Tag Archives: waste

Rachel Maddow – The Problem With Radioactive Spent Fuel From Nuclear Reactors

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Rachel reports; “To make that nuclear reaction that makes that heat, those uranium pellets are the fuel. And just like any fuel, it gets used up eventually. Your 12-foot-long fuel rod full of those uranium pellet, lasts about six years in a reactor, until the fission process uses that uranium fuel up. It becomes something they call “spent fuel.” What they mean is that it is degraded enough that even though it’s still wicked radioactive, it is no longer efficient for doing what nuclear power plants are supposed to do, which is generating a lot of heat, boiling a bunch of water, making a bunch of steam that spins a bunch of turbines that make electricity.
So, here’s the problem — after you’ve gotten your good six years out of your uranium pellet-filled fuel rods, what do you do with them?
What do you do with your expired fuel? What do you do with that spent fuel rod?
Even after it’s been taken out of service, the spent fuel is still incredibly hot, thermally hot, like touching the stove hot. And it’s also very, very radioactive.”

Savannah River Site; Most Severely Radiation Polluted Place on Earth?

According to the article; Human Health Problems at Two of the Most Polluted Places on Earth, the Savannah River Site in South Carolina is an 802 square kilometer complex that has been severely polluted by five decades of Nuclear Weapons production. It is now rated as one of the top ten most polluted and toxic places on the planet.

Top ten most radioactive places on earth 
Ten most toxic places on Earth  

“Up to 100 million curies of tritium were released from over the decades, contaminating the region’s drinking water. 490 million Curies of liquid high level radioactive Y-/vats are stored in underground tanks. [7] Near the Savannah River Site, the death rate is 19.8% above normal, largely from heart disease and cancer; both are associated with ionizing radiation.”
http://www.un.org/en/conf/npt/2005/statements/nptngo-Zeller.pdf

According to the video source description above “at the Savannah River Department of Energy site near Aiken, South Carolina, USA, a 300-square-mile complex of streams, ponds, nuclear reactors, reprocessing units and barbed wire in the pine woods on the South Carolina-Georgia border, everything from the deer and ducks to the collard greens shows traces of radiation.

Swimming through the ponds into which the Energy Department has dumped billions of gallons of contaminated water over a period of 30 years are turtles, which absorb radioactive tritium, strontium and cesium in their shells and flesh. The radioactivity will outlive the turtle by decades. What about other animals that use these contaminated ponds for drinking water?

William H. Lawless, once a senior project engineer in radioactive waste management at the Department of Energy, wrote in The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists in 1985 that pond-slider turtles with radioactive strontium levels up to 1,000 times the natural background had been found more than half a mile from the plant border, at a commercial hog farm. To control the problem, fences have been erected to keep turtles from wandering through the most polluted areas and then off the site. (Radioactive animals daring to wander off the site is a problem at Hanford as well. Accidents are common at all recycling plants like this one. Here is an example of another plant just like this one in Japan.)
Tokai And Rokkasho Reprocessing Plants History, Accidents And Dangers; via A Green Road  
In 1950 the Atomic Energy Commission designated the location for the atomic weapons complex which was then called the Savannah River Plant. Within five years, the basic facilities were in operation and plutonium metal and tritium gas were being produced and delivered for atomic weapons. The principal construction and operations contractor was E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company which continued as such until Westinghouse took the reins in 1989. 


Until the end of the Cold War in 1991, nuclear materials for tens of thousands of atomic weapons were manufactured at the Savannah River Plant.” Source: April, 1992 Alternative Views #466: NO NUKES IS GOOD NUKES (1992). 

The show featured the outstanding 1991 documentary, “Building Bombs,” along with an interview with its co-director-producer. Building Bombs is a 1991 documentary film produced and directed by Mark Mori and Susan J. Robinson. It was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature. It dealt with environmental contamination and worker safety issues at the Savannah River Site nuclear materials processing center. 

The entire film “Building Bombs” is currently available as a DVD at Amazon.com. Alternative Views was a public affairs program that produced 563 one-hour TV shows between 1978, and 1998. It’s goal was to provide information and perspectives that either were not shown on the regular mass media or were greatly distorted by them. The show also provided a platform for other people to present their views and to play their documentaries that the Establishment mass media would not. This program is available at the Internet Archive.” Source; http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fFhEVzsxESc&feature=related
The Under a Cloud video above presents evidence that the Savannah River Site in South Carolina had a recent, unreported radioactive fallout release event. That radioactive fallout threatens human and environmental health for ‘downwinders’. This is a “wake-up call” for the communities around the Savannah River Site: communities around this site must take action to secure site accountability and to protect our health and the environment. Original release date: Sept. 2003 Video source:

http://enenews.com/mox-plant-weapons-grade-plutonium-being-built-south-carolina-site-uss-ominous-looking-reactor-located-top-souths-dangerous-quake-fault-photos-video


Reprocessing plants are UNIVERSALLY extremely expensive to build, dangerous and accident prone once completed, create huge amounts of radiation while operating and leave toxic radioactive messes behind once they are ‘done’. 

Windscale: Biggest Covered Up UK Nuclear Disaster? via A Green Road http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/03/windscale-biggest-covered-up-uk-nuclear.html
Ozyorsk – Kyshtym – Mayak Nuclear Waste Reprocessing Center Disaster And Coverup; via A Green Road  http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/03/ozyorsk-kyshtym-mayak-nuclear-waste.html
La Hague; France’s Nuclear Waste Nightmare; via A Green Road http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/03/la-hague-nuclear-waste-nightmare.html 
UK Sellafield Nuclear Reprocessing Plant Loses $1.2 Billion Pounds, Then Closes; via A Green Road
Pu-239, The Half Life of Timofey Berezin; via A Green Roadhttp://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/10/pu-239-half-life-of-timofey-berezin.html
Knowing all of this, does it make sense to build a MOX plant using weapons-grade plutonium at this S. Carolina site with ominous looking reactors — This plant is also located on top of region’s most dangerous earthquake fault line (PHOTOS AND VIDEO)

According to the DC News “NNSA’s nonproliferation and energy solution is Mixed Oxide Fuel (MOX). With little more than a theory, the Clinton, Bush and Obama administrations accepted an unproven idea and committed billions of taxpayer money to building an enormous plant to take surplus plutonium from weapons and civilian programs from around the world, grind it into a fine powder and turn it into a very dangerous, toxic, radioactive and highly volatile fuel array for civilian nuclear power reactors. Some experts say this process is more dangerous than stabilizing and burying the excess plutonium.

