.

http://www.nuclearactive.org/wipp/route.html

No one asked these officials what the highest levels per kilogram or liter radiation levels are in this waste, which is contained in the site.. A good question to ask them is; “Is any of the nuclear waste in WIPP class 7 waste? And is any of it LIQUID or sludge Class 7 waste?
A previous manager of the radiation tracking organization is quoted as saying that the site contains waste that is more radioactive than what is left in the underground tanks at Hanford, which are screaming hot; more than 7 Ci/liter (Billions of bequerels per liter.) Low level waste indeed!

“The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) ships highly radioactive materials between former production sites, research reactors, power reactors, storage and other facilities throughout the United States. Two types of highly radioactive materials are spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste that resulted from reprocessing spent fuel. Transportation of these radioactive materials includes both highway and rail modes. For highway shipments, these materials are subject to specific regulations on routing. The Department of Transportation (DOT) has addressed highway routing requirements in their regulations on the transportation of Class 7 (radioactive) materials. The regulations contain specific requirements for Class 7 material for which placarding is required, and for a “Highway Route Controlled Quantity” of Class 7 material, as defined in 49 CFR 173.403 (1). Regulations on routing, like those for highway shipments of Class 7 material, do not exist for rail transport. 
II. Current Rail Routing System A. Regulatory Structure DOT/Federal Railroad Administration 
Rail routing of large quantity radioactive materials such as spent nuclear fuel is treated differently from highway routing from a regulatory standpoint. Regulations like those for highway shipments do not exist for rail transport; instead, a shipper and rail carrier normally jointly plan the route considering factors important to service and operational requirements. Physical protection requirements for safeguards and security, specific to routing shipments of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste, are covered under DOT 49 CFR 173.22 (c)(2)”

Now we know for sure that high level wastes are being transported across the country both by rail and truck to get to WIPP, and to be hidden away inside the mine, out of sight, out of mind. But what happens if there is an accident on the way? Well, that is ok, and radiation releases are expected. But no worries, they will be handled just like this accident and all others are too, by being covered up, minimized and/or denied.

WHAT IS IN ‘LOW LEVEL’ WIPP CONTAINERS

http://www.epa.gov/rpdweb00/docs/wipp/las817174-wwis-drum-data.pdf

One low level nuclear waste container that went into WIPP in 2008 is detailed above by the EPA. As you can see, it contains cesium, americium, neptunium, plutonium, strontium, uranium and beryllium, (transuranic waste products). Transuranic is defined as anything in the periodic table higher than uranium. But in addition to these things, other toxic chemicals including small amounts liquids were also allowed in, despite them having high VOC levels, including combustible elements that offgas explosive and flammable gases such as hydrogen, methane, toulene and many more.

They ‘certify’ that no liquids are present on another page. But the question that comes up is; why are they only talking about plutonium, when these containers seem to contain MANY radioactive and chemical items that offgas all mixed together? This seems to be another form of minimization, which also happens after every nuclear accident. 

In other words, the PR people always focus on only ONE or two of hundreds of things coming out of a nuclear accident/disaster. Then they minimize those as much as possible, while denying or avoiding talking about all of the other stuff coming out. The first tactic of course, is to just deny anything is happening, which is exactly what happened at this nuclear disaster.

The doses of all of the nuclear waste particle products and gases have to be added together, as nothing happens in isolation, so it is not fair to just talk about dose rates for just one thing, because MANY things are coming out all together, usually combined with radioactive and other gases too, not just solid particles. All of these waste containers emit tritium gas for one thing, but they may also emit other gases, such as methane, and VOC’s coming off of liquid chemicals, depending on what is in those contains and what the decay or VOC products are of whatever is inside of them. After all, every radioactive or chemical element decays or changes, and some of them go through a gas phase.

A few of the radioactive isotopes in the mix of spent fuel are gaseous and need to be carefully contained so that they do not escape to the environment and cause radiation damage to living things. Other types of nuclear waste exist, such as low level waste from other applications..”
http://www.whatisnuclear.com/articles/waste.html

SCREAMING HOT, HIGH LEVEL WASTE IS STORED IN WIPP

The dark and hidden side to this story seems to be that the DOE wanted to put high level radioactive wastes into WIPP, despite the fact that the facility was not permitted, designed or legally allowed to do this.. The link below leads to a story about where this process seems to have started, and it seems according to the following sources, that high level radioactive waste then did go into WIPP either before and/or after the following news story.
But who is going to check this potential horror story out, because the rooms with the  potential evidence are all sealed up, and the high level waste containers are now sealed up in the walls and plugged with concrete? Is this a case of; out of sight, out of mind? Who is certifying the waste that goes in here, and where are those records? Who checks what is in those containers? More information about the certification and approvals process here…
In the video at the top of this article, it shows some ‘special’ containers being put into the walls, and then being sealed up with a plug of concrete. These containers ALL have high level waste in them, with radiation that exceeds what is left in the bottom of the Hanford tank sludge material (VERY high radiation levels), containing more than 7Ci/Liter.
http://nukeprofessional.blogspot.com/2014/02/wipp-busted-dead-to-rights-they-were.html

Forbes reported that; “The drums they handle—filled with scraps of machinery, rags, sludge and clothing contaminated with plutonium— have been packed at the Energy Department’s labs in Idaho and South Carolina. You can stand next to most drums without concern. Others are so hot they can only be handled by heavily shielded machines”….This article also claims that “all the air that circulates out of the WIPP buildings passes through HEPA filters.”

http://www.forbes.com/sites/christopherhelman/2012/01/25/nuke-us-meet-the-town-that-wants-americas-worst-nuclear-waste/2/

So are these high level nuclear waste containers really all just solids, or did they ‘accidentally’ include some high level liquid waste and semi liquid sludges as hinted at in the Forbes article above? The comment by a former WIPP official above seems to indicate WIPP contains LIQUIDS and/or sludge, not just solids. Why did he say more than 7Ci/Liter, instead of more than 7Ci/Kilogram? Is liquidy sludge measured by the kilogram, or by the liter?
But even if just high level solid wastes went into WIPP, who allowed it, who signed off on it, and why did it go in there, when the original environmental and permit process specifically did NOT ALLOW ANY OF IT?

via stock February 27, 2014 “I caught the former director bragging about the super high level waste they are storing in there. “7 Ci/liter” A Ci is Curie, it is a HUGE amount. Using the Wolfram Calculator 7 Ci equals 2.59 E11 Bq. Science lesson, the E11 means you simply move the decimal place over by 11 digits, adding zeros as needed. Now keep in mind, this is in liters;
7 Ci/liter = 239,000,000,000 Bq/liter  (BILLIONS/bq/liter)
They have stated that up to 4% of the WIPP is such high level wastes.”

http://enenews.com/tv-disturbing-new-development-in-the-wipp-radiation-leak-surprising-words-today-what-went-wrong-and-why-those-are-some-of-the-questions-swirling-around-county-official-calls-it-a/comment-page-1#comment-482561

Is this what these government officials are calling ‘low level’ waste? Basically, it sounds like anything with radiation and/or chemicals in it is now ‘low level’, even something with BILLIONS of bequerels of radiation per liter or kilogram.

If only 4% of the 400,000 55 gallon drums theoretically possibly at WIPP consist of high level nuclear waste, that means it does or will contain 16,000 drums of this high level radiation stuff. How many bequerels of radiation is that in total?;

Bottom line, it is way too many too count.. it is mind boggling amounts of radiation and the potential of something bad happening to this while it is underground are also mind boggling.

13 WIPP EMPLOYEES EXPOSED TO INTERNAL RADIATION

The facility manager said that the whole place was so safe, he could walk around out there with no protection. So why is it, that 13 employees were found to have been exposed to radiation? Where did they get that radiation contamination? Remember the official account is that the radiation release happened with NO ONE on site, late at night, 11 PM, when everyone was gone. “NWP spokesman Donavan Mager said that “there is no way the radiation could be spread” because workers were only exposed to an internal dose of radiation.” How did they get an internal dose of radiation that can only be breathed in, if no one was around when this happened? 

http://www.currentargus.com/carlsbad-news/ci_25232120/breaking-13-wipp-employees-exposed-radiation

This story also does not make sense, they way they present it. It does make sense of airborne radiation particle and/or gas plumes came out of the mine and exposed workers who were above ground at the time. It also makes sense if employees are exposed to radioactive gases coming out of the containers 24 hours a day. Since only a small number of employees have been tested so far, no one knows how extensive this radiation contamination is or what percentage of workers have internal radiation exposure.

PLUTONIUM DETECTED UPWIND OF SITE

And why is it that plutonium was detected upwind on two detectors 1/2 mile away from the WIPP facility? As Kevin Blanche says, this has never happened before in the US. What was the downwind reading of radiation in the first five days when everything was covered up?

Below is a 1 hour documentary is also included below for those who want to really dive into the history of the only working geological storage facility of high level nuclear liquid waste products and high level mixed products, despite it being permitted only for low level waste, such as rags, clothing and wipes.

DON’T KNOW WHAT CAUSED DISASTER, BUT WIPP IS SAFE

Plutonium release at U.S. nuclear facility: “We don’t know what happened… don’t know whether it could happen again” — “Big problem is…how much is continuing to be released?” — Officials“know very little about extent of problem or how to solve it”
KUNM (NPR affiliate), Feb. 20, 2014: Highest Ever Radiation Levels Detected In Air Above Nuclear Waste Facility […] Russell Hardy, director of the Carlsbad Environmental Monitoring and Research Center, said Wednesday a monitor near the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant in southeastern New Mexico has detected trace amounts of the radioactive isotopes americium and plutonium. He says the levels are the highest ever detected at or around the site […]
Albuquerque Journal, Feb. 20, 2014: […] “It’s still below what EPA considers actionable levels, but it’s important to know that some material did get out of the facility,” Hardy said. […] Plutonium and americium are cancer-causing when inhaled or consumed, Hardy said. […] WIPP said Wednesday that it is developing a plan to safely re-enter the underground facility. Radiological professionals from other Energy Department locations and national laboratories are also assisting in the recovery, WIPP said. […] Hardy said CEMRC is in the process of testing 10 additional filters from an exhaust shaft at WIPP.
RT, Feb. 20, 2014: Spokeswoman Deb Gill said […] officials know very little about the extent of the problem or how to solve it.

New Mexico’s WIPP – Waste Isolation Pilot Plant – The WIPP Trail (Documentary)
http://youtu.be/u_3m9xaSfdQ

Plutonium detected half-mile outside New Mexico nuclear waste facility
February 20, 2014 
Four days after a radiation alert shut the nation’s only underground nuclear waste facility, an independent monitoring center said Wednesday it found radioactive isotopes in an air sensor about a half mile from the southeastern New Mexico plant.
US Gov’t: EPA specifically allows radioactive waste to be dumped in salt caverns — Exempted from hazardous waste requirements
How is it that the EPA is working with the DOE on this illegal high level nuclear waste project? The EPA is supposed to be protecting the environment, but now it seems to be involved in an illegal high level nuclear waste facility. The DOE is the ‘owner’ of this site, so it is now responsible for the release of airborne plutonium and americium, one of the most deadly substances on Earth.
Bottom line, taxpayers are footing the bill for the garbage produced by the for profit, private military/nuclear industrial complex. According to the above source(s), high level radioactive liquid waste  is now being disposed of illegally despite WIPP originally being permitted for only non liquid, low level nuclear waste. If this is going on here, how many other places like WIPP are having the same thing happen?

As recently as 2011, “the Department of Energy (DOE) said it would abide by those restrictions (low level waste only allowed). “Legislation and legally binding documents specifically prohibit … other waste forms from being disposed of at WIPP,” the statement said.”
http://civicpolicy.com/journalwatch/?p=3792

Numerous, Severe Geological Problems Identified At WIPP Site, DOE Went Ahead Anyway With Illegal High Level Waste; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/numerous-severe-geological-problems.html

Besides, what other industry besides the military nuclear industry has it’s garbage and hazardous waste bill paid for by taxpayers and disposed of for free by the DOE and EPA? See the evidence for the above in the following video….

ILLEGAL HIGH LEVEL WASTE AT WIPP

Legally, technically, and in terms of just plain old design, WIPP could not and still cannot handle high level nuclear waste, but somehow, it ended up there anyway. Legally it was AGAINST THE LAW. WIPP WAS NOT LEGALLY ALLOWED TO TAKE HIGH LEVEL WASTE, but somehow solid and potentially also liquid high level waste ended up there anyway, as detailed previously So what amount of low and high level high level nuclear waste went in there, and where did it come from?

Defense #Nuclear Waste Gone from Hurricane Sandy’s Path – Forbes – “In fact, more nuclear waste has gone into WIPP than was ever destined for that other famous nuclear repository, Yucca Mountain. The equivalent of about 400,000 55-gallon drums.http://onforb.es/SCD1qm 
Here is what the low level waste containers look like that are going into WIPP and how many shipments have gone there; 
EnergySolutions ‏@EnergySolutions 17 Jul 2012 DOE’s Savannah River site in South Carolina made 1360 shipments of radioactive waste to New Mexico’s #WIPP for disposal http://bit.ly/SF3bIN
2 – 7 truckloads per week of #Hanford‘s waste bound for #WIPP in New Mexico, starting this month http://ow.ly/1cRHH

According to Nukeprofessional, WIPP has high level nuclear waste stored away in it, that is much hotter than anything left in the tanks at Hanford; greater than 7Ci/Liter
http://nukeprofessional.blogspot.com/2014/02/wipp-busted-dead-to-rights-they-were.html

AGRP wonders what kind of positive, community health protecting action will the DOE take in response to this invisible, airborne plutonium plume coming from what could very likely be caused by illegal high level nuclear wastes containers that have broken open, burned through or got squashed? If their previous history is any indication, the prospects do not look good.
What will happen as these screaming hot containers of waste break down and intermingle with the water, the salt and natural geological processes? It seems like they have not thought these things through.

Plutonium – Several Compounds Of This Toxic, Radioactive Heavy Metal Are Pyrophoric And Burn When Exposed To Air; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/plutonium-several-compounds-of-this.html

AGRP’s prediction is that based on the above scientists geological studies and warnings, water is going to enter this facility eventually, no matter what. It is just a question of when, not if. Water combined with salt will degrade and dissolve the containers, leaving open high level nuclear waste and chemical toxins exposed to water, which then goes where it goes; above ground into the river, into the water table, into the air above ground, etc. It is not a question of if, just a question of when. This process has already happened, starting on Feb 14th 2014. The ‘leaks’ and uncontrolled exiting of radioactive particles, gases and chemicals will continue on from here, just in larger amounts, and in potentially catastrophic ways, such as criticalities, explosions and fires, over the longer term. 

WIPP COSTS
According to NuclearActive; “Brother, Can you Spare $32 Billion? ….at least another $29 billion will be spent to fill WIPP. Oddly, the DOE can’t find the $420 million needed for cleanup of TA-21 at Los Alamos – just one of an estimated 1,800 sites needing attention..
Does WIPP effect your community? Consult the Route Map.
US Nuclear Weapons policy encourages other nations to continue testing.
The supposed justification for implementing the WIPP program is that the facility is already built.
Why? To secure a nuclear weapons program into the next century.
Choices must be made. Pork-barrel economics, corporate profits, or the lust for new gadgets should not guide these choices. In proceeding with WIPP, DOE is choosing to support increased nuclear weapons production, while ignoring the human and environmental costs.
Our National Security is Threatening our National Security
In 1989, the Berlin Wall fell. Politicians announced that the Cold War was over, we were led to expect a “peace dividend.” But between 1989 and 1998 the DOE continued to increase nuclear weapons spending significantly. DOE’s new “Stockpile Stewardship Program,” ostensibly to maintain our aging arsenal, will in fact focus on new design and production weapons technologies – at a cost greater than the original Manhattan Project.
Other nations recognize the true meaning hidden within this misnomer. Several countries have asked for US participation in an effort to find some process that could lead toward elimination of nuclear weapons. In response to our refusal, these nations continue aggressive testing and nuclear weapons development programs.
U.S. nuclear weapons policy that authorizes increasing funds for nuclear weapons production trades new nuclear weapons for school, health care, and environmental cleanup funding. The result is that individual efforts to lead responsible, caring lives are being undercut both at home and abroad by a misguided national nuclear weapons policy.”
Of course, none of these costs that come out of the DOE budget are included in the cost of power at any nuclear power plant. This is just one tiny piece of the hidden cost of nuclear power that is NOT shared by renewable energy sources. 

RISKS, CLEANUP COSTS, FUTURE DISASTERS HIDDEN

Savannah River and Hanford are two of the most radiation contaminated areas on the planet, and there is a huge amount of money going into both of these sites, but very little being done to actually clean up the sites and protect the public. DOE claims that this WIPP facility has NO liquid high level waste in it, just low level solids.. Well, we already know that is a lie, so maybe they also lied about putting liquid high level wastes in there as well. After all, if you start with one lie, it leads to ten, which then leads to 100, and after awhile, who cares about the truth anyway? Just do whatever you want..

So where do these reports come from that say high level liquid waste went into the facility? Who is going to double check all six sealed rooms? Even low level rad waste emits radioactive gases as the organic material and radioactive elements break down. Where is this gas going, if the whole place will be solid salt within a period of years, due to the ‘creep effect’? When this radioactive gas pressure builds up, and the high level waste containers dissolve or rust away in an extremely corrosive, hot salt environment that will act like a pressure cooker, where does all of this high level radiation go? Odds are, it will go up, because that is where gas likes to go. But water may turn to steam, or the water may go down and contaminate the Pecos river.

There is little or no financial incentive to warn citizens, as proven by their denial of any radioactive leak for six days. There was no effort made to protect anyone from dangerous radiation levels when this disaster happened. There is much more incentive to slow it all down and make little or no progress, hide the radiation and cover everything up. Why? The pro nuclear industry has the public over a barrel and is holding everyone hostage financially speaking and they have all of the instruments to measure this radiation; no one else does.. After all, if these nuclear industry ‘experts’ do not agree to get paid through no bid contracts with BILLIONS in taxpayer money to clean up their own garbage, who will do it?
The cost of cleaning up these sites and storing the waste is NOT included in the calculations of what nuclear power costs and risks, along with many other hidden costs and risks on top of these. None of these costly risks or the bill for spills, or the costs of storage are disclosed or made public. But nuclear power plants are bottom line built to produce what is needed for nuclear bombs and other items, such as depleted uranium, for the nuclear military industry. For more problems and issues surrounding the nuclear industry, click on one or more of the following links….

Long Term Storage Of Nuclear Fuel, Nuclear Waste Problems/Issues
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/p/recycling-or-long-term-storage-of.html

Nuclear Power; EXPENSIVE, Dirty, Dangerous And Toxic; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/10/nuclear-power-expensive-dirty-dangerous.html

Nuclear Plants Are Six Times More Expensive To Operate Than ANY Other Type Of Power Plants; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/09/nuclear-plants-are-six-times-more.html

Super Solar Storm To Hit Earth; ‘Carrington Effect’; 400 Nuke Plants Will Melt Down/Explode; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/03/super-solar-storm-predicted-to-hit-2013.html

Nuclear Energy As A Direct Cause Of Global Warming; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/12/nuclear-energy-as-direct-cause-of.html

What are the DOE and EPA going to do to monitor and ‘clean’ up the WIPP site? Hopefully they will do more than what they did with this ‘tiny’ radiation leak, found at Hanford…..
Evidence The Federal Govt Refused To Take Action On Radiation Leak At Nuclear Waste Storage Facility http://youtu.be/BJ2nLl1iRHA
STILL NO ANSWER FOR NUCLEAR GARBAGE, FATAL FLAW OF WIPP

Bottom line, there is no answer for nuclear waste long term. No one is willing to pay to store the nuclear industry garbage for 800 million years. Plutonium 244 has a half-life of 80 million years, while Pu241 has a half-life of 14 years. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plutonium

A plutonium half life of 80 million years means that this WIPP nuclear garbage site would have to maintain integrity and keep all contents secure for 800 million years, because that is how long it would take for plutonium 244 to decay fully, (assuming that plutonium 244 is what went in there). Of course, this facility was theoretically designed to only last for 10,000 years, so maybe you can even predict what happens after that… Humans cannot even remember what happened 2,000 years ago. What chance does WIPP have of doing anything positive that lasts longer than 50 years?

Dr. Busby lays out why this or any other geological waste dump will not work, ever, in the linked article below, even if everything works perfectly, which we already see it is not. 

Long Term Nuclear Waste Storage Fatal Flaw By Dr. Busby; via A Green Road
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/06/long-term-nuclear-waste-storage-fatal.html

Dry Cask Long Term High Level Nuclear Waste Storage Problems And Issues; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/03/dry-cask-long-term-high-level-nuclear.html

The Fallacy Of High Level Nuclear Waste Geological Storage; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/04/fallacy-of-high-level-nuclear-waste.html

Into Eternity; A Movie About Nuclear Waste Permanent Repository Issues; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/05/into-eternity-movie-about-nuclear-waste.html

As we have seen with this incident, putting low and high level nuclear waste underground is not the answer. Let’s assume for a second that nothing but low level waste is down in WIPP, and this plutonium release happened around that. Now we know that high level waste is stored at WIPP also. What happens with high level waste if this is how something went wrong?

When something bad happens underground, no matter what caused it, there is no way to get in there to ‘fix’ it. Whether it happens within weeks, months or years of putting the waste down there, or a radiation disaster happens after 10,000 years, does it really matter? All of the people and companies responsible will be dead, gone, moved, changed their names or have the records conveniently ‘lost’. Once the source and the toxic, radioactive garbage link is severed, it is almost impossible to trace it back.

Whether the problems (short or long term) end up being gas emissions, fire, explosion, liquids, or contamination of river drinking water, makes little difference. The end result of any problem at WIPP is almost unsolvable, and creates even larger problems than are present now at the contaminated Hanford and Savannah River sites.

Having nuclear waste materials stored above ground in spent fuel pools or casks is a terrorist risk but at least you know what it is, who made it and what company is responsible. Storing this same toxic, radioactive garbage below ground in salt caverns or mines like WIPP is even worse, because the nuclear waste material can leak liquids or gases, explode, catch on fire, or be ‘squashed’, but there is no way to hold anyone responsible, because no one will do down there to figure out which companies waste product started the nuclear chain reaction that led to the disaster, so no one can be held accountable.

WIPP DESIGNED TO COLLAPSE INTO ITSELF

You now know that the whole site is designed to be ‘squashed’ by the salt eventually, through a process called ‘salt creep’. See the initial video at top of this article, where they show this happening. It is not if a ceiling collapse happens, it is just a matter of WHEN ceilings and walls collapse or ‘creep’ on top of and around the liquid low and high level waste containers. Obviously they are not designed to handle walls and ceilings collapse on top of them, since one or more of them is leaking already. Think about what this means.. 400,000 radioactive containers emitting radioactive gases, solids and possibly liquids as they get squashed, near a water supply, on top of a brine lake, with underground water, and no access when things go wrong.. Hmmmmm… who dreamed this nightmare up as a good idea? DOE?
“The wastes, contained in steel containers, are placed into the salt formation and surrounded with a backfill material. The salt formation’s natural properties take care of the long-term isolation of the waste: geological salt environments have a very low rate of groundwater flow, making them suitable for containing the long-lived radionuclides. The salt itself is plastic, meaning that the excavations are gradually self-sealing: at WIPP, a panel naturally begins to close at a rate of about 7.5-15 cm per year. This feature means that the waste effectively becomes permanently encapsulated in the salt formation and isolated from the biosphere.”
Very few people understand or realize that these salt storage facilities are designed to ‘close in’ on the wastes and completely ‘entomb’ all of the waste with solid salt. It seems that these containers and the contents are not made to resist this ‘squashing’ effect, especially if it happens suddenly, as in the ceiling caving in on them. These containers will be squashed as walls and ceilings collapse onto them. If we are seeing right now what happens as salt walls and ceilings squash these ‘low level’ waste containers, this is very worrying. If this involved just one container, what happens when 400,000 of them get squashed and release radiation, from 2,000 feet underground?
The result of the salt walls and ceilings squashing containers can be predicted to escalate and involve the whole complex eventually, resulting in a potentially massive release of ungodly amounts of whatever is in there; low AND high level nuclear waste.

With high level waste,  is it possible to get a criticality explosion or releases that cannot be shut off, much like the corium releases from Fukushima? Liquid wastes can be forced up into groundwater, or even up to the ground. After all, we have evidence of that happening already when they drilled into a brine lake below this facility and it squirted up to the surface and created a lake. What happens to the heat, and the gas and whatever else is released from these 400,000 55-gallon drums and/or other containers, if there is no way ‘out’? Isn’t this a potential recipe for an explosion or some other catastrophe? It sounds like they did not think this through very well.

Having highly toxic, very radioactive things underground creates a situation where no one can check on what is going on, unlike exploding, leaking or melting down nuclear reactors, which are at least above ground. In a collapsing salt mine, no one can even get to the material, because the high radiation levels from squashed and leaking containers prevents humans from even getting close, just like at Fukushima. The net effect when things go wrong is that one gets a permanent ‘leak’ of highly radioactive stuff going into the environment, through groundwater, and/or air, and/or water routes, just like at Fukushima.

WHOLE BODY RADIATION SCANS

DOE is Funding FREE Whole Body NUKE Scans For People Living Within 100 Miles of the Airborne Plutonium Disaster
“CEMRC provides a free lung and whole body counting service to adult citizens living within a 100-mile radius of the WIPP facility. Concerned citizens can be measured to see what radiation may exist in their lungs and whole body. This service is available by scheduling an appointment with the CEMRC Internal Dosimetry Lab at 575-234-5530”
Actually, this kind of testing whole body internal radiation scan should be available at no cost to everyone on the planet, due to the Fukushima mega nuclear disaster, which is still ongoing and getting worse.
AGRP predicts that nuclear storage facilities starting with WIPP will end up being just like Fukushima in the long term, because of lax oversight, poor planning, no testing for ‘squash resistance’ of containers, the hazard of high level radioactive liquids and gases leaking from containers and dozens of other risks not addressed by the ‘planners’ of these facilities. What are the ‘experts’ going to do if and when dozens of these underground storage facilities start leaking high level radioactive elements like plutonium, and the leaks cannot be shut off, just like at Fukushima? This WIPP radiation release is bad, but imagine dozens of these all over the nation involving 400,000 55-gallon drums of high level nuclear waste instead of low level waste and the odds of something bad happening with those.

THE PROBLEM WITH HEPA FILTERS

The question is, how long does it take to turn on the HEPA filters after a radiation alarm goes off? How sensitive is the alarm and what is it set at? Does someone manually have to turn the filtering system on or is it automatic?

How long did unfiltered, radiation contaminated air pour out of the facility? What was the cause of this radiation plume? Was it an explosion, a ceiling collapse, a leak or something else? This disaster happened sometime in early February 2014, and still no one has gone down to check on the cause. The longer this goes, the worse it is. If it was just a minor thing, someone would have gone down there within a day or two.

Thank God that the WIPP facility has HEPA filters in place, on the vents coming to the surface. These filters take out a large percentage of the particulates (but not any gases). The question is; what happens when the filters clog or get full? Do they REALLY take out 99% or more of the particles? Who is going up to that vent and change out the HEPA filter? Will the public get to see the radiation levels contained on the HEPA filters?

At a nuclear power plant, if there is a vent filter, these get clogged, full or overwhelmed very quickly in case of an accident and then no longer function as designed. What if any gases are coming out, and is anyone checking for those? It is one thing to check for particles, but quite another to check for radioactive gases. ALL radioactive waste facilities emit radioactive gases, but no mention of these have been made at all. 

Anyone can see that the smoke pouring out of three vents at the facility due to the ‘truck fire’ was not ‘filtered’. The pictures of the smoke pouring out were also not disclosed to the media by WIPP, but rather by an anonymous source. If they can cover up an innocent and harmless truck fire, what are they going to do when something serious happens? Oh, yea, they covered that up too, for five days (or more).

After a certain point, the people in charge may also decide to turn off the filters and just vent out radiation and lots of air as a tactic to try and save the facility and clear out the radiation. After all, who is sitting around monitoring this? No one can see the radiation monitors that they are looking at and there is no check and balance for this temptation, such as Internet based live radiation monitors around the site. This same temptation exists at all nuclear facilities.

To just dump invisible radiation and ignore or deny what happened is a huge temptation, because the radioactive gases and particles are all invisible.  No one would ever know, except for the one or two people actually involved in throwing a switch, when the wind is right, to avoid the paper air filters that would all be upwind. Do you trust the DOE to do the right thing, when TRILLIONS of dollars and Billions in profits or savings are at stake in the nuclear industry? People are killed for a million dollars. What would they do for Billions or Trillions of dollars?

Just because there are HEPA filters there, that is no reason to assume they are all working 100% of the time, turned on, or still functional. And knowing the nuclear industry, the public will be the last to know that the filters are not working, clogged or turned off, especially if this situation gets worse.

If there is a massive explosion and/or radioactive fire underground, which is highly likely viewing what has gone into the facility so far, the HEPA filters will be destroyed, bypassed or made useless. The whole vent system may also be destroyed. Some people think that the vent system may already have been damaged by either the truck fire, or by the subsequent radiation release and/or explosive event that happened.

Bottom line, the filters in place are no guarantee at all. They are a stopgap measure if everything goes as planned, which it never does. There is no way to ‘plan’ for all of the ways technology can fail. We know this from the airline industry. Planes crash due to technology failures. All it takes is one small but critical piece of technology failing at this facility and it can quickly turn into a major mega nuclear disaster with no end in sight, just like Fukushima and it’s three melted coriums burning away underground, totally out of control.

Do we have any examples of this worst possible outcome? Yes, in the coal industry coal seams have caught on fire, and these fires cannot be put out. They burn until there is nothing left to burn. But a coal fire is one thing. An out of control radioactive ‘fire’ going on underground with no way to shut it off, no way to get to it and major emissions coming out of the ground is quite another thing entirely.

WHERE IS THE RADIOACTIVE PLUME GOING?

Before the radiation alarms switched on the filters, a ‘puff’ of unfiltered radioactive air went out of the site and downwind. There do not seem to be any measurements of what happened to the NE of the site, as all air monitors were upwind. 

Who is going to measure the radiation in towns downwind, other than DOE, which ‘owns’ this site? Plutonium and Americium both emit alpha radiation, which many cheaper models of Geiger Counters will not pick up. And alpha radiation is especially hazardous when breathed in compared to gamma or beta radiation, even though externally this type of radiation is blocked by the skin.

The above graph is where the main radioactive plutonium plume from this ‘accident’ is going; from www.radcast.org 
Any potential plutonium radiation casualties will be downwind of WIPP, not spread all over the nation. Of course, no one will die immediately, as plutonium is inhaled and then incubates for years before manifesting health issues, but in children or a fetus, this damage may show up much more quickly, due to them being much more sensitive. Of course, the nuclear PR machine has said that no one was harmed, no one will die and that the plutonium that was released is just like ordinary house dust.

