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Hanford; Leaking Radioactive Gas Into Air and Toxic Fluids Into Columbia River

There are 177 tanks full of the most toxic, most highly radioactive waste products in the world, all of them concentrated at the Hanford Site. 


These 177 tanks were built in 1943, and are made of concrete and metal. A few of these tanks have double carbon steel liners. The Dept. of Energy knew back in 2001 that at least 67 of these tanks had leaked at least 3.8 million liters of waste up to that point. The only question left is how much has leaked since then and where did these leaking toxic and radioactive materials go?


PNNL reports that toxic and radioactive fluids from these 67 leaking tanks ended up in the Columbia River starting in 2002. PNNL “measured both radiological and nonradiological constituents in Columbia River water during 2002 as part of a continuing environmental monitoring program (Poston et al. 2003). Cumulative water samples are collected at Priest Rapids Dam and at the Richland pumphouse (Figure 4.4-4). Additional samples were taken at transects of the river and at near-shore locations at the Vernita Bridge, 100-F Area, 100-N Area, the Hanford Townsite, and the 300 Area.

These water samples were collected at frequencies varying from quarterly to annually. Results are presented in Bisping (2003) and summarized in Poston et al. (2003). These data show a statistical increase in tritium, nitrate, uranium, and iodine-129 along the Hanford Reach. 

All these constituents are known to be entering the river from contaminated groundwater beneath the Hanford Site (Section 4.4.3). Measurements of strontium-90 at the Richland pumphouse were not statistically higher than those at the Vernita Bridge even though strontium-90 is known to enter the river through groundwater inflow at 100 N Area. 

Measurements of tritium along transects showed higher concentrations near the shoreline relative to mid-river for samples from the 100-N Area, the Hanford Townsite, the 300 Area, and the Richland pumphouse.

The above report makes sense when one looks at the area in which these tanks were placed. One would think that the ‘experts’ in charge back then would think about leaks, and would locate these tanks in an area that was mainly clay, which is good at limiting fluid movement and absorbing toxic radiation. 

However, quite the opposite happened. The nuclear ‘experts’ at Hanford located all tanks in an area that is full of sand and gravel, which is ideal for quick movement of any liquids and no filtration of radioactivity. These tanks were built on top of 200 feet of sand and gravel, which is just about the WORST possible thing to do with metal tanks full of liquid radioactive wastes.
The following report documents dumping of radioactive materials into the Columbia river. 

“The chief findings:

o Sixty percent of the Hanford Reach riverbed of the Columbia River is contaminated with solid, radioactive waste from Hanford’s thorium-to-uranium-233 production campaign. 

o The contamination probably resulted from disposal of solid radioactive waste directly into the Columbia River. This dumping occurred just upstream of the D-Reactor outfall.

At that location, there are remains of an old river crossing, which might have served as a radioactive waste disposal system.”
http://www.radioactivist.org/Q%20&%20A%20from%20GAP.pdf


Even without the above official reports that seem to prove dumping of radioactive materials and tanks leaking radiation into the Hanford River since 2002, we can logically compute what happens, given the fact that leaks have been happening in these tanks since the 1960’s. 
Let us assume that the radioactive liquids ONLY traveled 2 feet per day through this porous sand and gravel. We know, that sounds hard to believe, give the porosity of sand and gravel but let us stay conservative for now. 

If the liquids traveled 2 feet per day towards the river, which is 5 miles away, it would take 13,200 days to get there. By extension, this means the radiation would reach the river in 36 years, from the day the leaks started in 1960. From 1960 to 2013, totals 53 years. Is it any wonder that reports keep surfacing of radiation from Hanford entering the Columbia river?

Here is a specific listing of hundreds of types of radioactive isotopes that have been categorized and listed. “In this report you will find a listing of the names of 237 radionuclides that Hanford released into the air and into the Columbia River. This report will also briefly describe what would need to be done to estimate the amount released for each of the radionuclides. 


Meanwhile, the government and agency in charge of cleaning up the site downplays the dangers of radiation, as seen in the video above. They all consistently claim that only 1 to possibly 5 tanks started leaking recently, but that they pose no hazard to health. This news report is consistent with the nuclear industry strategy of denial, minimization, and outright coverup of what is really going on with radioactive substances.


Even the state governor standing up and asking for action at Hanford is way off the mark as far as knowing or admitting to what is REALLY going on.

Now that we have discussed the leaking of radioactive fluids into the Hanford River, which serves as the drinking water for many communities, let’s dive into the radioactive air emissions that have been going on since Hanford was built and operating. 

According to KING 5 News, April 5, 2013 (h/t Anonymous tip): The Department of Energy (DOE) issued a statement Friday insisting a hydrogen gas release at Hanford last month was not an unexpected event. But the DOE does not challenge KING 5’s exclusive report disputing the duration of the potentially dangerous release. 