MOX production facility


The Fukushima crisis should be teaching humanity a great lesson; nuclear weapons, nuclear power plants and humans do not mix well on the same planet. 

The earthquakes, hurricanes and tsunamis that happen on a regular basis knock out the cooling systems, and then these plants melt down and/or explode,  releasing enough radiation just from the spent fuel pools in worst case scenarios, to kill everyone on the planet. Here is just the latest example. With each huge earthquake or tsunami, more nuclear facilities will get knocked out, quite possibly with much WORSE consequences. 
What really happened at Fukushima? via A Green Road http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/02/what-really-happened-at-fukushima.html
How Dangerous Is 400-600 Pounds Of Plutonium Nano Particle Dust Liberated By Fukushima? Via A Green Road http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/03/how-dangerous-is-400-600-pounds-of.html
Hot Particles (Fuel Fleas) From Fukushima Continue To Circulate Globally; via A Green Road http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/04/hot-particles-from-fukushima-continue.html
Fukushima Nano Bucky Balls Weaponized With Uranium, Plutonium, And Cesium; via A Green Road
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/10/bucky-balls-and-fukushima-what-is-danger.html

Total Fukushima Radiation Released Into Ocean, Air, Groundwater, Storage Tanks; via A Green Road http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/02/total-fukushima-radiation-released-into.html

Comparing Contaminated Zones Around Chernobyl And Fukushima Ocean Radiation Released; via A Green Road http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/05/comparing-contaminated-zones-around.html 


At the Savannah River Site, “working with its huge and politically-connected contractors, NNSA uses an old, tired Atoms-For-Peace argument: It will solve the country’s energy problems by taking excess warhead material and converting it to reactor fuel for “peaceful” purposes. Former Obama White House Senior Advisor David Axelrod coined the phrase – nuclear power is the “bridge to our energy future” – when his company worked for Exelon, a Chicago-based utility that is the largest nuclear operator in the United States. NNSA says its MOX fuel will provide an abundant, on-demand, carbon-free power supply. Some powerful environmental groups like the Natural Resources Defense Council became convinced that a new generation of nuclear reactors could be a sensible alternative to coal-fired plants. “
http://www.dcbureau.org/201109126200/national-security-news-service/the-bomb-plant.html

According to the National Security News Service; “tons of weapons grade plutonium and other nuclear materials, a target for terrorists, are not being properly protected by the National Nuclear Security Administration at the Department of Energy’s sprawling Savannah River Site. A secret security review underway at DOE and other government agencies after an elderly nun last summer breached a NNSA bomb-grade-uranium facility at the Oak Ridge Tennessee Y12 area reveals “harrowing problems in site management and control at other DOE sites,” said a Homeland Security official who requested anonymity. The official said that the Savannah River Site was of concern because “SRS does not have the staffing or the facilities to protect the huge amounts of plutonium that have been brought to SRS in recent years.” There is enough weapons grade plutonium to destroy the world multiple times at this site.”
There are many security concerns around this site, explored in the above video.. If an 80 year old nun and two other people can get right up to a building housing tons of plutonium and spray it with paint, what would happen if a bunch of determined terrorists did this at the Savannah River Site?

The mass media does not like to talk about it, but terrorists have taken over a nuclear power plant already…

Atucha Nuclear Reactor Taken Over By Terrorists; via A Green Road

The Savannah River Site plant has numerous steel tanks (49) containing 36 BILLION gallons of toxic, radioactive liquids. No one knows what to do with it. No one seems to care. Meanwhile, these 46 ordinary steel tanks with highly radioactive liquids in them are rusting and corroding away.. At Hanford, many of these types of metal tanks have rusted through, and the highly toxic extremely radioactive liquid is now moving underground towards the Columbia River that supplies drinking water for MILLIONS of people. Find out more about  disaster that is potentially awaiting all of the cities downstream of Hanford in this article…

Hanford; Lethal And Leaking; A Race To Armageddon?  via A Green Road http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/03/hanford-lethal-and-leaking-race-to.html

The concept of a reprocessing or recyling plant is that plutonium can be used for fuel in the form of MOX, or mixed oxide fuel. However, in practice, this fuel is proving to be FAR more dangerous and FAR more toxic when it is involved in an accident, than the plain uranium based fuels that reactors normally run on. The Fukushima accident and explosion is one example of how badly this fuel reacts during an accident..

“Savannah River MOX report 6 months overdue to Congress”

“The concept of mixing plutonium with traditional uranium oxide reactor fuel is part of an international nonproliferation plan. The plutonium to be used at the MOX plant comes from dismantled warheads, and its conversion to commercial fuel prevents its use in nuclear weapons.”
“On April 7, 1977, President Jimmy Carter banned the reprocessing of commercial reactor spent nuclear fuel in the USA. The key issue driving this policy was the serious threat of nuclear weapons proliferation by diversion of plutonium from the civilian fuel cycle, and to encourage other nations to follow the USA lead.” 
President Carter recognized that the non-proliferation theory is a deception. The DOE wants to sell plutonium, not figure out how to store it safely for eons of time. NO ONE wants ANYTHING radioactive in their backyard. Also, these plants emit more radiation EVERY YEAR, than the TMI accident from beginning to end.

President Obama wants to start up this supposedly green ‘recycling’ facility. Would that have anything to do with Exelon contributing huge amounts of money to his campaign? “Obama’s dirtiest, deadly secret exposed: Plutonium ‘Bomb Plant,’ ‘Green future’”

“Obama and Works of Death”

The nuclear industry can only survive with secrecy and lies. Here is just a small sample of what has been covered up by the nuclear industry…..