PROTECTING YOURSELF

Just make sure that if you do get tested via a radiation scan that is looking for alpha radiation plutonium, and that you get a printed out copy of the results, because what has commonly resulted from ‘government’ free testing is that they tell you verbally everything is ok, and no one ever gets anything in writing. This may be an exception to the historical ‘rule’, and that is a good thing. Another issue is that the whole body scanner measures only gamma radiation, but plutonium and americium emits alpha radiation, so the whole body scanner might not even pick up plutonium contamination. Urine or other tests may be needed to pick up plutonium contamination, and your medical doctor can advise you further. A whole body radiation scan is helpful, but it is just one test, and other tests are needed to measure alpha radiation. Hopefully the doc you see has training and experience with this.
What can people do to protect themselves? If you are downwind, and you see the wind is coming from the facility straight over you, stay inside as much as possible. Turn on a HEPA air filter with a negative ion generator and keep it turned on and working. Stay out of any rain that may be downwind of the facility while this situation is still happening. Increase foods that contain iron, because plutonium mimics iron, and ‘dosing’ up with higher amounts of iron may help protect the body from absorbing plutonium. http://www.healthaliciousness.com/articles/food-sources-of-iron.php  More radiation protection strategies and lifestyle choices plus alternatives to nuclear power are available at link below…

Holistic Living, Health, Self-Healing, Environment And Renewable Energy
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/p/green-energy-green-living.html
Turn on your pancake style radiation detector and keep the audible alarm set at 100 CPM. Only a sensitive pancake style detector probably will do any good for alpha radiation plutonium. Only a very sensitive pancake style radiation detector has any chance of picking up alpha radiation and then only at close range. More details about how to measure alpha radiation are at this link;
http://technologypals.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/Using-a-Geiger-Counter-to-test-food-for-Radioactive-Contamination.pdf

With any radiation detector, always take it with you if you go out, so you will (hopefully) be warned if a ‘hot’ plume comes over your location. But remember that most cheaper tube type radiation detectors cannot detect alpha radiation, just beta and/or gamma radiation. If a radiation alarm does go off, trust the detector and drive out of the plume or get inside. Remember, all radiation is invisible, odorless and tasteless, so your senses will not warn you. There are exceptions to this ‘rule’, but don’t count on it. In all of the following civilian radiation accidents accessible via the link, no one saw, heard, smelled, or felt anything, but many people died or were harmed anyway.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_civilian_radiation_accidents

LINKS

Lots of links to groups, scientists, oversight organizations, etc.
http://www.cardnm.org/linksfrm_a.html

Quotes From Famous People About Nuclear Energy And Low Dose Radiation Dangers; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/07/quotes-from-famous-people-about-nuclear.html

ACTION

Links to local newspapers, where you can comment and expose the lies. Share some of the links above, or the link to this article. Everyone is important. Every action matters. Do what you can to expose this nuclear disaster, and the disaster that makes up the whole nuclear industry.
http://nukeprofessional.blogspot.com/2014/02/wipp-newspaper-links-where-you-can.html

For Media Inquiries;

Deb Gill
U.S. Department of Energy
Carlsbad Field Office
P.O. Box 3090
Carlsbad, NM 88221-2078
Phone: (575) 234-7270
E-mail: Deb.Gill@cbfo.doe.gov

WIPP INSPIRED POETRY

And to close out this material, we leave you dear reader with a poem by a famous poet, called Or-well.

Poem by or-well
February 25, 2014

Puff –
the Magic Dragon
escapes in the air
to poison land
and all our food
and water everywhere.
Puff – the Magic Dragon
will live on and on
and sooner if not later
will get in
your children’s lungs.
But Puff the Magic Dragon
has those who sing his song,
who tell us all
he’s in control
and can do us no harm.

or-well
February 25, 2014 

It doesn’t matter
how much is released –
you WILL be told
it’s perfectly safe
or well within
acceptable risk
as determined by pros
who’s job this is
unless, of course,
shit the fan hits
and then they’ll say
shelter in place
for a few days
and then they’ll replace
that with a haze
of media faces
saying OK
come on out and
go back to work
there’s taxes to pay
and if you get sick
it’s not radiation
it’s something you ate
or probably stress
and there’s drugs for that
and here’s a viral vid of a cat!

End
Radioactive Plutonium Plume Coming Out of New Mexico’s WIPP – Geological Nuclear Radioactive Waste Isolation Pilot Plant; via @AGreenRoad 

More articles like this;

WIPP Ventilation System ‘Unstable’, Possibly Due To Underground Explosion, Another Explosion Possible AT ANY TIME via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/02/wipp-ventilation-system-damaged.html

Plutonium – Several Compounds Of This Toxic, Radioactive Heavy Metal Are Pyrophoric And Burn When Exposed To Air; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/plutonium-several-compounds-of-this.html

Numerous, Severe Geological Problems Identified At WIPP Site, DOE Went Ahead Anyway With Illegal High Level Waste; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/numerous-severe-geological-problems.html

Long Term Storage Of Nuclear Fuel, Nuclear Waste Problems/Issues
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/p/recycling-or-long-term-storage-of.html

A GREEN ROAD PROJECT INDEX 

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95% of Silk Worms Die, Survivors Grow 10 times Normal Size On Tokyo Soil Contaminated With Fukushima Radiation


Life cycle of a silk worm

This video shows silk worm building cocoon over many hours, sped up into two minutes.

Insects are about 100 times more sensitive to radiation than humans are, so it should be no surprise that silk worms exposed to the radiation in Tokyo soil die at a rate of 95%, and those that are left suffer from gigantism, which is a common genetic defect caused by radiation in insects, plants, animals and humans.
http://enenews.com/japanese-researcher-they-remind-me-of-godzilla-photo-95-of-worms-die-survivors-grow-10-times-average-size-when-raised-on-tokyo-soil-contaminated-with-fukushima-radioactive-material

The study which actually proves this effect comes from here;

“The worms of container 1, 2 and 3 seems to me to grow normally, however, the ones in container 4 are abnormal. They remind me of Godzilla.
I suppose that they grow enormous not because their DNA was damaged but because the damage to epigenetics of DNA causes to produce more growth hormones than usual. When about 2-year old silkworms are grown on a chipboard, rapidity of growth varies greatly. It is considerable that chemical materials affect hormonal series. Some female patients of Suginami sickness grew a mustache or male patients had brest.
Almost all eggs of the container 4 died maybe because of the damage byalpha ray, however, the damage happened not to be fatal, so that there were some larvas still alive, though they should have been affected by radioactivity during the process of growth.”

http://dissensus-japan.blogspot.com/2012/08/95-of-silkworms-grown-on-soil-of.html

What happens to insects, also happens to animals, plants and humans. There is no ‘safe’ dose of radiation. Even low doses of radiation can cause extremely negative health effects, not just in insects, but also in animals, plants, and humans. Tokyo should have been evacuated. Just because the government publishes a maximum permissible dose of radiation in food, water or air, does not make it ‘safe’. Any dose of radiation beyond background raises the risk.

End

95% of Silk Worms Die, Survivors Grow 10 times Normal Size On Tokyo Soil Contaminated With Fukushima Radiation; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/02/95-of-silk-worms-die-survivors-grow-10.html

For more articles like this;


Global Corporations And The 1%; Art And Science Of Deception
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/p/corporations-art-and-science-of.html

Or http://tinyurl.com/agrcorps

Individual Radioactive Elements/Isotopes, USA Radiation Exposure Prevention and Reversal, Music
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/p/individual-radioactive-elementsisotopes.html

Or http://tinyurl.com/agriso

CNN Questions Climate Change, Promotes Marc Morano, Who Encourages Sending Nasty Emails To Scientists


Every SECOND – 2.4 million pounds of carbon pollution are being pumped into the atmosphere – warming the planet – and having disastrous effects on the environment. Is this startling statistic enough to make climate change deniers wise up to the perils of global warming? Marc Moreno makes the case, that CO2 is ‘good’ and we actually need more of it, and that people should ignore the 97% of scientists who agree humans are causing global warming, and thus causing climate change. 
And more via UCS: “This isn’t some politician supported by the oil industry. This isn’t even Fox News. This is a host on CNN questioning if climate change is real:1
CNN host asks if climate change is real. You know it is real. Help UCS do something about it.

The tweet above promoted a program with climate science mis-informer Marc Morano, who’s worked for Rush Limbaugh and Sen. Jim Inhofe, and encourages people to send nasty emails to harass climate scientists.2 (He says scientists “deserve to be publicly flogged.”3) And CNN gave him a platform.
Despite the fact that most of its coverage of climate science is accurate, CNN programs still feature misleading “debates” about scientific realities. UCS is crunching the numbers to show just how often cable news programs get the science wrong—whether it’s questioning the reality of climate change or overstating the relationship between climate change and extreme weather events. 
There’s no other group like the Union of Concerned Scientists. We have a winning track record, using a mix of solid science, policy analysis, media outreach, and grassroots mobilization.
Kathleen Rest Sincerely,
Kathleen Rest
Kathleen Rest, PhD, MPA
Executive Director




So if Marc Moreno is the ‘Godfather’ gangster type leader of the denialist movement, who is the leader of the reality movement? Kerry may be one of those leaders, who actually tells it like it is. 

Compare Kerry to Marc Moreno, who encourages people to send vicious emails to scientists, and who says those same scientists should be flogged in public, thereby trying to intimidate them into silence, with Kerry, who just lays out the facts, with no urges to send vicious emails to denialists. 

Who are you going to listen to and believe? 


End

CNN Questions Climate Change, Promotes Marc Morano, Who Encourages Sending Nasty Emails To Scientists; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/02/cnn-questions-climate-change-promotes.html 

More articles and videos like this; 

Holistic Living, Health, Self-Healing, Environment And Renewable Energy
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/p/green-energy-green-living.html


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What works for seven future generations, without causing harm?


The Power Of Peaceful, Non Violent Communication Methods For Horses And Maybe Even People


Would you believe that a person can take a completely wild horse and tame it in less than 30 minutes, using no violence, no fear, no threats, no anger, no brute force and no ‘breaking’? Would you believe that is is possible to communicate with an animal like a horse and actually ‘talk’ to it? Further, using the ‘language’, would you believe that it is possible to convince that animal to join you in peace, harmony and trust, despite you being a very different and unusual ‘animal’? Let’s explore just a little bit, the power of non violent, peaceful communication methods, shall we?

Per description; “While tracking wild mustangs in Nevada as a boy, Monty observed a nonverbal communication between the horses, a silent language he would later call “Equus.” Monty incorporates “Equus” into his nonviolent training approach called Join-Up®.
Monty first developed Join-Up® to stop the cycle of violence typically accepted in traditional horse breaking. Convinced there must be a more effective and gentle method, Monty created these consistent set of principles using the horse’s inherent methods of communication and herd behavior. The result is a willing partnership in which the horse’s performance can flourish to its full potential, rather than exist within the boundaries of obedience. These principles are valuable tools to understanding what motivates horse behavior and increasing effectiveness in any application.
Join-Up training methods are most simply expressed in the process of starting raw horses. Without the use of pain or force the trainer persuades a raw horse to accept a saddle, bridle and rider. Working in a round pen, one begins Join-Up® by making large movements and noise as a predator would and begins driving the horse to run away. She then gives the horse the option to flee or Join-Up®. Through body language, the trainer will ask, “Will you pay me the respect due to a herd leader and join and follow me?” The horse will respond with predictable herd behavior: by locking an ear on her, then by licking and chewing and dropping his head in a display of trust. 
The exchange concludes with the trainer adopting passive body language, turning her back on the horse and without eye contact, invites him to come close. Join-Up occurs when the animal willingly chooses to be with the human and walks toward her accepting her leadership and protection. This process of communication through behavior and body language and mutual concern and respect, can be a valuable tool to strengthen all other work with horses.
Experienced horse people, including Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, have called Monty’s method incredible. Two-time, World’s Greatest Horseman winner, Ron Ralls uses Monty’s methods in the foundation for his training work as well.” http://www.MontyRoberts.com 
What is the take away? Our world was based in the past on violence, fear, anger, threats, raw power, death dealing punishment and intimidation, just like the old fashioned horse trainers did to wild horses. In the same way, our ancestors and maybe even our present day generation were taught to act this same (violent) way in regards to the Earth, animals and even other people, especially those that were ‘different’. 
Maybe, just maybe, we can learn how to relate to not just wild horses, other animals, other people, Nature, and differing opinions with things other than violence, fear, threats, raw force and anger.. Maybe there is a new way, a better way, a gentler, kinder, more loving way?  Could it be? Well, the proof is in the video.. non violent, peaceful, gentle communication methods work. If it can work for horses, wouldn’t you agree that it may even work for other animals; like humans, plants, and maybe even the Earth? 
End

The Power Of Peaceful, Non Violent Communication Methods For Horses And Maybe Even People; via @AGreenRoad

How Dangerous Are Smoke Detectors Containing Radioactive Americium 241? 120 CPM Measured Outside Smoke Detector




This video shows the 120 peak CPM radioactivity that can be measured as it comes from an ionization-type smoke detector that contains 0.9 microcuries of radioactive Americium 241 (according to the label). A simple Geiger counter with a pancake probe is used for the measurements. 


Theoretically, alpha radiation coming from Americium cannot penetrate through a sheet of paper, but here it is inside of a metal box, which is then inside of a plastic box, along with a layer of air sandwiched between them. All of these things should be blocking 100% of all alpha radiation, correct? What is actually being measured are gamma rays, which make up a tiny 1% of the radiation coming from Americium. So if the shroud and plastic cover is removed, the alpha radiation levels will skyrocket up and be very hazardous. 

If you look at other YouTube videos, you can see that the tiny americium source is intensely radioactive — perhaps even too radioactive to be measured with this type of Geiger counter, since it would overwhelm the Geiger tube. Only a tiny fraction of that radioactivity passes through the case and escapes from the smoke detector.
Do not disassemble the smoke detector, since the radioactive sample inside of it is extremely hazardous via inhalation of the radioactive particles, or by touching the sample, which is then transferred by hand to various objects, the face, mouth, eyes, etc. 
This video demonstrates something you should warn your kids about, and teach them to NEVER attempt what this kid is doing. Why not? Alpha radiation is deadly when inhaled. Disturbing this small chip of Americium can liberate particles that can be inhaled and then cause lung cancer, or any number of other diseases, as the alpha particle travels through the body.

Alpha Radiation Dangers; Americium, Polonium, Radon, Radium, Plutonium, Uranium; via@AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/04/alpha-radiation-dangers-polonium-radon.html



The best strategy if you are concerned about having multiple radioactive sources emitting radiation into the house is to just replace all smoke detectors in the house with a photoelectric type that do not use any deadly radioactive element that will tempt kids to do VERY stupid things like this kid did. 


The above video shows how dangerous radiation based smoke detectors may be to all living things. Remember that kids are 2,000 times more sensitive to radiation than adults are. More experiments are needed to confirm this result. 

He found this monocot that appears to react to radiation, but it is not the only plant that may be very sensitive to radiation. Spiderworts are known to also be highly sensitive to radiation- picking it up at lower levels than scientific instruments. 
Within a couple weeks of being exposed to radiation, the flowers mutate, and turn from violet blue to a bright pink. Obviously, some plants are more immune to negative radiation effects, and different plants will be affected in different ways, just like people. 


If you do an experiment with plants and ionizing radiation detectors, send us an email and we will post it.  agreenroad@gmail.com  . For more information about the effects of low dose radiation on plants, click on the following;

Animals, Insects, Birds And Plants; Low Level Radiation Effects
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/p/animals-and-low-level-radiation-effects.html



While you are at it, you may want to buy a radon detector at your local hardware store, and check your house for radon, because radon gas has been proven to cause lung cancer. Radon, just like all of the other radioactive elements, is invisible, odorless, and tasteless.


According to wikipedia; smoke detectors work like this…”

A video overview of how a smoke detector works.
Smoke Detector COFEM with approved EN 54-7.
A smoke detector also called a smoke alarm is a device that detects smoke, typically as an indicator of fire. Commercial, industrial, and mass residential devices issue a signal to a fire alarm system, while household detectors, known as smoke alarms, generally issue a local audible or visual alarm from the detector itself.
Smoke detectors are typically housed in a disk-shaped plastic enclosure about 150 millimetres (6 in) in diameter and 25 millimetres (1 in) thick, but the shape can vary by manufacturer or product line. Most smoke detectors work either by optical detection (photoelectric) or by physical process (ionization), while others use both detection methods to increase sensitivity to smoke.

Sensitive alarms can be used to detect, and thus deter, smoking in areas where it is banned such as toilets and schools. Smoke detectors in large commercial, industrial, and residential buildings are usually powered by a central fire alarm system, which is powered by the building power with a battery backup. However, in many single family detached and smaller multiple family housings, a smoke alarm is often powered only by a single disposable battery.

In the United States, the National Fire Protection Association estimates that nearly two-thirds of deaths from home fires occur in properties without working smoke alarms/detectors.[1]
History
The first automatic electric fire alarm was invented in 1890 by Francis Robbins Upton (U.S. patent no. 436,961). Upton was an associate of Thomas Edison.
George Andrew Darby patented the first electrical heat detector and smoke detector in 1902 in Birmingham, England.[2]
In the late 1930s the Swiss physicist Walter Jaeger tried to invent a sensor for poison gas. He expected that gas entering the sensor would bind to ionized air molecules and thereby alter an electric current in a circuit in the instrument.

His device failed: small concentrations of gas had no effect on the sensor’s conductivity. Frustrated, Jaeger lit a cigarette—and was soon surprised to notice that a meter on the instrument had registered a drop in current. Smoke particles had apparently done what poison gas could not. Jaeger’s experiment was one of the advances that paved the way for the modern smoke detector.

It was 30 years, however, before progress in nuclear chemistry and solid-state electronics made a cheap sensor possible. While home smoke detectors were available during most of the 1960s, the price of these devices was rather high. Before that, alarms were so expensive that only major businesses and theaters could afford them.
The first truly affordable home smoke detector was invented by Duane D. Pearsall in 1965, featuring an individual battery powered unit that could be easily installed and replaced. The first units for mass production came from Duane Pearsall’s company, Statitrol Corporation, in Lakewood, Colorado. These first units were made from strong fire resistant steel and shaped much like a bee’s hive.
The need for a quick replace battery didn’t take long to show itself and the rechargeable was replaced with a pair of AA batteries along with a plastic shell encasing the detector. The small assembly line sent close to 500 units per day before Statitrol sold its invention to Emerson Electric in 1980 and Sears’s retailers picked up full distribution of the ‘now required in every home’ smoke detector.
Design[edit]
Optical[edit]
Optical Smoke Detector with the cover removed.
Optical Smoke Detector
1: Optical chamber
2: Cover
3: Case moulding
4: Photodiode (detector)
5: Infrared LED
Inside a basic ionization smoke detector. The black, round structure at the right is the ionization chamber. The white, round structure at the upper left is the piezoelectric buzzer that produces the alarm sound.
Smoke detectors are typically housed in a disk-shaped plastic enclosure about 150 millimetres (6 in) in diameter and 25 millimetres (1 in) thick, but the shape can vary by manufacturer or product line. An optical detector is a light sensor. When used as a smoke detector, it includes a light source (incandescent bulb or infrared LED-Light-Emitting Diode), a lens to collimate the light into a beam, and a photodiode or other photoelectric sensor at an angle to the beam as a light detector.

In the absence of smoke, the light passes in front of the detector in a straight line. When smoke enters the optical chamber across the path of the light beam, some light is scattered by the smoke particles, directing it at the sensor and thus triggering the alarm.

Also seen in large rooms, such as a gymnasium or an auditorium, optical beam smoke detectors are devices that detect a projected beam. A wall-mounted unit sends out a beam, which is either received by a separate monitoring device or reflected back via a mirror. When the beam becomes less visible to the “eye” of the sensor, it sends an alarm signal to the fire alarm control panel.
According to the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), “photoelectric smoke detection is generally more responsive to fires that begin with a long period of smoldering (called smoldering fires).”

Also, studies by Texas A M and the NFPA cited by the City of Palo Alto California state, “Photoelectric alarms react slower to rapidly growing fires than ionization alarms, but laboratory and field tests have shown that photoelectric smoke alarms provide adequate warning for all types of fires and have been shown to be far less likely to be deactivated by occupants.”

Although optical alarms are highly effective at detecting smoldering fires and do provide adequate protection from flaming fires, some fire safety experts and the National Fire Protection Association recommend installing what are called combination alarms, which are alarms that either detect both heat and smoke, or use both the ionization and photoelectric/optical processes. Also some combination alarms may include a carbon monoxide detection capability.
Combination ionization/photoelectric smoke alarms are controversial. The World Fire Safety Foundation (WFSF), the International Association of Fire Fighters (IAFF), the Australasian Fire and Emergency Service Authorities Council (AFAC), the Fire Protection Association of Australia and a growing number of fire departments, consumer and fire safety experts around the world do not recommend them.

The official positions of the WFSF, the IAFF and AFAC state, “Ionization smoke alarms may not operate in time to alert occupants early enough to escape from smoldering fires.” However, stand-alone photoelectric smoke alarms are proven to provide adequate egress time in both the smoldering and flaming stages of fire.[3]

Not all optical or photoelectric detection methods are the same. The type and sensitivity of the photodiode or optical sensor, and type of smoke chamber differ between manufacturers.
Ionization
An Americium container from a smoke detector.
An ionization smoke detector uses a radioisotope such as americium-241 to produce ionization in air; a difference due to smoke is detected and an alarm is generated. Ionization detectors are more sensitive to the flaming stage of fires than optical detectors, while optical detectors are more sensitive to fires in the early smouldering stage.[4]
The radioactive isotope americium-241 in the smoke detector emits ionizing radiation in the form of alpha particles into an ionization chamber (which is open to the air) and a sealed reference chamber. The air molecules in the chamber become ionized and these ions allow the passage of a small electric current between charged electrodes placed in the chamber.

If any smoke particles pass into the chamber the ions will attach to the particles and so will be less able to carry the current. An electronic circuit detects the current drop, and sounds the alarm. The reference chamber cancels effects due to air pressure, temperature, or the aging of the source.[5]

Other parts of the circuitry monitor the battery (where used) and sound an intermittent warning when the battery nears exhaustion. A self-test circuit simulates an imbalance in the ionization chamber and verifies the function of power supply, electronics, and alarm device.

The standby power draw of an ionization smoke detector is so low that a small battery can provide power for months or years, making the unit independent of AC power supply or external wiring; however, batteries require regular test and replacement.

An ionization type smoke detector is generally cheaper to manufacture than an optical smoke detector; however, it is sometimes rejected because it is more prone to false (nuisance) alarms than photoelectric smoke detectors.[6][7] It can detect particles of smoke that are too small to be visible.
Americium-241, an alpha emitter, has a half-life of 432 years. Alpha radiation, as opposed to beta and gamma, is used for two additional reasons: Alpha particles have high ionization, so sufficient air particles will be ionized for the current to exist, and they have low penetrative power, meaning they will be stopped by the plastic of the smoke detector or the air, (unless radioactive particles from the 241Am are inhaled, and then it is deadly dangerous.)

About one percent of the emitted radioactive energy of 241Am is gamma radiation. The amount of elemental americium-241 is small enough to be exempt from the regulations applied to larger sources. It includes about 37 kBq or 1 µCi of radioactive element americium-241 (241Am), corresponding to about 0.3 µg of the isotope.[8][9] This provides sufficient ion current to detect smoke, while producing a very low level of radiation outside the device.

The americium-241 in ionizing smoke detectors poses a potential environmental hazard. Disposal regulations and recommendations for smoke detectors vary from region to region.[10][11] Some European countries[which?] have banned the use of domestic ionic smoke alarms.[12]

Radiation data[13]   Type                  Energy  Percentage
Alpha                     5485 keV                  84.5%
Alpha                     5443 keV                  13.0%
Gamma                   59.5 keV                  35.9%
Gamma                   26.3 keV                    2.4%
Gamma                   13.9 keV                  42%
Air-sampling
An air-sampling smoke detector is capable of detecting microscopic particles of smoke. Most air-sampling detectors are aspirating smoke detectors, which work by actively drawing air through a network of small-bore pipes laid out above or below a ceiling in parallel runs covering a protected area.

Small holes drilled into each pipe form a matrix of holes (sampling points), providing an even distribution across the pipe network. Air samples are drawn past a sensitive optical device, often a solid-state laser, tuned to detect the extremely small particles of combustion. Air-sampling detectors may be used to trigger an automatic fire response, such as a gaseous fire suppression system, in high-value or mission-critical areas, such as archives or computer server rooms.

Most air-sampling smoke detection systems are capable of a higher sensitivity than spot type smoke detectors and provide multiple levels of alarm threshold, such as Alert, Action, Fire 1 and Fire 2. Thresholds may be set at levels across a wide range of smoke levels. This provides earlier notification of a developing fire than spot type smoke detection, allowing manual intervention or activation of automatic suppression systems before a fire has developed beyond the smoldering stage, thereby increasing the time available for evacuation and minimizing fire damage.

Carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide detection[edit]
Some smoke alarms use a carbon dioxide sensor or Carbon monoxide sensor to detect characteristic products of combustion.[14][15] However, some gas sensors react on levels that are dangerous for humans but not typical for a fire; these are therefore not generally sensitive or fast enough to be used as fire detectors. Other gas sensors are even able to warn about particulate-free fires (e. g. certain alcohol fires).

Performance differences
Photoelectric smoke detectors respond faster (typically 30 minutes or more) to fire in its early, smouldering stage (before it breaks into flame). The smoke from the smouldering stage of a fire is typically made up of large combustion particles — between 0.3 and 10.0 µm. Ionization smoke detectors respond faster (typically 30–60 seconds) in the flaming stage of a fire.

The smoke from the flaming stage of a fire is typically made up of microscopic combustion particles — between 0.01 and 0.3 µm. Also, ionization detectors are weaker in high air-flow environments, and because of this, the photoelectric smoke detector is more reliable for detecting smoke in both the smoldering and flaming stages of a fire.[16]

In June, 2006 the Australasian Fire & Emergency Service Authorities Council, the peak representative body for all Australian and New Zealand Fire Departments published an official report, ‘Position on Smoke Alarms in Residential Accommodation’. Clause 3.0 states, “Ionization smoke alarms may not operate in time to alert occupants early enough to escape from smouldering fires.” [17]
In August, 2008 the International Association of Fire Fighters (IAFF-300,000+ members throughout the USA and Canada) passed a Resolution recommending the use of photoelectric smoke alarms. The IAFF states that changing to photoelectric alarms, “Will drastically reduce the loss of life among citizens and fire fighters.[18]
In June, 2010 the City of Albany, California enacted photoelectric-only legislation after a unanimous decision by the Albany City Council. This was a catalyst for several other Californian and Ohioan cities to enact legislation requiring photoelectric smoke detectors.[19]
In May, 2011 the Fire Protection Association of Australia’s (FPAA) official position on smoke alarms states, “Fire Prevention Association Australia considers that all residential buildings should be fitted with photoelectric smoke alarms…“.[20]
In November, 2011 the Northern Territory enacted Australia’s first residential photoelectric legislation mandating the use of photoelectric smoke alarms in all new Northern Territory homes.[21]
In December, 2011 the Volunteer Fire Fighter’s Association of Australia published a World Fire Safety Foundation report, ‘Ionization Smoke Alarms are DEADLY”, citing research outlining substantial performance differences between ionization and photoelectric technology.[22]
In June, 2013 in an Australian Parliamentary speech, the question was asked, “Are ionization smoke alarms defective?” This was further to the Australian Government’s scientific testing agency (the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation – CSIRO) data revealing serious performance problems with ionization technology in the early, smoldering stage of fire, a rise in litigation involving ionization smoke alarms, and increasing legislation mandating the installation of photoelectric smoke alarms.

The speech cited a May 2013, World Fire Safety Foundation report published in the Australian Volunteer Fire Fighter Association’s magazine titled, ‘Can Australian and U.S. Smoke Alarm Standards be Trusted?’ The speech concluded with a request for one of the world’s largest ionization smoke alarm manufacturers and the CSIRO to disclose the level of visible smoke the manufacturers’ ionization smoke alarms activate under CSIRO scientific testing.[23]

According to fire tests conformant to EN 54, the CO2 cloud from open fire can usually be detected before particulate.[15]
Due to the varying levels of detection capabilities between detector types, manufacturers have designed multi-criteria devices which cross-reference the separate signals to both rule out false alarms and improve response times to real fires.[16] Examples include Photo/heat, photo/CO, and even CO/photo/heat/IR.
Obscuration is a unit of measurement that has become the standard definition of smoke detector sensitivity. Obscuration is the effect that smoke has on reducing sensor visibility; higher concentrations of smoke result in higher obscuration levels.

Typical smoke detector obscuration ratings[24]

Type of Detector    Obscuration Level

Ionization 2.6–5.0% obs/m (0.8–1.5% obs/ft)
Photoelectric 6.5–13.0% obs/m (2–4% obs/ft)
Beam 3% obs/m (0.9% obs/ft)[citation needed]
Aspirating 0.005–20.5% obs/m (0.0015–6.25% obs/ft)
Laser 0.06–6.41% obs/m (0.02–2.0% obs/ft)[25]
Commercial smoke detectors
An integrated locking mechanism for commercial building doors. Inside an enclosure are a locking device, smoke detector and power supply.
Commercial smoke detectors are either conventional or analog addressable, and are wired up to security monitoring systems or fire alarm control panels (FACP). These are the most common type of detector, and usually cost a lot more than a household smoke alarms.

They exist in most commercial and industrial facilities, such as high rises, ships and trains. These detectors don’t need to have built in alarms, as alarm systems can be controlled by the connected FACP, which will set off relevant alarms, and can also implement complex functions such as a staged evacuation.

Conventional
The word “conventional” is slang used to distinguish the method used to communicate with the control unit from that used by addressable detectors whose methods were unconventional at the time of their introduction. So called “Conventional Detectors” cannot be individually identified by the control unit and resemble an electrical switch in their information capacity.

These detectors are connected in parallel to the signaling path or (initiating device circuit) so that the current flow is monitored to indicate a closure of the circuit path by any connected detector when smoke or other similar environmental stimulus sufficiently influences any detector. The resulting increase in current flow is interpreted and processed by the control unit as a confirmation of the presence of smoke and a fire alarm signal is generated.

Addressable
An addressable Simplex smoke detector
This type of installation gives each detector on a system an individual number, or address. Thus, addressable detectors allow an FACP, and therefore fire fighters, to know the exact location of an alarm where the address is indicated on a diagram.
Analog addressable detectors provide information about the amount of smoke in their detection area, so that the FACP can decide itself, if there is an alarm condition in that area (possibly considering day/night time and the readings of surrounding areas). These are usually more expensive than autonomous deciding detectors.[26]
Single Station Smoke Alarms
The main function of a single station or “standalone” smoke alarm is to alert persons at risk. Several methods are used and documented in industry specifications published by Underwriters Laboratories[27] Alerting methods include:

Audible tones
Usually around 3200 Hz due to component constraints (Audio advancements for persons with hearing impairments have been made; see External links)
85 dBA at 10 feet
Spoken voice alert
177 candela output
Tactile stimulation, e.g., bed or pillow shaker (No standards exist as of 2008 for tactile stimulation alarm devices.)
Some models have a hush or temporary silence feature that allows silencing without removing the battery. This is especially useful in locations where false alarms can be relatively common (e.g. due to “toast burning”) or users could remove the battery permanently to avoid the annoyance of false alarms, but removing the battery permanently is strongly discouraged.
While current technology is very effective at detecting smoke and fire conditions, the deaf and hard of hearing community has raised concerns about the effectiveness of the alerting function in awakening sleeping individuals in certain high-risk groups such as the elderly, those with hearing loss and those who are intoxicated.[28]

Between 2005 and 2007, research sponsored by the United States’ National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) has focused on understanding the cause of a higher number of deaths seen in such high-risk groups. Initial research into the effectiveness of the various alerting methods is sparse.

Research findings suggest that a low frequency (520 Hz) square wave output is significantly more effective at awakening high risk individuals. Wireless smoke and carbon monoxide detectors linked to alert mechanisms such as vibrating pillow pads for the hearing impaired, strobes, and remote warning handsets are more effective at waking people with serious hearing loss than other alarms.[29]

Batteries
Photoelectric smoke detector equipped with strobe light for the hearing impaired
Most residential smoke detectors run on 9-volt alkaline or carbon-zinc batteries. When these batteries run down, the smoke detector becomes inactive. Most smoke detectors will signal a low-battery condition. The alarm may chirp at intervals if the battery is low, though if there is more than one unit within earshot, it can be hard to locate.

It is common, however, for houses to have smoke detectors with dead batteries. It is estimated, in the UK, that over 30% of smoke alarms may have dead or removed batteries. As a result, public information campaigns have been created to remind people to change smoke detector batteries regularly. In Australia, for example, a public information campaign suggests that smoke alarm batteries should be replaced on April Fools’ Day every year.[30] In regions using daylight saving time, campaigns may suggest that people change their batteries when they change their clocks or on a birthday.

Some detectors are also being sold with a lithium battery that can run for about 7 to 10 years, though this might actually make it less likely for people to change batteries, since their replacement is needed so infrequently. By that time, the whole detector may need to be replaced. Though relatively expensive, user-replaceable 9-volt lithium batteries are also available.
Common NiMH and NiCd rechargeable batteries have a high self-discharge rate, making them unsuitable for use in smoke detectors. This is true even though they may provide much more power than alkaline batteries if used soon after charging, such as in a portable stereo.

Also, a problem with rechargeable batteries is a rapid voltage drop at the end of their useful charge. This is of concern in devices such as smoke detectors, since the battery may transition from “charged” to “dead” so quickly that the low-battery warning period from the detector is either so brief as to go unnoticed, or may not occur at all.