On Thursday, KING 5 challenged the DOE’s assessment of the March 15th release, which stated it was an expected 36-hour event. Based on information from confidential sources, KING 5 learned the release actually lasted much longer, up to five days. […] KING 5 maintains the duration and intensity of the release elevate it beyond what could be considered “expected.” […]

http://enenews.com/tv-gas-release-from-u-s-nuclear-site-covered-up-continued-for-several-days-spontaenous-not-controlled-video

Official government and nuclear industry reports claim that there is nothing really going on at Hanford that is cause for alarm. However, just in the two sections above, anyone with common sense can see that the Hanford is a deadly, toxic waste dump that is releasing harmful radioactive substances into the air, groundwater and the Columbia river as well. To say this constant leaking and spewing of radiation into the surrounding environment and nearby communities stinks to the the height of extreme hubris. 


Could it be that there is a whole industry built on secrets, lies, deception and coverups? 

Art And Science Of Deception; Global Corporations And The 1% http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/p/corporations-art-and-science-of.html

When will we learn that nuclear energy is not meant for human beings? Nuclear power is too dangerous, too toxic, too invisible to trust ordinary humans with it, while at the same time tempting them with huge bonuses, perks, subsidies, and pork barrel spending. Remember what happened in the Greek tragedy to the boy who flew too close to the sun?   

Hanford – Leaking Radioactive Gas Into Air and Toxic Fluids Into Columbia River; via @AGreenRoad

More articles on this subject; 



Global Corporations And The 1%; Art And Science Of Deception
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/p/corporations-art-and-science-of.html

Individual Radioactive Elements/Isotopes, USA Radiation Exposure Prevention and Reversal, Music
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/p/individual-radioactive-elementsisotopes.html

Low Dose Radiation Dangers/Symptoms For Children And Adults
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/p/low-dose-radiation-dangers-for-children.html

Uranium Mining and Enrichment – Nuclear Bomb -Nuclear Fuel Manufacturing
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/p/uranium-mining-and-enrichment.html

Low Level Nuclear Radiation In Food And Water
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/p/low-level-nuclear-radiation-in-food-and.html

Effects Of Internal Low Level Nuclear Radiation
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/p/effects-of-internal-low-level-nuclear.html


Animals and Low Level Radiation Effects

Holistic Living And Green Energy
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/p/green-energy-green-living.html

Global Corporations And The 1%; Art And Science Of Deception
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/p/corporations-art-and-science-of.html

Exploring the Inner and Outer Mysteries of Life
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/p/mystery.html

Peace, War, Human Rights, Justice, Prisons
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/p/human-rightsjusticeprisons.html


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Radioactive Toxic Waste Found In Drinking Water Globally (James Beck MD)

The maximum allowed uranium pollution in water is 60 ppb. This means 60 parts of uranium are allowed per ONE BILLION parts of water. That is not a lot…

Radioactive contamination is being found in drinking water, via uranium, in Idaho, Texas, India, Japan and many other places, around the world. We wonder, where, or where, did all of this radioactive contamination come from? Are there any clues laying about?

The following video shows one source of where uranium contamination in both the ground and drinking water comes from…

It turns out that uranium mines, tailing piles and accidents around nuclear facilities are only ONE of many direct and primary causes of radioactive uranium contamination in drinking water. 


But there are other sources of uranium in drinking water and food. Believe it or not, toxic chemicals, heavy metals AND radioactive waste is added LEGALLY to chemical fertilizers in the USA and other countries. Get this… none of it has to be put on the label either. So you could be buying toxic waste to put on your plants or garden when you think you are just buying some cheap chemicals to make your garden grow better… 
The only problem with trying to stop drinking water or with filtering it out is that this is the same water that is usually used to put on farms. Farms raise the food that people eat. They all raise food by using huge amounts of chemical fertilizers, laced with heavy metals, chemicals and radioactive waste materials, such as uranium.  
So if the water going on plants and into animals is contaminated and undrinkable, what happens to the animals and plants that we eat? On another note, fetuses and babies are many times more sensitive than adults to the same heavy metal, chemical or radioactive contamination. What happens to them?

Is it any wonder that health problems with children and babies is going up and that more and more mothers are having problems conceiving or giving birth to healthy babies? Is it any wonder that farms are having more problems raising healthy plants and animals?

What is the total amount of radiation entering the water or soil in your area? Here is one researcher who has some potentially troubling statistics about this subject. 