Los Angeles Nuclear Plant Meltdown; Completely Covered Up; via A Green Road http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/03/los-angeles-nuclear-plant-meltdown.html 

Radium Girls And Radium Dials; Ottowa Illinois, Death City; via A Green Road http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/04/radium-girls-radium-dials-ottowa.html

75% US Nuclear Plants Leaking Toxic Tritium Radiation Into Drinking Water Supply; via A Green Road

On Fukushima Beach Movie Parts 1 – 4; via A Green Road http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/10/on-fukushima-beach-movie-parts-1-4.html

Fukushima 5 Minute Summary Of Events 2011 to 2012; via A Green Road http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/06/fukushima-5-minute-summary-of-events.html

Is Fukushima really in cold shutdown? via A Green Road  

Ex Fukushima Engineer Confesses; No Cold Shutdown, Warned of Tsunami 20 Yrs Ago; via A Green Road

Radioactive Smoke/Steam Coming Out Of Ground At Fukushima 2.28.2012; via A Green Road

Fukushima Lies Movie Part I and II; via A Green Road Blog; via A Green Road

Fukushima Tsunami Explosion Coverup? via A Green Road http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/03/fukushima-tsunami-explosion-coverup.html 

Fukushima; Pacific Ocean Catastrophe Confirmed; via A Green Road http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/04/fukushima-pacific-ocean-catastrophe.html

Fukushima Leaking Radioactive Water Into Ocean Plume; via A Green Road http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/04/fukushima-leaking-radioactive-water.html

Radioactive Waste Dumping In Oceans via A Green Road

On 3/11; 15-28 Nuclear Reactors/SFP’s In Japan Were Damaged, Not 3 or 4 ; via A Green Road http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/03/14-nuclear-reactors-at-4-japan-sites.html

TEPCO Loses ALL Insurance Coverage; Japanese Nuclear Plants; Via A Green Road
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/03/tepco-loses-insurance-coverage-for-all.html

Fukushima; Today’s Titantic and Costa Concordia; via A Green Road http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/04/fukushima-todays-titantic-and-costa.html

Multiple Nuclear Reactors Bombed; All Nuclear Reactors ARE Bombs; via A Green Road

Fukushima Crisis Total Cost Up To $10 TRILLION Dollars; via A Green Road http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/06/fukushima-crisis-total-cost-up-to-10.html


The nuclear industry loves to pretend that nuclear is green. Read about this deceptive propoganda in greater detail here….

Dr. Ivan Oelrich; Nuclear Spent Fuel Reprocessing Greenwashing; via A Green Road  http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/06/dr-ivan-oelrich-nuclear-spent-fuel.html

Would you allow ANYONE with the following kind of horror filled history, non transparency and dangers to countless future generations into your community?  

Fukushima Reactor 4;  Global Life Extinction Event If It Collapses; via A Green Road

12 reasons why all nuclear power plants must be shut down; via A Green Road   http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/03/12-reasons-why-all-nuclear-power-plants.html

Nuclear Power; EXPENSIVE, Dirty, Dangerous And Toxic; via A Green Road

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Savannah River Site; Most Severely Radiation Polluted Place on Earth? via A Green Road http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/11/savannah-river-site-most-severely.html

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Dr. Paolo Scampa Reports That Fukushima Released 3,000 Billion Lethal Doses Of Radiation

http://cinemaforumfukushima.org/2012/05/06/archive-footage-of-the-nyc-press-conference-may-4th-2012/

“Dr Paolo Scampa, a widely know EU Physicist, single handedly popularized the easily understood Lethal Doses concept. “Lethal Doses”; what does it mean?

Dr. Paolo has estimated that Fukushima in total has released radiation that equals approximately “three thousand billion (3,000,000,000,000) lethal doses of radiation. This is up from about 70 Billion = 70,000,000,000 Billion Lethal Doses” released as of March 23, 2011. Fukushima continues to leak invisible, deadly, cancer and genetic disease causing radiation.

Fukushima is getting worse because it continues to leak radiation 24 hours a day. Huge one wall metal radiation waste storage tanks are being built on site that house screaming hot nuclear liquid waste, but NONE of these hundreds or thousands of metal tanks is earthquake proof, much less freeze proof. 


Hanford in the USA built huge liquid radiation tanks also, and they are now leaking into the groundwater and the Columbia River. This radiation is added to the radiation coming from old abandoned uranium mines.

Spokane And Columbia Rivers Contaminated From Old Abandoned Uranium Mines; via A Green Road

This disaster is not over. The mass media mostly pays no attention to Fukushima, or if it does, it minimizes and spins the disaster into something that sounds minor and completely done with. The government is now asking residents to move back in. It is bringing in children to play in the highly radioactive zone and promoting the province as a ‘tourist’ destination for exchange students. 


Meanwhile, the mass media TV ‘programming’ focuses on dancing stars, trials of murderers, divorces and traffic accidents, as well as other minutia, instead of on issues such as nuclear power, which can easily cause a life extinction event. 

Most people seem to accept the ‘programming’, and cannot believe that anything else is possible, even when confronted with facts and proof.http://www.veteranstoday.com/2011/05/28/fukushima-how-many-chernobyls-is-it/

Radioactive Waste Dumping In Oceans

There are many ways that radiation from both the military, energy, medical and nuclear power industries ends up in the oceans of the world. No one is calculating the total from ALL sources, but some information is available. Just the few reprocessing plants release enough radiation into the ocean and air EACH YEAR, to equal a full blown nuclear accident such as Three Mile Island. This simple fact is covered up and denied by the nuclear industry. 

“”Although dumping radioactive wastes at sea from ships is now banned, paradoxically the discharge of radioactive wastes into the sea via pipelines from land is not,” said Mike Townsley of Greenpeace. “Such ‘double standards’ are not maintained for technical or scientific reasons, but only because the operators of the nuclear reprocessing facilities in La Hague (France) and Sellafield (UK) want to save money.”

“It is cheaper for them to continue to use the sea as a radioactive garbage bin than to store this radioactive waste on land; for the nuclear industry, money comes first and the environment second”, said Mike Townsley (2).”

http://www.greenpeace.org.uk/media/press-releases/thousands-of-radioactive-waste-barrels-rusting-away-on-the-seabed


Gulf Seafood Radium Levels; Chernobyl in the Gulf of Mexico; via A Green Road
Windscale: Biggest Covered Up UK Nuclear Disaster? via A Green Road http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/03/windscale-biggest-covered-up-uk-nuclear.html
Ozyorsk – Kyshtym – Mayak Nuclear Waste Reprocessing Center Disaster And Coverup; via A Green Road  http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/03/ozyorsk-kyshtym-mayak-nuclear-waste.html
La Hague; France‘s Nuclear Waste Nightmare; via A Green Road http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/03/la-hague-nuclear-waste-nightmare.html 
UK Sellafield Nuclear Reprocessing Plant Loses $1.2 Billion Pounds, Then Closes; via A Green Road
Hanford; Lethal And Leaking; A Race To Armageddon?  via A Green Road http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/03/hanford-lethal-and-leaking-race-to.html
Rokkasho Reprocessing Plant History, Accidents And Dangers; via A Green Road  
Dr. Ivan Oelrich; Nuclear Spent Fuel Reprocessing Greenwashing; via A Green Road  http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/06/dr-ivan-oelrich-nuclear-spent-fuel.html

Dumping in the oceans is still happening as we can see from the above articles and measurements by Greenpeace as well as others. So it does a great disservice when Wikipedia reports nuclear dumping as something that happened ONLY in the past, and it is not happening anymore.