The NFPA, recommends that home-owners replace smoke detector batteries with a new battery at least once per year, when it starts chirping (a signal that its charge is low), or when it fails a test, which the NFPA recommends to be carried out at least once per month by pressing the “test” button on the alarm.[31]
Reliability
In 2004, NIST issued a comprehensive report[7] that concludes, among other things, that “smoke alarms of either the ionization type or the photoelectric type consistently provided time for occupants to escape from most residential fires”, and “consistent with prior findings, ionization type alarms provided somewhat better response to flaming fires than photoelectric alarms (57 to 62 seconds faster response), and photoelectric alarms provided (often) considerably faster response to smoldering fires than ionization type alarms (47 to 53 minutes faster response)”.
The NFPA strongly recommends the replacement of home smoke alarms every 10 years. Smoke alarms become less reliable with time, primarily due to aging of their electronic components, making them susceptible to nuisance false alarms. In ionization type alarms, decay of the 241Am radioactive source is a negligible factor, as its half-life is far greater than the expected useful life of the alarm unit.
Regular cleaning can prevent false alarms caused by the build up of dust or other objects such as flies, particularly on optical type alarms as they are more susceptible to these factors. A vacuum cleaner can be used to clean ionization and optical detectors externally and internally. However, on commercial ionization detectors it is not recommended for a lay person to clean internally. To reduce false alarms caused by cooking fumes, use an optical or ‘toast proof’ alarm near the kitchen. [32]
A jury in the United States District Court for the Northern District of New York decided in 2006 that First Alert and its parent company, BRK Brands, was liable for millions of dollars in damages because the ionization smoke alarm in the Hackert’s house was a defective design by its nature, typically failing to detect the slow-burning fire and choking smoke that filled the home as the family slept.[33]

Installation and placement
A 2007 U.S. guide to placing smoke detectors, suggesting that one be placed on every floor of a building, and in each bedroom.
In the United States, most state and local laws regarding the required number and placement of smoke detectors are based upon standards established in NFPA 72, National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code.
Laws governing the installation of smoke detectors vary depending on the locality. Homeowners with questions or concerns regarding smoke detector placement may contact their local fire marshal or building inspector for assistance.

However, some rules and guidelines for existing homes are relatively consistent throughout the developed world. For example, Canada and Australia require a building to have a working smoke detector on every level. The United States NFPA code cited in the previous paragraph requires smoke detectors on every habitable level and within the vicinity of all bedrooms. Habitable levels include attics that are tall enough to allow access.

In new construction, minimum requirements are typically more stringent. All smoke detectors must be hooked directly to the electrical wiring, be interconnected and have a battery backup. In addition, smoke detectors are required either inside or outside every bedroom, depending on local codes.

Smoke detectors on the outside will detect fires more quickly, assuming the fire does not begin in the bedroom, but the sound of the alarm will be reduced and may not wake some people. Some areas also require smoke detectors in stairways, main hallways and garages.

Wired units with a third “interconnect” wire allow a dozen or more detectors to be connected, so that if one detects smoke, the alarms will sound on all the detectors in the network, improving the chances that occupants will be alerted, even if they are behind closed doors or if the alarm is triggered one or two floors from their location.

Wired interconnection may only be practical for use in new construction, especially if the wire needs to be routed in areas that are inaccessible without cutting open walls and ceilings. As of the mid-2000s, development has begun on wirelessly networking smoke alarms, using technologies such as ZigBee, which will allow interconnected alarms to be easily retrofitted in a building without costly wire installations.

Some wireless systems using Wi-Safe technology will also detect smoke or carbon monoxide through the detectors, which simultaneously alarm themselves with vibrating pads, strobes and remote warning handsets. As these systems are wireless they can easily be transferred from one property to another.

In the UK the placement of detectors is similar however the installation of smoke alarms in new builds need to comply to the British Standards BS5839 pt6. BS 5839: Pt.6: 2004 recommends that a new-build property consisting of no more than 3 floors (less than 200sqm per floor) should be fitted with a Grade D, LD2 system. Building Regulations in England, Wales and Scotland recommend that BS 5839: Pt.6 should be followed, but as a minimum a Grade D, LD3 system should be installed. Building Regulations in Northern Ireland require a Grade D, LD2 system to be installed, with smoke alarms fitted in the escape routes and the main living room and a heat alarm in the kitchen, this standard also requires all detectors to have a main supply and a battery back up.
EN54 European Standard for Smoke Detector[edit]
Fire detection products have the European Standard EN 54 Fire Detection and Fire Alarm Systems that is a mandatory standard for every product that is going to be delivered and installed in any country in the European Union (EU). EN 54 part 7 is the standard for smoke detectors. European standard are developed to allow free movement of goods in the European Union countries. EN 54 is widely recognized around the world. The EN 54 certification of each device must be issued annually.[34] [35]

smoke alarm standards
In June, 2013 a World Fire Safety Foundation report titled, ‘Can Australian and U.S. Smoke Alarm Standards be Trusted?’ was published in the official magazine of the Australian Volunteer Fire Fighter’s Association. The report brings into question the validity of testing criteria used by American and Australian government agencies when undergoing scientific testing of ionization smoke alarms in smoldering fires.[37]

End

How Dangerous Are Smoke Detectors Containing Radioactive Americium 241?  120 CPM Measured Outside Smoke Detector; via @AGreenRoad

http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/02/how-dangerous-are-smoke-detectors.html 

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Cain, Abel And Zimmerman Teach Us How To Use The Stand Your Ground Law To Take Out Anyone You Don’t Like

There are now 21 states with a ‘Stand Your Ground’ type of law. What would have happened if this law were in effect back in the days of Cain and Able? The video above provides a scenario of what might have happened. Bottom line, he was not guilty of murder, or even trespassing. He was free to walk away and enjoy his life. 
The Stand Your Ground law now seems to be making it legal to shoot anyone who you feel threatens you in any way, even if they have no weapon on them. If you have a gun, a rock or even a metal bat, it seems to be the case that you can now murder someone legally, and the police cannot even take you in for questioning. Don’t believe it?
Here is an actual case…..  a mentally disabled person was killed by a guy with a gun who was sitting in a car at a fast food outlet with his wife next to him. The mentally disabled person had no weapon, no stick, no knife, no nothing. There was no mark on the guy with a gun, and no damage to his car. He could have rolled up his window or driven away, if he really felt that this mental ill guy was a nuisance. Instead, he pulled out his gun and killed him.
The NRA loves this law. They are pushing for passage of this law in all US states. They love people living in fear and owning a gun. This law makes it ok to have itchy trigger fingers and own lots of guns, and then be potentially even be ‘allowed to’ use those guns on people you disagree with. Even if you are a sociopath, mentally ill or a psychopath, you can now go out and take care of business, based on the above case. Hunting humans is now legal. It is open season on anyone you don’t like or agree with, thanks to the NRA. This is better than the Wild West days, where two people drew guns on each other. Now they other guy doesn’t even need a gun, a knife or a bat. 

How To Get A Gun If You Are An Insane Serial Murderer Or Psychopath; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/01/how-to-get-gun-if-you-are-serial.html

Suspected Terrorists on FBI’s No-Fly List Can Still Legally Purchase AK-47’s and Explosives In USA; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/05/suspected-terrorists-on-fbis-no-fly.html

It is easy to buy a gun in the US, easier than any other civilized country. Gun owners (even crazy ones, or terrorists) are allowed to buy guns. Even bat crazy loons are now ready and legally able to kill anyone who even looks at them cross eyed, and be totally justified in killing them for doing little or nothing. The police cannot take anyone in for questioning if the person who had the gun and killed someone say; “I felt threatened”. Basically, this law is permission to kill anyone, anywhere, anytime, for no reason at all, even if the other person has no gun or weapon at all.
After all, the only person who can say what happened is the guy with the gun. Witness accounts don’t matter, because it is only about what is in the head of the person with the gun that matters, according to this law. If the gun owners head says; “this person looks threatening, or looks like they are going to hit me, get out the gun and shoot them.”
No one can accuse the gun owner of murder, because the gun owner is the only person with a gun, and he or she felt threatened. It no longer matters that the other person had no gun, no weapon of any kind, all that matters is that a person with a gun felt fear, so that is justification in using the gun to commit legalized murder. What if someone does that around the President, or Senators, or CEO’s of corporations.. Many people feel very passionately that their life is being threatened by these people (even if that is not the case), and this law now seems to make it legal to go shoot them. 
This is worse than the Wild West Days, when anyone could shoot anyone else. Back then, as long as you both had guns and drew them, it was all legal. But even back then, the criteria was that BOTH people had to have guns. Now, the NRA has gotten rid of even this Wild West definition of a ‘fair fight’. Now a fair fight consists of a person with a gun, and anyone else, who that gun owner has a beef with.
If you don’t like someone because they are different in politics, religion, or color of skin, or the loud music they play, or for any other reason, that is enough reason now to kill them, as long as you own a gun and are willing to use the ‘Stand Your Ground’ law. Here is another case of ‘justified self defense’ shooting, despite the unarmed victim running away from the guy with the gun, and the police telling the guy with the gun to NOT follow the teen.

Despite the teen being unarmed, and running away from Zimmerman, and despite Zimmerman chasing him down and shooting him, Zimmerman was innocent of any crime, due to the ‘Stand Your Ground’ law.

The message seems to be, just say; “I felt threatened”, and that is enough. As a gun owner it is now open season on human beings. The ‘law’ now gives gun owners permission to go out and shoot everyone they don’t like and whoever they have an argument with. If they won’t argue with you as a gun owner, maybe just pick a fight with them, and then when you feel threatened, shoot them, like Zimmerman did above. It is all ok now, all legal and stuff… The NRA knows that 30,000 people a year murdered each year from guns in the US is not enough. By comparison, Japan has 10 or less people die due to guns each year. The Stand Your Ground law will likely INCREASE this 30,000 per year death toll, wouldn’t you agree?

The NRA may be saying; we need a higher body count, to prove that this law ‘works’ and that gun owners really are not fooling around with all of those unarmed terrorists, criminals and threatening characters standing around neighborhoods, and fast food joints. So how many bodies will be ok? 50,000 a year? 100,000 a year? 250,000 a year?

3 People Killed By Terrorists? Go All Out, Problem Solved! 30,000 Murdered Per Year? Do NOTHING! via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/04/3-people-killed-by-terrorists-go-all.html

Number Killed By Guns In US Exceeds WMD Hiroshima And Nagasaki Death Toll; @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/12/number-killed-by-guns-in-us-yearly.html

Good luck out there to all you unarmed peace loving folks… Better start wearing your bullet proof vests, cause it is open season, and you are now the target. Justice is served, NRA style. (Sarcasm)

Note; AGRP does not condone or encourage anyone owning guns, or committing violent acts in any way, shape or form.)

End
Cain, Abel And Zimmerman Teach Us How To Use The Stand Your Ground Law To Take Out Anyone You Don’t Like; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/02/cain-able-and-zimmerman-teach-us-how-to.html

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Schools, Guns And Drugs; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/01/schools-guns-drugs.html

30,000 Reasons Not To Have A Gun In Your Home; 
via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/03/30000-reasons-not-to-have-gun-in-your.html

Wild West Mentality Rules Gun Industry And Gun Enthusiasts; 
via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/01/wild-west-mentality-rules-gun-industry.html

Juice News; Gun Debate in Divided States of America; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/02/juice-news-gun-debate-in-divided-states.html

Trayvon Martin; Brutal Murder, or Justified Defense of Life? via @AGreenRoad
 http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/03/trayvon-martin-being-used-for-political.html

Rep. Gabby Giffords Makes Statement About Children Dying From Guns;via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/01/rep-gabby-giffords-makes-statement.html

What It Takes To Save Someone’s Life After Being Shot; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/01/what-it-takes-to-save-someones-life.html

Legal History of 2nd Amendment Gun Right; Court Rulings; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/01/legal-history-of-2nd-amendment-court.html


Julian Assange Speech at the United Nations; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/09/julian-assange-speech-at-united-nations.html

Firearms CEO Says He Will Be The First To Start Killing People If Gun Violence Prevention Laws Are Passed; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/04/firearms-ceo-says-he-will-be-first-to.html

19 To 100 Million Native American’ Indians Exterminated By ‘Settlers’; via @AGreenRoad


Solutions To Gun Violence


After Sandyhook Massacre, Connecticut Passes Comprehensive Gun Violence Reduction Law; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/04/after-sandyhook-massacre-connecticut.html

New York Passes Tough Gun Law Banning Military Style Assault Rifles and Huge Ammo Clips; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/04/new-york-passes-tough-gun-law-banning.html

Mahatma Gandhi – His Life, Truth, Peace, Non Violence Teachings And Successes; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/02/mahatma-gandhi-his-life-life-truth.html

President Obama On The Rights Of Freedom Of Assembly, Happiness, Speech, Life, Liberty And Peace; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/01/president-obama-on-rights-of-freedom-of.html

Should Mandatory Gun Registration, Education And Insurance Be Required? via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/03/should-mandatory-gun-registration.html

What The Writers Of The Constitution Meant When They Enshrined Gun Rights Into The Constitution; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/04/what-writers-of-constitution-meant-when.html


Jury Rights

What is Anonymous? A Beginners Guide via @AGreenRoad

Secret Jury Rights And Ignored Constitutional Duty; via @AGreenRoad

Browns Gas As A Potential Solution To Decontaminate And Inactivate Nuclear Man Made Radioactive Waste Products


Introduction to Brown’s Gas; What can it do? How is it made? 

Part I


Part II


Part III
Part IV
Part V
Part VII  (26 minutes in)
Is it possible to transmute elements through a process of alchemy? People have been in pursuit of this goal since the Middle Ages or even before that. 
The atomic age is in a sense proof that transmutation is possible and provable. After all, he nuclear industry is performing alchemy and transmuting elements, it is just that they are doing it in a negative, life destroying manner. 
If someone had tried to propose this negative transmutation was possible back in the Middle Ages, people would have laughed that person out of town, or possibly even burned them at the stake for being a warlock or witch. 
After all, the scientists and religous scholars of that time were very sure that the Earth was only 2,000 years old, the sun revolved around a stationary Earth, and that the Earth was flat. Of course, you would fall off the edge if you sailed out in the ocean far enough. 
Wouldn’t you agree that Earth is the domain of opposites, such as cold/heat, light/dark, up/down, gravity/antigravity, protons/antiprotons/ etc? There is no end to the opposites present in this mysterious dimension we are all living in. Is there any exception to this rule of everything having an opposite? 
What if there are NO exceptions to this rule of opposites existing? If negative transmutation is possible and now proven, why can’t positive transmutation or alchemy also be possible, especially when it comes to deactivating the deadly, radioactive manmade elements such as tritium, cesium, plutonium, etc? 
Open minded scientists and citizens will at least be open to the possibility, even if it seems very far fetched and ‘impossible’ when using present day knowledge.  Keeping an open mind is what TRUE science is all about, wouldn’t you agree? 

As it turns out, there may be a potential discovery that is in the wings, called Brown’s Gas, which according to the researchers, offers promise of transmuting radioactive elements. The experts researching this think they have discovered that there is an opposite kind of fire; a feminine fire, as opposed to the masculine fire that everyone is used to. 
This feminine fire (Brown’s Gas) has unique properties; it acts as electrochemical plasma, with many very unique and yet undiscovered properties. Of course, all of these unique properties and uses, (including deconstructing radioactive elements) needs to be confirmed by scientists all around the world. 
Because researchers are dealing with dangerous radiation, transmuting elements in a positive way will need to be confirmed in the nuclear labs that are used to doing this work safely, but by all initial appearances, this discovery may hold great promise for ‘deactivating’ nuclear radiation in a rapid manner. 
Have any experiments been done that proves this transmutation is possible? 

via blessings2all; 1991, China’s Baotou Nuclear Institute released a Report #202, “The Results of Experiments to Dispose of Radiation Materials by Brown’s Gas”, which establishes that experimentation on Cobalt 60 radiation source decreased radiation by about 50% or half-life of radiation — but sometimes more radiation is decreased which needs investigation of possibilities for decreasing more of the radiation in single treatments of exposure to Brown’s Gas flame, lasting only a few minutes, in the samples as described in the table below.
First Experiment      Before Treatment         After Treatment                         
Radiation              580 millirads/hour     220 – 240 millirads/hour    

Second Experiment

Radiation             115 – 120 millirads/hour      42 millirads/hour

“In another test conducted by Yull Brown before a public audience including U.S. Congressman Hon. Berkeley Bedell with a committee responsible in this area of concern, the experiment ran as follows as reported by the press: “Using a slice of radioactive Americium … Brown melted it together on a brick with small chunks of steel and Aluminum … After a couple of minutes under the flame, the molten metals sent up an instant flash in what Brown says is the reaction that destroys the radioactivity. (Hopefully they did this experiment in a safe way, using negative pressure containers and air filters/scrubbers, or lots of people may have been exposed to radiation.)
Many methods have been developed to massively accelerate the conversion or transmutation of radioactive materials to more atomically stable elements. I read over the suggestions here and not one I have seen suggests the most obvious and only possible solution. It appears that real and fundamental permanent solutions have been deliberately suppressed. When they have been presented they are not only denied but in many cases violently denied. 
A big reason appears to be is that The Powers That Be in the whole field do not want their mega-billion $troth to end. The other is that it flies in the face of standard junk science thrown in the faces of the public. 
“Nuclear decay is only stochastic or probabilistic, never deterministic.” Different versions of conventional transmutation are known and discussed in the literature: by photons, by neutrons, by charged particles and by scalar fields. One potential solution, “Brown’s Gas” — may reduce nuclear radiation up to 96% within minutes. 
Planetary Association for Clean Energy 

“Brown’s Gas can efficiently neutralize radioactive waste though transmutation right at the reactor, thus removing the need for transportation or storage of nuclear waste. Such application can revolutionize the nuclear industry” http://peswiki.com/index.php/PowerPedia:Browns_gas


What is the take away? What if there are answers to all of human kinds problems? What is Brown’s Gas offers solutions to at least some of those problems? Isn’t it worth researching all of the possible uses and benefits of Brown’s Gas, including the transmutation of nuclear waste, especially since the one experiment done showed great promise in this direction? 


End

Brown’s Gas As A Potential Solution To Decontaminate And Inactivate Nuclear Man Made Radioactive Waste Products; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/02/browns-gas-as-potential-solution-to.html

More articles like this;

Holistic Living, Health, Self-Healing, Environment And Renewable Energy
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/p/green-energy-green-living.html

Thousands Of Unwilling, Unknowing Human Radioactive Plutonium Experiments

In the video above, the reporter talks about a super secret study where 18 patients were injected with plutonium, but not told about it. 

In the video above, the author of a book about this subject discloses how many children were spoon fed plutonium in a secret experiment. 

Doctors and scientists have exposed thousands of unwilling and unknowing Americans to radioactive substances. These are not terrorists, but US medical doctors, working together with the nuclear industry ‘experts’. The Nazi death camp doctors could not have done better.. 
Wikipedia; “In 1945, as part of the Manhattan Project, three patients at Billings Hospital at the University of Chicago were injected with plutonium.[60]
In 1946, six employees of a Chicago metallurgical lab were given water that was contaminated with plutonium-239, so that researchers could study how plutonium is absorbed into the digestive tract.[57]
“Medtronics made about 250 plutonium-powered pacemakers, and about twnty-two were still stimulating human heart more than twenty-five years after they were manufactured, a feat that no battery-powered pacemaker could match. ” 
Why are these plutonium powered heart pulse generators not being mass produced? Certainly the medical and nuclear power industry was pushing this product quite hard. 
“The authors suggest that an isotopic pulse generator be considered for every patient with a life expectancy of 10 years or more in spite of the still existing restrictive and cumbersome protocols required for licensing by the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission.” pg. 1. 
“With respect to safety, follow-up, and retrieval of isotopic pulse generators, the record has been flawless. It is difficult to envision any potential risk to the general public. The greatest probable risk is that of burying a patient without removing the pulse generator-a trivial risk compared with those of the disposal of radioactive waste materials and the threat of nuclear arms.” pg. 3
“It is certainly possible to design a lithium pacemaker of acceptable dimensions and a potential life of 20 years. However, that is a far cry from the 77-year calculated life of the isotopic device (Coratomic 100). Furthermore, the decay of the radioactive fuel is accurately predictable; the future behavior of any chemical system is not.” pg. 4 Source; http://ats.ctsnetjournals.org/cgi/reprint/28/1/1.pdf
The medical industry seemed to have discovered some drawbacks to having people with a large amount of plutonium implanted in their chests. Was the change of heart due to actual experiences, or due to some other reasons? 
“However, while the potential benefits of a longer-lasting pacemaker and the alternative of using a battery-operated pacemaker are perhaps easily explained to patients, it can sometimes be difficult to get a handle on the specific risks involved. This is because in some cases there may be theoretical risks that may not be readily quantified, such as the risk of developing a malignancy or other serious complication such as radiation fibrosis while being exposed a source of radioactivity over a prolonged period.
Even more difficult would estimating social risks, such as the risk that a patient with a nuclear pacemaker might be kidnapped and murdered with a view to committing a terrorist act by extracting the plutonium fuel and introducing it into (say) the Pentagon’s air intake system. (Inhaled plutonium dust is very carcinogenic: a mere one ten-thousandth of a gram (0.1 milligram) ingested in this manner can cause cancer [13].” pg. 15
They do not mention other more real world possibilities, such a person being cremated with large amount of plutonium inside of them. The plutonium in the device could vaporize and be spread all over a large city. A very small amount of plutonium vaporized via cremation could kill millions of people. 
The nuclear industry is ‘experimenting’ with the lives of everyone on the planet, but with no notice, no permission and no warnings. The invisible, deadly radiation is being released from accidents, recycling plants, uranium mines, depleted uranium weapons use, and much more.. The following links are the tip of a huge iceberg of secrets that the nuclear industry does not want anyone to know about…

What is the take away? It is important to understand that these were not ‘isolated’ instances. The hospitals, clinics, nuclear regulators, government, medical doctors, universities, colleges, and military all worked together back then and they still work together today, in the same exact way.

The nuclear cabal consisting of universities, nuclear experts, scientists, medical doctors, nuclear regulators and government covered up, hid, lied, kept secrets back then, and they still do today. Nothing has changed. If you think it was bad back then, today it is much worse. The secrecy, lies and deceptions have only grown in both number and scale.

The power and profit motive underneath all of this keeps driving this sinister, dark and very deadly experimentation forward into the future. On the positive side, maybe we can learn something from the details of the suffering that these unwilling human lab rats went through, so we will know what Fukushima will do to at least a portion of the rest of humanity that was also exposed as unwilling plutonium, iodine, cesium, and xenon gas guinea pigs after 3/11. 

End
Thousands Of Unwilling, Unknowing Human Radioactive Plutonium Experiments; via @AGreenRoad


More like this at;

Human Radiation Experiments Performed Without Consent Or Knowledge; via @AGreenRoad

Changing Failed Education Paradigms, By Creating A New Sustainable Model

This video is a talk given at the RSA by Sir Ken Robinson, world-renowned education and creativity expert and recipient of the RSA’s Benjamin Franklin award. Watch this lecture in full here: http://www.thersa.org/events/video/archive/sir-ken-robinson
The RSA is a 258 year-old charity devoted to driving social progress and spreading world-changing ideas. 
Find out more about the RSA at http://www.thersa.org
Join the RSA on Facebook at http://www.facebook.com/thersaorg
——
A Green Road Project is all about changing paradigms, by creating an educational model based on the new cutting edge, rather than the old and obsolete models of the past, which no longer serve us. 
The way of science and math is the old fashioned way of logic and mind, with a focus on profits, but nothing else. The way of the arts and multiple intelligences is the new educational way forward, with a focus on love, intuition, divergent individualization, and sustainable creativity.  

MOX Plutonium Fuel Burning/Reprocessing Fantasies, Reality And Dangers

According to Greenpeace; “Nuclear reactors normally burn enriched uranium fuel. When MOX is used, around 30% of the enriched uranium is replaced by the MOX fuel.

The reason for the manufacture of MOX was a political one – the countries involved like Japan had to be seen to be doing something about their useless stockpiles of plutonium, produced by reprocessing spent nuclear fuel. 
To understand the history and rationale behind British Nuclear Fuel’s (BNFL) production of plutonium Mixed Oxide Fuel (MOX) is one of the best ways to understand an industry living in a nuclear fantasy world, out of control, and oblivious to the reality of the deadly business they are involved in. 
Fantasy: producing MOX fuel to burn in nuclear reactors will use up our growing stocks of plutonium. 
Reality: To eliminate the plutonium, MOX fuel must be reprocessed and re-used many times. This is expensive because each time the MOX is used and reprocessed, the quality of the plutonium is degraded, making it increasingly difficult to re-use. Also, the share of MOX in a reactor core is around 30%. The other 70% of the core contains enriched uranium fuel, in which new plutonium is formed. The result: a net increase of plutonium. 
Fantasy: recycling nuclear fuel is a good thing.

Reality: separating out plutonium at the Sellafield THORP plant creates 180 times the volume of waste that you start with. The highly radioactive by-products are held in inadequate storage facilities and discharges have made the Irish Sea the most radioactive in the world. 
Fantasy: producing MOX will save nuclear waste storage costs.

Reality: Spent MOX fuel is much more radioactive because it contains on average five times more plutonium than spent uranium oxide fuel. After 10 years, the heat generation from spent MOX fuel is twice as high as that of spent uranium fuel. After 100 years, it is three times higher. 
Given the very long half-life of Pu-242 (380,000 years), and Neptunium-237 (2.14 million years), it is much more complicated to store MOX than normal spent fuel. Instead of partially solving our high level waste problem, MOX creates even bigger waste problems: it needs more and longer cooling; it has to be stored much longer; it is more dangerous; and the costs are therefore higher. 
Fantasy: it will be cheaper to produce Mox fuel than enriched uranium suitable for nuclear reactors. 
Reality: recent studies in Germany show that MOX fuel is four to five times more expensive. And that’s before considering the reprocessing costs of separating the plutonium in the first place. 
Fantasy: no additional safety concerns over MOX fuel. 
Reality: MOX in a reactor is more unsafe because plutonium is more reactive and this hotter fuel can cause increased localized melting of fuel in the reactor. Nuclear reactors have to be adapted and re-licensed. About 30% of the uranium fuel is replaced with MOX. Wrong size pellets can also vibrate or expand, rupturing the fuel pins and causing a meltdown. 
Fantasy: the Sellafield MOX plant will be an economic benefit for the UK. 
Reality: The operation of the Sellafield MOX plant was forecast to make £200m profit. But the cost of building it was over £460m. 
Fantasy: plutonium MOX is no threat to non-proliferation because, even if it was reprocessed, it would not be weapons-grade material. 
Reality: In June 1994, U.S. Energy Secretary Hazel O’Leary declassified further details of a 1962 test of a nuclear device using reactor-grade plutonium, which successfully produced a nuclear yield. The British Government itself has recognised this test, as it used British reactor-grade plutonium from Sellafield.”

For an in depth analysis about MOX plutonium reprocessing facilities and the problems around them, listen to the above 1 hour program.


At Fukushima, building #3 suffered a  massive explosion, releasing huge quantities of MOX plutonium fuel in nano particle form into the upper atmosphere. That plutonium went all around the world.


End

MOX Plutonium Fuel Burning/Reprocessing Fantasies, Reality And Dangers; via @AGreenRoad

How To Take Potassium Iodide As A Preventative Against Damage Or Cancer Caused by Radiation From Radioactive Iodine


Per Wikipedia; “A common treatment method for preventing iodine-131 exposure is by saturating the thyroid with regular, non-radioactive iodine-127, as an iodide oriodate salt. Free elemental iodine should not be used for saturating the thyroid because it is a corrosive oxidant and therefore is toxic to ingest in the necessary quantities. The thyroid will absorb very little of the radioactive iodine-131 after it is saturated with non-radioactive iodide, thereby avoiding the damage caused by radiation from radioiodine. 

The most common method of treatment is to give potassium iodide to those at risk. The dosage for adults is 130 mg potassium iodide per day, given in one dose, or divided into portions of 65 mg twice a day. 
This is equivalent to 100 mg of iodide, and is about 7000 times bigger than the nutritional dose of iodide, which is 0.015 mg per day (150 micrograms per day). Seepotassium iodide for more information on prevention of radioiodine absorption by the thyroid during nuclear accident, or for nuclear medical reasons. 
The FDA-approved dosing of potassium iodide for this purpose are as follows: infants less than 1 month old, 16 mg; children 1 month to 3 years, 32 mg; children 3 years to 18 years, 65 mg; adults 130 mg.[18] However, some sources recommend alternative dosing regimens.[19]

The World Health Organizations daily recommended Dosage for Radiological Emergencies involving radioactive iodine[20]
Age KI in mg KIO3 in mg
Over 12 years old 130 170
3 – 12 years old 65 85
1 – 36 months old 32 42
< 1 month old 16 21
The ingestion of prophylaxis iodide and/or iodate is not without its dangers, There is reason for caution about taking potassium iodide or iodine supplements, as their unnecessary use can cause conditions such as the Jod-Basedow phenomena, and the Wolff-Chaikoff effect, trigger and/or worsen hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism respectively, and ultimately cause temporary or even permanent thyroid conditions. 


Dr. Wartofsky warned that taking preventative iodine tablets or liquid without a doctors supervision could cause serious reactions. The drug can induce severe hypothyroidism, or even worse things…“’It is inappropriate, foolhardy and dangerous to be taking iodine supplements at this time,’ Wartofsky said. ‘It’s very important to hold off until it’s absolutely necessary.’…”

It can also cause sialadenitis (an inflammation of the salivary gland), gastrointestinal disturbances, allergic reactions and rashes. Potassium iodide is also not recommended for those who have had an allergic reaction to iodine, and people with dermatitis herpetiformis and hypocomplementemic vasculitis, conditions that are linked to a risk of iodine sensitivity.[21]


The use of a particular ‘Iodine tablet’ used in portable water purification has also been determined as somewhat effective at reducing radioiodine uptake. In a small study on human subjects, who for each of their 90 day trial, ingested four 20 milligram tetraglycine hydroperiodide(TGHP) water tablets, with each tablet releasing 8 milligrams (ppm) of free titratable iodine;[22] it was found that the biological uptake of radioactive iodine in these human subjects dropped to, and remained at, a value of less than 2% the radioiodine uptake rate of that observed in control subjects who went fully exposed to radioiodine without treatment.[23]

The administration of known goitrogen substances can also be used as a prophylaxis in reducing the bio-uptake of iodine, (whether it be the nutritional non-radioactive iodine-127 or radioactive iodine, radioiodine – most commonly iodine-131, as the body cannot discern between different iodine isotopes). 
Perchlorate ions, a common water contaminant in the USA due to the aerospace industry, has been shown to reduce iodine uptake and thus is classified as a goitrogen. Perchlorate ions are a competitive inhibitor of the process by which iodide, is actively deposited into thyroid follicular cells. 
Studies involving healthy adult volunteers determined that at levels above 0.007 milligrams per kilogram per day (mg/(kg·d)), perchlorate begins to temporarily inhibit the thyroid gland’s ability to absorb iodine from the bloodstream (“iodide uptake inhibition”, thus perchlorate is a known goitrogen).[24] 
The reduction of the iodide pool by perchlorate has dual effects—reduction of excess hormone synthesis and hyperthyroidism, on the one hand, and reduction of thyroid inhibitor synthesis and hypothyroidism on the other. Perchlorate remains very useful as a single dose application in tests measuring the discharge of radioiodide accumulated in the thyroid as a result of many different disruptions in the further metabolism of iodide in the thyroid gland.[25]
Treatment of thyrotoxicosis (including Graves’ disease) with 600-2,000 mg potassium perchlorate (430-1,400 mg perchlorate) daily for periods of several months or longer was once common practice, particularly in Europe,[24][26] and perchlorate use at lower doses to treat thryoid problems continues to this day.[27] Although 400 mg of potassium perchlorate divided into four or five daily doses was used initially and found effective, higher doses were introduced when 400 mg/day was discovered not to control thyrotoxicosis in all subjects.[24][25]
Prophylaxis with perchlorate containing water at concentrations of 17 ppm, which corresponds to 0.5 mg/kg-day personal intake, if one is 70 kg and consumes two litres of water per day, was found to reduce baseline radioiodine uptake by 67%[24] This is equivalent to ingesting a total of just 35 mg of perchlorate ions per day. In another related study were subjects drank just 1 litre of perchlorate containing water per day at a concentration of 10 ppm, i.e. daily 10 mg of perchlorate ions were ingested, an average 38% reduction in the uptake of iodine was observed.[29]
However when the average perchlorate absorption in perchlorate plant workers subjected to the highest exposure has been estimated as approximately 0.5 mg/kg-day, as in the above paragraph, a 67% reduction of iodine uptake would be expected. Studies of chronically exposed workers though have thus far failed to detect any abnormalities of thyroid function, including the uptake of iodine.[30] this may well be attributable to sufficient daily exposure or intake of healthy iodine-127 among the workers and the short 8 hr biological half life of perchlorate in the body.[24]
To completely block the uptake of iodine-131 by the purposeful addition of perchlorate ions to a populaces water supply, aiming at dosages of 0.5 mg/kg-day, or a water concentration of 17 ppm, would therefore be grossly inadequate at truly reducing radioiodine uptake. Perchlorate ion concentrations in a regions water supply, would therefore need to be much higher, with at least a total dosage of 7.15 mg/kg of body weight per day needing to be aimed for, with this being achievable for most adults by consuming 2 liters of water per day with a water concentration of 250 mg/kg of water or 250 ppm of perchlorate ions per liter, only at this level would perchlorate consumption offer adequate protection, and be truly beneficial to the population at preventing bioaccumulation when exposed to a radioiodine environment.[24][28] This being entirely independent of the availability of iodate or iodide drugs.
The continual addition of perchlorate to the water supply would need to continue for no less than 80–90 days, beginning immediately after the initial release of radioiodine was detected, after 80–90 days had passed released radioactive iodine-131 would have decayed to less than 0.1% of its initial quantity and thus the danger from biouptake of iodine-131 is essentially over.[31]
In the event of a radioiodine release the ingestion of prophylaxis potassium iodide or iodate, if available, would rightly take precedence over perchlorate administration and would be the first line of defense in protecting the population from a radioiodine release. However in the event of a radioiodine release too massive and widespread to be controlled by the limited stock of iodide & iodate prophylaxis drugs, then the addition of perchlorate ions to the water supply, or distribution of perchlorate tablets would serve as a cheap, efficacious, second line of defense against carcinogenic radioiodine bioaccumulation.
The ingestion of goitrogen drugs is, much like potassium iodide is also not without its dangers, such as hypothyroidism. In all these cases however, despite the risks, the prophylaxis benefits of intervention with iodide, iodate or perchlorate outweigh the serious cancer risk from radioiodine bioaccumulation in regions were radioiodine has sufficiently contaminatated the environment.”
See also: Potassium iodide
What is the take away? If you plan to use preventative doses of iodide, see a doctor or other health professional first. Seek a doctor’s advice about how long to continue doing this, as well as the dosage for you specifically.