According to Wikipedia; “Uranium poisoning in Punjab first made news in March 2009, when a South African Board Certified Candidate Clinical Metal Toxicologist, Carin Smit, visiting Faridkot city in Punjab, India, instrumental in having hair and urine samples taken (2008/9) of 149/53 children respectively, who affected with birth abnormalities including physical deformities, neurological and mental disorders. These samples were shipped to Microtrace Mineral Lab, Germany.
At the onset of the action research project, it was expected hat heavy metal / chemistry toxicity might be implicated as reasons why these children were so badly affected. Surprisingly, high levels of uranium were found in 88% of the samples, and in the case of one child, the levels were more than 60 times the maximum safe limit.[1][2][3].
A study, carried out amongst mentally retarded children in the Malwa region of Punjab, revealed 87% of children below 12 years and 82% beyond that age having uranium levels high enough to cause diseases, also uranium levels in samples of three kids from Kotkapura and Faridkot were 62, 44 and 27 times higher than normal.[4][5]
Subsequently, the Baba Farid Centre for Special Children, Faridkot, sent samples of five children from the worst-affected village, Teja Rohela, near Fazilka, which has over 100 children which are congenitally mentally and physically challenged, to the same lab.[6]
History
As early as 1995, Guru Nanak Dev University (GNDU) released a report, showing the presence of uranium and other heavy metals beyond permissible limits in water samples collected from Bathinda and Amritsar district, however there was no response from the government time at time.[7] 
The hotspot for this increased toxicity, however was the Malwa region of Punjab, which showed extremely high levels of chemical, biological and radioactive toxicity, including uranium contamination. As the region’s groundwater and food chain was gradually contaminated by industrial effluents flowing into fresh water sources used both for irrigation and drinking purposes, the region showed a rise in neurological diseases, and a sharp increase in cancer cases and kidney ailments, for example in Muktsar district between 2001 and 2009, 1,074 people died of cancer.[8]
Over the years, a case of slow poisoning was suspected by health workers of the Baba Farid Center For Special Children (BFCSC) in Bathinda and Faridkot, when they saw a sharp increase in the number of severely handicapped children, birth defects like hydrocephaly, microcephaly, cerebral palsy, Down’s syndrome and other physical and mental abnormalities, and cancers in children.[9]
In March 2008, Dr Carin Smit, a Candidate Clinical Metal toxicologist, in private practice in South Africa, and Vera Dirr, a teacher of children with cerebral palsy, alarmed after seen a high incidences of abnormalities in local children at the Baba Farid Center For Special Children (BFCSC) in Faridkot, a not-for-profit organization working with kids, ailing from autism, cerebral palsy and other neurological disorders requested help for laboratory tests from Microtarce Mineral Lab, Germany.[1][2] The centre reported a rise in the number of cases in the last six to seven years. The BFCSC uses naturopathic principles to treat is patients.[10]
Subsequent tests, carried out on the ground water displayed levels of uranium as high as 224mcg/l (micrograms per litre). However, samples taken in the vicinity of the around the coal-fired power plants were up to 15 times above the World Health Organisation‘s maximum safe limits. 
It was found that the contamination included a large parts of the state of Punjab, home to 24 million people.[9]. In 2010, water samples taken from Buddha Nullah, a highly polluted water canal, which merges into the Sutlej River, showed heavy metal content as quite high and the presence of uranium 1½ times the reference range.[11], and together with other forms of pollution, like ammonia, phosphate, chloride, chromium, arsenic andchlorpyrifos pesticides, the rivulet, is now being termed as “Other Bhopal” in the making.[5][12].
Causes
An investigation carried out The Observer newspaper, in 2009, revealed the possible that cause of contamination of soil and ground water in Malwa region of Punjab, to be the fly ash from coal burnt at thermal power plants, which contains high levels of uranium and ash as the region has state’s two biggest coal-fired power stations.[2][9]
Tests on ground water carried out by Dr Chander Parkash, a wetland ecologist and Dr Surinder Singh, also at Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, found the highest average concentration of uranium 56.95mcg/l, in the town of Bhucho Mandi in Bathinda district, a short distance from the ash pond of Lehra Mohabat thermal power plant. At village Jai Singh Wala, close to the Batinda ash pond, similar test results showed an average level of 52.79mcg/l.[9]
Other forms of toxicity
In 2009, under a Greenpeace Research Laboratories investigation, Dr Reyes Tirado, from the University of Exeter, UK, a study conducted in 50 villages in Muktsar, Bathinda and Ludhiana districts, revealed chemical, radiation and biological toxicity rampant in Punjab. 20% of the sampled wells showed nitrate levels above the safety limit of 50 mg/l, established by WHO, the study connected it with high use of synthetic nitrogen fertilizers.[13]
With increasing poisoning of the soil, the region once hailed as the home to the Green revolution, now due to excessive use of chemical fertilizer, is being termed the “Other Bhopal“, and “even credit-takers of the Revolution have begun to admit they had been wrong, now that they see wastelands and lives lost to farmer suicides in this “granary of India”.[14]


According to a comment made by Ramaswami Kumar; “since the average person consumes 720 kg water per year, he should take no more than .0423 gm of uranium, which is about 1600 Bq. Thus he is ingesting in 2012 four times the allowable limit of uranium. And uranium is a sequential decay chain and the mutation rate for ingested uranium is very high. This means a DNA can be hit twice during the same cell cycle making repair of the DNA impossible. We must eliminate uranium from drinking water.”

Navrajdeep Singh , Hindustan Times

Sangrur, September 29, 2012

First Published: 21:05 IST(29/9/2012)

Last Updated: 23:56 IST(29/9/2012)

http://www.hindustantimes.com/Punjab/Patiala/Uranium-in-water-situation-grim-in-Sangrur-Barnala/SP-Article1-937687.aspx

Radioactive Toxic Waste Found In Drinking Water Globally (James Beck MD); via A Green Road
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/10/radioactive-toxic-waste-sold-as.html