According to Wikipedia; “From 1946 through 1993, thirteen countries (fourteen, if the USSR and Russia are considered separately) used ocean disposal or ocean dumping as a method to dispose of nuclear/radioactive waste. The waste materials included both liquids and solids housed in various containers, as well as reactor vessels, with and without spent or damaged nuclear fuel.[1] 


Since 1993, ocean disposal has been banned by agreement through a number of international treaties. (London Convention (1972), Basel Convention, MARPOL 73/78)”Ocean floor disposal” (or sub-seabed disposal)—a more deliberate method of delivering radioactive waste to the ocean floor and depositing it into the seabed—was studied by the UK and Sweden, but never implemented.[2]

Data are from IAEA-TECDOC-1105.[1] page 3-4


1946 First dumping operation (USA) at Northeast Pacific Ocean (about 80 km off the coast of California

1957 First IAEA Advisory Group Meeting on Radioactive Waste Disposal into the Sea

1958 First United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS I)

1972 Adoption of the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter (London Convention 1972)

1975 The London Convention 1972 entered into force (Prohibition of dumping of high level radioactive waste.)

1983 Decision on moratorium on low level waste dumping

1988 Assessing the Impact of Deep Sea Disposal of Low-level Radioactive Waste on Living Marine Resources. IAEA Technical Reports Series No. 288

1990 Estimation of Radiation Risks at Low Dose. IAEA-TECDOC-557

1993 Russia reported the dumping of high level nuclear waste including spend nuclear fuel by former USSR.

1994 Feb-20 Total prohibition of radioactive waste disposal at sea came into force


Disposal; 1946-1993

Data are from IAEA-TECDOC-1105.[1] 


Summary of page 27-120

Disposals were taken place under consideration of;
locate ideal dumping site for depth, stability and ocean current treatment of radioactive waste, solidification, containment

However some of dumping was done to dilute radioactive waste with surface water. Some containers imploded after being dumped due to the enormous pressures found in deep ocean water. 


Some containers survived the huge ocean pressures but their physical structure will decay in time while they sit on the ocean floor. Eventually these containers will ALL start leaking radioactive material.
Country total at the major site. SU=Soviet Union (39,243TBq), GB=UK (35,088TBq), CH=Switzerland (4,419TBq), BE=Belgium (2,120TBq). France (354TBq), Germany (0.2TBq), Italy (0.2TBq), Netherland (336TBq), Sweden (3.2TBq) are within GB marker, Russia (2.8TBq) is within SU marker. US total 3,496TBq, Japan 15TBq, So Korea ?TBq, New Zealand 1+TBq.

USSR, UK, Switzerland, US, Belgium, France, Netherlands, Japan, Sweden, Russia, New Zealand, Germany, Italy and Korea had dumped waste at over 100 dumping sites.


Ocean dumping of radioactive waste 1946-93

Country dumped (unit TBq=1012Bq)period num of sites, volume, etc.
Arctic Atlantic Pacific Total
USSR 38,369 0 874 39,243 1959-92[3] Arctic; 20 sites, 222x103m3 and reactor w or w/o spent fuel,
Pacific Ocean (mainly sea of Japan); 12 sites, 145x103m3
Russia 0.7 0 2.1 2.8 1992-93 Arctic; 3,066m3,
Pacific Ocean 6,327m3
Belgium 0 2,120 0 2,120 1960-82 NE Atlantic 6 sites, 55,324 containers, 23.1x103tons
France 0 354 0 354 1967-69 NE Atlantic 2 sites, 46,396 containers, 14.3x103tons
Germany 0 0.2 0 0.2 1967 NE Atlantic 1 site once, 480 containers, 185tons
Italy 0 0.2 0 0.2 1969 NE Atlantic 1 site, 100 containers, 45tons
Netherlands 0 336 0 336 1967-82 NE Atlantic 4 sites, 28,428 containers, 19.2x103tons
Sweden 0 3.2 0 3.2 1959,61,69 Baltic sea 1 site, 230 containers, 64 tons, NEAtlantic 1 site, 289.5 containers, 1,080 tons,
Switzerland 0 4,419 0 4,419 1969-82 NE Atlantic, 3 sites, 7,420 containers, 5,321 tons
UK 0 35,088 0 35,088 1948-82 NE Atlantic 15 sites, ?? containers, 74,052 tons
and 18 sites off coast of British isles more than 9.4 TBq
USA 0 2,942 554 3,496 1946-70 Mid/NW of Atlantic(9), Gulf of Mexico(2) total 11 sites, 34,282 containers, ? tones,
Mid/NE of Pacific Ocean, total of 18 sites, 56,261 containers, ? tones
Japan 0 0 15.08 15.08 1955-69 South of main island, 6 sites 15 times, 3,031 containers, 606x103m3
New Zealand 0 0 1.04 1.04 1954-76 East coast of New Zealand, 4 sites, 9 containers, 0.62m3
South Korea 0 0 no data 1968-72 Sea of Japan, 1 site 5 times?, 115 container, 45 tons
Total 38,369 45,262 1,446 85,077

Total of 85.1×1015 Becquerel(Bq)(initial radioactivity at the time of dump) of radio active waste were disposed at sea.

Magnitude of radiation


Global fallout of nuclear weapon tests, 2,566,087x1015Bq.[4]
1986 Chernobyl disaster total release of 12,060x1015Bq.[5]
2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster, estimate of total aerial release of radioactivity is 11,346x1015Bq.[6] Cooling water dumped (leaked) to the sea, TEPCO estimate 4.7x1015Bq、Japanese Nuclear Safety Commission estimate 15x1015Bq[7]、French Nuclear safety committee estimate 27x1015Bq[8]
One container (net 400kg) of vitrified high level radioactive waste has average of 4x1015Bq (Max 45x1015Bq).

Some countries reported mass of disposed waste with volume and some with tonnage. USA did not report tonnage nor volume of 90,543 containers.Subtotal of all volume reported is 982,394m3, which is about 4 times of the capacity of Exxon Valdez(235,000m3)Subtotal of reported tonnage is 137,392 tons, which is about 65% of deadweight tonnage of Exxon Valdez (209,836tons).
Types of waste and packaging

Data are from IAEA-TECDOC-1105.[1] page 6-7, 14

Liquid waste
unpackaged and diluted in surface waters
contained in package but not solidified

Solid waste
low level waste like resins, filters, material used for decontamination processes, etc., solidified with cement or bitumen and packaged in metal containers
unpackaged solid waste, mainly large parts of nuclear installations (steam generators, pumps, lids of reactor pressure vessels, etc.