End

How To Take Potassium Iodide As A Preventative Against Damage Or Cancer Caused by Radiation From Radioactive Iodine; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/02/how-to-take-potassium-iodide-as.html

Highly Radioactive Fukushima‬ Tsunami Ocean Debris, One Sample Tested 2 Million Bq/kg


A huge tsunami debris field is coming to the US and Hawaii. The big elephant in the room question is; how dangerous is this debris? In this article, evidence is presented that at least a part of the floating debris may have absorbed radiation from being downwind of Fukushima. More testing of this debris is needed. 


via; D’un RenardThe Rainbow Warriors

(Now They Tell Us) Highly Radioactive Pieces Found in Naraha-Machi in June/July 2013 Came from Fukushima, TEPCO Now Says


Specifically, four small pieces of debris found at the river mouth in Naraha-machi 15 kilometers from the plant may have come from Reactor 3.


The first piece of debris were found in June 2013, but TEPCO didn’t mention the discovery until July after three more such high-radiation pieces were found. Even then, they published a half-baked result of the analysis, which was nothing more than the measurement of gamma radiation and beta radiation in microsieverts per hour. (See my post on July 2, 2013 for the first discovery.)
TEPCO disclosed the result of the analysis of the debris done by Japan Atomic Energy Agency (of Monju fame) during the regular February 12, 2014 press conference, and no major news outlet has reported the news so far. Only bloggers took note. (I suppose the mainstream media is busy educating themselves on the intricacies of the State Secrecy Protection Law, even though it hasn’t gone into effect yet.)


According to TEPCO, the pieces of (floating) debris were not only highly contaminated with radioactive materials released from Fukushima I Nuclear Power Plant but they actually, most likely came from the plant. The degree of contamination from radioactive materials found on the small pieces of debris is similar to that on the debris found around the Reactor 3 building.
From TEPCO’s handout for the press, 2/12/2014 (in Japanese):
Very high contamination from cesium-134, cesium-137, and presence of cobalt-60/ Note the unit is Bq per sample, not kilogram. For example, Sample No.3 (0.4 gram) has 2.0 x 10^6 Bq, or 2 million becquerels of cesium-137:


TEPCO and JAEA’s conclusion:
1. These small pieces of debris came from Fukushima I Nuclear Power Plant, most likely from the Reactor 3 building.
2. The high-beta radiation found on the pieces are not from beta-nuclides but from beta radiation from cesium-134 and cesium-137, judging by the composition of the radioactivity.
3. How they got to the river mouth is unknown. It could be by the ocean, or by land. The analysis is inconclusive on that point.

These pieces of floating debris were found to contain; 

Cesium 137 – 2 Million Bq/kg
Cesium 134 – 920,000  Bq/kg

Since the above samples were found and tested, two more highly radioactive floating debris samples were found with the following levels of radiation contamination, including Plutonium 238 and Americium 241; both alpha radiation emitters. 

7,300,000,000 Bq/Kg of Cs-134/137 and 6,000 Bq/Kg of Pu-238/Am-241 measured from the “hot” substance found in Naraha
http://fukushima-diary.com/2014/02/7300000000-bqkg-of-cs-134137-and-6000-bqkg-of-pu-238am-241measured-from-the-hot-substance-found-in-naraha/


 How are they finding these pieces? Is someone actually looking for them, or are they just being found accidentally? Who is finding these things? 

What is the take away? The building #3 criticality explosion threw fuel rod bits and pieces around for 2 kilometers in all directions. But the highly radioactive plume that came out also settled on anything floating in the ocean, (or on land) such as the wooden and plastic bits and pieces above. 

Obviously, a reactor does not have plastic and wood inside of it, so the radiation had to ‘settle’ on this floating garbage. TEPCO is trying to say these pieces came from inside of the building. While that is possible, it is also just as possible that these floating bits are part of the ocean tsunami debris field. After all, how much wood and plastic is inside of a reactor building and inside of a reactor specifically? None, right? 

Because these pieces were only found recently (2013) over 15 kilometers away from the Fukushima plant, it means absolutely for sure that the radiation on floatable objects made largely of plastic and wood does not ‘wash off’. 

The only question left is whether these pieces floated down the river from somewhere upstream (unlikely), or whether these pieces are part of the larger body of tsunami debris that went downwind of Fukushima while it was exploding, leaking, fuming and melting down/out. 

It does not take a brain scientist to understand that everything in that Pacific ocean garbage patch very likely was hosed with huge doses of hot radiation particles, neutron showers, gamma ray ‘shine’ and more. Even the nuclear experts admit that 80% of the total Fukushima radiation went out into the ocean, so it makes logical sense that these pieces are part of the larger garbage patch floating around out there. 

We do have evidence from the USS Ronald Reagan incident, that huge amounts of radiation came out of Fukushima and went downwind. The carrier got dosed with this radiation for only a brief time and now somewhere between 70 to 200 sailors are suing TEPCO for diseases and cancers caused by that radiation.

Doesn’t it make sense that the garbage plume drifting out in the ocean also contains highly radioactive pieces of wood and plastic like this? That means extreme caution is in order for anyone dealing with this garbage patch coming from Japan and washing ashore anywhere in the world, because the radiation is not ‘washing off’ or wearing off.

Just because a piece of garbage on a beach is small, does not mean it is safe, as now see from the above examples. One small piece of highly radioactive garbage like this can kill, especially if the radiation from it gets inside the body somehow via the hands touching it, then touching food that goes in the mouth, or a piece of this contaminating food/drinks somehow, etc.. Do not approach, handle or touch anything that came from Japan via the ocean, unless you have a pancake style detector and test the object first. 

More radiation tests on more pieces of floating japan tsunami debris will confirm or deny whether the larger debris field is this radioactive or not. We need more citizen and regular scientists (with extreme caution) to test the Japanese debris floating up on Pacific ocean shores, because no one seems to be doing any testing so far, other than these four samples. 

End

Highly Radioactive Fukushima‬ Tsunami Ocean Debris, One Sample Tested 2 Million Bq/kg; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/02/highly-radioactive-fukushima-tsunami.html

Nano Technology Offers Promising Method To Clean Up Fukushima Daiichi Contaminated Soil And Water



Per Keshe Foundation; “The situation in the nuclear power station in Fukushima Daiichi plant is worse than before and there is a need for a bridge gap process to decontaminate the lands and the waters in the area. 

Click on following link to watch video about some paradigm shifting discoveries introduced by the Keshe Foundation, with allied partners featured. 
In this video, an alternative and cheap process to decontaminate the lands and the waters in the house and farmlands is introduced.
Warnings and safety procedures:
Make sure you wear protective clothing when starting to make the Nano materials.
Keep a good distance from the containers when you introduce the water to the container, due to the splash of the boiling content.
We advise that farmers to work as collective groups rather than individuals and ask for TEPCO supervisors to be present, when they carry these procedures out on the land or for water decontamination.
Nano-materials can penetrate skin, please wear gloves when making these materials.
Wear thick clothing materials and heavy boots and gloves, when on the land or decontaminating water.
The process shown in this video will create a condition to remove the materials, but does not create or explains the condition to handle the materials after removal from the land or water.
Once collected, the handling of the contaminated materials have to be left to the TEPCO and the Japanese government.
The farmers should not walk on the land until they are sure the land using radiation detectors is decontaminated using the new technology.
With this process, farming machinery can be used to introduce the new materials on the land and the same machines can be used to plow and collect the new contaminated material from the land.
Use farming machines like tractors to disperse the produced Nano-materials and for collecting the contaminated new materials afterwards from the land.
Any contaminated clothing or tolls can be washed in the water, by placing it in container which fresh processed Nano-coated materials are placed in and after a few hours the clothing can be removed, that the radioactive materials from clothing will be attached to the coated materials. 
Do not use hands to wash the contaminated clothing.
When, washing use a wooden stick, which can be replaced after each wash.
Do not reuse the stick and place it with the Nano materials from the wash in the steel drum explained blow.
The water after wash should be free of any radiation, but the coated elements have to be placed in the container and handed to TEPCO.
Always wear protective clothing that you do not come in touch with contaminated materials, which was extracted from the farmland or the water.
Dig a hole in the ground, place steel container, or drum for the collected materials and place heavy thick slab on top of the hole.
Make sure this is well located away from any residential place.
Never look in to the container and make sure the container is easy to lift and be replaced once it is removed by TEPCO.
Once collected, the handling of the contaminated materials have to be left to the TEPCO and the Japanese government.
We give more advice on the forum of the keshe Foundation workshop.
The work of the Foundation needs support that we can stay independent of governments and multinational for our research. You can supports our work by donating founds to the Foundation using the donation bottom at the Keshe Foundation website that we can carry on with our works and teachings new scientists at our Spaceship Institute.” Source; video above.
End
Nano Technology Offers Promising Method To Clean Up Fukushima Daiichi Contaminated Soil And Water; via @AGreenRoad

http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/02/nano-technology-offers-promising-method.html

Radium; The Epic Story

Measurable radioactive radium levels in the global soil, air and water supplies have been greatly increasing since the industrial age began, largely due to uranium mining, processing and ‘burning’ in nuclear power plants, open air atomic bomb testing, radioactive waste disposal sites, and the burning of fossil fuels, (coal, oil, gas). Each square km of the earth now contains approximately 1 gram of radium, (to a depth of 40 cm). 
But to extract radium from the ground, over 400 tons of uranium ore has to be processed, just to get 1 gram of radium. All together, only 1.5 kilograms of radium were manufactured, before radium was banned and made illegal to sell. 
Radium levels in drinking water may be high when it is extracted from deep wells that are located near radioactive waste disposal sites. Uranium mining results in higher levels of radium in water near uranium mines. Plants absorb this radium from the soil. Animals that eat these plants will bio concentrate radium. Finally, radium may concentrate in fish and other aquatic organisms and bio magnify up the food chain. http://www.lenntech.com/periodic/elements/ra.htm#ixzz2t1Tv38z4
Historically, radium used to be added to things like toothpaste, food, drinking water (see picture below) and hair lotions as a ‘tonic’ using the disproven theory of hormesis. The hormesis promoting industry making radium and other products did it’s best to discredit those warning people about the dangers of low dose radiation, just as the nuclear industry is doing the same thing these days to those activists and experts trying to warn people about the dangers of low dose radiation today.
There are even those people who are still trying to be proponents of the hormesis theory today. 
Rachel Maddow – Hormesis Promoting Republican Art Robinson Wants To Sprinkle Radioactive Waste From Airplanes Over Cities? via @AGreenRoad
Radon Dangers; Hormesis Explored; via A Green Road Blog 
Hormesis; What Does Not Kill You, Is Good For You; via @AGreenRoad 
The death of a famous industrialist (picture above) and of Madame Curie, plus the deaths of the radium factory workers from the toxic effects of low dose radium radiation sealed the fate of radium, and it was banned. Even it’s medical use was taken away. But why, if it was so good for ‘treating’ the Big C?
But the interesting questions is this… if radium is so dangerous in even minute quantities due to the danger of low dose radiation effects that cause cancer, leukemia and other diseases, why aren’t the other radioactive elements also banned? After all, it is not just radium that emits alpha and gamma radiation.
To find out more about why radium and other natural radioactive elements are no longer allowed to be used as a health tonic, click on the following link.
Radium Girls And Radium Dials; Ottowa Illinois, Death City; via @AGreenRoad 
According to EPA; “Radium (chemical symbol Ra) is a naturally-occurring radioactive metal. Its most common isotopes are radium-226, radium 224, and radium-228. Radium is a radionuclide formed by the decay of uranium and thorium in the environment. It occurs at low levels in virtually all rock, soil, water, plants, and animals.
The Basics
Who discovered radium?
Radium was discovered in 1898 by French physicist and Nobel laureate Marie Curie in pitchblende (a uranium and radium-bearing mineral). There is about 1 gram of radium in 7 tons of pitchblende. Elemental radium was isolated by Mme. Curie in 1911. (She died of cancer.)
Where does radium come from?
Radium forms when isotopes of uranium or thorium decay in the environment. Most radium (radium-226) originates from the decay of the plentiful uranium-238. When uranium (or thorium) occurs in high levels in rock, radium is often also found in high levels.
What are the properties of radium?
Radium is a naturally radioactive, silvery-white metal when freshly cut. It blackens on exposure to air.
Purified radium and some radium compounds glow in the dark (luminesce). The radiation emitted by radium can also cause certain materials, called “phosphors” to emit light. Mixtures of radium salts and appropriate phosphors were widely used for clock dials and gauges before the (cancer and disease) risks of radium exposure were understood.
Metallic radium is highly chemically reactive. It forms compounds that are very similar to barium compounds, making separation of the two elements difficult.
The various isotopes of radium originate from the radioactive decay of uranium or thorium. Radium-226 is found in the uranium-238 decay series, and radium-228 and -224 are found in the thorium-232 decay series.
Radium-226, the most common isotope, is an alpha emitter, with accompanying gamma radiation, and has a half-life of about 1600 years. Radium-228, is principally a beta emitter and has a half-life of 5.76 years. Radium-224, an alpha emitter, has a half life of 3.66 days. Radium decays to form isotopes of the radioactive gas radon, which is not chemically reactive. Stable lead is the final product of this lengthy radioactive decay series.
Radon Dangers; Hormesis Explored; via A Green Road Blog 
What is radium used for?
In the early 1900’s, when it was newly discovered, no one understood the dangers of radioactive radium. People were fascinated with its mysterious properties, especially the luminescence produced when it is mixed with a phosphor. Industries sprang up to manufacture hundreds of consumer products containing radium. Advertisements (and proponents of the hormesis theory) proclaimed its special powers and unique effects in such products such as hair tonic, toothpaste, ointments, and elixirs. Glow in the dark watch and clock faces were immensely popular.
Most of its original uses have been halted for health and safety reasons, but its wide use in luminescent paints continued through World War II, because the soft glow of radium’s luminescence made aircraft dials, gauges and other instruments visible to their operators at night. 
Radium was also an early radiation source for cancer treatment. Small seeds were implanted in tumors to kill cancerous cells. Cobalt-60 has mostly replaced it.
Radium is a radiation source in some industrial radiography devices, a technology similar to x-ray imaging used in industry to inspect for flaws in metal parts. When radium is mixed with beryllium it becomes a good source of neutrons, useful in well logging devices and research. Radium also has been added to the tips of lightening rods, improving their effectiveness by ionizing the air around it.
Exposure to Radium
As a decay product of uranium and thorium, radium is common in virtually all rock, soil, and water. Usually concentrations are very low. However, geologic processes can form concentrations of naturally radioactive elements, especially uranium and radium. Radium and its salts are soluble in water. As a result, groundwater in areas where concentrations of radium are high in surrounding bedrock typically has relatively high radium content.
How does radium change in the environment?
All isotopes of radium are radioactive. As they decay, they emit radiation and form new radioactive elements, until they reach stable lead. Isotopes of radium decay to form different isotopes of radon. For example, radium-226 decays to radon-222, and radium-228 goes through several decays to radium-224 before forming radon-220.
How do people come in contact with radium?
Since radium is present at low levels in the natural environment, everyone has some minor exposure to it (due to nuclear industry emissions, and carbon fuel burning). However, individuals may be exposed to higher levels of radium if they live in an area where there is an elevated level of radium in the surrounding rock and soil. Private well water in such areas can also be an added source of radium.
The concentration of radium in drinking water is generally low, but there are specific geographic regions in the United States where higher concentrations of radium occur in water due to geologic sources. Limited information is available about the amounts of radium that are typically present in food and air, but they are very low.
People can also be exposed to radium if it is released into the air from the burning of coal or other fuels. Certain occupations can also lead to high exposures to radium, such as working in a uranium mine or in a plant that processes uranium ores. Phosphate rocks typically contain relatively high levels of both uranium and radium and can be a potential source of exposure in areas where phosphate is mined.
In some parts of the country, former radium processing plants exist that were highly contaminated with radium. However, most of these have been cleaned up and do not pose a serious health threat any longer.
Radium emits several different kinds of radiation, in particular, alpha and gamma radiation. Alpha radiation is only a concern if radium is taken into the body through inhalation or ingestion. Gamma radiation, or rays, can expose individual even at a distance. As a result, radium on the ground, for example, can expose individuals externally to gamma rays or be inhaled or ingested with contaminated food or water. The greatest health risk from radium in the environment, however, is actually its decay product radon, which can collect in buildings.
How does radium get into the body?
People may swallow radium with food and water, or may inhale it as part of dust in the air. Radium can also be produced in the body from “parent” radionuclides (uranium and thorium) that have been inhaled or swallowed, but this is not a significant source.
What does radium do once it gets into the body?
Most radium that is swallowed (about 80%) promptly leaves the body through the feces. The other 20% enters the bloodstream and accumulates preferentially in the bones. Some of this radium is excreted through the feces and urine over a long time. However, a portion will remain in the bones throughout the person’s lifetime.
Health Effects of Radium
Radium emits several different kinds of radiation, in particular, alpha particles and gamma rays. Alpha particles are harmful if emitted inside the body. However, both internal and external exposure to gamma radiation is harmful. Gamma rays can penetrate the body, so gamma emitters like radium can result in exposures even when the source is a distance away.
Long-term exposure to radium increases the risk of developing several diseases. Inhaled or ingested radium increases the risk of developing such diseases as lymphoma, bone cancer, and diseases that affect the formation of blood, such as leukemia and aplastic anemia. These effects usually take years to develop. External exposure to radium’s gamma radiation increases the risk of cancer to varying degrees in all tissues and organs.
However, the greatest health risk from radium is from exposure to its radioactive decay product radon. It is common in many soils and can collect in homes and other buildings.
Is there a medical test to determine exposure to radium?
There are tests that can determine exposure to radium or other radioactive substances. For example, a whole body count can measure the total amount of radioactivity in the body, and urine and feces can be tested for the presence of radionuclides.
These tests are not routinely performed in a doctor’s office because it requires special laboratory equipment. There is no test that can detect external exposure to radium’s gamma radiation, unless the doses were very high, and cellular damage is detectable.
Protecting People from Radium
You need special equipment to detect the presence of radium. However, you can buy radon detection kits at most hardware stores.
What can I do to protect myself and my family from radium?
The most effective way to protect yourself and your family is to test your home for radium’s decay product, radon.
What is EPA doing about radium?
The U.S. Congress passes laws that authorize EPA and other federal agencies, to protect public health and the environment from radium and other radioactive materials. EPA has issued a variety of regulations that limit the release of radium and other radionuclides to the environment. For example, Congress passed the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act (UMTRCA). EPA has established standards for cleaning up and managing leftover uranium ore at inactive ore-processing plants under the authority of UMTRCA. The U.S. Department of Energy is responsible for conducting the cleanups, and the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission oversees and manages them.
This page provides a summary and link to the full statute.
Complementing these efforts, EPA’s Superfund program identifies abandoned industrial sites contaminated with radium and other radionuclides and chemicals. It then assesses the health and environmental risks the sites pose, and assigns priorities for cleaning them up based on those risks. Superfund regulations require sites to be cleaned up to the point that people living on the sites after cleanup would have no more than a 1-in-10,000 to a 1-in-1,000,000 increased risk of developing cancer from exposure to contaminants.
This page provides a summary and a link to the complete statute.
This site contains information about individual Superfund sites.
Other laws passed by Congress address specific environmental media. The Clean Air Act authorizes EPA to establish annual limits, known as National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants, for the maximum amount of radium and other radionuclides that may be released to the air. For radium the “NESHAP” is 10 millirem. 
The Safe Drinking Water Act authorizes EPA to limit the Maximum Contaminant Levels of radium and other radionuclides in publicly supplied drinking water. For 226 and 228 radium, the MCL is 5 picocuries per liter and for 224 radium it is 15pCi/l. Both the air and water standards limit the increased lifetime cancer risk to about 2 in 10,000.”
What is the take away? Radium has an interesting history of being hailed as the saviour of mankind via the ‘peaceful’ use of the atom. It was a potent cure all and a cure for Cancer, until it was proven that it caused cancer and deaths, even in low doses of exposure. Radium was banned from use in public and was no longer used in medicine due to public fears of radiation dangers of it. Other radioactive elements were substituted for radium, but they are no less dangerous, toxic or radioactive, so what is the difference?
All radioactive elements cause cancer, leukemia, genetic damage and other dis-eases, whether they are man made, like plutonium or tritium, or ‘natural’, like radon, uranium, or radium. These substances have no place around humans and they should all be banned from both public and medical use, because safer, less costly, less toxic alternatives have always existed and still exist today. 
End
Radium; The Epic Story; via @AGreenRoad

Why Dilution Is NOT The Solution With Radioactive Man Made Elements

As shown in the video above, all of Nature including your backyard, your garden, the farm where you get your food from and your body is being used as a free nuclear waste dumping ground.

The pro nuclear apologists love to talk about how dilution will solve all of the problems of nuclear radiation and make it all ‘harmless and safe’. The dilution method is certainly the cheapest solution, because there is no cost to dump radioactive waste into Nature. Does dilution really work with man made radioactive elements? Let’s explore this concept, shall we?
All nuclear facilities, labs, incinerators, and more are ‘legally’ allowed to dump huge amounts of radioactive elements into the air, water and ground downwind or downstream of nuclear facilities, mines, reprocessing plants and more. According to nuclear experts, even the radiation dumped all around the world and absorbed by everyone as a result of the Chernobyl or Fukushima mega disaster is all ‘legal’ and under the ‘safe’ maximums, due to ‘dilution’. Nuclear experts claim that the public will ‘accept’ and absorb the ‘diluted’ radiation from one accident per year, and not complain. Most of these accidents are hidden, denied or covered up.. Is this ‘diluted’ radiation really ‘safe’? Are you aware of just how many ‘accidents’ there are?

Nuclear Accidents, Recycling Nuclear Weapons/Fuel
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/p/nuclear-accidents-around-world.html

According to Ken Buesseler from the Woods Hole Insititute, 90,000 Bequerels from cesium per cubic meter of ocean water is ‘legal’. This means that all of the radiation released by the mega nuclear disaster at Fukushima can happen over and over again, once a week, and no one would be held accountable for violating anything. As he says in the following video, it’s all legal. And the IAEA goes further and says that dumping all of the radioactive water at Fukushima in those thousands of tanks, into the ocean, is also ‘legal’. 


Woods Hole Oceanic’s Ken Buesseler- you can find him associated with Hugh Livingston at the IAEA throughout his history and he has the man on his facebook friends list. Why is this so important to note? You will know a man by the company that he keeps and by where he gets his money. Why not find out more about Ken, by following these links..These are the folks that he is ‘friends’ with. The following nuclear industry and pro nuclear organizations are his financial partners.. http://www.whoi.edu/main/partners-sponsors


But those partners, such as the IAEA, are not what they are portrayed to be by the mass media. Would it surprise you if you found out that the IAEA is nothing more than a sales and marketing organization for the nuclear industry? Would you trust a sales organization to give you ‘safety’ or health advice?

IAEA, WHO, NRC And Others; A Web Of Deception? via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/05/iaea-who-and-others-web-of-deception.html

WHO/IAEA Collusion – Negative Health Impact of Fukushima: Warnings and Recommendations by Michel Fernex; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/12/whoiaea-collusion-negative-health.html

30 Ways The Nuclear Industry Deceives Everyone; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/03/primer-in-art-of-deception-cult-of.html

A Primer In The Art Of Deception; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/03/primer-in-art-of-deception-cult-of.html

Global Corporations And The 1%; Art And Science Of Deception
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/p/corporations-art-and-science-of.html


The IAEA, which is the marketing arm of the nuclear industry, recommends dumping ALL of the highly radioactive water in the tanks at Fukushima into the ocean, where they say it will be ‘diluted’.


But the real life consequences that happen as a result of this ‘legal’ dumping and ‘dilution’ may not turn out to be as ‘safe’ as the nuclear experts love to claim…. 

Fukushima Radiation Measured In Pacific Ocean by IAEA Sponsored And Paid For Scientists; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/05/fukushima-radiation-measured-in-pacific.html

The Deep Pacific Ocean Is Broken/Dead; Devoid Of Life For Thousands Of Miles, Where It Used To Be Filled With Life; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/10/the-deep-pacific-ocean-is-brokendead.html

Comparing Contaminated Zones Around Chernobyl And Fukushima Ocean Radiation Released; via A @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/05/comparing-contaminated-zones-around.html 
Low Dose Radiation Causes Oxygen Depletion Globally, Kills Oxygen Producing Trees And Algae; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/07/low-dose-radiation-causes-oxygen.html

If people really knew what was going on… It does not take much radiation to kill a person, a fish, or a plant. It does not take a lot of radiation to make a person, animal or plant sick long term, using a ‘slow motion’ bullet in the form of a radioactive particle. How small of a ‘diluted’ dose of radiation can cause sickness or death?

If you inhale a millionth of a gram of plutonium, the surrounding cells receive a very, very high dose. Most (cells) die within that area, because it’s an alpha emitter. The cells on the periphery remain viable. They mutate, and the regulatory genes are damaged. Years later, that person develops cancer. Now, that’s true for radioactive iodine, that goes to the thyroid; cesium-137, that goes to the brain and muscles; strontium-90 goes to bone, causing bone cancer and leukemia.”
Renowned doctor and scientist Dr. Helen Caldicott MD



Most of the pro nuclear folks dislike nuclear ‘truth tellers’ and put them down via personal character assassinations. They may say; ‘but he/she cannot be trusted’. She is lying, that is not possible. They make insinuations and accusations. In the case of Helen, is what she is saying above the truth or a lie? Let’s find out, shall we? Read the first article below and the American Journal of Pathology article above, which proves she is telling the truth, via multiple scientific and government studies.


How Dangerous Is 400-6000 Pounds Of Plutonium Nano Particle Dust Liberated By Fukushima? Via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/08/how-dangerous-is-400-6000-pounds-of.html

Is There ‘Natural’ Plutonium And Are There ‘Natural’ Fission Reactions? via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/01/is-there-natural-plutonium-and-are.html 
Plutonium Mimics Iron In Body – 2 Million Times More Dangerous Than Uranium, MOX Planned For Use In All Future Nuclear Power Plants; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/09/plutonium-mimics-iron-in-body-2-million.html


Is there more proof than what Dr. Helen Caldicott MD says? The answer is yes.. Bottom line, there is no ‘safe’ dose of radiation. All radiation is cumulative and causes damage. Even a ‘diluted’ dose of radiation in the form of ONE HOT PARTICLE has some risk and will cause some deaths, especially so in the most vulnerable populations, such as the young and fragile elderly.

Quotes From Famous People About Nuclear Energy And Low Dose Radiation Dangers; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/07/quotes-from-famous-people-about-nuclear.html

Infant mortality Up To 40% Higher Than National Rate Around Brown’s Ferry Nuclear Plant, 48% Higher After Fukushima In Philadelphia; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/01/infant-mortality-up-to-40-higher-than.html

43% of Fukushima Children Have Thyroid Problems, Could Be Much Worse Than That; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/09/43-of-fukushima-children-have-thyroid.html

Diabetes Caused By Low Level Radiation – 6 In 10 Fukushima Children With Diabetes; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/09/diabetes-caused-by-low-level-radiation.html

28% Rise In Thyroid Problems On West Coast Since Fukushima, According To New England Journal Of Pediatrics; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/01/28-rise-in-thyroid-problems-on-west.html

Birth Defect Rate Up 800% In Washington State, Officials Stumped – Not Considering Fukushima At All; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/12/birth-defect-rate-up-800-in-washington.html

Fukushima Caused An 50,000 Additional USA Newborn Deaths 3/11 to 12/11; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/12/fukushima-caused-50000-additional-usa.html

The laws allowing this ‘legal’ radioactive waste dumping and huge mega nuclear accidents without any penalties, fines, lawsuits, sanctions, or jail are all based on the ‘dilution’ theory. Just because it is legal, does not make it correct, right, ethical, moral or justified. It used to be ok to sell radium water, and other dangerous cancer causing things, but that was outlawed when the truth was ‘discovered’. Maybe it is time to change the laws and how we generate energy, rather than causing millions of cancers and deaths per year from low dose radiation. 
It used to be legal to just dump reactors and barrels full of waste into the ocean. That is no longer legal, for good reason. Dilution was not considered enough of a justification to allow dumping of concentrated nuclear wastes in the ocean. So why is it still ok to dump high level waste into the air or groundwater?

Locations And Amounts Of Radioactive Waste Dumped In Oceans; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/11/locations-and-amounts-of-radioactive.html

It also used to be legal to do open air testing of nuclear weapons, but both of those things have been banned after the evidence came out. The pro nuclear scientists were counting on dilution to make the radiation ‘go away’, but that plan did not work. Instead, the diluted radiation caused cancer rates and deaths to skyrocket, the longer those open air nuclear tests went on. 

2400 Global Nuclear Atmospheric Bomb Tests 1945-1998 – Equivalent to Global Nuclear War; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/04/nuclear-atmospheric-bomb-testing-1945.html

The Nuclear Fuel Chain That Leads To Nuclear Bombs; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/04/nuclear-fuel-chain-that-leads-to.html

Dr. Helen Caldicott MD On Nuclear Weapons, MAD/Nuclear Armageddon; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/04/dr-helen-caldicott-md-on-nuclear.html


Why is it ok to dump radiation into the air from incineration of wastes and normal operation of nuclear power plants, if nuclear bombs are no longer allowed to dump their radiation into the air and be ‘diluted’?  Why are nuclear accidents allowed to dump concentrated doses of radiation equaling thousands of nuclear bombs each, if open air nuclear bomb testing is illegal?

Dr. Chris Busby; Consequences of Burning Radioactive Waste In Japan; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/04/dr-chris-busby-consequences-of-burning.html

Medical doctors saw a direct cause and effect relationship between the nuclear bomb tests and diseases, plus cancers of all kinds, increasing rapidly as more and more ‘diluted’ radiation spread around the world from those nuclear bombs.