Reactor vessels without nuclear fuel, containing damaged spent nuclear fuel solidified with polymer agent special container with damaged spent nuclear fuel (icebreaker Lenin by the former Soviet Union)

Ocean disposal (unit TBq = 1012Bq)
Waste type AtlanticPacific  Ocean Arctic total note
Reactors with spent fuel Nil Nil 36,876 36,876
Reactors w/o fuel 1,221 166 143 1,530
Low Level solid 44,043 821 585 45,449
Low level liquid Total 45,264 1445 38,369 85,078

Locations of dumping

Data are from IAEA-TECDOC-1105.[1] page 27-120

Arctic

Mainly at the east coast of Novaya Zemlya at Kara Sea and relatively small proportion at Barentz Sea by USSR. Dumped at 20 sites from 1959-92,[3] total of 222x103m3 including reactors and spent fuel.


“Enormous quantities of decommissioned Russian nuclear reactors and radioactive waste were dumped into the Kara Sea in the Arctic Ocean north of Siberia over a course of decades, according to documents given to Norwegian officials by Russian authorities and published in Norwegian media.”
http://www.bellona.org/articles/articles_2012/Russia_reveals_dumps 

Arctic ocean dump sites of radioactive waste. SU=USSR (38,369TBq), RU=Russia (0.7TBq), SE=Sweden.

North Atlantic dump sites

Began with UK dumping in 1948 and last dumping in 1982 by UK, Switzerland, Belgium and Netherland. UK had reported many dumping around UK isles which were relatively low level or no available data and not plotted in the map.

78% of dumping at Atlantic Ocean is done by UK (35,088TBq), followed by Switzerland (4,419TBq), USA (2,924TBq) and Belgium (2,120TBq). Sunken USSR nuclear submarines are not included. see List of sunken nuclear submarines

137x103tones were dumped by 8 European countries. USA did not report tonnage nor volume of 34,282 containers.

BE=Belgium (2,120TBq), FR=France (354TBq), DE=Germany (0.2TBq), IT=Italy (0.2TBq), NL=Netherlands (336TBq),SE=Sweden (3.2TBq), CH=Switzerland (4,419TBq), GB=UK (35,088TBq), US=USA (2,942TBq), SU=USSR.
Pacific Ocean

USSR 874TBq, USA 554 TBq, Japan 15.1TBq, New Zealand 1+TBq and unknown figure by South Korea. 751x103m3 were dumped by Japan and USSR. USA did not report tonnage nor volume of 56,261 containers.

Dumping of contaminated water at 2011 Fukushima Nuclear accident (estimate 4,700-270,00TBq) is not included.


Fukushima; Pacific Ocean Catastrophe Confirmed; via A Green Road http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/04/fukushima-pacific-ocean-catastrophe.html
Fukushima Leaking Radioactive Water Into Ocean Plume; via A Green Road http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/04/fukushima-leaking-radioactive-water.html


JP=Japan (15.1TBq), KR=South Korea (?TBq), NZ=New Zealand (1+TBq), RU=Russia (2.1TBq), SU=USSR (874TBq), US=USA (554TBq).
[edit]Sea of Japan

USSR dumped 749TBq in the Sea of Japan, Japan dumped 15.1TBq south of main island. South Korea dumped 45 tones (unknown radio activity value) in the Sea of Japan.

Dump sites in the Sea of Japan. Sites off coast of Nakhodka are of USSR and RU=Russia.

Environmental impact

Data are from IAEA-TECDOC-1105.[1] page 7

Arctic Ocean dump sites

The joint Russian-Norwegian expeditions (1992–94) collected sample from four waste dumping sites. At immediate vicinity of waste containers, elevated levels of radionuclide are found…

North-East Atlantic Ocean dump site

Dumped by UK, Switzerland, Belgium, France, Netherland, Sweden, German and Italy. IAEA had been studied since 1977. In the report of 1996 by CRESP suggests measurable leakages of radioactive material….

North-East Pacific Ocean, North-West Atlantic Ocean dump sites of USA

These sites are monitored by United States Environmental Protection Agency and US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. So far no excess level of radionuclides were found in sample (sea water, sediments) collected in the area, except the sample taken at close location of disposed packages which contained elevated level of isotopes of caesium and plutonium.”en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ocean_disposal_of_radioactive_waste 

Radioactive Waste Dumping In Oceans via A Green Road
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/09/radioactive-waste-dumping-in-oceans.html

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How To Prevent Any New Nuclear Power Plants From Being Built, Switch To 100% Renewables

In this article we discuss methods that will result in nuclear plants being shut down as well as having no new ones being built in the future.


There are plenty of reasons for hope. Most nuclear power plants are located in only four nations, and most nations have few or no nuclear power plants. Let’s work together to get them all shut down and make this LONG list of nuclear free nations include all nations on Earth.

List Of Countries/Nations Closing Down ALL Nuclear Power Plants; via A Green Road Blog

Corporate Welfare


In the first part of the following video, nuclear engineer Arnie Gunderson discusses how to keep any new nuclear power plants from being built.


He discusses how the weak Achilles heel of the nuclear industry is that it needs taxpayers to fund it with corporate welfare, or it would be dead, due to lack of any investor, insurance company or anyone else. 


Warren Buffet looked at nuclear power and could not figure out how to make money with it. If he cannot do this, how can the average person justify putting taxpayer money into it?

A panel chaired by Karen Charman with Mary Olson, whistleblower Arnie Gunderson, and Miche Lee, detail the environmental inappropriateness and danger of nuclear power and centralized coal power plants. They discuss what happened around Three Mile Island, and why nuclear power plants are a bad idea, no matter what.


She mentions how the TMI class action Judge Rambo concluded that stress and mental problems caused all problems after TMI, and that radiation had no effect on anyone. He dismissed not only eight out of ten experts on the class action claimants side, he also dismissed the whole lawsuit after it had been going on for several years. Judge Rambo said; “They did not prove their case, because all health effects were due to stress or mental problems.”


Yet, the NRC and other federal government agencies and/or Congress  did not allow any psychological effects, stress or mental anguish reasons to be considered when it made a decision to restart the remaining Three Mile Island nuclear reactor. 


Even the PUC is playing the nuclear bandit game according to these speakers. The states are passing laws that allow public utilities involved with nuclear  power to cooperate together across state boundaries, and then to force local towns to accept nuclear power, even if they are opposed to it on a local level. How does this work?


These same utility companies also utilize coal energy, so if a town does not like coal as their primary energy source, they are forced into nuclear, or vice versa. 


Either way, it is much like a bandit forcing people to trade money for dirty energy that pollutes their towns and many future generations suffer from the consequences.

Violence

Although A Green Road does not agree with this method, Anarchists seem to think that nuclear power is not good around human beings to the point where  they have decided that they are going to use violence as a solution. 


It may be that they believe this is the only way, because there seems to be no way for the average person to have any ‘voice’ in this debate. This ‘no voice’ results in anarchists starting to take matters into their own hands. 


Much like democracy turning into anarchy or fascism if the people no longer have a voice, the same is true for nuclear power and  nuclear weapons. The majority of people globally don’t want nuclear power or weapons. So why is it still happening? Why are new nuclear power plants being built, when a majority of ordinary citizens no longer want it?


Italian anarchists kneecap nuclear executive and threaten more shootings (Guardian)


“An anarchist group claimed responsibility on Friday for kneecapping an Italian nuclear engineering executive and warned it would strike another seven times at the firm’s parent company, Finmeccanica. In a four-page letter sent to an Italian newspaper, the group, calling itself the Olga Nucleus of the Informal Anarchist Federation-International Revolutionary Front, said two of its members had shot Roberto Adinolfi, the CEO of Ansaldo Nucleare, in Genoa on Monday..]”
There is more than one way to interpret anarchy.  Here is another way to view anarchy when viewed through the lens of freedom and non violence. 

According to Wikipedia, “the Masque of Anarchy is a political poem written in 1819 (see 1819 in poetry) by Percy Bysshe Shelley following the Peterloo Massacre of that year. In his call for freedom, it is perhaps the first modern statement of the principle of nonviolent resistance.

The poem was not published during Shelley’s lifetime and did not appear in print until 1832 (see 1832 in poetry), when published by Edward Moxon in London with a preface by Leigh Hunt.[1] Shelley had sent the manuscript in 1819 for publication in The Examiner. Leigh Hunt withheld it from publication because he “thought that the public at large had not become sufficiently discerning to do justice to the sincerity and kind-heartedness of the spirit that walked in this flaming robe of verse.” The epigraph on the cover of the first edition is from The Revolt of Islam(1818): “Hope is strong; Justice and Truth their winged child have found.”

Written on the occasion of the massacre carried out by the British Government at St Peter’s Field, Manchester 1819, Shelley begins his poem with the powerful images of the unjust forms of authority of his time “God, and King, and Law” – and he then imagines the stirrings of a radically new form of social action: “Let a great assembly be, of the fearless, of the free”. 


The crowd at this gathering is met by armed soldiers, but the protestors do not raise an arm against their assailants: “Stand ye calm and resolute, Like a forest close and mute, With folded arms and looks which are Weapons of unvanquished war. And if then the tyrants dare, Let them ride among you there, Slash, and stab, and maim and hew, What they like, that let them do.With folded arms and steady eyes, And little fear, and less surprise Look upon them as they slay Till their rage has died away Then they will return with shame To the place from which they came, And the blood thus shed will speak In hot blushes on their cheek. Rise like Lions after slumber In unvanquishable number, Shake your chains to earth like dew Which in sleep had fallen on you-Ye are many — they are few” [2]

Shelley elaborates on the psychological consequences of violence met with pacifism. The guilty soldiers he says, will return shamefully to society, where “blood thus shed will speak In hot blushes on their cheek”.


Women will point out the murderers on the streets, their former friends will shun them, and honorable soldiers will turn away from those responsible for the massacre, “ashamed of such base company”. 


A version was taken up by Henry David Thoreau in his essay Civil Disobedience, and later by Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi in his doctrine of Satyagraha.[2] Gandhi’s passive resistance was influenced and inspired by Shelley’s nonviolence in protest and political action.[3] It is known that Gandhi would often quote Shelley’s Masque of Anarchy to vast audiences during the campaign for a free India.[4][2]

The poem mentions several members of Lord Liverpool‘s government by name: the Foreign Secretary, Castlereagh who appears as a mask worn by Murder, the Home Secretary, Lord Sidmouth whose guise is taken by Hypocrisy, and the Lord Chancellor, Lord Eldon whose ermine gown is worn by Fraud. Led byAnarchy, a skeleton with a crown, they try to take over England, but are slain by a mysterious armored figure who arises from a mist.

The maiden Hope, revived, then calls to the people of England: “Men of England, heirs of Glory, Heroes of unwritten story, Nurslings of one mighty Mother, Hopes of her, and one another;What is Freedom? 


Ye can tell That which Slavery is too well, For its very name has grown To an echo of your own Let a vast assembly be, And with great solemnity Declare with measured words, that ye Are, as God has made ye, free!


The old laws of England–they Whose reverend heads with age are grey, Children of a wiser day; And whose solemn voice must be Thine own echo–Liberty! Rise like Lions after slumber In unvanquishable number, Shake your chains to earth like dew Which in sleep had fallen on you-Ye are many — they are few”.

Political authors and campaigners such as Richard Holmes, Paul Foot among others describe it as “the greatest political poem ever written in English”.[5][6]
Source: Maidenheaven and Wikipedia


Community Activism


What this poem is pointing is the principle that no 1 percent can hold power over 99 percent when the 99 percent have decided that this is no longer going to happen. When the people rise up and demand something, they will get it, one way or another. 


Get involved and become a community activist. Join or start a coalition of community groups that will put an end to the despotism of 1 percentism. The Rebuild The Dream Coalition is one opportunity,  at http://www.rebuildthedream.com – 
Occupy is another, http://www.occupy.com – 
Green Drinks is another; http://www.greendrinks.org
Even the Tea Party members agree that corporations should be kicked out of Congress. 


Bottom line, the 99 percent agree, that monopolies should have no hold on political power. 

Legal

In Japan, over 50 lawyers are collaborating to keep all nuclear power plants shut down. This strategy can be extended globally, with lawyers in each country collaborating and suing to close down power plants, using the hundreds of scientific studies that show evidence of harm. 


Small Claims Court

On a personal side, individual citizens can sue nuclear companies for harm in small claims court. By combining large numbers of people, large amounts of money can start switching hands. This also takes up their time, which they have to pay for.  


The playing field is relatively level in small claims court, because the nuclear apologists have to represent themselves, with no lawyer present. 