It only takes one ‘hot’ particle next to a DNA strand, damaging it, which then creates one of 1,000 genetic diseases, as itemized below. Even a ‘diluted’ dose of radiation can cause a genetic disease in countless future generations, because DNA is passed on from one generation to the next into infinity. Even the ‘natural’ radioactive elements such as thorium, uranium, radium and radon break DNA strands…

Thorium And Uranium Proven Highly Effective At Breaking DNA Strands – Cause Cancer, Birth Defects, Still Births, Etc; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/08/thorium-and-uranium-proven-highly.html

Thorium Rich Sand; Monazite – Studies Show It Increases Congenital Mutuation, Downs Syndrome, And Changes Sex Ratios; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/01/thorium-rich-sand-monazite-studies-show.html

List Of All Genetically Linked Diseases Caused By Low Level Radiation Exposure; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/09/list-of-all-genetically-linked-diseases_1674.html



It also used to be legal to use radioactive substances to promote ‘health’, via the hormesis theory, but that has been been made illegal as well. You cannot sell radium water or manufacture radon and have people breathe it in, via some elixir, potion, machine or medical procedure. The EPA has a great website explaining how even ‘natural’ radon causes many lung cancers. It is amazing how many people do not even know the basic facts about the dangers of radiation and lung cancer from ‘natural’ radon.

Radon Dangers; Hormesis Explored; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/04/radon-dangers-and-hormesis.html 

The only problem with this ‘theory’ about hormesis, is that it does not work, and never has. Madam Curie and all of the early radiation researchers got increased doses of radiation, and they all died of cancer. So much for ‘natural’ radiation being different from man made radioactive elements. Both natural and man made radiations are dangerous for your health. 

Rachel Maddow – Hormesis Promoting Republican Art Robinson Wants To Sprinkle Radioactive Waste From Airplanes Over Cities? via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/08/rachel-maddow-hormesis-promoting.html

The dilution theory did not work for radioactive radon, radium, uranium, plutonium or any of the other 1,000 harmful radioactive elements coming out of a nuclear accident, and it does not work for what is going into the ocean, air and ground either. 

Low Level Radiation Causes Premature, Accelerated Aging, Chronic Diseases In Young, Increased Premature Deaths; via A Green Road
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/12/low-level-radiation-causes-premature.html

The supposedly ‘diluted’ and invisible radiation from nuclear accidents and regular emissions from nuclear facilities goes into the air, water and ground. Pro nuclear apologists love to compare radioactive potassium in bananas to man made radiation, but again, their false equivalency argument does not hold any water, or bananas in this case. 
Radioactive Potassium In Bananas Compared To Cesium, Plutonium, Uranium And Iodine via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/03/radioactive-bananas-peeling-mystery.html
That supposedly diluted and ‘safe’ radiation coming from man made sources always concentrates up the food chain back to you and your family via bio-concentration, which is another thing that the pro nuclear apologists fail to take into account. As little as 10 Bq/kg in the body can cause negative health effects according to medical and scientific research. So why is the ‘safe’ level of radiation set at 1,000 Bq/kg in the USA? 

Dr. Conrad Miller MD – How Radiation Concentrates Up The Food Chain To Human Beings – 10Bq/Kg Unsafe; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/08/dr-conrad-miller-md-how-radiation.html 

What the pro nuclear apologists also ignore and do not talk about is how even low dose radiation has the effect of mutating bacteria and viruses into stronger super bacteria and super viruses. Have you noticed how many more super bugs are around these days? Low level ‘diluted’ radiation is partially to blame for that. 

Low Dose Radiation And Antibiotics Cause Mutated, Strengthened Bacteria And Virus; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/07/low-dose-radiation-and-antibiotics.html

The pro nuclear experts also claim that just a very small ‘exclusion zone’ for a few years around any nuclear accident will take care of any harmful radiation and that everywhere else is ‘safe’. Those pro nuclear apologists have never visited or stayed with families affected by low dose radiation, such as those in Belarus, near Chernobyl, around Three Mile Island in the ‘Valley of Death’, and now around Fukushima. 

Chernobyl Coverup And Denial Of 1 Million + Casualties; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/03/chernobyl-coverup-and-denial-of-1.html

IPPNW – Health Effects of Chernobyl 25 Years After The Reactor Catastrophe (69 million casualties); via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/07/ippnw-health-effects-of-chernobyl-25.html

If nuclear plants are so ‘safe’, why is that the 18 spy agencies, all of the branches of the US military and Homeland Security is so hyper vigilant around trying to keep a few mere grams of anything radioactive out of the country and away from major cities? Why are they so afraid of a ‘dirty bomb’ going off? Why are they getting the military ready (but not civilians) for an EMP pulse? Why are they recommending that all nuclear plants increase their security, after an 84 year old nun and two companions just wandered into a facility containing many tons of plutonium, without any problems?

Atucha Nuclear Reactor Taken Over By Terrorists; via A Green Road Blog
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/04/atucha-nuclear-reactor-taken-over-by.html

Hijackers Took Oak Ridge Nuclear Reactor Hostage; We Are All Hostages To Nuclear Power And Military Industry; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/04/hijackers-took-oak-ridge-nuclear.html
Fukushima released close to 1000 TONS of highly radioactive  man made elements. But no mention is made of the danger of all of this being released into the air, water, groundwater or ocean. Why not? Why is there no mention of Japan burning over 30 tons of highly radioactive high level waste at sites all over Japan?
Why is there no mention of bio concentration up the food chain from all of these pro nuclear folks? It is well known that even ‘diluted’ amounts of radiation in water concentrate up the food chain and come back to humans. 

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Steven Starr, via D’un: “Cesium-137 also tends to biomagnify as it moves up the food chain. “This means it becomes progressively more concentrated in predator species. We have seen this before with other industrial toxins, such as DDT, which can magnify its concentration millions of times from the bottom to the top of a food chain.


“Consequently, all of the foodstuffs in a contaminated region tend to contain Cesium-137. Those naturally rich in potassium, such as mushrooms and berries, tend to have very high concentrations. Dairy products and meats also tend to have higher concentrations.”

via Steven Starr



Plutonium And Cesium Bio-Concentrates 26,000 Times In Ocean Algae, Up To 5,570,000 Bq/Kg in Land Algae; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/04/plutonium-and-cesium-bio-concentrates.html

Fukushima: 2012 Hawaii And Arizona Dairy Milk Test Up To 800% Higher Than Safety Limits; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/04/fukushima-hawaii-arizona-dairy-milk.html

Fukushima Radioactivity Found In Bluefin Tuna; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/05/fukushima-radioactivity-found-in.html

Radiation dangers in food and water; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/03/radiation-contamination-standards-for.html

UK Established Animal Radiation ‘Controls’ Due To Chernobyl Cesium Contamination; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/04/uk-established-animal-radiation.html

Chernobyl; Animal Studies Show Radiation Is Still Harming Our Wild Companions; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/04/chernobyl-radioactive-deer-antlers.html

PBS; Radioactive Wolves In Chernobyl Exclusion Zone Movie Review; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/04/chernobyl-pbs-radioactive-wolves-in.html

Radioactive Boars And Deer (Still) Unfit To Eat 950 Miles From Chernobyl; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/04/radioactive-boars-and-deer-unfit-to-eat.html

Dangerously Radioactive Wild Boars Roaming Around Italy; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/04/dangerously-radioactive-wild-boars.html

Beef radiation contamination
https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?v=10152238964313245&set=vb.619858244&type=2&theater

The Petkau Effect And Low Dose Radiation Harm Caused To Humans, Plants, Animals; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/12/the-petkau-effect-and-low-dose.html

Animals Around Fukushima Negatively Affected By Low Level Radiation; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/04/blog-post.html

Mutagenesis; Dangers Of Low Dose Ionizing Radiation; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/12/mutagenesis-dangers-of-low-dose.html

The nuclear industry is bottom line, founded and based on many lies. These lies actually make up a playbook that they use and train all pro nuclear folks with, so that the public will never find out the truth of just how dangerous and deadly even low doses of radiation are. 

30 Ways The Nuclear Industry Deceives Everyone; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/03/primer-in-art-of-deception-cult-of.html

A Primer In The Art Of Deception; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/03/primer-in-art-of-deception-cult-of.html

Human Radiation Experiments Performed Without Consent Or Knowledge; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/09/human-radiation-experiments-performed.html

The Art of Deception: The Cult of Nuclearists, Uranium Weapons and Fraudulent Science; via A @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/03/primer-in-art-of-deception-cult-of.html

Bottom line, when you go to court and have witnesses to a crime and they are proven to be liars, then you as a jurist can no longer believe anything they say. Why would this be any different when it comes to nuclear power, nuclear weapons, and ‘next generation’ nuclear power plants? When the pro nuclear apologists say that nuclear power is cheap, safe, clean and green, you know that these things are all nothing more than lies and deception. 
Another one of many deceptions foisted on a gullible public is the lie that Fukushima is only 10% of Chernobyl and that it is in cold shutdown. The lie is that Fukushima is being ‘decommissioned’, when it is actually totally out of control and there are multiple meltdowns happening, with rapidly increasing levels of radiation underground, in the ocean and into the air.
According to the French Institute de Radioprotection et de Surete Nucleaire (IRSN) and the Austrian Zentralanstalt fur Meteorolgie and Geodnynamik (ZAMG), Fukushima had 3 times the total release of radiation from Chernobyl in only the first few days. But the uncontrolled radiation releases from Fukushima has continued on since then, non stop. 
The above video shows the IRSN measuring Japanese soil that has 500,000 Bq/kg of cesium, long after the mega disaster. Levels up to 15 million Bq/kg were found. Does this sound like ‘diluted’ radiation to you? 


Bottom line, AGRP belives that if you look at the evidence presented in the links above, you will agree that both the ‘dilution’ theory and the hormesis theory are bunch of hogwash when it comes to man made radioactive elements such as plutonium and tritium. The whole nuclear industry is based on lies and deceptions, so when a pro nuclear apologist claims that nuclear power is safe and dilution is the answer, you can come back and call him or her a liar, and KNOW that what you are saying is justified, no matter if that person is much smarter, has a PhD, or making $1 million a year.  

As you explore the links and watch the videos to become an expert on this subject, you will realize and understand how truly horrible, deceptive, and terrible the nuclear industry is for the whole world. 


End


Why Dilution Is NOT The Solution With Radioactive Man Made Elements; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/02/why-dilution-is-not-solution-with.html

300,000 Atomic Veterans Forcibly Exposed To Nuclear Radiation, Made Into Radioactive Lab Rats

EON is proud to host-post another important documentary by the Academy Award-winning team Vivienne Verdon-Roe and Michael Porter. Their 1994 expose’ tells the currently relevant story of the 300,000 U.S. soldiers and sailors who were used as EXPERIMENTAL ANIMALS in America’s quest for nuclear dominance…and were then denied health care. These men were not volunteers, they were ordered to participate in a radiation experiment, without being told about the risks and without being given any protection.
A major voice in the film – directed and edited by Porter, produced and narrated by Verdon-Roe – is former Navy seaman Anthony Guarisco, founder of the INTERNATIONAL ALLIANCE OF ATOMIC VETERANS, c/o Vincent L. Guarisco, 5312 Covina Rd., Bullhead, AZ. 86426
To contact the filmmakers: ViviVR@aol.com
For updates on Anthony and his wife Mary, here are two recent articles by their son, journalist Vincent Guarisco
Never Forget The Lessons Of Yesterday For The Sake Of Tomorrow By Vincent Guarisco
Contact: vincespainting1@hotmail.com
These radiation victims sound like they are part of a Nazi death camp experiment, maybe that is because former Nazis were in charge of this nuclear program. The victims were victimized first by subjecting them forcibly to radiation and swearing them to secrecy. Then they were victimized and abused (second time), by not disclosing to them any warnings, treatment options, or even information about true radiation exposure.

Finally, the victims were abused again, for a (third time) by preventing them from suing anyone for damages or harm done via immunity laws passed by the military industrial complex and the nuclear industry. The abusers just waited for everyone to die.

Anyone who dared to speak out was punished for violating ‘secrecy’ laws. Nothing has changed, as this is still the situation today. Sailors aboard the Ronald Reagan were exposed to fallout from Fukushima, and were treated about the same as the first lab rats and pigs in the video above. 

Everyone on Earth was exposed to the radiation from these open air nuclear bomb tests, and everyone is still are being exposed to invisible radiation from DU, nuclear plants, uranium mines, reprocessing facilities, storage facilities and much more.

We are all guinea pigs in a huge planetary laboratory, studying the effects of low dose radiation on human beings. Just because radiation is invisible, does not mean it disappears and has no more effects. Precisely because a radioactive element’s radiation is invisible, that makes those radioactive elements that much more deadly and dangerous. Everything looks normal, and you cannot see the radiation that is killing you, plus causing genetic diseases and cancers.
The 2,400 open air nuclear bomb tests gave everyone on Earth a good ‘experimental’ dose of radiation. Most US citizens still have radioactive strontium 90 in their bones, measured in terms of units; 1-4. The amount each person has inside varies between 1 to 4, and yes there are some people that have 4 units of stronium inside of them.


A person who has only 1.5 units of strontium and who dies and is cremated has enough strontium in that ash to make a liter of water with those ashes in it, 180 times over the safe limit of set by the EPA for drinking water. Now Fukushima is releasing massive quantities of Strontium 90 into the Pacific, where it will be concentrated through bio concentration up the food chain into people.  http://www.nuclearcrimes.org/3-3.php

Have you ever wondered where these nuclear scientists that set off these bombs and who keep having these radiation ‘accidents’ that release ever increasing amounts of radiation into this world, (making everyone into unwilling radioactive lab rats), came from originally? 
In 1945, as part of Operation Paperclip, the United States government recruited 1,600 Nazi scientists, many of whom had performed human experimentation in Nazi concentration camps. The scientists were offered immunity from any war crimes they had committed during the course of their work for the Nazi government, in return for doing similar research for the United States government. Many of the Nazi scientists continued their human experimentation when they arrived in the United States.[158]



Project Paper Clip; USA Imported And Hired Hundreds Of Nazi War Criminals To Develop Nuclear Industry; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/04/project-paper-clip-usa-imported-and.html

Human Radiation Experiments Performed Without Consent Or Knowledge; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/09/human-radiation-experiments-performed.html


(In Project Paper Clip, The US imported hundreds, if not thousands of Nazi war criminals, who formed and molded the foundation of the entire nuclear weapons and nuclear power plant industry. 

What kind of future would you predict for any country getting involved with people like this? Any nation or city inviting these people in is building a nuclear house built on a foundation of extremism, secrecy, deceptions, double dealing and lies. 



The Art of Deception: The Cult of Nuclearists, Uranium Weapons and Fraudulent Science; via A @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/03/primer-in-art-of-deception-cult-of.html

If the nuclear industry can treat honorable US veterans little differently than the pigs that got radiated in metal cages, while squealing in agony, and then offer no help, while hiding and/or ‘losing’ the radiation dose records that they got exposed to, what do you think they are going to do with you and your family? Do you really believe that the nuclear industry that got started with Nazi’s, death camps, secrets, lies, genocide and invisible poisons is going to do good things for humanity?

As you can see from the video, this experiment was done on young men, in the prime of their life, but it now affects countless future generations. You can see with your own eyes, the effects it has had on their kids. If those kids survive and have their own kids, the result will be no different, but may end up being even worse, because the genetic damage accumulates with each generation. 

The radiation experiment continues today. We are all radioactive lab rats. As long as we allow this industry to continue to pour radioactive poisons into the air, water, and soil, it will bioconcentrate back up the food chain to your children. The results are obvious. Please do your part to help stop this genocide. 


End


300,000 Atomic Veterans Forcibly Exposed To Nuclear Radiation, Made Into Radioactive Lab Rats; via @AGreenRoad


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MD Reveals How To Prevent Radiation Sickness With Macrobiotic Diet

Part I
Part II

After Nagasaki, an MD worked with patients who were victims of radiation sickness using a special diet that anyone can use. 
Macrobiotic Diet Prevents Radiation Sickness Among A-Bomb Survivors in Japan – In August, 1945, at the time of the atomic bombing of Japan, Tatsuichiro Akizuki, M.D., was director of the Department of Internal Medicine at St. Francis’s Hospital in Nagasaki. Most patients in the hospital, located one mile from the center of the blast, survived the initial effects of the bomb, but soon after came down with symptoms of radiation sickness from the fallout that had been released. 

Dr. Akizuki fed everyone a strict macrobiotic diet of brown rice, miso soup, wakame, sea vegetables, Hokkaido pumpkin, and sea salt. He prohibited the consumption of sugar and sweets. He saved everyone in his hospital, while many other atomic bomb survivors in the city perished from radiation sickness. 

I gave the cooks and staff strict orders that they should make unpolished whole-grain rice balls, adding some salt to them, prepare strong miso soup for each meal, and never use sugar. When they didn’t follow my orders, I scolded them without mercy, ‘Never take sugar. Sugar will destroy your blood!
(Sources: Tatsuichiro Akizuki, M.D., Nagasaki 1945 (London: Quartet Books, 1981); Tatsuichiro Akizuki, “How We Survived Nagasaki,” East West Journal, December 1980):
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/vivian-norris-de-montaigu/deadly-silence-on-fukushi_b_859241.html

There is an ancient tradition going all the way back to the Greeks and Romans about using diet rather than medicines for self healing. Although changing diet is probably the most difficult thing for people to do, if it can be done, this may be one possible way to deal with difficult health challenges. 


End


MD Reveals How To Prevent Radiation Sickness With Macrobiotic Diet; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/02/md-reveals-how-to-prevent-radiation.html 


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Anyone posting information on this website plus associated links are providing ‘unlicensed’ (non-medical) healing arts and/or pastoral consulting services. Unless licensed by an individual state, posters are acting as a ‘traditional’ naturopath, herbalist, and/or homeopath in those states that allow this, such as California and Nevada. This information is available worldwide. Posters are not  licensed by the State of California, Nevada or any other state or country that prohibits practice by traditional health consultants as a medical ND; ‘Naturopathic Doctor’ or as a Medical Doctor – MD. 

VA – List Of Diseases And Cancers Associated with Ionizing Radiation Exposure




List of Diseases Associated with Ionizing Radiation Exposure


“VA has recognized certain diseases as related to ionizing radiation exposure during military service. Veterans may be eligible for disability compensation and health care for these diseases. Their survivors also may be eligible for survivors’ benefits.
Presumptive diseases related to ionizing radiation
For Veterans who participated in a radiation-risk activity during service (including “Atomic Veterans”), VA assumes that certain cancers are related to their exposure. We call these “presumptive diseases.”
Cancers of the:

bile ducts,
bone,
brain,
breast,
colon,
esophagus,
gall bladder,
liver,
lung (including bronchiolo-alveolar cancer),
pancreas,
pharynx,
ovary,
salivary gland,
small intestine,
stomach,
thyroid,
urinary tract (kidney/renal, pelvis, urinary bladder, and urethra)

Leukemia (except chronic lymphocytic leukemia)
Lymphomas (except Hodgkin’s disease)
Multiple myeloma (cancer of plasma cells)
These Veterans don’t have to prove a connection between these diseases and their service to be eligible for disability compensation. Their survivors also may be eligible for survivors’ benefits if the Veteran dies as the result of one of these diseases.

Other diseases associated with radiation exposure
VA recognizes that the following diseases are possibly caused by exposure to ionizing radiation during service:

All cancers
Non-malignant thyroid nodular disease
Parathyroid adenoma
Posterior subcapsular cataracts
Tumors of the brain and central nervous system
Eligibility for disability compensation or survivors’ benefits depends on how much radiation the Veteran received and other factors, such as the period of time between exposure to radiation and the development of the disease. VA decides these claims on a case-by-case basis.
VA also will consider the possibility that other diseases not listed above were caused by radiation, if supported by medical or scientific evidence. To be eligible for compensation, VA must be able to establish that it is at least as likely as not that a Veteran’s disease was caused by his/her exposure to radiation during military service.

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
VA presumes amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) diagnosed in all Veterans who had 90 days or more continuous active military service is related to their service, although ALS is not related to radiation exposure.”Source:
http://www.publichealth.va.gov/exposures/radiation/diseases.asp#sthash.y0eIhiO9.HJpqtHCz.dpuf

The VA has admitted to and is paying for the consequences of low dose radiation exposure causing a large variety of cancers and diseases. So why can’t the nuclear industry admit to these? They seem to think that no one gets sick after being exposed to radiation, when the VA is admitting radiation does cause multiple cancers and diseases, and then PAYS people for this damage or death. 
End
VA – List Of Diseases And Cancers Associated with Ionizing Radiation Exposure; via @AGreenRoad

DNA Evidence May Prove Link Between Cancers And Fukushima Radiation In The Near Future

What if there was a way to establish a direct and provable in court link between cancer and Fukushima radiation? 
In recent history, justice has been served by bringing DNA evidence into the courtroom around murders and other violent acts that result in death or injury. DNA evidence is now a well established science that provides evidence of a crime. 
DNA evidence is worth much more than even eyewitness testimony. DNA technology has been advancing constantly, so that less and less DNA to establish a ‘profile’. Nowadays, all it takes to make a court case and have enough DNA evidence, is just 3 or 4 cells. 
DNA evidence can also exonerate the innocent, as shown in the following video..
What is going to be the effect when DNA evidence is established as a DIRECT cause of cancer and death due to a mega nuclear disaster such as Fukushima? Here is the landmark scientific study that provides a potential FUTURE mechanism for any lawyer or legal lawsuit against the nuclear industry.
Hess, J. et al Gain of chromosome band 7q11 in papillary thyroid carcinomas of young patients is associated with exposure to low-dose irradiation. Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences USA (PNAS); Link to publication
“Scientists have been able to discriminate between the cancers caused by the radioactive contamination and those that arise naturally. Prof. Zitzelsberger ascribes the success of this study to the careful collection, documentation and storage of thyroid cancers from the Chernobyl region in the Chernobyl Tissue Bank. He noted that this unique collection of materials made it possible for the team to compare for the first time tumors from children of the same age and regional background. 
Gain of chromosome band 7q11 in papillary thyroid carcinomas of young patients is associated with exposure to low-dose irradiation
This DNA marker is could possibly end up being the nuclear industry’s worst nightmare in the near future. Can you imagine this scenario? A medical professional or lawyer team anywhere the world orders a DNA test and has the cancer tissue analyzed to see if it was caused by Fukushima or Chernobyl, or Santa Susana, or Three Mile Island radioactive elements, each of which have a unique ‘signature’, just like people have fingerprints. 
Obviously, the scientific study above was focused around Chernobyl and thyroid cancers, but the concept is applicable to any nuclear accident, including Fukushima. Quite possibly, the same process could be applied to any tissue sample, from any cancer, in any area of the body. This is definitely on the cutting edge and any lawyer plus DNA expert making a case this way will create history. 
If the courts and justices are even handed and really in pursuit of justice, rather than allying themselves with the nuclear industry while dismissing most cases brought by nuclear fallout victims, as has been the case so far, this could spell the end of the nuclear age. Imagine the effect of bringing in ‘fingerprint evidence’ that documents deaths caused DIRECTLY by nuclear accidents….
The crimes of genocide have been committed. Chernobyl has directly caused over 1 million deaths already. Thousands of victims have already been claimed due to Fukushima radiation. But at least now there is a chance that justice can be sought and found, if not by the victims, then by the relatives and family of the deceased. All that is needed is a tissue bank, as was established after Chernobyl. 
Lacking a tissue bank, DNA will last practically forever, if you dry the tissue or freeze it. Document the chain of custody from the person who took the sample to the testing person who brings the DNA evidence from the tissue into court. 
Quite possibly, a family of a cancer victim can sue for damages many years in the future, if they keep tissue samples of the cancer cells from a family victim. After all, there is no time limit for justice on murder, correct? 
Another method that can possibly be used to go after nuclear companies is to ID the chemical signature of the nuclear fuel that they leak, spill or allow to melt down. This would be much the same method that the Coast Guard uses when they go to court to prove that a specific ship spilled oil in a specific spot, despite lack of any witnesses or admission by the ship owners or captain. 
The Coast Guard gathers a sample of the ship’s oil, and then matches it chemically to the oil spilled. This is much the same process used in DNA matching of a murderer’s DNA found at a crime scene. In court, this chemical ‘fingerprint’ is admissible as evidence. Why couldn’t this be done with radioactive elements too, as they are also chemicals, just in the metals category?
For those who want to do something now, it is always possible to sue in small claims court. A large number of people can gather together and sue a nuclear company together in one case. No lawyers or special experts are involved, so the only cost is the filing of the small claims court fee. This technique has been used by neighborhoods to go after slum landlords who refuse to kick out drug dealers for example. No DNA evidence is involved, of course. 
A whole community could sue a nuclear utility for whatever harm they are causing (or have caused). The case can be over and done with fairly quickly. Just one local judge is involved and he/she usually lives in the local community. So if the people suing present a good case, it should be an open and shut case. 
Since the nuclear industry in many countries has a legal immunity from lawsuits, a recent class action to try and get this changed may open things up on a larger front. Wouldn’t you agree that a company that can harm or kill millions of people should not be immune from lawsuits? 
via MamaBears AgainstNukes “The lawyers for the 1.415 plaintiffs stated that they have filed a lawsuit at the Tokyo District Court, describing the case as a landmark challenge to nuclear power plant manufacturers immunity from liability in nuclear accidents.” 
The legal process can have a huge negative impact on nuclear companies. The San Onofre nuclear plant had a number of lawsuits filed against it re-opening, after it admitted that many of the steam tubes it had just replaced were leaking (within 18 months of installation). It is quite possible that the large number of lawsuits, combined with citizen activism, plus citizen reporting via numerous blogs and youtube videos, all made a difference. Bottom line, keep fighting and never give up. And remember, that there are many ways to ‘win’. 
Here is another way that women specifically can make a difference. “Japanese women have started a twitter account that says; “We won’t have sex with men who vote for Yoichi Masuzoe”! Yoichi is a misogynist candidate running in the Tokyo gubernatorial election. He says women can’t make good conductors nor composers so they aren’t meant to be politicians either.” Yoichi Masuzoe is the candidate for ProNuke and Restart Nuke Plants supported by LDP.
“One person with courage makes a majority.” Andrew Jackson
End
DNA Evidence May Prove Link Between Cancers And Fukushima Radiation In The Near Future; via @AGreenRoad
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“Do not go where the freeway may lead – Go instead where there is no path and leave A Green Road for others to follow.”

What Happens If You Offer People Radioactive Fukushima Bottled Water To Drink?

Political prankster Mark Dice offers people cold bottles of “Fukushima Imported Mineral Water” that are clearly marked with a large radiation symbol he glued on the bottles to see if anyone would drink it without realizing the significance of the name “Fukushima” or realizing the bottles were marked “radioactive.” He goes so far as to say the water is from Fukushima, and has added radiation added to it, which does not seem to make any difference. 

Watch what happens as people choose to either refuse or accept and drink the bottled water that is clearly labeled ‘radioactive’. 




Political prankster Mark Dice asks San Diego beach-goers if they’ll sign a petition supporting “the Police State” which includes “Orwellian” and “Nazi-Style” tactics to “keep Americans safe” in this “Brave New World.” Amazingly, people do not even hesitate; they just sign. People seem to not be able to think for themselves, even when confronted with a Nazi who is proposing to install a Nazi style police state in the USA. 

What is the take away? Think about what people are telling you. Think about what people are asking for. Think about what people are asking you to sign or support. Do not just automatically say yes. Your voice, your signature, your vote makes a HUGE difference both in the affirmative, and in the negative. 


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What Happens If You Offer People Radioactive Fukushima Bottled Water To Drink? via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/02/what-happens-if-you-offer-people.html

Wisdom Versus Intelligence When It Comes To Nuclearism, Global Corporatism And 1% ‘Rulership’

Peter Coyote reveals the role and power of a mysterious, very unscientific wisdom. 

What the US values currently is a trust and faith in scientific ‘certainty’ and formulas so complex, that no one but the ‘experts’ can understand them or their special language. What is the price that people are paying for this blind worshiping at the alter of science and the dogma it’s proponents must believe?


What is the role and power of an invisible world that may be full of mysteries? Are there powers and dimensions not accessible to science? What happens to a culture that values only materialism and the physical senses of sight, sound, touch and smell? What is the value of love? Who can measure love? Who can live without love, and exist solely in the world of ‘science’ and certainty, where everything must be proven through peer reviewed ‘studies’?


The invisible dimensions such as love and intuition or consciousness are NOT just the domain of religions. These invisible but valuable parts of life are a common heritage that is shared alike by not just humans, but also by animals, plants, and yes, even rocks.

The values of the invisible dimensions include but are not limited to such things as all beings being equal and having an equal right to exist. Science claims that some people are ‘special’, namely nuclear scientists and the corporations representing them.

The corporations representing nuclear scientists must be held up and worshiped, both with money, power, money and influence in politics, plus media control. Meanwhile, those who are not ‘special’, and who hold only ‘wisdom’ or common sense, are demonized, attacked, demeaned, made fun of, ignored, and smeared, just as imported religions demonized, attacked and squelched the American Indian wisdom, culture and traditions 200 plus years ago. 

The ancient wisdom contained in the commons states that all people have an equal voice and say in what should be their fate, not just a special few, the 1%, or any other ‘special’ group, such as the pro nuclear scientists.
Another part of the commons and wisdom code is that people are not masters of the present universe, but stewards of this world and all it contains, taking care of it.

Our one duty as stewards is passing on what we were given by those who came before us in the form of air, water, soil, animals and plants, in as good a shape or better than it was received by us, for many future generations. (Obviously, this is not happening, in part due to a combination of hyper focusing on the ‘value’ of science, math and technology as the ONLY solutions.)

A their part of the commons and ancient wisdom code is that people value culture. Culture consists in part of music, dance and art above all else.  In sustainable cultures, these things are held in high regard and valued above science and technology, because they hold the secrets and sacred mysteries.  There are multiple dimensions, not accessible to scientists, mathematicians and nuclearists within the arts.

When civilizations stray too far from the core commons and ancient mysterious wisdom contained and held within the 99% there is great danger. When the 1% take or are given too much power, too much control, too much money, the result will be disaster and ecological suicide on a global scale, because of the dis-ease of greed, which the American Indians pointed at when the ‘settlers’ came to claim and take what they felt ‘entitled’ to.

Will the modern day rainbow tribe learn and teach what it takes to live in harmony with Nature? Will there be an awakening of consciousness fast enough to save humanity and planet Earth? 
We are all part of the awakening, so keep resisting the urge to go back to sleep. Keep growing in awareness and consciousness, because that is really the only thing that offers any hope to humanity at this point.
“The longest road you will ever have to walk is the sacred journey from your head to your heart.”
-Chief Phil Lane Jr. Ihanktonwan Dakota and Chickasaw Nations

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Wisdom Versus Intelligence When It Comes To Nuclearism, Global Corporatism And 1% ‘Rulership’
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/02/wisdom-versus-intelligence-when-it.html


Castle Bravo Hydrogen Bomb ‘Fission-Fusion-Fission’ Test

The video above is a pro nuclear military propaganda film.. The general talks a lot about expensive instruments and testing equipment, but fails to disclose most of them were destroyed and they did not get data out of them at all. According to this video, an unknown number of US military men working on the project received 3.8 Roentgens total exterior radiation dose. They did not do internal dose radiation monitoring, and this added to the above. 