Petition International and National Human Rights Organizations 

There are also possible ways to go to human rights organizations or the World Court. “Chris Busby talks about using International Human Rights and Environment laws to raise the issue of the requirement built into the EURATOM Basic Safety Standards Directive by the Greens in the European Parliament to force re-assessment of Justification for all practices involving public exposures to radiation if new and important scientific evidence appears.

This begins with a simple demand to the Environment Minister of the Member State country and also a Petition to the European Parliament. Then if the Minister refuses to order a reassessment take the case to the European Courts. 

Watch out for template and instructions in the next few weeks on www.bsrrw.org andwww.llrc.org. Rosa Cato on the camera.”


The Hague World Court

According to the “Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, Adopted by Resolution 260 (III) A of the United Nations General Assembly on 9 December 1948; genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:
(a) Killing members of the group;
(b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;
(c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;
(d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;
(e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.
Article 3

The following acts shall be punishable:

(a) Genocide
(b) Conspiracy to commit genocide
(c) Direct and public incitement to commit genocide
(d) Attempt to commit genocide
(E) COMPLICITY in genocide

Article 4


Persons committing genocide or any of the other acts enumerated in Article 3 shall be punished, whether they are constitutionally responsible rulers, public officials or private individuals.”

One strategy would be to send copies of this port of the Geneva Convention to the 1%; just a few public and private individuals who are responsible for the nuclear catastrophes. 
Another strategy would be to for a coalition of nations that are nuclear free to take certain key individuals to the Hague, with genocide charges, based on the legal assertion that they are endangering public safety and committing genocide on a global basis through nuclear emissions, accidents, etc. 


UN Proposal


There is an action to make anything that affects large numbers of people in a negative way illegal, plus take the perpetrators to court, and then to jail. Here is more information about this movement.  

UN Proposal To Establish Ecocide; Prevent  Damage To Environment; via A Green Road Blog  

Switch To Large Scale Wind Energy


One way to get away from nuclear power is to switch from nuclear to wind energy. In Maine, wind energy can create ten times more energy than nuclear plants are producing now, at lower cost and faster to get them online. 


For more information about this, click on the following link;

Ten Largest Wind Turbine Manufacturers; Largest Wind Turbines, Wind Stats; via A Green Road Blog
Switch Energy Providers For Whole Town


Your local community can switch to renewable energy on a whole community or neighborhood basis as well. It is actually pretty easy to get a community  to switch, and the financial incentives are there. Here are some examples of communities that did this, all in less than 5 years to total energy self sufficiency. 

Buy Solar Panels For Home/Business


If the money is there, this is a good way to switch away from nuclear power by purchasing solar panels for the roof of a home or business.  As more people switch to clean renewable energy, less energy is needed from dirty sources such as nuclear, coal, oil and gas. There is a good return on investment of this money, which a solar company can help you figure out. 


Lease Solar Panels

There are also ways to LEASE the solar panels and not buy them. In return for leasing solar panels, the home owner gets a cheaper utility bill, while getting close to a zero utility bill. Check with solar companies and ask them about LEASING solar panels. This version of a 100% renewable energy program is growing in the double digits yearly. 



Live Off The Grid


The way to live off the grid is to use all 12 volt small appliances and electronics. Here is an example of one person doing it. Obviously, if enough people switched to this kind of lifestyle, there would be no more need for more nuclear power plants. 


Another version of this is to live on a sail powered boat, which is powered by solar panels. A sailboat can also serve as a sort of nuclear fallout insurance policy, because if you hear about it in time, you can jump in the boat and head out of the way of any fatal plumes of radiation, even if all the borders are shut down and no one is allowed to leave by air. 





Switch To Renewable Energy Provider

It is possible for an individual, organization or company in many states to simply sign up with a different energy provider and make the switch to 100% green by making a simple phone call. 

Imagine your home and/or business, church or organization being powered by renewable energy in another state… It can happen with one phone call. Many states are deregulated, which allows citizens to choose their energy source provider. 

If one combines this choice with a  100% electric car and other electric items, one can have a 100% zero carbon lifestyle, without spending anything. 

Here is an example of many large organizations doing this; 


100% Green Power Purchasers | Green Power Partnership| US EPA
http://www.epa.gov/grnpower/toplists/partner100.htm


The 100% Green Power Users list represents those organizations that are using green power to meet 100 percent of their U.S. organization-wide electricity use.

Here is a link to 100% green energy providers in the USA. Check it out. Switch to a green energy provider today. 

Dept. Of Energy; Green Power Providers
http://apps3.eere.energy.gov/greenpower/markets/pricing.shtml?page=1 


Women Have All The Power


This problem with war, nuclear power plants and more can all end very quickly and in a very positive way, if women stop having ‘intimate relations’ with all the men who hold the reigns of power via the 1%  involved with promoting or propping up nuclear, weapons of mass destruction, war mongering, monopolistic corporations, etc.


Women have all of the power, no matter what the men say or think. 


All problems would be solved in a couple of weeks if women decided NO MO of that sweet stuff, until the men decide to do the right thing.



Spiritual/Religious

Prayer has a role and purpose. Pray that nuclear and all other dirty fuels are left behind and that new, clean, zero carbon energy comes in rapidly, with the creation of many new jobs. If prayer is combined into prayer chains, it can move mountains, even nuclear mountains. Get your church or other organization involved in a regular prayer chain. Unleash some prayer warriors on this problem. Miracles can result. 

Spiritual and religious leaders can talk about all of the above, and be the leaders of this change. 

American Indian Prophecy, Living As Soul on Earth; via A Green Road Blog



Vote 

Vote only for candidates that will work to shut down nuclear power plants and switch everything over to renewable energy. This means you will be voting only Green Party candidates, since both Democrats and Republicans favor nuclear power and take their money. 

ONLY the Green Party accepts no corporate monopoly money. ONLY the Green Party with shut down existing nuclear power plants, as they did in Germany. 

The Green Party And Green Movement Continues To Grow In Double Digits; via A Green Road Blog

SPREAD THE NEWS

Share this article link (and others) with friends, co workers and others. This is another way to shut down nuclear power. Spread the good news virally. No nuclear company can fight this kind of virus, working from underneath and from the bottom up. This virus will kill all nuclear power plants. Tweet articles in this blog to people who need education, or to those who can make a difference. Here are a few email addresses to start with… @billmaher @MariaCantwell @genpatsu @BBC @PBS @maddow @LAW @HumanRight @BetteMidler @BettyMWhite @erinbrockovich1 @MSNBC @CBS @BillMoyers @MarloThomas @undecidedbook


Share the following ‘viral’ links on websites, email, facebook, etc. Send them to people who you think can make a difference. Every person matters. 

Dr. Helen Caldicott MD On Nuclear Weapons, MAD/Nuclear Armageddon; via A Green Road Blog
On 3/11; 15 Nuclear Reactors In Japan Were Damaged, Not 3 or 4 http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/03/14-nuclear-reactors-at-4-japan-sites.html
Atucha Nuclear Reactor Taken Over By Terrorists; via A Green Road Blog
Fukushima Reactor 4;  Global Life Extinction Event If It Collapses; via A Green Road Blog
12 reasons why all nuclear power plants must be shut down; via A Green Road Blog   http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/03/12-reasons-why-all-nuclear-power-plants.html
Super Solar Storm To Hit Earth In 2013 ‘Carrington Effect’; 400 Nuke Plants Will Melt Down/Explode; via A Green Road Blog
EMP; Electromagnetic Pulse Effect And High Altitude Nuclear Bombs; via A Green Road Blog
Japan Plans To Evacuate 40 Million Citizens; Russia Shocked; via A Green Road
Multiple Nuclear Reactors Bombed; All Nuclear Reactors ARE Bombs; via A Green Road Blog
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/04/multiple-nuclear-reactors-bombed-all.html



Bottom line, there is a lot that the average person (and especially women) can do to help switch off and get away from all dirty fuels, such as coal, oil, nuclear and gas. 

How To Prevent Any New Nuclear Power Plants From Being Built, Switch To 100% Renewables; via A Green Road http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/05/how-to-prevent-any-new-nuclear-power.html

END
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The following links can be saved on your computer and used to ‘debate’ even the experts. Just copy and paste the following links into the comments sections below articles online.

FeedBurner makes it easy to receive content updates in My Yahoo!, Newsgator, Bloglines, and other news readers. Click on link above to learn more.
Using the links below will make you the ‘expert’. Feel free to copy and use.
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GREEN ENERGY, GREEN LIVING

Earth Day Is Every Day – Honor And Respect Yourself, The Planet, All Living Beings –
Energy Usage And Costs Compared To Nuclear And Coal; via A Green Road Blog
Solar Tractor, Solar Golf Cart/Club Car, Solar Chain Saw, Home Power System; via A Green Road Blog
UN Proposal To Establish Ecocide; Prevent  Damage To Environment; via A Green Road Blog  
Breakthrough Hydrogen From Sun Method Rivals Speed of Natural Photosynthesis; via A Green Road Blog
List Of Countries/Nations With NO Nuclear Power Plants; via A Green Road Blog
American Indian Prophecy, Living As Soul on Earth; via A Green Road Blog
Germany– a World Leader in Solar, Wind and Health; via A Green Road Blog
Concentrated Solar Energy Power Generation Methods (Large Scale); via A Green Road Blog
Ten Largest Wind Turbine Manufacturers; Largest Wind Turbines, Wind Stats; via A Green Road Blog
Sustainable, Green, Alternative Energy Products And Experiments; via A Green Road Blog
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/04/sustainable-green-and-alternative.html
The Green Party And Green Movement Continues To Grow In Double Digits; via A Green Road Blog

How To Prevent Any New Nuclear Power Plants From Being Built, Switch To 100% Renewables; via A Green Road http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/05/how-to-prevent-any-new-nuclear-power.html

Hanford; Lethal And Leaking; A Race To Armageddon?

CBS 60 Minutes features two videos that you can watch below, about the Handford toxic Superfund site, together with all of the trials and tributions going on around it. 

The worst leaking nuclear waste problem in the world (Hanford) is hopefully going to be ‘processed’ by a new nuclear waste processing facility.  This facility is being built to take leaking nuclear waste tank products from the Hanford facility. But there are problems with the construction, as it does not meet earthquake standards, and quality control is suffering, with inspectors finding defective welds on tanks, etc. 

The bigger problem is that groundwater contamination has happened at Hanford. 16 HUGE tanks at this site are leaking EXTREMELY radioactive and toxic liquids. Many more tanks are in danger of leaking, as they are 60 years old, and not designed for permanent storage.  

The radioactive plume of this highly toxic, highly radioactive liquid is migrating towards the Columbia River. If this leaking underground miasma gets to the Columbia River, it will mean devastating consequences for everyone downstream, not to mention the whole ocean. It could make the whole Columbia River a toxic Superfund Site. It could mean the Columbia River will be undrinkable by anyone downstream, with however many cities depend on it for drinking water. It could also endanger all fish in the river, including millions of salmon coming to spawn. It could mean the end of all fishing on the Columbia River as well. 

In the meantime, the plan is to pump all of this toxic liquid mess out of the leaking tanks at Hanford into this new facility that will process it into glass logs, which can more easily be monitored and are less likely to leak hazardous things into groundwater, air, etc. Presently, there is NO plan to try and clean up the underground plume of radioactive liquid, and it is moving towards the river.

So now the race is on. Will this waste processing plant be finished in time? Will the toxic waste reach the river and pollute all drinking water for cities downstream? No one knows the answer yet. 

But one thing we know for sure. If we had not played with this anti-life toy, it would not be endangering millions of people for potentially BILLIONS of years to come. Now that we have opened this Pandora’s Box, we have to deal with the horrors that we have unleashed.
Part 1
Part II

END


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Hanford; Lethal And Leaking; A Race To Armageddon?
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2012/03/hanford-lethal-and-leaking-race-to.html

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Why Extracting Plutonium from Nuclear Reactor Spent Fuel is a Bad Idea:

The Union Of Concerned Scientists says that “reprocessing would increase the risk of nuclear terrorism. Less than 20 pounds of plutonium is needed to make a nuclear weapon. If the plutonium remains bound in large, heavy, and highly radioactive spent fuel assemblies (the current U.S. practice), it is nearly impossible to steal. 


In contrast, separated plutonium is not highly radioactive and is stored in a concentrated powder form. Some claim that new reprocessing technologies that would leave the plutonium blended with other elements, such as neptunium, would result in a mixture that would be too radioactive to steal. This is incorrect; neither neptunium nor the other elements under consideration are radioactive enough to preclude theft. Most of these other elements are also weapon-usable.  

Moreover, commercial-scale reprocessing facilities handle so much of this material that it has proven impossible to keep track of it accurately in a timely manner, making it feasible that the theft of enough plutonium to build several bombs could go undetected for years.” 

For more information; go to

http://www.nirs.org/radwaste/reprocessing/ucsreprocessingfs0508.pdf

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