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia



Castle Bravo
Castle Bravo was the code name given to the first United States test of a dry fuel, hydrogen bomb, detonated on March 1, 1954, at Bikini Atoll, Marshall Islands, as the first test of Operation Castle. Castle Bravo was the most powerful nuclear device ever detonated by the United States (and just under one-third the energy of the most powerful ever detonated), with a yield of 15megatons of TNT
That yield, far exceeding the expected yield of 4 to 8 megatons (6 Mt predicted),[1] combined with other factors, led to the most significant accidental radiological contamination ever caused by the United States.
Fallout from the detonation—intended to be a secret test—fell on residents ofRongelap and Utirik atolls and spread around the world. The islanders were not evacuated until three days later and suffered radiation sickness. They were returned to the islands three years later but were removed again when their island was found to be unsafe.[2]
The crew of the Japanese fishing vessel Daigo Fukuryū Maru (“Lucky Dragon No. 5”), was also contaminated by fallout, killing one crew member. The blast created an international reaction about atmospheric thermonuclear testing.[3]
Test location
The device was a very large cylinder weighing 23,500 pounds (10.7 t) and measuring 179.5 inches (4.56 m) in length and 53.9 inches (1.37 m) in width.[1] It was mounted in a “shot cab” on an artificial island built on a reef off Namu Island, in the Bikini Atoll. A sizable array of diagnostic instruments was trained on it, including high-speed cameras which were trained through an arc of mirror towers around the shot cab.
Coordinates for Bravo Crater are 11°41′50″N 165°16′19″E. The coordinates of the remains of the Castle Bravo causeway are11°42′6″N 165°17′7″E.
Bomb design
Shrimp
The Shrimp device in its shot cab.
Production history
Designer Ben Diven-project engineer[4]
Designed 24 February 1954 (GMT)
Number built 1
Specifications
Weight 10,659 kilograms (23,499 lb)
Length 455.93 centimeters (179.50 in)
Diameter 136.90 centimeters (53.90 in)
Filling 
Lithium-6 Deuteride
Blast yield 15 megatons of TNT (63 PJ)
The device detonated for the test was named “Shrimp” and was the same basic configuration as the experimental Ivy Mike device, except with a different type of fusion fuel. The Shrimp used lithium deuteride, which is solid at room temperature; Ivy Mike used cryogenic liquid deuterium, which required elaborate cooling equipment. Castle Bravo was the first test by the United States of a practical deliverable fusion bomb (hydrogen bomb). The successful test rendered the cryogenic design used by Ivy Mike and its derivative, the Mark 16 nuclear bomb, obsolete.
Inside the cylindrical case was a smaller cylinder of lithium deuteride fusion fuel (the secondary) with a fission atomic bomb (the primary) at one end, the latter employed to create the conditions needed to start the fusion reaction. 
Running down the center of the secondary, was a cylindrical rod of plutonium (the sparkplug), which was used to ignite the fusion reaction. Surrounding this assembly was a uraniumtamper. The space between the tamper and the case formed aradiation channel to conduct X-rays from the primary to the secondary. The function of the X-rays was to compress the secondary (see Teller-Ulam design), increasing the density and temperature of the deuterium to the level needed to sustain a thermonuclear reaction, and compress the sparkplug to supercriticalignition. (See nuclear weapon design.)
It was practically identical to the “Runt” device later detonated inCastle Romeo, but used partially enriched lithium in the fusion fuel. Natural lithium is a mixture of lithium-6 and lithium-7 isotopes (with 7.5% of the former). The enriched lithium used in Bravo was approximately 40% lithium-6. The primary was a standard RACER IV fusion-boosted atomic bomb.[1]
Detonation
The Castle Bravo mushroom cloud.
The detonation took place at 06:45 on March 1, 1954 local time (18:45 on February 28 GMT).[5]
When Bravo was detonated, it formed a fireball almost four and a half miles (roughly 7 km) across within a second. This fireball was visible on Kwajalein atoll over 250 miles (400 km) away. The explosion left a crater 6,500 feet (2,000 m) in diameter and 250 feet (76 m) in depth. 
The mushroom cloud reached a height of 47,000 feet (14,000 m) and a diameter of 7 miles (11 km) in about a minute; it then reached a height of 130,000 feet (40 km) and 62 miles (100 km) in diameter in less than 10 minutes and was expanding at more than 100 meters per second (360 km/h; 220 mph). 
As a result of the blast, the radioactive cloud contaminated more than seven thousand square miles of the surrounding Pacific Ocean including some of the surrounding small islands like Rongerik, Rongelap and Utirik.[6]

In terms of TNT tonnage equivalence, Castle Bravo was about 1,000 times more powerful than each of the atomic bombs which were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki during World War II. The largest nuclear explosion ever produced was a test conducted by the Soviet Union seven and a half years later, the 50 Mt Tsar Bomba. Castle Bravo is the fifth largest nuclear explosion in history, exceeded by the Soviet tests of Tsar Bomba at 50.6 Mt, Test 219 (24.2 Mt), and two other ~20 Mt Soviet tests in 1962 at Novaya Zemlya.
Cause of high yield
The yield of 15 megatons was three times the yield of 5 Mt predicted by its designers.[7][1] The cause of the higher yield was a theoretical error made by designers of the device at Los Alamos National Laboratory. They considered only the lithium-6 isotope in the lithium deuteride secondary to be reactive; the lithium-7 isotope, accounting for 60% of the lithium content, was assumed to be inert.[8]
It was expected that lithium-6 isotope would absorb a neutron from the fissioning plutonium and emit an alpha particle and tritiumin the process, of which the latter would then fuse with the deuterium and increase the yield in a predicted manner. Lithium-6 obeyed this assumption.
When the lithium-7 isotope is bombarded with energetic neutrons, it captures a neutron then decays yielding an alpha particle, a tritium nucleus, and the captured neutron. This means more tritium was produced than expected, and the extra tritium is fused with deuterium. In addition to tritium formation the extra neutron released from lithium-7 decay produced a larger neutron flux. This caused more fissioning of the uranium tamper and increased yield.
This resultant extra fuel (both lithium-6 and lithium-7) contributed greatly to the fusion reactions and neutron production and in this manner greatly increased the device’s explosive output. The test used lithium with a high percentage of lithium-7 only because lithium-6 was then scarce and expensive; the later Castle Union test used almost pure lithium-6. Had more lithium-6 been available, the usability of the common lithium-7 might not have been discovered.
Fallout
The Bravo fallout plume spread dangerous levels of radiation over an area over 100 miles (160 km) long, including inhabited islands. The contour lines show the cumulative radiation dose in roentgens(R) for the first 96 hours after the test.[9]
The fission reactions of the natural uranium tamper were quite dirty, producing a large amount of fallout. That, combined with the much-larger-than-expected yield and a major wind shift, produced some very serious consequences. In the de-classified film “Operation Castle”, task force commander Major General Percy Clarkson points to a diagram indicating that the wind shift was still in the range of “acceptable fallout”, although just barely.
The decision to fire the Bravo bomb under the prevailing winds was made by Dr. Alvin C. Graves, the Scientific Director of Operation Castle. Graves had total authority over firing the weapon, above that of the military Commander of Operation Castle. Graves had himself received an exposure of 400 röntgens, or 3.5 grays (Gy), in the 1946 Los Alamos accident in which his personal friend, Louis Slotin, died from radiation exposure. 
Graves appears in the widely available film of the earlier 1952 test “Ivy Mike”, which examines the last-minute fallout decisions. The narrator, Western actor Reed Hadley, is filmed aboard the control ship in that film, showing the final conference. Hadley points out that 20,000 people live in the potential area of the fallout. 
He asks the control panel scientist if the test can be aborted and is told “yes”, but it would ruin all their preparations in setting up timed measuring instruments in the race against the Russians. In Mike the fallout correctly landed north of the inhabited area but, in the 1954 Bravo test, there was a lot of wind shear, and the wind that was blowing north the day before the test steadily veered towards the east.
Radioactive fallout was spread eastward onto the inhabited Rongelap and Rongerik atolls, which were evacuated[10] 48 hours after the detonation.[11] Subsequently many Marshall Islands natives suffered from birth defects and received compensation from the U.S. federal government. A medical study, named Project 4.1, studied the effects of the fallout on the islanders.[11]
Map showing points (X) where contaminated fish were caught or where the sea was found to be excessively radioactive. B=original “danger zone” around Bikini announced by the U.S. government. W=”danger zone” extended later. xF=position of the Lucky Dragonfishing boat. NE, EC, and SE are equatorial currents.
Although the atmospheric fallout plume drifted eastward, once fallout landed in the water it was carried in several directions by ocean currents, including northwest and southwest.[12]
A Japanese fishing boat, Daigo Fukuryu Maru (Lucky Dragon No.5), came in direct contact with the fallout, which caused many of the crew to grow ill; one died of a secondary infection. This resulted in an international uproar and reignited Japanese concerns about radiation, especially as Japanese citizens were once more adversely affected by U.S. nuclear weapons.[13] 
The (dishonest and deceptive) official U.S. line had been that the growth in the strength of atomic bombs was not accompanied by an equivalent growth in radiation released. Japanese scientists who had collected data from the fishing vessel disagreed with this. 
Sir Joseph Rotblat, working at St Bartholomew’s Hospital, London, demonstrated that the contamination caused by the fallout from the test was far greater than that stated officially. Rotblat was able to deduce that the bomb had three stages and showed that the fission phase at the end of the explosion increased the amount of radioactivity a thousandfold. 
Rotblat’s paper was taken up by the media, and the outcry in Japan reached such a level that diplomatic relations became strained and the incident was even dubbed by some as “a second Hiroshima”.[14] 
Nevertheless, the Japanese and U.S. governments quickly reached a political settlement, with the transfer to Japan of a compensation of US $15,300,000,[15] with the surviving victims receiving about ¥ 2 million each ($5,550 in 1954, or about $48,200 in 2014)[16][unreliable source?] It was also agreed that the victims would not be given Hibakusha status.
The device’s firing crew were located on Enyu island, variously spelt as Eneu island as depicted here.
Unanticipated fallout and the radiation that is emitted by it also affected many of the vessels and personnel involved in the test, in some cases forcing them into bunkers for several hours.[17] In contrast to the crew of the Lucky Dragon No. 5, who did not appreciate the hazard and therefore did not take shelter in the hold of their ship, or refrain from licking the fallout dust,[18] the firing crew that triggered the explosion were able to safely shelter in their firing station when they noticed the wind was carrying the fallout in the unanticipated direction towards the island of Enyu on the Bikini Atoll where they were located, with the fire crew sheltering in place or “button[ing] up” until several hours had passed and the radiation levels outside had decayed to values safe enough to travel in.[17][19]
Sixteen crew members of the aircraft carrier USS Bairoko received beta burns and there was an increased cancer rate. Radioactive contamination also affected many of the testing facilities built on other islands of the Bikini atoll system.
The fallout spread traces of radioactive material as far as Australia, India and Japan, and even the United States and parts of Europe. Though organized as a secret test, Castle Bravo quickly became an international incident, prompting calls for a ban on the atmospheric testing of thermonuclear devices.[20]
In addition to the radiological accident, the unexpectedly high yield of the device severely damaged many of the permanent buildings on the control site island on the far side of the atoll. 

Little of the desired diagnostic data on the shot was collected; many instruments designed to transmit their data back before being destroyed by the blast were instead vaporized instantly, while most of the instruments that were expected to be recovered for data retrieval were destroyed by the blast.
The fallout also affected islanders who had previously inhabited the atoll, and who returned there some time after the tests. This was found to be due to the presence of radioactive caesium in locally grown coconut milk. Plants and trees absorb potassium as part of the normal biological process, but will also readily absorb cesium if present, being of the same group on the periodic table, and therefore very similar chemically.[21] 

Islanders consuming contaminated coconut milk were found to have abnormally high concentrations of cesium in their bodies and then had to be evacuated from the atoll a second time.
The American magazine Consumer Reports warned of the contamination of milk with strontium-90.[22]
Weapon history
The Soviet Union had previously used lithium deuteride in their Sloika design (known as the “Joe-4” in the U.S.), in 1953. It was not a true hydrogen bomb. Fusion provided only 15–20% of its yield, most coming from boosted fission reactions. Its yield was 400 kilotons, and it could not be infinitely scaled, as with a true thermonuclear device.
The Teller-Ulam-based Ivy Mike device had a much greater yield of 10.4 Mt, but most of this also came from fission: 77% of the total came from fast fission of its natural uranium tamper.
Castle Bravo had the greatest yield of any U.S. nuclear test, 15 Mt, though again, a substantial fraction came from fission. In the Teller-Ulam design, the fission and fusion stages were kept physically separate in a reflective cavity. The radiation from the exploding fission primary brought the fuel in the fusion secondary to critical density and pressure, setting off thermonuclear (fusion) chain-reactions, which in turn set off a tertiary fissioning of the bomb’s outer casing. Consequently this type of bomb is also known as a “fission-fusion-fission” device. The Soviet researchers, led by Andrei Sakharov, independently developed and tested their first Teller-Ulam device in 1955.

The Shrimp device design later evolved into the Mk-21 bomb, of which 275 units were produced, weighing 15,000 pounds (6,800 kg) and measuring 12.5 feet (3.8 m) long and 56 inches (1.4 m) in diameter. This 4 megaton bomb was produced until July 1956. In 1957, it was converted into the Mk-36 and entered into production again.”

End
Castle Bravo Hydrogen Bomb ‘Fission-Fusion-Fission’ Test; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/02/castle-bravo-hydrogen-bomb-fission.html

Huge, Mysterious ‘Interstellar’ Objects That Appear To Be Machines Or Spacecraft


Channel rprocyon presents ‘Interstellar’ a short film by Jose Escamilla. Full recognition goes out to John Lenard Walson for discovering these objects, machines or entities, for developing the means to capture them and for having the integrity to get this important information out to the people. 


What appears to be very huge interstellar objects, machines or entities that also transform themselves, have been caught on camera far out in deep space. See for yourselves. Why are these not being reported on by the corporate media? 
Of course, it could all be faked, created by software and an enterprising mind bent on deceiving people. But that still leaves the question; is there other life out there, besides us? How many planets could there be out there like ours, that could potentially support life of some kind? It turns out that very recent astronomical observations have raised some very amazing and mind boggling results. 
It turns out that one in five stars or suns that we see out there, just in our galaxy, have planets revolving around them that have a set of conditions that are supportive for life. According to people who do nothing but study space, this means that we may have 2 BILLION to 60 BILLION planets just in our galaxy that may support or actually have life of some kind on them. 
Two billion planets in our galaxy may be suitable for life
Billions Of Planets Could Support Life
60 Billion Alien Planets Could Support Life, Study Suggests
Remember, the studies above are focusing just on the possibility of life in our one galaxy. Our galaxy is just one of many. How many galaxies are there besides ours? Would you believe that there are 500 BILLION galaxies out there, visible to a space telescope?
“The Hubble Space Telescope site estimates there are hundreds of billions of galaxies in the universe. A recent German super-computer simulation estimates that the number may be as high as 500 billion, with many older than the Milky Way. Common obervational wisdom among astronomers is that there are 17 billion Earth-sized planets in our galaxy. They don’t yet know how many of these worlds are in habitable zones, but the implications of this discovery are astounding. Simply put: If there are 17 billion Earth-sized worlds in our galaxy alone, it’s clear that the Universe has the potential to be teeming with life.”
What is the take away from this video and these space studies? The odds that other life forms exist (other than human) out there are HUGE. What does that life look like? Would be able to recognize those life forms if they appeared?
Since some of these planets and suns are much older than ours, life could be much further along than what has evolved or happened so far on planet Earth. If there are other more advanced ‘races’, beings or forms of life, what would they look like? Could they be much bigger, much smaller, have entirely different make ups, such as being based on silicone, or sulfur? Could they be nano sized, making them impossible to see without scientific equipment, but have entire civilizations on the head of a pin for example? Could they be so huge, that we would not see them, because we would mistake them for something else?
Could life have evolved in completely different directions and taken them into different dimensions, not visible to the naked eye, such as flying interdimensional beings, rods, cones, pyramids, or beings based on things we cannot even wrap our minds around, such as those in this video? Life indeed may be much more mysterious, abundant and vibrant than we have been led to believe. 
And if life is indeed much more mysterious, abundant and diverse than we have believed historically, how will that change us, our religions, our belief systems? Remember that at one point in history, scientists, philosophers and religious scholars all were in agreement that the sun revolved around the Earth, that the Earth was flat and that you would fall off the edge if you went ‘too far out in the ocean’.

Fully unsustainable. Fully.  Thanks to @[107279015969787:274:1,000,000 Strong Against Offshore Drilling] for the image.
Stay open to the mystery, because we may not know as much as we think we do. Maybe it would pay to work in harmony with the forces of Nature and the universe. Maybe it would benefit us, our planet and our civilization to work on preserving and enhancing life for seven future generations.
Instead of trying to destroy it all due to greed and short sighted power motives, as we are now, maybe we can look to the stars and plan on a future that will support life not only on this planet for millions of years into the future, but also traveling to those other planets, carrying with us a message of sustainability and agape love. 

End
Huge, Mysterious ‘Interstellar’ Objects That Appear To Be Machines Or Spacecraft; via @AGreenRoad
Mystery; Ancient Aircraft And Spaceship Evidence; via @AGreenRoad  
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/06/mystery-ancient-aircraft-and-spaceship.html

Mystery; NASA Compilation of UFO Pictures and Videos; via @AGreenRoad 
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/06/nasa-compilation-of-ufo-pictures-and.html

Mystery; Extraterrestial Archeology On Mars And Moon? via @AGreenRoad 
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/06/mystery-extraterrestial-archeology-on.html

Mystery: Atomic Warfare 15,000 Years Ago? via @AGreenRoad  
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/06/mystery-atomic-warfare-15000-years-ago.html

The Mystery Of Life On Other Planets; Does It Exist? via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/08/the-mystery-of-life-on-other-planets.html

Rosie ODonnel On Crop Circle Mystery And Longer Interview With Suzanne Taylor; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/09/rosie-odonnel-on-crop-circle-mystery.html


Huge, Mysterious ‘Interstellar’ Objects That Appear To Be Machines Or Spacecraft; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/02/huge-mysterious-interstellar-objects.html


Free Full Length Movie; UFO Delegation (W56) Contacts And Befriends Italian Group; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/09/free-full-length-movie-ufo-delegation.html

Michael Tellinger – Ancient 500,000 Year Old Sacred Mystery And Civilization Revealed; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/09/michael-tellinger-ancient-500000-year.html

History Channel; UFO Files And Alien Encounters Of The 1st, 2nd, 3rd Kind; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/09/history-channel-ufo-files-and-alien.html

Dr. Michio Kaku On UFO Existence And Alien DNA Tested To Prove Life Exists On Other Planets; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/10/dr-michio-kaku-on-ufo-existence-and.html

Alien Contact – Warning Message Live on TV in UK – We Come to Warn you About your Race and your Planet; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/10/alien-warning-message-live-on-tv-in-uk.html

George Van Tassel Contacts UFO, Receives Extraterrestial Advanced Technology; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/10/george-van-tassel-contacts-ufo-receives.html


Nikola Tesla Invention Tutorial; How to Construct Your Own Teleportation Portal; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/07/nikola-tesla-invention-tutorial-how-to.html



Dow Chemicals; Destroying The World, And Poisoning Our Food

Center for Food Safety has just launched a new national campaign focusing the food movement’s growing power on stopping the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) approval of the next generation of genetically engineered (GE), pesticide-promoting crops: corn and soybeans engineered to be repeatedly doused in 2,4-D, a powerful herbicide that formed one half of Agent Orange

The campaign features a petition to the USDA and President Obama to reject Dow Chemical’s new GE crops, a campaign website and an animated video examining Dow Chemical’s sordid history.

Why Dow Chemical? Dow Chemical has a long and troubling history of selling dangerous chemicals and poisons, and now they are targeting our food supply. We are launching this campaign to give people the chance to fight back, to speak with one voice and stop Dow Chemical’s “Agent Orange” crops.

2,4-D (2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid), produced by Dow Chemical, was a component of Agent Orange, the toxic defoliant used in Vietnam. 2,4-D and other herbicides of its class have been independently associated with deadly immune system cancers, Parkinson’s disease, endocrine disruption, and reproductive problems.

Dow Chemical’s crops are the worst possible application of biotechnology.They offer zero consumer benefit while doubling down on the most devastating aspects of industrial agriculture. Instead of feeding the world, Dow Chemical’s new genetically engineered crops will poison it. Unless we stop them.Check out our new animated video and campaign website, and join the campaign!

Center for Food Safety
660 Pennsylvania Ave, SE, #302
Washington DC 20003
phone (202) 547-9359 | fax (202) 547-9429
Contact Us: 
office@centerforfoodsafety.org

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. This material is protected under International and Federal Copyright Laws and Treaties. Any unauthorized reprint or use of this material is prohibited. No text may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without express written permission or proper citation. Please credit any and all use of our work product to: Center for Food Safety, www.centerforfoodsafety.org.

Plutonium Is The Most Toxic, Radioactive, Man Made Element, With No Natural Biological Role In The Human Body

What is plutonium? According to the nuclear expert above, plutonium is the most TOXIC and dangerous element on the planet. But is there any OTHER proof of that, because he might just have a chip on his shoulder, right?

“If you inhale a millionth of a gram of plutonium, the surrounding cells receive a very, very high dose. Most die within that area, because it’s an alpha emitter. The cells on the periphery remain viable. They mutate, and the regulatory genes are damaged. Years later, that person develops cancer. Now, that’s true for radioactive iodine, that goes to the thyroid; cesium-137, that goes to the brain and muscles; strontium-90 goes to bone, causing bone cancer and leukemia.”

Renowned doctor and scientist Dr. Helen Caldicott MD

According to a National Institutes Of Health published study; “Plutonium is a toxic synthetic element with no natural biological function, but it is strongly retained by humans when ingested. Using small angle X-ray scattering, receptor binding assays, and synchrotron X-ray fluorescence microscopy we find that rat adrenal gland (PC12) cells can acquire plutonium in vitro through the major iron acquisition pathway, receptor-mediated endocytosis of the iron transport protein serum transferrin;…

Organisms have no natural mechanism for specifically recognizing plutonium (Pu) as it is a non-essential element that until 1941 only existed on earth in biologically insignificant concentrations for at least the last two billion years. Nevertheless, Pu is radiotoxic and is strongly retained by organisms1, Pu uptake from an accident, environmental contamination, or a nuclear or radiological attack can pose significant health risks. Plutonium localizes principally in the liver and skeleton in humans where it remains for decades2. It associates in vivo with the iron-containing proteins serum transferrin and ferritin3,4, but despite the danger of plutonium poisoning, the specific molecular-level pathways Pu travels to enter and localize in cells have never been identified2,5 and no complete structure of a plutonium-protein complex has ever been reported. Understanding how a synthetic element like plutonium subverts existing biological metal-acquisition pathways to enter cells and where the pathways of plutonium and essential metals, such as iron, converge or diverge could provide important insights into the molecular mechanisms organisms use to distinguish between metal ions and enable new treatments for plutonium poisoning.


Plutonium’s chemistry bears limited resemblance to that of biologically important transition metals. Plutonium is highly redox active with four oxidation states (III, IV, V, and VI) potentially relevant to living organisms, although Pu(IV) has long been considered the most important under physiological conditions6. Regardless of oxidation state, Pu ions are hard Lewis acids that generally form kinetically labile bonds with ligands7. They are also large ions (crystallographic radii = 0.85 – 1.14 Å for CN = 68, depending on the oxidation state) that prefer high coordination numbers; plutonium complexes with coordination numbers of 8 or 9 are common9.


While these properties set Pu apart from transition metals commonly encountered in the metallome, Pu and transition metals do share important similarities. Similar to high-valent transition metals, tetravalent Pu is strongly hydrolyzed at physiological pH10. In the absence of steric constraints, Pu4+ tends to form complexes that are about as stable as those of trivalent first row transition metals, notably Fe3+, because the metals’ charge to radius ratios are similar1,11. These properties give plutonium a chemistry that partly resembles transition metals, especially iron. The chemical similarities of Fe and Pu are particularly important to the metal transport protein serum transferrin (Tf). Transferrin functions to strongly bind and carry two Fe3+ ions into cells, but it also binds Pu4+strongly12 with a reported conditional pKd = 21.25± 0.7513, and it accounts for 70–90 % of the Pu in serum3,13.

Diferric transferrin (holo-transferrin, Fe2Tf) delivers iron to mammalian cells through receptor-mediated endocytosis in a multi-step process. Transferrin is a bilobal glycoprotein. Each lobe of Tf, the C-lobe and N-lobe, is composed of two domains with one iron binding site located at the bottom of the inter-domain cleft in each lobe. When an appropriate metal ion and a synergistic anion (i.e., CO32−) are both present in one binding site, the domains close around the binding site, sequestering the metal and binding it tightly (Kd = 10−21.4 M for Fe3+)14. When both lobes of Tf are thus properly closed, the metal-transferrin complex is in the proper conformation to be recognized by the transferrin receptor protein (TR) on the cellular surface. At the extracellular pH of 7.4, TR binds Fe2Tf strongly (Kd = 5 nM)15. Other forms of transferrin, metal-free apo-transferrin and the monoferric transferrins FeNTf and FeCTf (with the metal-containing lobe indicated by the subscript N or C), are not in the proper conformation to be well-recognized by TR because one or both of the lobes remain open in the absence of a metal cation16. As a result, the receptor binding constants of apo-Tf, FeNTf, and FeCTf are at least an order of magnitude smaller than that of Fe2Tf-TR15.
While some have suggested that transferrin may carry Pu into cells17, extensive in vitro experiments have been taken to imply that plutonium-transferrin complexes are not taken into cells in a manner similar to the iron-transferrin complex2,1820, presumably because Pu4+ is a larger ion than Fe3+and strongly prefers higher coordination numbers. Instead, an ill-defined uptake pathway, which does not involve transferrin, has been invoked as the source of intracellular Pu18,20.
Studying the conformations and biochemical interactions of plutonium-transferrin complexes using a low specific activity plutonium isotope (242Pu) to minimize radiation effects, we found that mammalian cells could acquire Pu through the common Fe uptake pathway of receptor-mediated endocytosis of metallo-transferrins. However, to be taken into the cell by receptor-mediated endocytosis, Pu needed help from Fe because only one isomer of the monoplutonium-monoiron-transferrin complex was active. In the active form of the plutonium-laden protein, Pu4+ was bound in the metal binding site of the protein’s C-terminal lobe and Fe3+ was bound in the protein’s N-lobe (PuCFeNTf). All other forms of plutonium-transferrin that could exist in vivo failed to adopt the proper conformation for receptor recognition and uptake. Although the metal binding site in each lobe contains the same donors in the same configuration and both lobes are similar14,21, the differences between transferrin’s two lobes restricted, but did not eliminate, cellular Pu uptake.
Receptor binding of plutonium-transferrins
To understand how cells take up plutonium and if the cellular uptake mechanisms of Fe3+ and Pu4+diverge, we systematically examined the binding of Pu-Tf complexes to the transferrin receptor protein, which is a prerequisite for cellular uptake of a metallo-transferrin. Receptor binding assays of plutonium-bearing human transferrins were conducted using the soluble extracellular fragment of human transferrin receptor 1 isolated from serum22, which retains its capacity to bind Fe2Tf23. The binding of the controls apo-Tf and Fe2Tf (Fig. 1) were as expected from the previously reported binding constants15,24. The two Fe3+ cations in diferric transferrin were then systematically replaced with Pu4+, individually producing the mixed monoplutonium-monoiron-transferrin complexes PuCFeNTf and FeCPuNTf, and the diplutonium-transferrin complex Pu2Tf (i.e., PuCPuNTf), which were incubated with the transferrin receptor. The receptor binding assays of the three plutonium-transferrins (Fig. 1) indicated that each of these metallo-transferrins could bind soluble TR under our experimental conditions. However, the different forms of Pu-Tf showed different receptor binding behaviors. The affinity of TR for Pu2Tf and FeCPuNTf, was substantially lower than for PuCFeNTf and Fe2Tf, suggesting that although Pu4+ binds to Tf in the Fe3+ binding site13, neither Pu2Tf nor FeCPuNTf would be recognized at physiological concentrations. In contrast, PuCFeNTf should be recognized by TR.
PuCFeNTf is the only Pu-transferrin that binds TR well
Solution conformations of plutonium-transferrins
One form of plutonium-transferrin, PuCFeNTf, bound the transferrin receptor well but the two other forms, FeCPuNTf and Pu2Tf, did not. Because the transferrin receptor only binds transferrin well if both the protein’s lobes are in the closed conformation, we examined a series of metallo-transferrins using small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) to obtain low resolution solution models of the bovine proteins. The scattering profiles of the transferrins (see Supplementary Results and Supplementary Fig. S1a online) fell into three distinct groups. Based on the scattering of the natural transferrins, we assigned these groups of scattering curves to transferrin with both lobes open, one lobe open and one lobe closed, or both lobes closed, which we term open, mixed, and closed transferrins, respectively. The scattering profiles of the closed transferrins (i.e., Fe2Tf, PuCFeNTf, and In2Tf, di-indium transferrin) were qualitatively distinguished from the other curves by a distinct drop in scattering intensity between 0.15 and 0.20 Å−1 (Supplementary Fig. S1b)25.
The differences between the protein conformations indicated by the scattering were clarified by ab initio shape reconstruction of low-resolution protein models from the SAXS by simulated annealing of dummy atom (bead) models26. The resulting three-dimensional solution structures of the proteins calculated from the scattering data agree well with the reported crystal structures of serum transferrin27,28 (Fig. 2a and Supplementary Fig. S2). As depicted in Figure 2, the two lobes of each metallo-transferrin are clearly visible at the top and bottom of each model, as was the open or closed conformation of each lobe. Most importantly, the structures of PuCFeNTf and closed Fe2Tf, which both bound TR well, were very similar (Figs. 2a and 2b), and both had two closed lobes. In contrast, the conformations of the other plutonium-bearing transferrins, FeCPuNTf and Pu2Tf, were clearly mixed. Those models (Figs. 2a and 2b) showed one smaller closed lobe at the bottom of the displayed structural model and one open lobe at the top with a cleft between the lobe’s two domains, just as observed for mixed FeCTf.
Structural models of bovine serum transferrins derived from SAXS demonstrate that PuCFeNTf adopts a closed conformation
Although the resolution of these measurements did not allow direct identification of the C- and N-lobes of each metallo-transferrin from the SAXS data, the systematic substitution of Pu4+ into Tf allowed identification of the one open lobe observed for FeCPuNTf and Pu2Tf. Fe3+ binding causes lobe closure under the conditions of our experiments. Consequently, the iron-containing C-lobe of FeCPuNTf was closed and the plutonium-containing N-lobe must be the open lobe observed for this form of the protein. This implied that the N-lobe of Pu2Tf also was open. In fact, the conformation and overall dimensions of the open lobe determined for the mixed transferrins (FeCTf, FeCPuNTf, and Pu2Tf) from the SAXS data matched the crystal structure of the open N-terminal half apo-transferrin fragment29 well, as depicted for Pu2Tf in Fig. 2a.
The conformation of Pu2Tf indicated that transferrin’s two iron-binding sites respond to Pu4+differently. The N-lobe of Pu2Tf was open; therefore the second plutonium cation in the C-lobe must promote C-lobe closure because the SAXS data indicated that one lobe of Pu2Tf was closed (Fig. 2a). Since Pu4+ in the C-lobe and Fe3+ in either lobe caused lobe closure, both lobes of PuCFeNTf were expected to be closed. The structural reconstruction of PuCFeNTf confirmed this (Figs. 2a and 2b). Although Pu2Tf and FeCPuNTf adopted the mixed conformation with one open and one closed lobe, solutions of PuCFeNTf contained the protein in a fully closed configuration that matched the native form of the protein found for Fe2Tf. The slight deviations observed between the structures of Fe2Tf and PuCFeNTf (Fig. 2c) were within the uncertainty of the experiment and analysis, and principally arose from the slightly different maximum protein diameters derived from the SAXS data used for the shape reconstruction (Dmax = 104 ± 10 Å for PuCFeNTf vs. 100 ± 10 Å for Fe2Tf, seeSupplementary Table S1).
Cellular uptake of plutonium-transferrins
Plutonium’s inability to induce closure of transferrin’s N-lobe explained the receptor binding experiments and implied that under physiological conditions only PuCFeNTf, the sole closed plutonium-transferrin complex, could be recognized by TR and incorporated into cells through receptor-mediated endocytosis. To test this hypothesis, we incubated PC12 cells for 3 hours in complete growth medium supplemented with rat transferrin presented as either closed PuCFeNTf, which should be recognized and carry Pu into cells, or mixed FeCPuNTf, which should not. The elemental content and distribution in individual cells was monitored with synchrotron X-ray fluorescence microscopy (SXFM) (Fig. 3a–e, Supplementary Figs. S3 and S4, and Supplementary Table S2). As expected from the protein conformations and receptor binding experiments, Pu presented as closed PuCFeNTf was taken into the cells (Figs. 3b and 3e), and localized in the cytoplasm (Supplementary Figs. S3d–f). The average intracellular content of the Pu containing cells was 1.6 ± 0.3 ng Pu/cm2 (±S.E.M at 95% confidence, n = 8). In contrast, the average cellular uptake of Pu from mixed FeCPuNTf was sharply reduced to only 0.3 ± 0.2 ng Pu/cm2 (±S.E.M at 95% confidence, n = 21), as illustrated in Figures 3c and 3e.
PC12 cells take in plutonium as PuCFeNTf
To ensure that the cells remained viable over the course of treatment at the concentrations of 242Pu used, cell viability was quantified by trypan blue exclusion in separate experiments prior to the SXFM measurements. Individual determinations of the viability of cells grown in media supplemented with the highest concentrations of Pu, chloroquine (vide infra), or Pu and chloroquine ranged from 86 to 105% of control cells with a run to run range of ±10% for each measurement of control or treated cells. The average cell viabilities (Supplementary Table S3) were indistinguishable from those of PC12 control samples for the first 3 hours of incubation.
The initial plutonium-transferrin uptake experiments were consistent with receptor-mediated endocytosis of PuCFeNTf, just like Fe2Tf. To further explore this possibility, the cellular uptake of Pu from closed PuCFeNTf was studied under conditions that would reduce Pu uptake by that pathway. First, Pu uptake from complete media supplemented with an equimolar mixture of PuCFeNTf and Fe2Tf was examined. While PC12 cells still took in Pu from this medium, the average intracellular concentration of Pu (Fig. 3e) decreased to 39 ± 15% of the value observed for cells incubated with PuCFeNTf alone (error propagated ±S.E.M., 4 Fe2Tf co-treated cells studied). This was in reasonable agreement with the value expected for simple competition between equal concentrations of PuCFeNTf and Fe2Tf (50%) if the all aspects of the uptake and retention of Pu and Fe are equivalent and the presence of 12.5 μM Fe2Tf does not down regulate transferrin-mediated uptake over the time frame of our experiment.
Transferrin endocytosis also is temperature dependent 30. No difference was discernable between the uptake of PuCFeNTf at 25 °C (1.5 ± 0.5 ng Pu/cm2, ±S.E.M. at 95% confidence, n = 3 cells)and 37 °C (1.8 ± 0.4 ng Pu/cm2, ±S.E.M. at 95% confidence, n = 5 cells), presumably because of normal cell-to-cell variations in the elemental content and the small sample size. However, lowering the incubation temperature to 4 °C curtailed Pu uptake as expected for active uptake of PuCFeNTf by endocytosis. Bulk Pu uptake at 4 °C was 17 ± 17% of the uptake of cells incubated at 37 °C (n = 3, error propagated ±S.E.M. at 95% confidence).
To further study Pu uptake from closed PuCFeNTf, PC12 cells also were incubated for 3 hours in complete media supplemented with rat PuCFeNTf (12.5 – 25 μM) and chloroquine (50 μM), which is known to disrupt the uptake of iron through receptor-mediated endocytosis of Fe2Tf. It does so by preventing complete acidification of the endosomes thereby inhibiting iron release from the Fe2Tf-TR complex into the endosomes30. In these experiments, chloroquine treatment severely reduced Pu uptake from PuCFeNTf by intact cells (Fig. 3e) to an average of 0.2 ± 0.3 ng Pu/cm2 (±S.E.M at 95% confidence, 8 cells studied). While very little Pu was associated with intact chloroquine-treated cells, measurable Pu was found in the SXFM maps associated with cellular debris (Fig. 3d) in the chloroquine treated system. This implied that chloroquine inhibited Pu uptake by living cells, but it did not inhibit Pu binding to the intracellular constituents from ruptured cells. Thus, a drug that disrupts Fe release from Fe2Tf into the endosomes also disrupted the active uptake of Pu from PuCFeNTf by living cells.
The lack of plutonium uptake from mixed FeCPuNTf, coupled with the proportional reduction in Pu uptake from mixtures of Fe2Tf and PuCFeNTf and the ability of low temperatures or the presence of chloroquine to inhibit plutonium uptake from closed PuCFeNTf demonstrated that PuCFeNTf, which has the same closed conformation as Fe2Tf, followed Fe2Tf into the cells through receptor-mediated endocytosis and was not taken up through non-specific pinocytosis.
Our studies each indicated that plutonium could infiltrate mammalian cells using the normal Tf-TR iron uptake system, but only with help from iron and only for one particular isomer of the plutonium-iron-transferrin complex, PuCFeNTf…. Other pathways for plutonium uptake that do not involve transferrin likely exist, as is known for iron31, but our results demonstrated that PuCFeNTf was capable of efficiently delivering Pu to mammalian cells in vitrothrough receptor-mediated endocytosis.
The specific requirement for iron binding in the N-lobe of transferrin restricted plutonium’s ability to exploit the transferrin-mediated uptake pathway; however PuCFeNTf likely would constitute a substantial portion of the Pu-Tf species in the blood of exposed individuals. In circulating human blood transferrin concentrations normally range between 25 and 46 μM32. Iron usually consumes only a fraction of transferrin’s iron-binding capacity, leaving ample capacity for transferrin to bind plutonium and giving rise to a distribution of different transferrin species. For normal blood iron loadings, an average distribution of transferrin species of 37% apo-Tf, 45% FeNTf, 8% FeCTf, and 11% Fe2Tf in human serum has been reported33. The precursors to PuCFeNTf, FeNTf and apo-Tf (which can react to form PuCTf), constitute the major fraction of the transferrin in human serum. Thus the inability of plutonium to trigger N-lobe closure in serum transferrin is not sufficient to prohibit Pu uptake through the Tf-TR pathway in vivo where iron is available to fill the N-lobe.
Several possible advantages of modern bilobal transferrins over their single-lobed progenitors have been proposed. As a partial iron mimic, the interactions between plutonium and transferrin suggest another, enhanced selectivity for iron. By itself, transferrin does not effectively discriminate against the man-made element plutonium, binding Pu4+ almost as strongly as Fe3+ 13, but the bilobal nature of transferrin and the differences between the lobes confer a measure of selectivity against plutonium to the Tf-TR uptake system. Contrary to predictions34,35, Pu4+ and Fe3+ are sufficiently different that plutonium binding did not trigger closure of the N-lobe. Therefore, neither Pu2Tf nor FeCPuNTf were efficiently recognized by the transferrin receptor, and cellular uptake of Pu was diminished. Plutonium could overcome the selectivity of the multi-step metal recognition system of the Tf-TR pair only with the assistance of Fe through the formation of PuCFeNTf, which efficiently bound TR.
The Tf-TR iron uptake system achieves its partial selectivity for iron over plutonium in spite of the similarity of the C- and N-lobes, which show high sequence similarity (40–50% for serum transferrins)36. The residues involved in metal binding are completely conserved between the two lobes and also are conserved in the closely related proteins lactoferrin (Lf) and ovotransferrin14. Since the identity and the configuration of the binding resides are the same in both lobes of serum transferrin, the partial discrimination of the Tf-TR system against Pu could not arise from plutonium’s presumed direct interactions with the binding residues (2 Tyr, 1 Asp, 1 His) in the metal binding sites. Moreover, when lactoferrin binds Ce4+, another tetravalent f-element cation with the same size and coordination preferences as Pu4+, the crystal structure of diceric lactoferrin (Ce2Lf) shows that the coordination environment of Ce4+ matches that of Fe3+ in Fe2Lf and that both the C-lobe and the N-lobe are closed35. Consequently, the different responses of transferrin’s two lobes to Pu binding and the ability of the Tf-TR uptake system’s ability to attenuate Pu uptake appear to arise from one or more known structural differences between the lobes28,37 outside of the actual metal binding sites.
The protein conformations we observed for the plutonium-iron-transferrin complexes also suggest that mixed-metal transferrin complexes may play an important role in the metallome by allowing an unsuspected trafficking pathway for naturally occurring metals. Transferrin is known to bind over 30 different metals, but the cellular uptake of the metal-transferrin complexes is believed relevant for a only a few of them14. Since transferrin’s two lobes can react differently to binding the same metal ion, the uptake of mixed iron-metal-transferrin complexes (MCFeNTf or FeCMNTf) in vivo may represent substantial uptake pathways for other metals as well if metal binding induces closure of one lobe but not the other. The relevance of mixed-metal transferrins would not be apparent from studies of the receptor-binding or cellular uptake of simple M2Tf complexes as one lobe of M2Tf would be open and the complex would not be recognized by TR.
The intracellular pathways plutonium follows between its putative release from Tf in the endosomes and its retention in the cytoplasm have yet to be identified, but our demonstration that a specific form of plutonium-transferrin entered mammalian cells using the normal Fe2Tf-TR pathway is of practical significance because this well-defined pathway presents multiple targets to block plutonium uptake and spare cells from its highly destructive α-radiation. Currently approved therapies for plutonium poisoning, based on ligands that strongly bind Pu, are unable to extract all intracellular Pu1,38,39. In contrast, novel strategies to disrupt the PuCFeNTf-TR pathway could preempt plutonium accumulation in cells. Such strategies might include blocking the binding of PuCFeNTf to TR, or inhibiting the intracellular release of Pu in the endosome (mimicking the action of chloroquine in our experiments), which would keep Pu from accumulating in cells and could promote faster clearance from the body, particularly if used in conjunction with plutonium-specific chelators.
Source; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3462652/#

————————————————————————-

What is the take away and summary? Plutonium is the most toxic heavy metal, and the most dangerous radioactive man made element that is absorbed both by animals and human beings after any nuclear accident, since all nuclear reactors contain some plutonium.

MOX (plutonium) fueled reactors or breeder reactors contain even more plutonium than just plain old uranium fueled nuclear reactors. The bad news is that all reactors are being switched over to run on plutonium.

There is no known beneficial use for human health in regards to plutonium. It is one of the most toxic heavy metals and one of the most dangerous radioactive substances on Earth, precisely because humans have never been exposed to it, and thus have no defenses against it. 

According to Dr. Helen Caldicott MD, one pound of plutonium nano dust distributed equally to all humans on Earth is enough to kill them all, via cancer or other negative health effects. One microgram of plutonium is sufficient to kill a person, if lodged in the deepest lobe area of the lung for example, and that amount is smaller than a dust mote in a sunbeam. Fukushima Daichi released between 600 – 6000 pounds of plutonium, and it went all around the world in the form of nano ‘hot particles’. Remember though, it was not just plutonium that came out of Fukushima and all of the other accidents and 2,400 atomic bomb tests. 

Dr. Paolo Scampa – 9 Tons Of Radiotoxic Isotopes Came Out Of Fukushima, Enough To Kill The Whole Human Race By Internal Radiation; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/11/dr-paolo-scampa-9-tons-of-radiotoxic.html

Live in San Francisco? You, Your Dog And Your Kids Inhaled Billions Of Radioactive Plutonium Atoms; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/01/live-in-san-francisco-you-your-dog-and.html

The study presented in this article documents how plutonium mimics iron in the body and attaches to iron to circulate all around the body, causing damage both via alpha radiation and via heavy metal poisoning. 


Since iron accumulates with red blood cells in very vital areas of the body such as the lungs, liver and bone marrow, this sets up a person for diseases and cancers involving not just these areas, but also any place where red blood cells containing iron go.

End

Plutonium Is The Most Toxic, Radioactive, Man Made Element, With No Natural Biological Role In The Human Body; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/01/plutonium-is-toxic-radioactive-man-made.html

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Live in San Francisco? You, Your dog, And Your Kids Inhaled Billions Of Radioactive Plutonium Atoms



The title of the video above: Live in San Francisco? You (and your dog) Inhaled 75 MILLION Plutonium Atoms In Just 4 days


People, kids (and dogs) living in San Francisco inhaled 75 million plutonium atoms or ‘hot’ particles in just 4 days, according to PorterBlog analysis of EPA data. This data is VERY conservative, and is based on a 1 second inhalation/exhalation with no particles sticking in the lungs, which is not realistic, and is discounted by a huge factor. No one breathes in and out in just one second.


Remember that these dozens of different types of invisible radioactive gases and particles came out of Fukushima for MONTHS, not just 4 days. Need proof? 

“1,500 atoms of sulfur-35 per cubic meter of air” were found in La Jolla which was “a significant increase over normal levels.”
http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/nationnow/2011/08/radioactive-isotope-detected.html#sthash.VeJB7Mo9.dpuf

Geochemical Journal, Vol. 46, pp. 335 to 339, 2012 – An estimation of the radioactive 35S emitted into the atmospheric from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant by using a numerical simulation global transport
http://www.terrapub.co.jp/journals/GJ/pdf/4604/46040335.pdf

http://enenews.com/govt-doc-cattle-feed-california-dairy-farm-300-pcikg-radioactive-cesium-after-fukushima-tested-9-months-after-being-harvested-berkeley-study-reveals-3500-pcikg-cesium

Lawrence Berkeley Labs found 132.4 Bq/kg in samples taken in Berkeley, California. There is no doubt that California got hammered by Fukushima radiation.

Wouldn’t you agree that one can safely multiply these figures by 2 for a one week period, (150 Million) then again by 4 for one month, (600,000,000 atoms) then again by 2 or 3 for the several months (1,800,000,000) because Fukushima was on fire, exploding, leaking and steaming with large amounts of radiation for months after 3/11, not just for 4 days? As a matter of fact, Fukushima is still spewing hot particles today, and unit #3 is still steaming radioactivity into the air on an almost daily basis even today. Fukushima Daichi is still out of control and highly radioactive water is still being dumped or leaked into the ocean at a rate of 400 or more tons per day.


Radioactive Smoke/Steam Coming Out Of Ground And #3 Reactor Building At Fukushima 2011- 2014 via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/02/tokyo-alert-severe-radioactive-smoke.html


Remember also, that this analysis is only counting ONE radioactive element, and there were many more. Now you can multiply the above by the number of different radioactive elements. Let’s say we multiply this one element by at least a very conservative 1,000, to count for a portion of the 1,946 radioactive elements that are documented to come out of nuclear accidents? Read about just one other radioactive element; namely Xenon, via the link below. 


Radioactive Xenon Gas; Dangerous And Lung Cancer Causing Isotope; via A Green Road
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/10/radioactive-xenon-gas-dangerous-and.html

1,946 Lethal Radioactive Man Made Isotopes Are Created By Nuclear Plants And Atomic Bombs; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/10/1946-lethal-radioactive-man-made.html


What effect will this inhaled, uncountable numbers of airborne atoms of plutonium, sulfure, iodine, strontium, uranium, xenon and 1,940 other toxic, radioactive elements that came out of Fukushima have on you, your children, and your grandchildren, and your pets? 


“Donald Geesaman, has made an extensive analysis of the scientific data related to the hazard of these highly radioactive particles. His analysis pointed up a very sobering fact: The experimental data indicated that when small portions of tissue are exposed to extremely high dosages of radiation, cancer is an almost inevitable result. In other words, irradiation by plutonium oxide particles appears to represent a unique carcinogenic hazard. Somewhere between a few and a few hundred such particles would be enough to double an individual’s chance of developing fatal lung cancer. An ounce of plutonium can form 10 trillion such particles.” http://nepis.epa.gov/Exe/ZyPURL.cgi?Dockey=20005KSD.TXT
Time will tell, but the negative effects of low dose radiation from Fukushima seem to be showing up in our wild ocean companions on this planet, via die offs of star fish, herring, seals, larger fish, birds, and sickened sore covered hair losing polar bears, seals and walruses. Is it possible humans can be exposed to all of these and have zero effects? 


How Dangerous Is 400-6000 Pounds Of Plutonium Nano Particle Dust Liberated By Fukushima? Via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/08/how-dangerous-is-400-6000-pounds-of.html

Fukushima Released Massive Amounts of Plutonium; It Was Found In Japan, The Pacific Ocean And Inside Many US Cities; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/01/fukushima-released-massive-amounts-of.html

Plutonium-238 From Fukushima Traveled Around The World – ‘Misleading’ Experts Said It Would Stay Close By, Or Did Not Happen; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/12/plutonium-238-from-fukushima-traveled.html


Add this up; we are now up to 1,800,000,000 (1.8 billion) plutonium atoms multiplied by 1,000 = one trillion, eight hundred billion radioactive element atoms were breathed in by an average child, pet and adult in San Francisco and quite possibly by everyone in the USA. The next step is converting this to some kind of recognizable figure. As we can see below, for a healthy adult, what was breathed in through our very rough calculations may not be lethal.. 

by Anonymous on Sun, 2012-06-17 
“1 microgram of PU-239 = (2360 Bq) = 46 micron diameter sphere = 2,518 Trillion atoms of PU-239. The range of a 5.8 MeV alpha particle in water is 50 microns. So every cell from the surface of the Pu-239 sphere out to 50 microns is going to be killed pretty much instantly by the alphas. The cells outside of that range are shielded from the alphas and don’t receive any dose from them. Interestingly enough if you dissolve that amount of Pu-239 and evenly disperse it throughout the body then you would deposit 5.8MeV * 2360 * 60 * 60 * 24 *365 = 43e9 MeV/year = 0.0068 Joules/year. Assume a 100 kg person and include the factor of 20 because alphas are more damaging and you get 1.3 mSv/year. The same amount of Plutonium is more dangerous when it’s clumped together into “hot particles” than when it’s dispersed as a gas. Bottom line….if you tell me there’s plutonium “fuel fleas” in the air I will run screaming for the hills.”
Bottom line, the opinion of most posters in the Berkeley forum  is that 3,500 tons of plutonium have already been ‘distributed’ across the world thanks to the atomic age and open air nuclear bomb testing. In their opinion, since no one is being affected, so how can another 600 – 6,000 pounds of plutonium that was delivered from Fukushima kill or harm anyone? They claim Dr. Helen Caldicott MD is lying about 1 microgram of plutonium being a lethal dose for a human being. 
So the cancer death rate of 1 out of 3 people is not proof of the damage caused by all of the 2,400 open air nuclear bomb tests? 

2400 Global Nuclear Atmospheric Bomb Tests 1945-1998; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/04/nuclear-atmospheric-bomb-testing-1945.html

According to a study published by the National Insitute of Health; “Plutonium is a toxic synthetic element with no natural biological function, but it is strongly retained by humans when ingested (or inhaled). For more information about this, click on the following link. 

Plutonium Is The Most Toxic, Radioactive, Man Made Element, With No Natural Biological Role In The Human Body; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/01/plutonium-is-toxic-radioactive-man-made.html

The regulations below seem to show the opposite of what these Berkeley folks seem to believe.

Via CCNR.org;
“Subject: Quantity of Plutonium that an Atomic Radiation Worker
and the Public may Inhale to Reach their Respective Limits

Dear Ms. Ostling:

The Atomic Energy Control Board (AECB) does not set maximum permissible quantities of radionuclides for workers or the public. Regulatory protection criteria are expressed in terms of effective dose limits.

In this context, we understand your question to mean: “What is the quantity of plutonium oxide, if inhaled, would give rise to an effective dose of 50 mSv [ millisieverts ] to a worker or 5 mSv to a member of the public?”

As the result of an intake, these doses will be received over 50 years by a worker and over a period ending at age 70 by a member of the public. These calculations have been made for insoluble (in lung fluid) plutonium oxide of 1 micrometer size. These assumptions are very conservative (restrictive); in other words the worst case scenario has been assumed.

workers:
1.4 micrograms for 50 mSv committed effective dose
(over 50 years after intake)
public:
0.1 microgram for 5 mSv committed effective dose
(up to age 70)”

The link below talks about the legal limits and ‘overdose’ of plutonium when applied to human beings.
http://www.ccnr.org/max_plute_aecb.html 

The numbers presented in the video are more than likely very conservative, because the EPA radiation detection network was turned off in the worst hit radiation areas, at the very times and days when the worst of the radiation plume was coming over them. 


What is the take away? Massive amounts of plutonium and other radioactive elements were released from Fukushima. Everyone in the northern hemisphere breathed at least some of these things in; plutonium, strontium, iodine, uranium, etc… 


Here are some medical and scientific studies that provide a faint idea of what plutonium and other radioactive elements such as iodine may be doing both to dogs and kids. The Berkeley folks seem to think plutonium can be eaten and breathed in at much larger doses than 1 microgram, with no problems at all, ever. Do you agree with the pro nuclear scientists, or with the medical doctors that say radiation is dangerous even at very low doses? 


Dog Studies And Inhaled Plutonium Radiation Effects; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/01/dog-studies-and-inhaled-plutonium.html

Toxicity studies of plutonium in human beings
http://www.ccnr.org/plute_tox.html

Global Infant Mortality Count Due To Out Of Control Fukushima Nuclear Fires; via A Green Road
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/09/number-of-global-infant-mortality.html

Fukushima Caused An 50,000 Additional USA Newborn Deaths 3/11 to 12/11; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/12/fukushima-caused-50000-additional-usa.html

Fukushima Radioactive Iodine Caused 28% Increase InThyroid Problems, Babies/Infants Born After 3/11 In Alaska, Oregon, Hawaii, Oregon And Washington; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/10/fukushima-radioactive-iodine-caused-28.html

Infant mortality Up To 40% Higher Than National Rate Around Brown’s Ferry Nuclear Plant, 48% Higher After Fukushima In Philadelphia; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/01/infant-mortality-up-to-40-higher-than.html

You get to decide (and will experience) what effect the Fukushima mega disaster will have on your family, because there are EXTREME and widely differing opinions about this subject, as you can see. The pro nuclear folks seem to think that radioactive elements are all as harmless as drinking water even if they are inhaled or ingested. One scientist even offered to eat 30 grams of plutonium, because it was so ‘safe’. 

Meanwhile, the medical professionals and some scientists, seem to think that plutonium is extremely hazardous, and that 1 microgram will have a good chance of killing a person, long term, if inhaled. What do you think? 


End


Live in San Francisco? You, Your Dog And Your Kids Inhaled Billions Of Radioactive Plutonium Atoms; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/01/live-in-san-francisco-you-your-dog-and.html


More articles;

Individual Radioactive Elements/Isotopes, USA Radiation Exposure Prevention and Reversal, Music

http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/p/individual-radioactive-elementsisotopes.html

(1,000 + Creative Commons Videos)


A GREEN ROAD PROJECT INDEX 

http://tinyurl.com/agrindex

2,000 + Videos And Articles


EPA Covered Up And Hid Fukushima Radiation Plume Hitting USA


The EPA restricted and/or deleted the beta radiation readings, right after Fukushima happened.


BREAKING NEWS: This is an email from the EPA to air quality districts that were supposed to monitor air for radiation fallout in 2011 from Fukushima. This was obtained with a Freedom of Information Act request by University of California Santa Cruz lecturer Dan Hirsch who has been a radiation expert for over 40 years. The highlighted sentence says, “EPA HQ has decided at this time to not deploy the deployable RADNET monitors to CA, OR and WA.” 

EPA Mobile Environmental Radiation Laboratories (MERLs) Can Detect Radiation In Air, On Beaches, Animals, In Food; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/12/epa-mobile-environmental-radiation.html

So at the height of the emergency the central coast, the very spot where the radioactive plume was supposed to hit, the EPA had no working monitors for the air quality in Monterey, Santa Cruz, San Luis Obispo or Santa Barbara counties. Why? HERE’S THE THING: Typically when it comes to environmental disasters, the EPA is supposed to take the lead role in reporting environmental disasters to the public. What happened in this case?
But in the case of Fukushima, in March and April 2011, at the height of the Fukushima emergency, the pro-nuclear Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and the pro-nuclear Department of Energy (DOE) stepped in and told the EPA; we’ll take things from here. Why was that?? That needs to be investigated. Why was the role of the EPA usurped like that?  This is the same dynamic going on between the IAEA and the World Health Organization. 
So we really have no clue how much radiation was in the air on the central coast in the days and weeks after the Fukushima accident thanks to the government’s purposeful coverup. DID THE NUCLEAR LOVING NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION AND THE NUCLEAR LOVING DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY SUGGEST TO THE EPA THAT THEY DO THIS??? After all, they were running the show at the time. 
A Congressional investigation needs to be launched to find out. Hirsch said we do know from a monitor in Bakersfield, before it ‘broke’ in mid-march, that radiation in air was spiking up. 
WHOSE IDEA WAS IT TO NOT MONITOR THE AREAS THAT PROJECTIONS WERE SAYING WOULD BE HARDEST HIT BY THE NUCLEAR PLUME? WOULDN’T YOU LIKE TO KNOW?
Knowing what was coming, maybe somebody’s thinking was, if we don’t monitor the nuclear poison, then the pro nuclear folks can say it doesn’t exist, or nothing bad happened. Wouldn’t you agree that if this is what happened, whoever came up with that plan needs to be held accountable?
What is the take away?

1. We have evidence above of the EPA turning off radiation monitors in areas where predictions of jet streams coming into the US indicated that plumes of radiation from Fukushima were going to be the highest and worst. (The EPA said those monitors ‘broke’.)
2. The EPA did not deploy mobile units to those same areas, where they claim that the radiation monitors ‘broke’, thus leaving whole areas with no data on what came from Fukushima. Thus, they have no idea what people were breathing in, in the very WORST areas, at the very worst and highest radiation times. 
3. The EPA, the US government and the nuclear regulators never warned anyone of what was coming. They denied it would cause any harm and told no one to take preventative radioactive iodine tablets, which could have saved many children from having thyroid problems and cancers. They could have prevented many or most of the 50,000 additional infant deaths that happened in the first months following 3/11.

Fukushima Caused An Additional 50,000 USA Newborn Deaths 3/11 to 12/11; via @AGreenRoad
4. Neither the EPA, the NRC nor any of the dozens of nuclear plants across the US made public any of the radiation readings that all of the nuclear plants across the country received from the Fukushima radiation plume. They all KNOW what came over the USA. But they are NOT disclosing what they know. They cannot just shut off all of those radiation monitors that surround every nuclear plant, and there is no way that all of them had ‘broken’ radiation monitors. Then we also the dozens of nuclear labs that also have very sophisticated radiation monitors. What were they doing after 3/11?
5. Finally, the EPA ‘censored’ or scrubbed/delted beta radiation data all across the US after Fukushima, per the video above, to minimize the amount of radiation that was detected coming to the US from Fukushima, to make it all look ‘better’. 

Infant mortality Up To 40% Higher Than National Rate Around Brown’s Ferry Nuclear Plant, 48% Higher After Fukushima In Philadelphia; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/01/infant-mortality-up-to-40-higher-than.html

US Govt. DOE 835.206 Radiation Limits For Embryo Or Fetus; Is .OO5 Sv, .5 rem or 5 mSv/Yr ; via @AGreenRoad 

http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/01/us-govt-doe-835206-radiation-limits-for.html

2014 – US Medical Doctor Finds Elevated Levels Of Fukushima Radioactive Cesium 137 In Urine Of Patient; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/01/us-medical-doctor-finds-elevated-levels.html

Who was behind what appears at first glance to be a very organized, systemic, planned effort to hide, cover up, minimize and deny that Fukushima radiation came over to the US and that it caused casualties?
End

EPA Covered Up And Hid Fukushima Radiation Plume Hitting USA; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/01/epa-covered-up-and-hid-fukushima.html


For more articles;

Art And Science Of Deception; Global Corporations And The 1%
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/p/corporations-art-and-science-of.html

Low Dose Radiation Dangers/Symptoms For Children And Adults
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/p/low-dose-radiation-dangers-for-children.html

Effects Of Internal Low Level Nuclear Radiation, Radiation Monitoring Networks
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/p/effects-of-internal-low-level-nuclear.html

Dog Studies And Inhaled Plutonium Radiation Effects

Live in San Francisco? You (and your dog) Inhaled 75 MILLION Plutonium Atoms In Just 4 days

People, kids (and dogs) living in San Francisco inhaled 75 million plutonium atoms or ‘hot’ particles in just 4 days, according to PorterBlog analysis of EPA data. The data is VERY conservative, and is based on 1 second inhalation/exhalation with no particles sticking in the lungs, which is not realistic, and is discounted by a huge factor. 

Remember that these dozens of different types of invisible radioactive gases and particles came out of Fukushima for MONTHS, not just 4 days. So you can safely multiply these figures by 2 for a one week period, (150 Million) then again by 4 for one month, (600 million) then again by 2 or 3 for the several months (1800 million) because Fukushima was on fire, exploding, leaking and steaming with larger amounts of radiation for months after 3/11, not just for 4 days. As a matter of fact, Fukushima is still spewing hot particles today, and unit #3 is still steaming, out of control, and highly radioactive water is still being dumped or leaked into the ocean at a rate of 400 tons per day, or more. 

Remember also, that this is only counting ONE radioactive element, and there were many more. Now you can multiply the above by the number of different radioactive elements, say at least 1,000, out of the 1,946 that are documented? 

Radioactive Xenon Gas; Dangerous And Lung Cancer Causing Isotope; via A Green Road
1,946 Lethal Radioactive Man Made Isotopes Are Created By Nuclear Plants And Atomic Bombs; via @AGreenRoad


What effect will this plutonium, iodine, strontium, uranium, xenon and 1,996 other toxic, radioactive elements that came out of Fukushima  have on your children, and your grandchildren? 

Now we are up to 1,800 million atoms times 1,000. So we are up to 180,000 million radioactive element atoms that were breathed in by an average child in the USA. What right does the nuclear industry have to perform this radiation experiment on millions, possibly billions of people on planet Earth?

Here are some medical and scientific studies to give you some possible ideas of what effects we may see in the near future, as the incubation periods run out on the plutonium, strontium, iodine, and other radioactive elements that everyone breathed in, and are now eating, and drinking via Fukushima contaminated foods and drinks….

INHALED PLUTONIUM AND DEATHS CAUSED BY BACTERIAL PNEUMONIA STUDY
Radiat Res. 2012 Nov;178(5):447-67. doi: 10.1667/RR2504.1. Epub 2012 Sep 21.
Biological effects of inhaled 239PuO2 in Beagles.
Abstract
Seven groups of 8-24 Beagle dogs, exposed to (239)PuO(2) aerosols by inhalation [mean initial lung depositions (ILD) of 0.0, 0.14, 0.63, 3.2, 13, 44 and 210 kBq] were observed throughout their lives to determine tissues at risk and dose-effect relationships. The mean average pulmonary retention half-time of (239)Pu was 1,192 days. Most (70%) of the plutonium recovered at death in dogs surviving >10 years after exposure was found in the thoracic lymph nodes with ∼15% in lung, ∼10% in liver and ∼2% in bone. Eight dogs at the highest exposure levels died from radiation pneumonitis prior to a minimal 3-year latency period after exposure for the observation of lung tumors, with the first succumbing 337 days after exposure. Of 108 plutonium-exposed Beagles with ILD[PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
National Library of Medicine (NLM).

A 1996 testing of 144 Beagles given inhaled Plutonium killed 141 of the dogs within 1.5 to 5.4 years. Bone tumors killed 93, Lung tumours killed 46, and liver tumors killed 2 (although liver tumors were found in 20 dogs, just that the Bone and Lung killed quicker).

Radiat Res. 1996 Mar;145(3):361-81.
Toxicity of inhaled plutonium dioxide in beagle dogs.
Abstract
This study was conducted to determine the biological effects of inhaled 238PuO2 over the life spans of 144 beagle dogs. The dogs inhaled one of two sizes of monodisperse aerosols of 238PuO2 to achieve graded levels of initial lung burden (ILB). The aerosols also contained 169Yb to provide a gamma-ray-emitting label for the 238Pu inhaled by each dog. Excreta were collected periodically over each dog’s life span to estimate plutonium excretion; at death, the tissues were analyzed radiochemically for plutonium activity. The tissue content and the amount of plutonium excreted were used to estimate the ILB. These data for each dog were used in a dosimetry model to estimate tissue doses. The lung, skeleton and liver received the highest alpha-particle doses, ranging from 0.16-68 Gy for the lung, 0.08-8.7 Gy for the skeleton and 0.18-19 for the liver. At death all dogs were necropsied, and all organs and lesions were sampled and examined by histopathology. Findings of non-neoplastic changes included neutropenia and lymphopenia that developed in a dose-related fashion soon after inhalation exposure. These effects persisted for up to 5 years in some animals, but no other health effects could be related to the blood changes observed. Radiation pneumonitis was observed among the dogs with the highest ILBs. Deaths from radiation pneumonitis occurred from 1.5 to 5.4 years after exposure. Tumors of the lung, skeleton and liver occurred beginning at about 3 years after exposure. Bone tumors found in 93 dogs were the most common cause of death. Lung tumors found in 46 dogs were the second most common cause of death. Liver tumors, which were found in 20 dogs but were the cause of death in only two dogs, occurred later than the tumors in bone and lung. Tumors in these three organs often occurred in the same animal and were competing causes of death. These findings in dogs suggest that similar dose-related biological effects could be expected in humans accidentally exposed to 238PuO2.

PLUTONIUM CAUSING LUNG CANCER, BONE CANCER, LIVER TUMORS STUDY

Am J Pathol. 1988 November; 133(2): 265–276.
PMCID: PMC1880776
Primary liver tumors in beagle dogs exposed by inhalation to aerosols of plutonium-238 dioxide.
Abstract
Primary liver tumors developed in Beagle dogs exposed by inhalation to aerosols of 238PuO2. Initial deposition of 238PuO2 in the respiratory tract was followed by translocation of a portion of the 238Pu to the liver and skeleton, which resulted in a large dose commitment and tumor risk to all three tissues. 

In a population of 144 dogs exposed to 238PuO2, 112 dogs had died or were killed 4000 days after 238Pu exposure;
100 dogs had osteosarcoma
28 dogs had lung cancers
——————————
(128 out of 144 dogs developed disease or died due to plutonium. This does not include liver tumors below.)

At increasing times after exposure, however, liver lesions have become more pronounced. Ten primary liver tumors in nine animals were diagnosed in the dogs dying before 4000 days after exposure. An additional five primary liver tumors in three dogs occurred in 9 animals killed after 4000 days after exposure. The majority of these tumors have been fibrosarcomas. The liver tumors were usually not the cause of death, and rarely metastasized. The occurrence of liver tumors in this study indicates that 238Pu is an effective hepatic carcinogen. Liver carcinogenesis is assuming an increasing importance in this study at late times after inhalation exposure. These results suggest that the liver may be an important organ at risk for the development of neoplasia in humans at time periods long after inhalation of 238Pu.
National Library of Medicine (NLM).



The picture above is a liver tumor in a dog. Liver tumors happened mostly with lower levels of plutonium exposure. With higher amounts of plutonium exposure, the bones and heart were affected more. Note that they talk about a ‘latency’ period, which Helen Caldicott MD also talked about. It can take years for cancers to develop from initial exposure to plutonium, and this is called the ‘latency’ period.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1880776/?page=7#


COBALT RADIATION CAUSING LEUKEMIA STUDY

Am J Pathol. 1977 June; 87(3): 499–510.
PMCID: PMC2032130
Radiation-induced erythroleukemia in the beagle dog. A hematologic summary of five cases.
Abstract
Eleven cases of myeloproliferative disease occurred in a group of 24 beagle dogs placed in a 60Co gamma-ray field at about 13 months of age and irradiated at an exposure rate of 5 R/22-hour day for duratior of life. Of these 11 dogs, 5 (described in this paper) were diagnosed as having erythroleukemia. The bone marrow showed marked erythroblastic hyperplasia, with maturation arrest of the erythroid elements, and increased numbers of myeloblasts and promyelocytes. The terminal peripheral blood was characterized by marked anemia and thrombocytopenia, with circulating erythrocytic precursors and abnormal erythrocyte morphology. Splenomegaly and hepatomegaly occurred in 4 of the 5 animals. In the spleens and livers of all 5, there was extensive leukemic infiltration and proliferation. The extent of leukemic involvement in other tissues and organs varied in individual dogs.
National Library of Medicine (NLM).

PLUTONIUM AND BENZOPYRENE COMBINATION AND LUNG CANCERS STUDY

This study describes the effect of intratracheal instillations (2 X 5 mg) of benzo(a)pyrene (B(a)P) on lung carcinogenesis in rats which had previously inhaled different levels of 239 plutonium oxide (220, 630, 6300 Bq, initial lung burden). Survival decreased with increasing PuO2 exposure and additional B(a)P exposure. The incidence of malignant lung tumours, adjusted for differences in survival, increased in a dose-related fashion with PuO2 dose and was elevated in the presence of additional B(a)P exposure. A multiplicative relative risk model was found to describe reasonably well the observed joint effect. The practical implications of these findings are discussed.
National Library of Medicine (NLM).

PRECONCEPTION RADIATION AND PLUTONIUM EXPOSURE STUDY

We have investigated the possibility that transgenerational effects from preconceptional paternal irradiation (PPI) may render offspring more vulnerable to secondary exposure to an unrelated carcinogen. 239Pu (0, 128 or 256 Bq g(-1)) was administered by intravenous injection to male mice, 12 weeks before mating with normal females. Two strains of mouse were used — CBA/H and BDF1. Haemopoietic spleen colony-forming units (CFU-S) and fibroblastoid colony-forming units (CFU-F), a component of their regulatory microenvironment, were assayed independently in individual offspring at 6, 12 and 19 weeks of age. Bone marrow and spleen from each of these mice were grown in suspension culture for 2 or 7 days for assessment of chromosomal aberrations. Female BDF1 were injected with methyl-nitroso-urea (MNU) as a secondary carcinogen at 10 weeks of age and monitored for onset of leukaemia/lymphoma. Mean values of CFU-S and CFU-F were unaffected by preconceptional paternal plutonium-239 (PP-239Pu), although for CFU-F in particular there was an apparent increase in variation between individual animals. There was significant evidence of an increase in chromosomal aberrations with dose in bone marrow but not in spleen. By 250 days, 68% of MNU-treated control animals (no PPI) had developed thymic lymphoma (62%) or leukaemia (38%). The first case arose 89 days after MNU administration. In the groups with PPI, leukaemia/lymphoma developed from 28 days earlier, rising to 90% by 250 days. Leukaemia (65%) now predominated over lymphoma (35%). This second generation excess of leukaemia appears to be the result of PPI and may be related to inherited changes that affect the development of haemopoietic stem cells.
National Library of Medicine (NLM).

LEUKEMIA AND RESPONSE TO CHEMOTHERAPY STUDY

Out of a total of 185 cases of acute leukemia at our institution from 1967 to 1978, fifteen cases (8.1%) were identified as erythroleukemia or erythremic myelosis. The symptoms at presentation were often related to anemia (10/15 cases); the presenting hemoglobin value was lower than 10.0 gm/100 ml. Nucleated red cells were present in the peripheral blood and reticulocyte response was inappropriate to the degree of anemia. Marrow biopsy showed erythroid hyperplasia with megaloblastic and dyserythropoietic features, increase in myeloblasts greater than 5% (10/15 cases), positive PAS staining of erythroid precursors (12/12 cases), and erythrophagocytosis by abnormal erythroid precursors (6/15 cases). Abnormalities were noted in monocytic and megakaryocytic cell lines, and it was concluded that erythroleukemia is probably a stem cell disorder. Response to chemotherapy was poor with median survival of four months from initial diagnosis. Intracranial hemorrhage and bacterial or fungal infection were the most frequent cause of death.
National Library of Medicine (NLM).
Source of studies above: National Library of Medicine (NLM).

828 Radioactive Beagles Are Buried At Hanford

October 17, 1990
SPOKANE, WASH. — Hundreds of dead dogs, the remains of a Cold War radiation experiment, were shipped to the Hanford nuclear reservation for burial last month. Coming next: 17.5 tons of their radioactive excrement. The 828 dead beagles, shipped from California in 55-gallon drums, were buried in trenches at Hanford. Their remains had been stored in freezers at the Institute of Toxicology and Environmental Health on the University of California campus at Davis. The last dog died at the age of 18 1/2 in 1986, 27 years after government-funded beagle experiments began. The beagle cleanup, expected to cost about $22 million, is part of a nationwide Department of Energy effort to clean up radiation contamination at university labs.”
What is the take away from the EPA reference and the dog studies? If plutonium is so safe, why did they have to collect all of these plutonium dosed dogs and their waste and ship them to a hazardous waste site like Hanford? Plutonium and the other radioactive elements that come out of nuclear weapons labs, processing facilities, and recycling units are deadly dangerous, and the risk goes up with increasing dose. If plutonium was as safe as the pro nuclear apologists claim, they would have just buried the dogs locally, or handed them over to a local pet cemetery. 

The hazard of plutonium goes up when it is combined with other chemicals or hazardous, toxic materials, such as the other things that come out of a nuclear reactor disaster, oil products, chemicals used in daily life, and more. 

Plutonium is also a hazard for young males and females, who will have kids. The plutonium causes higher rates of birth defects and leukemia in kids born to parents who have been exposed to plutonium.  Pregnant women are also at higher risk because the plutonium can and does get into or near the eggs, sperm and fetus, causing direct harm to the human embryo. 

If someone tries to tell you plutonium is not dangerous, you can smile, nod and tell them about these studies. Then vote the pro nuclear apologists out of office.  Because you have seen the studies, and you have seen the effects of plutonium, that should be enough to close down all of these genocidal death traps. If this is not enough, offer to take the pro nuclear person to Hanford and show them the close to 1,000 radioactive dogs buried in 55 gallon drums, along with their radioactive waste. 

How Dangerous Is 400-6000 Pounds Of Plutonium Nano Particle Dust Liberated By Fukushima? Via @AGreenRoad
Fukushima Released Massive Amounts of Plutonium; It Was Found In Japan, The Pacific Ocean And Inside Many US Cities; via @AGreenRoad
Plutonium-238 From Fukushima Traveled Around The World – ‘Misleading’ Experts Said It Would Stay Close By, Or Did Not Happen; via @AGreenRoad
We know that plutonium was released in massive amounts (600-6000 pounds) from Fukushima. We learned that plutonium is deadly in even very small nano sized particles. According to Helen Caldicott MD, just one pound of plutonium turned into nano particle dust and distributed all around the world, can kill everyone long term, after the incubation period, which can last 30 to 40 years. 

The nuclear industry is rapidly expanding the use of plutonium and converting ALL uranium fueled reactors to burn plutonium instead. Plutonium is also being used in space vehicles, satellites, and more. 

The problem is that plutonium can burn when exposed to air, thus releasing it’s super deadly nano particles. It is also a terrorism risk, because it is very easy to make a hydrogen bomb out of just a small amount of it. Wouldn’t you agree, that this highly flammable, deadly cancer causing substance should not be allowed near your neighborhood or in the world? 

Dogs and kids are much more vulnerable to radioactive substances such as plutonium. Dogs fur is like a magnet for hot charged particles, and their noses are close to the ground. They are sniffing in hot particles that are more abundant closer to the ground. Their hairy paws also pick up hot particles. They lick these hot particles and ingest them as they groom themselves or their pups. When they shake, they ‘spray’ hot particles in all directions out of their fur. 

When pets come in the house, they can contaminate the whole house, if they walked through or rolled in a ‘hot’ spot. So it is wise if you own a pet, to periodically test their paws, their pet bed and test areas where the pet spends time (such as on the couch or bed) for radiation with a high quality pancake detector style of Geiger counter. AGRP has seen at least one instance where a pet owner was shocked to find radioactive couch cushions in their house, but that is where their pet spent most of it’s time.

Please help shut down the nuclear industry, which seems to be setting out to destroy not only our most beloved companions, (kids, dogs and cats), but all life on the planet with their deadly radioactive substances. 

End 

Dog Studies And Inhaled Plutonium Radiation Effects; via @AGreenRoad

http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/01/dog-studies-and-inhaled-plutonium.html 

For more articles; 

How Dangerous Is 400-6000 Pounds Of Plutonium Nano Particle Dust Liberated By Fukushima? Via @AGreenRoad

Fukushima Released Massive Amounts of Plutonium; It Was Found In Japan, The Pacific Ocean And Inside Many US Cities; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/01/fukushima-released-massive-amounts-of.html

Plutonium-238 From Fukushima Traveled Around The World – ‘Misleading’ Experts Said It Would Stay Close By, Or Did Not Happen; via @AGreenRoad

Fukushima Spent Fuel Pool #4 Contained A Full Load of MOX Plutonium Fuel; It Melted Down, Exploded And Burned; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/10/fukushima-spent-fuel-pool-4-contained.html
25% of #2, 50% of #3, 100% of #4 Spent Fuel Pools Burned Up And Vaporized, 100 – 1000 Tons Plutonium Per SFP; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/11/25-of-2-50-of-3-100-of-4-spent-fuel.html
Fukushima Plutonium Detected In Lithuania – Toxicity Of Plutonium Scientific Animal Studies; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/10/fukushima-plutonium-detected-in.html

How Dangerous Is 400-6000 Pounds Of Plutonium Nano Particle Dust Liberated By Fukushima? Via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/08/how-dangerous-is-400-6000-pounds-of.html
Fukushima Secret Nuclear Weapons Research- Plutonium Weapons Research – Breeder Reactor? via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/09/fukushima-secret-nuclear-weapons.html

Dr. Holger Strohm – Plutonium From Fukushima Will Kill Millions – Via Recycling Through Many Future Generations; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/08/dr-holger-strohm-fukushima-up-to-12000.html

Plutonium Mimics Iron In Body – 2 Million Times More Dangerous Than Uranium, MOX Planned For Use In All Future Nuclear Power Plants; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/09/plutonium-mimics-iron-in-body-2-million.html

Alpha Radiation Dangers; Polonium, Radon, Radium, Plutonium, Uranium; via@AGreenRoad
Pu-239, The Half Life of Timofey Berezin; via @AGreenRoad
Fukushima Nano Bucky Balls Weaponized With Uranium, Plutonium, And Cesium; via A Green Road
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/10/bucky-balls-and-fukushima-what-is-danger.html
Santa Susana Sodium Reactor In Los Angeles California Nuclear Plant Meltdown; Completely Covered Up And Worse Than Three Mile Island; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/03/los-angeles-nuclear-plant-meltdown.html

CIA Lost A Plutonium Spying Device In Nanda Devi; Contaminating The Ganges River; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/06/cia-lost-plutonium-spying-device-in.html

1966 Palomares Spain B-52 Crash Spread Plutonium From Hydrogen Bombs Over Wide Area
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/01/1966-palomares-spain-b-52-crash-spread.html
Is There ‘Natural’ Plutonium And Are There ‘Natural’ Fission Reactions? via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/01/is-there-natural-plutonium-and-are.html

2014 – Fukushima Radiation Linked By Scientists To Hairless Seals And Mass Animal Die Offs In Alaska


Beyond strange, very weird things are going on with the wildlife and the weather in Alaska. The following things have never been seen before in recorded history of the Eskimos of Alaska.  

Weather and strange animals that have never been seen before are being spotted all over the state. There are really odd things going on that are being photographed and reported all over the state. 

Seals and salmon are being found with white spots, sores and white goo inside of them. Sea stars are dissolving into white goo, all the way from Alaska to Mexico. The crows, polar bears and other scavengers won’t touch these ‘weird’ animals, despite being the official  dead animal cleanup ‘buzzards’ of Alaska. 

In another case, a seal was harvested, and the organs were all ‘wrong’. The kidneys were too small on one side and too large and almost black on the other, the liver was about 1/2 normal size.

http://enenews.com/reports-white-goo-everywhere-inside-alaska-seal-crows-wont-even-touch-it-and-they-eat-peoples-roofs-slime-in-anothers-mouth-kidney-almost-black-one-appeared-to-have-changed-c

More strange going ons in Alaska, include hairless seals, orange colored seal,  unusual growths inside salmon, krill die off, fish die off, dead sea birds, sick fish with growth on it, and more. 

Unusual white growths inside salmon
http://www.flickr.com/photos/leoalaska/11342524263/in/photostream/

Hairless seal Alaska 2013
http://www.flickr.com/photos/leoalaska/10460544765/sizes/l/in/photostream/

Sick fish, Alaska..2013
http://www.flickr.com/photos/leoalaska/10958508764/

Krill die off Alaska 2013
http://www.flickr.com/photos/leoalaska/10981731303/in/photostream/
dead krill, Alaska 2013
http://www.flickr.com/photos/leoalaska/10987592573/in/set-72157634885798978/

Fish die off in Klawock Alaska 2013
http://www.flickr.com/photos/leoalaska/11209762915/in/photostream/
more of same
http://www.flickr.com/photos/leoalaska/11209780816/in/photostream/

Dead sea birds, English Bay, Alaska 2013
http://www.flickr.com/photos/leoalaska/11413739053/in/photostream/

For all those that believe the earth is cooling down, in Decemmber of 2013, the far northern part of the North Slope in Alaska there is no snow, very warm weather, 45 degrees Fahrenheit, rain plus very unusual lightning, while at the same time, it is -10 below zero Fahrenheit in the midwest part of the United States. The north slope Alaska cold weather and southern states warm weather has been reversed. The lower 48 is getting Alaska’s weather, and Alaska is getting the lower 48 states weather.

No snow in December, North Slope area of far north Alaska. http://www.flickr.com/photos/leoalaska/11316867824/in/photostream/

Rain plus lightning in December 2013, North Slope area of Alaska
http://www.flickr.com/photos/leoalaska/9302546339/in/set-72157634668568187/


Due to accelerated global warming, polar bears in Alaska are getting so desperate for food, they are now being seen drinking hydraulic fluid, eating car batteries and car seats, just to make it through another day, because there is no ice pack to go hunting on.
http://www.weather.com/video/polar-bears-change-their-diets-43732

The lower 48 is getting Alaska’s weather, and Alaska is getting the lower 48 states weather. It is -20 In Minnesota in the middle of January 2014, without the wind chill factor added in. At the same time, it is +45 degrees Fahrenheit in far north Alaska, which should be having this -20 temperature. What kind of crazy is going on here? 



Back in 2002, it was noted that seals do accumulate cesium in their bodies. Why would that be so hard to believe now?


“Seals are high trophic level feeders that bioaccumulate many contaminants to a greater degree than most lower trophic level organisms. Their trophic status in the marine food web and wide-spread distribution make seals useful sentinels of arctic environmental change.”

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12523541
Mar Pollut Bull. 2002 Dec;44(12):1366-71.
Bioaccumulation of radiocaesium in Arctic seals.

Carroll J, Wolkers H, Andersen M, Rissanen K.


For the first time ever, scientists are admitting that Fukushima radiation is related to unusual seal deaths noted above. They are blaming a ‘pulse’ of radiation from Fukushima as the ice melted for causing the problems with seals, polar bears and walruses.

http://enenews.com/scientists-link-unusual-alaska-seal-deaths-fukushima-fallout-skin-lesions-hair-loss-lethargy-pulsed-release-built-radionuclides-set-free-ice-melted-discussion-wildlife-health-implications-due

Now that the connections are starting to fall into place, nearly three years after the Fukushima mega disaster happened, maybe the  pro nuclear scientists will even start admitting reality instead of living in some kind of strange fantasy world where no one is affected and no animals die or get sick from the largest, most toxic, most deadly radiation release the planet has ever seen in human history. They have never admitted to anything like this for any prior nuclear accident, but there is always a hope for a first time, right? 


End
2014 – Fukushima Radiation Linked By Scientists To Hairless Seals, Mass Animal Die Offs And Sickness In Alaska; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/01/2014-fukushima-radiation-linked-by.html






Is There ‘Natural’ Plutonium And Are There ‘Natural’ Fission Reactions?


Did plutonium exist in Nature in the recent past? The answer is a realistic NO. Are there ‘natural’ fission reactors on Earth? The answer is a realistic NO. We have to go back 1.7 billion years to find any plutonium or fission reactions on Earth, and then it occurred only in one place on Earth, and no where else, and at no other time.
According to Wikipedia; “Trace amounts of at least three plutonium isotopes (plutonium 239 in a few parts per trillion, and its decay products are ‘naturally’ found ONLY in some concentrated ores of uranium,[43] at the ancient but dead natural nuclear fission reactor in Oklo, Gabon.[44]
Oklo is the only known location for this in the world and consisted of self-sustaining nuclear fission reactions that took place approximately 1.7 billion years ago, and ran for a few hundred thousand years, averaging 100 kW of thermal power during that time.[2][3]
Note; this totally underground nuclear reaction happened 1.7 BILLION years ago, way before there was any human life on Earth. This underground, invisible and undetectable nuclear reaction stopped way before human living beings inhabited the planet.
So for all intents and purposes, there has been no ‘natural’ fission happening and there has been no plutonium has been around since humans walked the Earth, contrary to what pro nuclear apologists claim. All of the plutonium generated by this underground reaction has decayed away. If any is left, that miniscule amount is still found underground, only in the one location, at Oklo, Africa, where almost no one lives.
Wikipedia has another entry for plutonium; “Primordial plutonium-244 has a relatively long half-life of about 80 million years.[46] These trace amounts of 239Pu originated in the following fashion: On rare occasions, 238U undergoes spontaneous fission, and in the process, the nucleus emits one or two free neutrons with some kinetic energy. When one of these neutrons strikes the nucleus of another 238U atom, it is absorbed by the atom, which becomes 239U. With a relatively short half-life, U-239 decays to neptunium-239 (239Np), and then 239Np decays into 239Pu.
Since the relatively long-lived isotope plutonium-240 occurs in the decay chain of plutonium-244 it should also be present, albeit 10,000 times rarer still. Finally, exceedingly small amounts of plutonium-238, attributed to the extremely rare double beta decay of uranium-238, have been found in natural uranium samples.[47]http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plutonium
With an 80 million year half life, all of the measurable plutonium that happened from the fission process below ground in Oklo, disappeared in 800 million years. This is still a couple hundred million years before people even walked on the planet. Bottom line, anyone who says that large amounts of plutonium were lying around all over the place naturally before the atomic age covered the Earth with it is either lying or trying to deceive someone into believing that plutonium is ‘safe’ or ‘natural’ somehow, via the hormesis theory.
Some pro nuclear apologists even go so far as to claim that because plutonium is ‘primordial’, it is safe and ‘normal’ to be around. The only problem with this theory, is that for all practical purposes and intents, plutonium cannot be found in Nature, because the amounts are so small, so buried, so hard to find, so difficult to get to, that for all realistic and practical medical purposes, plutonium did not exist in the human environment before the atomic age and humans created it in the lab.
Whatever ‘primordial’ plutonium exists in nano particle amounts, is only associated with uranium deposits and is locked into those rocks. No one was stupid enough to dig up these very toxic and deadly elements before the atomic age. The parts per TRILLION amount of plutonium found in ‘primordial’ uranium did not register on any medical tests and no one died from it. 
Parts per trillion of plutonium inside uranium rocks are so hard to find, it takes special nuclear physics lab equipment to even detect it. Effectively, before the atomic age, no human exposure to plutonium was possible, and plutonium was not detectable in humans before the atomic age.
In addition to the above, uranium or thorium deposits were widely made taboo by indigenous tribes globally. These ‘hot’ rocks or sands were called ‘bad medicine’, to be avoided at all costs. American Indians and indigenous peoples around the globe were told by their shamans and chiefs not to disturb the soil or rocks where uranium was present. People were told to avoid going into these areas. These ancient wise people KNEW ‘natural’ uranium deposits were dangerous and so they made it taboo to be around any soil or rocks containing uranium. Only the nuclear scientists, bent on making nuclear bombs, have violated this taboo, and humanity is now paying the price for it. 
Since plutonium was ‘discovered’ in 1940 through initiating nuclear fission in labs, plutonium, tritium, cesium and hundreds of other man made radioactive elements have been produced artificially in weapons labs and nuclear reactors by nuclear scientists intent on being masters of the power that approximates the sun, but not really, because the sun works via fusion power, not fission.
Due to numerous accidents and releases of plutonium via pyrophoric plutonium fires in atomic bomb weapons labs, as well as the ‘testing’ of 2,400 atomic bombs globally, plus the ‘accidental’ dropping and exploding of hydrogen bombs where the high explosives went off, crashing plutonium satellites, plutonium is now present in detectable amounts in the global environment as a man made radioactive pollutant and toxic heavy metal. Man made radioactive plutonium has gone all around the world. 
Some cesium and strontium are now commonly and usually found in the human body due to the 2,400 atmospheric and underwater nuclear tests that have been carried out, as well as due to a small number of major nuclear accidents, such as Santa Susana, Three Mile Island, Fukushima and Chernobyl. Plutonium may also be found in some locations.
“Most atmospheric and underwater nuclear testing was stopped by the Limited Test Ban Treaty in 1963, which was signed and ratified by the United States, the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union, and other nations. Continued atmospheric nuclear weapons testing since 1963 by non-treaty nations included those by China (atomic bomb test above the Gobi Desert in 1964, hydrogen bomb test in 1967, and follow-on tests), and France (tests as recently as the 1990s). Because it is deliberately manufactured for nuclear weapons and nuclear reactors, plutonium-239 is the most abundant isotope of plutonium by far.”[32]
Some pro nuclear folks may even claim that the sun is ‘natural’ fission. But that is also nothing more than deceptive misleading pro nuclear propaganda. 

Let’s also go into the statement within the video that the sun is a source of natural ‘radiation’. First of all the sun is powered by fusion, not fission. Trying to say that man made nuclear radioactive elements are as harmless as the sun’s light and infrared rays generated by fusion is like trying to say the moon is made of cheese, because it looks like a piece of cheese. 

Wikipedia says that; “the Sun is the star at the center of the Solar System. It is almost perfectly spherical and consists of hot plasma interwoven with magnetic fields.[12][13] It has a diameter of about 1,392,684 km (865,374 mi),[5] around 109 times that of Earth, and its mass (1.989×1030 kilograms, approximately 330,000 times the mass of Earth) accounts for about 99.86% of the total mass of the Solar System.[14] Chemically, about three quarters of the Sun’s mass consists of hydrogen, while the rest is mostly helium. The remainder (1.69%, which nonetheless equals 5,600 times the mass of Earth) consists of heavier elements, including oxygencarbonneon and iron, among others.[15]
The Sun formed about 4.6 billion[a] years ago from the gravitational collapse of a region within a large molecular cloud. Most of the matter gathered in the center, while the rest flattened into an orbiting disk that would become the Solar SystemThe central mass became increasingly hot and dense, eventually initiating fusion in its core
It is thought that almost all stars form by this process. The Sun is a G-type main-sequence star(G2V) based on spectral class and it is informally designated as a yellow dwarf because its visible radiation is most intense in the yellow-green portion of the spectrum, and although it is actually white in color, from the surface of the Earth it may appear yellow because of atmospheric scattering of blue light.[16]In the spectral class label, G2 indicates itssurface temperature, of approximately 5778 K (5505 °C), and V indicates that the Sun, like most stars, is a main-sequence star, and thus generates its energy by fusion of hydrogen nuclei into helium. In its core, the Sun fuses 620 million metric tons of hydrogen each second…..
Through most of the Sun’s life, energy is produced by fusion through a series of steps called the p–p (proton–proton) chain; this process converts hydrogen into helium.[48]
The core is the only region in the Sun that produces an appreciable amount of thermal energy through fusion; 99% of the power is generated within 24% of the Sun’s radius, and by 30% of the radius, fusion has stopped nearly entirely.The rest of the star is heated by energy that is transferred outward by radiation from the core to the convective layers just outside. The energy produced by fusion in the core must then travel through many successive layers to the solar photosphere before it escapes into space as sunlight or the kinetic energy of particles.[50][51]
The sun’s rays emit health giving light, infrared and ultraviolet rays, which humans, plants and animals have evolved over hundreds of thousands or millions of years to be able to live in harmony with and rely on for such things as photosynthesis, generating Vitamin D in the skin and much more. 
Humans cannot live in proximity to man made or even ‘natural’ radioactive elements and thrive. People who work in uranium mines or who breathe in radon get lung cancer and other diseases. The same applies to ingesting one of hundreds of man made radioactive elements; ALL OF THEM are deadly heavy metals which mimic natural minerals, and they emit DEADLY alpha, beta, gamma, and/or neutron radiation which the sun does not. 
The sun can burn the skin if a person is not acclimated to it, but if the sun were toxic to all of life, why are all living things not getting cancer and decaying, being burned, and withering away? Yes, even the sun’s rays can cause burning and damage to the skin, but this infrared and ultraviolet and visible light energy can be seen and avoided if one wants to. It is easy to sit in the shade or walk around with clothing, or to go out only after the sun goes down. 
By comparison, man made radioactive elements cannot be avoided, as they are completely invisible, but super deadly. Radioactive gases and hot particles can be breathed in and cause cancer or genetic diseases. There is no way to avoid this. You cannot find ‘shade’ or drink/eat ‘pure’ non radioactive contaminated foods or drinks, because these man made radioactive elements concentrate up the food chain to man and build up internally, until they reach disease causing or lethal levels. The sun’s rays may hit you, but they do not build up internally to toxic levels. The sun does not cause anything harmful to concentrate up the food chain to lethal levels. 
What is the take away? 
There is no ‘natural nuclear fission’ (not even in the sun) and there is no ‘natural man made radioactive element’. Even low doses of radiation from man made radioactive elements can and do cause cancer, genetic diseases, diabetes, ALS, heart disease, leukemia and many more.  Man made radioactive elements are created by a fission process, which results in negative transmutation or decay of elements that ends in lead, which is also a deadly heavy metal, even in just minute quantities. The sun does not do any of this. The sun’s rays do not result in decay or negative transmutation of elements. The sun’s fusion process does not create heavy metals that ends in lead, which then poisons all of life.

What is the take away? For all practical, health, medical and global purposes, plutonium is nothing more than a toxic heavy metal that acts as a poison directly within the body, just like lead. Plutonium is also a radioactive cancer initiator in the human body. There is no known positive and health giving use for plutonium, uranium, thorium or radon.

Dog Studies And Inhaled Plutonium Radiation Effects; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/01/dog-studies-and-inhaled-plutonium.html

There is no ‘natural fission’ (not even in the sun) and there is no ‘natural plutonium’. Even low doses of radiation from radon cause lung cancer. In the same way, low doses of plutonium cause cancer as well. To find out how dangerous plutonium is, click on the following links..

How Dangerous Is 400-6000 Pounds Of Plutonium Nano Particle Dust Liberated By Fukushima? Via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/08/how-dangerous-is-400-6000-pounds-of.html

Fukushima Released Massive Amounts of Plutonium; It Was Found In Japan, The Pacific Ocean And Inside Many US Cities; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/01/fukushima-released-massive-amounts-of.html

Plutonium-238 From Fukushima Traveled Around The World – ‘Misleading’ Experts Said It Would Stay Close By, Or Did Not Happen; via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/12/plutonium-238-from-fukushima-traveled.html

Plutonium mimics iron in the body, replacing it, and then doing damage where ever it ends up going. Iron (and radioactive plutonium) concentrates in the bone marrow and liver, so that is where most of the damage done by plutonium occurs, but cancers of all kinds are possible, including lung, brain, liver, bone, blood, and more.

End

Is There ‘Natural’ Plutonium And Are There ‘Natural’ Fission Reactions? via @AGreenRoad
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/01/is-there-natural-plutonium-and-are.html

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1966 Palomares Spain B-52 Crash Spread Plutonium From Hydrogen Bombs Over Wide Area


In the video above, village residents are interviewed about the Palomares hydrogen bomb nuclear disaster. Simple country folks like these are easy to mislead and lie to about nuclear radiation dangers. The military did a good job about hiding the dangers of plutonium from these simple country people living in a fairly remote area. They are still suffering today. That suffering will continue for hundreds of thousands of years into the future, but the military, mass media and government denies it all and continues the coverup. 


Wikipedia; “The B28RI nuclear bomb, recovered from 2,850 feet (869 m) of water, on the deck of the USSPetrel.

Collision summary
Date 17 January 1966

Summary 

Total fatalities 7

First aircraft
Type B-52G
Registration 58-0256
Destination; Seymour Johnson Air Force Base
Crew 7
Fatalities 3
Survivors 4

Second aircraft
Operator United States Air Force
Registration 61-0273
Flight origin; Morón Air Base, Spain
Destination; Morón Air Base
Crew 4
Fatalities 4 (all)

The 1966 Palomares B-52 crash or Palomares incident occurred on 17 January 1966, when a B-52G bomber of the United States Air Force‘sStrategic Air Command collided with a KC-135 tanker during mid-air refuelling at 31,000 feet (9,450 m) over the Mediterranean Sea, off the coast of Spain. 

The KC-135 was completely destroyed when its fuel load ignited, killing all four crew members. The B-52G broke apart, killing three of the seven crew members aboard.[1]

Of the four Mk28-type hydrogen bombs the B-52G carried,[2] three were found on land near the small fishing village of Palomares in the municipality of Cuevas del Almanzora, Almería, Spain. 

The non-nuclear explosives in two of the weapons detonated upon impact with the ground, resulting in the contamination of a 2-square-kilometer (490-acre) (0.78 square mile) area by plutonium. The fourth, which fell into the Mediterranean Sea, was recovered intact after a 2½-month-long search.[3]

Accident
Operation Chrome Dome flight route over southern Europe, showing refuelling tracks

The B-52G began its mission from Seymour Johnson Air Force Base,North Carolina, carrying four Type B28RI hydrogen bombs[3] on a Cold War airborne alert mission named Operation Chrome Dome. The flight plan took the aircraft east across the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Seatowards the European borders of the Soviet Union before returning home. The lengthy flight required two mid-air refuellings over Spain.[1]

At about 10:30 am on 17 January 1966, while flying at 31,000 feet (9,450 m), the bomber commenced its second aerial refuelling with a KC-135 out of Morón Air Base in southern Spain. The B-52 pilot, Major Larry G. Messinger, later recalled,[4]

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